Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 24, 2012
Urgent need to expand use of shingles vaccine and treat shingles-related pain
The latest information on shingles and PHN, including a new, improved vaccine to prevent shingles and alternative therapies to control symptoms, are discussed in a special focus section in Population Health Management.

Electronic nose could be used to detect sleep apnea
An electronic nose, used to detect the presence of molecules in the breath of a patient, could be used to diagnose obstructive sleep apnea.

U of A medical researchers use simple intervention to improve osteoporosis treatment rates
Older patients who visited local ERs for chest pain or breathing problems and had chest x-rays reveal unknown spinal fractures, were more apt to receive osteoporosis treatment afterward if a simple intervention was used, recently published medical research from the University of Alberta has found.

FFR-guided PCI shows cost-effectiveness when compared to medical therapy for stable CAD
A strategy of up-front percutaneous coronary intervention for lesions confirmed to be obstructive by fractional flow reserve was shown to be cost-effective in terms of quality-adjusted life years when compared to medical therapy alone.

Buffalo milk mozzarella or buffaloed consumers? New test can provide the answer
Those tiny balls of boutique mozzarella cheese with the sticker-shock price tag beckoning from the dairy case -- are they the real deal, mozzarella di Bufala Campana DOP, crafted from the milk of water buffaloes?

Moffitt researcher investigates 2-drug synergy to treat drug-resistant chronic myeloid leukemia
An interdisciplinary team of researchers has dissected a case of synergy in drug-resistant chronic myeloid leukemia to understand the mechanism by which two drugs, danusertib and bosutinib, work together to overcome resistance in the BCR-ABL gatekeeper mutation-specific disease.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Sandy approaching Jamaica
NASA satellites are closely monitoring Tropical Storm Sandy in visible and infrared light as it approaches Jamaica.

Partial sleep deprivation linked to obesity
Evidence linking partial sleep deprivation to energy imbalance is relevant to weight gain prevention and weight loss promotion.

First web-based prostate cancer database launches
The National Proactive Surveillance Network, the world's first online medical database designed to help men track the progression of their prostate cancer while avoiding complications from overtreatment, launches today.

2012 Antarctic ozone hole second smallest in 20 years
The average area covered by the Antarctic ozone hole this year was the second smallest in the last 20 years, according to data from NASA and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) satellites.

NASA's TRMM satellite sees birth of Arabian Sea cyclone
NASA's TRMM satellite measured rainfall and towering clouds within the Arabian Sea's first tropical cyclone of the season as it passed overhead from space.

Advanced cancer patients overoptimistic about chemotherapy's ability to cure, study finds
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute researchers report that findings from a nationwide study suggest that advanced lung or colorectal cancer patients are frequently mistaken in their beliefs that chemotherapy can cure their disease.

Galaxy halos are produced by orphan stars, findings indicate
Isolated stars kicked to the edges of space by violent galaxy mergers may be the cause of mysterious infrared light halos observed across the sky, according to UC Irvine and other astronomers.

TGen and NAU awarded $2 million NSF grant to study biodiversity link to carbon cycle
Potential connections between the biodiversity of soil microorganisms and the carbon cycle will be studied by the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) and Northern Arizona University (NAU) under a $2 million grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF).

Older adults worse at distinguishing between lifted weights than younger counterparts
As we grow older, we are less capable of correctly estimating differences in the weights of objects we lift, according to a study published Oct.

Drivers' ed for robots
University of Delaware joins research team teaching robots to respond in disaster emergencies, funded by US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.

Risk factors in hospital readmissions among general surgery patients identified in study
Identifying risk factors in hospital re-admissions could help improve patient care and hospital bottom lines, according to a study recently completed by Georgia State University's Experimental Economics Center and a team from the Emory University School of Medicine.

100 million-year-old coelacanth fish discovered in Texas is new species from Cretaceous
A fossil discovered in Texas is a new species of coelacanth fish.

Research findings breathe new life into lung disease
New research shows that while muscle cells are responsible for constricting or dilating the blood vessels, they are not responsible for sensing the amount of oxygen that gets to the lungs.

Study suggests caution and further studies on drugs used to treat macular degeneration
Millions of people with

Cooperation for excellent engineering education
CLUSTER, an association of 12 leading scientific-technical universities in Europe, and 18 leading Chinese universities have agreed on a closer cooperation in engineering education: The

NJIT researchers and alums are feted by NJ Inventors Hall of Fame
NJIT Distinguished Research Professor of Physics Louis J. Lanzerotti and NJIT Professor of Electrical Engineering Nirwan Ansari were honored by the NJ Inventors Hall of Fame for cutting edge work.

Baycrest launches world's first science-based cookbook for the brain
With dementia rates expected to soar in coming decades as Canada's population gets older, a nutrition and cognitive scientist with the Rotman Research Institute at Baycrest Health Sciences has cooked up a strategy to help people maintain good brain health.

Earth's magnetosphere behaves like a sieve
ESA's quartet of satellites studying Earth's magnetosphere, Cluster, has discovered that our protective magnetic bubble lets the solar wind in under a wider range of conditions than previously believed.

Multi-talented enzyme - produced on large-scale
Enzymes remove spots from our laundry, whiten paper and help with brewing beer.

Revealing a mini-supermassive black hole
One of the lowest mass supermassive black holes ever observed in the middle of a galaxy has been identified, thanks to NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and several other observatories.

Feeling hot, hot, hot
Research shows importance of population movement and growth in shaping climate change over the past century in the United States

Video game with biofeedback teaches children to curb their anger
Children with serious anger problems can be helped by a video game that hones their ability to regulate their emotions, finds a Boston Children's Hospital study.

A new take on the Midas touch -- changing the color of gold
Red gold, green gold -- a ground-breaking initiative has found a way of changing the color of the world's most iconic precious metal.

NASA study using cluster reveals new insights into solar wind
A new study based on data from European Space Agency's Cluster mission shows that it is easier for the solar wind to penetrate Earth's magnetic environment, the magnetosphere, than had previously been thought.

Archer fish hunt insects with water jet 6 times stronger than their muscular power
Archer fish knock their insect prey out of overhanging vegetation with a jet of water several times more powerful than the fish's muscles.

OHSU researchers test new gene therapy method in human cells... and it works
Development of a new gene therapy method to prevent certain mitochondrial gene based diseases has reached a significant milestone.

Mesh-covered stent helps restoration of blood flow in heart attack patients undergoing PCI
A clinical trial found that the use of a next generation, micronet, mesh-covered stent demonstrated improved restoration of blood flow to heart tissue, compared to the use of either bare-metal or drug-eluting stents in heart attack patients undergoing angioplasty.

A sense of control, even if illusory, eliminates emotion-driven distortions of time
We humans have a fairly erratic sense of time. We tend to misjudge the duration of events, particularly when they are emotional in nature.

Measuring Table-Top Accelerators' State-of-the-Art Beams
Accurate tests of the beam quality of laser plasma accelerators (LPAs) assume new importance with the approaching advent of the one-meter-long, 10-billion-electron-volt Berkeley Lab Laser Accelerator (BELLA), bringing the promise of

Hypnosis helps hot flashes
Hypnosis can help cut hot flashes by as much as 74 percent, shows a study supported by the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine.

Future training in bystander CPR needs targeted approach in 'high-risk' neighborhoods
Residents living in high-income white and high-income integrated neighborhoods were more likely to receive bystander CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) during an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest than arrest victims in low-income black neighborhoods, according to a new study.

2 Carnegie Mellon teams get nod to compete in DARPA Robotics Challenge
Roboticists at Carnegie Mellon University will field two teams in the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Robotics Challenge, a competition in which robots will perform complex, physically challenging tasks as they respond to disaster scenarios in human-engineered environments, such as nuclear power plants.

Unearthing a hidden dietary behavior
A new Harvard study is showing that pica - and particularly geophagy, or the eating of soil or clay - is far more prevalent in Madagascar, one of the few areas of the world where it had gone unreported, than researchers previously thought.

Scientists target bacterial transfer of resistance genes
The bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae - which can cause pneumonia, meningitis, bacteremia and sepsis - likes to share its antibiotic-defeating weaponry with its neighbors.

Voice prostheses can help patients regain their lost voice
Help is on the way for people who suffer from vocal cord dysfunction.

Brainwave training boosts network for cognitive control and affects mind-wandering
A breakthrough study conducted at Western University, Canada, and Lawson Health Research Institute has found that training of the well-known brainwave in humans, the alpha rhythm, enhances a brain network responsible for cognitive-control.

Health care history through humor
A new history of health care reform provides an entertaining review of 100 years of partisan wrangling over medical insurance through more than 200 political cartoons.

NASA sees tiny Tropical Storm Tony traveling
Satellite imagery indicated that Tropical Storm Tony is a small, compact storm, traveling through the central Atlantic Ocean.

Large-scale production of biofuels made from algae poses sustainability concerns
Scaling up the production of biofuels made from algae to meet at least five percent -- approximately 39 billion liters -- of US transportation fuel needs would place unsustainable demands on energy, water, and nutrients.

When negative political ads work
Televised political advertising takes up a large portion of campaigns budgets.

Study shows whites twice as likely as blacks to get CPR from bystanders
A University of Colorado School of Medicine study shows that those suffering cardiac arrests in wealthier white neighborhoods are twice as likely to receive CPR than people who collapse in black neighborhoods.

Survival of the affordable care act assessed in new commentaries
As the presidential candidates clash over the fate of the Affordable Care Act, a set of seven essays by leading legal experts, economists, and scholars examines the implications of the Supreme Court's decision on the ACA and makes it clear that there is no consensus about what is economically or morally just when it comes to health care coverage in this country.

The University of Gothenburg intensifies cooperation on European issues
The Centre for European Studies is boosting the University of Gothenburg's engagement in European issues by recruiting experts from the business world, the public sector and politics, including EU Commissioner Cecilia Malmström, to a recently started research council.

Flycatchers' genomes explain how 1 species became 2
Just how new species are established is still one of the most central questions in biology.

84 million stars and counting
Using a whopping nine-gigapixel image from the VISTA infrared survey telescope at ESO's Paranal Observatory, an international team of astronomers has created a catalog of more than 84 million stars in the central parts of the Milky Way.

Results of the TRILOGY ACS Angiographic Cohort presented at TCT 2012
A study has found that the anti-clotting medication prasugrel reduced cardiovascular events among patients who present with an acute coronary syndrome and are managed medically after an angiogram is performed to determine coronary anatomy.

Ghost busting
A study finds that media messages describing paranormal investigators as

'Grassroots' neurons wire and fire together for dominance in the brain
Inside the brain, an unpredictable race -- like a political campaign -- is being run.

Florida Tech researcher shares in $400,000 NSF grant for drinking water treatment
The project, which will explore ways to remove cyanotoxins, or water-soluble toxic compounds produced by blue-green algae, provides $402,800 over three years to test the use of ferrates in the laboratory and the field.

Climate change may alter amphibian evolution
Tropical frogs that can lay their eggs either in or out of the water may have an advantage as rainfall patterns change.

Tate & Lyle launches SODA-LO™ Salt Microspheres globally
Tate & Lyle, the global ingredients and food solutions provider, announces the global launch of a ground breaking, new salt reduction ingredient, SODA-LO Salt Microspheres, that tastes, labels and functions like salt because it is salt.

Mouse model exposes a new type of T cell to target melanoma
Cancers arise in the body all the time. Most are nipped in the bud by the immune response, not least by its T cells, which detect telltale molecular markers--or antigens--on cancer cells and destroy them before they grow into tumors.

Chewing betel quid exposes half a billion people to direct carcinogens
Chewing betel quid -- the fourth most popular psychoactive substance in the world after tobacco, alcohol and caffeine -- exposes its 600 million users to substances that act as direct carcinogens in the mouth, scientists are reporting in a new study.

Pigs look healthy but test positive for flu at fairs; transmission seen between pigs and humans
More than 80 percent of pigs that tested positive for influenza A virus at Ohio county fairs between 2009 and 2011 showed no signs of illness, according to a new study.

Results of the ISAR-LEFT MAIN 2 trial presented at TCT 2012
A study found that second-generation drug-eluting stents are safe and effective in the treatment of left main coronary artery lesions.

Reaching the point of no return: Early intervention in a mouse model of obesity
In a study published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation, researchers led by Malcolm Low at the University of Michigan challenged this hypothesis by developing a mouse model of obesity where the proopiomelanocortin (Pomc) gene in the hypothalamus can be turned on and off.

Parkinson's breakthrough could slow disease progression
In an early-stage breakthrough, a team of Northwestern University scientists has developed a new family of compounds that could slow the progression of Parkinson's disease.

Which candidate will be best for the stock market...?
A new study debunks the conventional wisdom of how political elections impact the stock market: Presidential affiliation has little impact; gridlock is bad for the market; Fed policy is more important than politics.

Herbal and dietary supplements can adversely affect prescribed drugs says extensive review
A number of herbs and dietary supplements (HDS) can cause potentially harmful drug interactions, particularly among people receiving medication for problems with their central nervous or cardiovascular systems.

Satellite images tell tales of changing biodiversity
Analysis of texture differences in satellite images may be an effective way to monitor changes in vegetation, soil and water patterns over time, with potential implications for measuring biodiversity as well, according to new research published Oct.

Challenging Parkinson's dogma
Scientists may have discovered why the standard treatment for Parkinson's disease is often effective for only a limited period of time.

Nearly 80 million Americans won't need vitamin D supplements under new guidelines
Nearly 80 million Americans would no longer need to take vitamin D supplements under new Institute of Medicine guidelines, according to a study published in PLOS ONE.

Gene linked to inflammation in the aorta may contribute to abdominal aortic aneurysm
A gene known to be involved in cancer and cardiovascular development may be the cause of inflammation in the most common form of aortic aneurysm and may be a key to treatment, according to research from Nationwide Children's Hospital.

Results of the ETAP trial presented at TCT 2012
A study found that a nitinol stent performed better than balloon angioplasty alone in treating blockages of the popliteal artery, which runs through the leg behind the knee.

Self-affirmation enhances performance, makes us receptive to our mistakes
From the mistakes we make at work or school to our blunders in romantic relationships, we are constantly reminded of how we could be better.

The majority of roadkill amongst vertebrates in Catalonia are in protected areas
Amphibians are the vertebrate group that is more likely to become roadkill in Catalonia, even more so than reptiles, mammals and birds.

Moderate drinking decreases number of new brain cells
A new Rutgers University study reports that moderate to binge drinking significantly reduces the structural integrity of the adult brain.

Beatrix Hoffman discusses her new book on history of US health care rights
Author Beatrix Hoffman talks about her new book examining the history of health care rights in the United States.

Reclaiming rare earths
Recycling keeps paper, plastics, and even jeans out of landfills.

Wood completely broken down into its component parts
Crude oil is getting scarce. This is why researchers are seeking to substitute petroleum-based products - like plastics - with sustainable raw materials.

New insight on managing fungal meningitis
As the number of fungal meningitis cases continues to rise, physicians across the country are faced with how best to provide the early treatment that can save lives.A University of Michigan Health System infectious disease expert is the lead author of a New England Journal of Medicine report detailing how the outbreak evolved and the complexities of providing anti-fungal treatments.

Cell Press and the ISSCR enter an exciting new publishing partnership
Cell Press is delighted to announce that it has been chosen by the International Society for Stem Cell Research, ISSCR, to publish its new Open Access journal Stem Cell Reports.

Gene mutation identifies colorectal cancer patients who live longer with aspirin therapy
Aspirin therapy can extend the life of colorectal cancer patients whose tumors carry a mutation in a key gene, but has no effect on patients who lack the mutation, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute scientists report in the Oct.

Is obesity irreversible? Timing is key in weight loss, U-M research shows
It's one of the most frustrating mysteries of weight loss -- why the weight inevitably comes back.

Industrialized constructive system made of timber for collective residential buildings
Tecnalia is developing a new constructive system for multi-storey collective dwelling buildings through cross-laminated timber panel CLT structures, together with the company EGOIN, specialized in timber industrialized construction.

Speed limits on cargo ships could reduce their pollutants by more than half
Putting a speed limit on cargo ships as they sail near ports and coastlines could cut their emission of air pollutants by up to 70 percent, reducing the impact of marine shipping on Earth's climate and human health, scientists have found.

Live cables explain enigmatic electric currents
The enigma of electric currents in the seabed is solved.

AGI Outstanding Contribution to the Public Understanding of the Geosciences 2013 Award winner
The American Geosciences Institute is pleased to announce Dr. Thomas H.

NJIT professors to receive coveted Edison Awards at R&D Council event
NJIT Research Professor Reginald Farrow and NJIT Professor Gordon Thomas will be the recipients Nov.

In an uncertain world, Navy needs science and technology collaboration, chief says
Rear Adm. Matthew Klunder, the chief of naval research, told a packed house at the Office of Naval Research science and technology (S&T) conference this week that he intends to bring officials from the Navy, Marine Corps, industry and academia together on a quarterly basis, starting in 2013, to accelerate S&T efforts for the warfighter.

Genome analysis of pancreas tumors reveals new pathway
The latest genomic analysis of pancreatic tumors identified two new pathways involved in the disease, information that could be capitalized on to develop new and earlier diagnostic tests for the disease.

Astronomers report that dark matter 'halos' may contain stars, disprove other theories
Do dark matter

Rapid DNA analysis technology to be presented at IEEE Homeland Security Conference
Current DNA analysis methods require expert users in a controlled laboratory environment and take weeks to months to produce results.

National Heart Centre Singapore develops world's first human heart cell model
Researchers at the National Heart Centre Singapore have successfully created a human heart cell model of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, an inherited heart muscle disorder which puts one at high risk of developing life-threatening arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death.

Living power cables discovered
A multinational research team has discovered filamentous bacteria that function as living power cables in order to transmit electrons thousands of cell lengths away.

CU-Boulder researchers uncover new target for cancer research
In a new paper released today in Nature, BioFrontiers Institute scientists at the University of Colorado Boulder, Tom Cech and Leslie Leinwand, detailed a new target for anti-cancer drug development that is sitting at the ends of our DNA.

Brain waves reveal video game aptitude
Scientists report that they can predict who will improve most on an unfamiliar video game by looking at their brain waves.

A 84-million star color-magnitude diagram of the Milky Way bulge
Astronomy & Astrophysics published the first analysis of a catalog of 84 million individual stars in the Milky Way bulge as a part of the VVV ESO public survey.

Study confirms benefits of transcatheter aortic valve replacement over 3 years
A study found that transcatheter aortic valve replacement yielded lower mortality rates after three years compared with medical therapy in patients deemed to be ineligible for conventional aortic valve surgery.

DARPA director: 'Revolutionary weapons require strong S&T partnerships'
Touting a joint project to create a next-generation cruise missile with the Office of Naval Research on Oct.

Lactation protein suppresses tumors and metastasis in breast cancer
A protein that is necessary for lactation in mammals inhibits the critical cellular transition that is an early indicator of breast cancer and metastasis.

Unmasking the deadly secrets of pancreatic cancer
A large-scale study that defines the complexity of underlying mutations responsible for pancreatic cancers in more than 100 patients was published in Nature today.

High European mortality rates compared to US raise questions about sepsis care
A new study, published Online First in the Lancet Infectious Diseases, has found substantial disparities between the US and Europe in the care of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock.

American Urological Association issues 4 new clinical practice guidelines
The American Urological Association introduces new clinical guidelines for the treatment of overactive bladder, urodynamics, hematuria, and vasectomy.

Knee replacement not an 'easy solution' for obese patients
Obese patients have a greater risk of complications following total knee replacement surgery.

Can diabetes devices be damaged by airport security scanners?
Full-body or X-ray scanners used for airport security screening may affect the function of insulin pump or continuous glucose monitoring devices.

Kessler Foundation's A.M. Barrett receives NIDRR grant to study prism therapy for spatial neglect
A.M. Barrett, MD, of Kessler Foundation received 3-year grant for $595,756 from National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research to study the effect of prism adaptation therapy for spatial neglect on outcomes in the home and community.

NASA satellite shows the Tropical Storm Son-tinh's reach over Philippines
The latest tropical storm in the western North Pacific Ocean has already spread its clouds and showers over the Philippines, as seen in NASA satellite imagery.

An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth
The majority of vendettas originate within a group.

Expert advisory: VCU study finds simple prevention strategy reducing MRSA infections
High compliance with hand hygiene and focusing on other simple infection control measures on medical, surgical and neuroscience intensive care units resulted in reduced rates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection by 95 percent in a nine-year study, according to research findings by Virginia Commonwealth University physicians presented during IDWeek 2012.

New treatments may allow allergic people to safely eat eggs, peanuts and other foods
New treatments are offering the prospect of eating without fear for the 15 million people in the United States with food allergies, according to the cover story in the current issue of Chemical & Engineering News.

Cops on the street: How many are needed?
A Michigan State University criminologist has created a research-based approach to police staffing and allocation that could ultimately improve police work for agencies stretched thin by layoffs and expanding police roles.

Americans use more efficient and renewable energy technologies
Americans used less energy in 2011 than in the previous year due mainly to a shift to higher-efficiency energy technologies in the transportation and residential sectors.

Leaner Navy looking at future technology, fleet size and sequestration
Adm. Mark Ferguson, vice chief of naval operations, headlined the opening of the ONR (Office of Naval Research) Naval S&T (science and technology) Partnership Conference and ASNE Expo on Oct.

Researchers ID potential patient population who may benefit from novel anti-platelet treatment
In a new analysis, researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital examined whether prasugrel would benefit a subset of patients with acute coronary syndrome, a condition categorized by sudden, reduced blood flow to the heart, who underwent angiography (visualization of the coronary arteries), but did not have a percutaneous coronary intervention, prior to being randomized to receive either prasugrel or clopidogrel.

Timing is everything: Hormone use may reduce or increase Alzheimer's disease risk in women
A new study suggests that women who begin taking hormone therapy within five years of menopause may reduce their risk of developing Alzheimer's disease.

Grant to help develop solar-powered charging stations for plug-in vehicles
A foundation for engineering and construction firm Black & Veatch has awarded Kansas State University a $200,000 grant to help develop solar-powered charging stations for electric and hybrid vehicles.

New insights into membrane-assisted self-assembly
How proteins and virus capsids - complex protein structures that encase the genetic material of viruses - form structures near to a fluctuating membrane is simulated by physicist Richard Matthews with advanced computational techniques.

Study: Flame retardant 'Firemaster 550' is an endocrine disruptor
The flame-retardant mixture known as

SAGE's open access medicine and engineering journals: Now open for submissions
SAGE today announced that all three of their latest open access journals are now open for submissions - SAGE Open Medicine, SAGE Open Medical Case Reports and SAGE Open Engineering.

Hot flashes can come back after SSRI
Hot flashes and night sweats can return after women stop using escitalopram -- an antidepressant -- to treat these menopause symptoms, according to a study published online this month in Menopause, the journal of the North American Menopause Society.

Researchers create potatoes with higher levels of carotenoids
Potatoes with higher levels of beneficial carotenoids are the result of US Department of Agriculture (USDA) studies to improve one of America's most popular vegetables.

Gaps in border controls are related to alien insect invasions in Europe
European countries with gaps in border security surrounding agricultural imports have been invaded by the largest number of exotic insect pests, according to research published Oct 24 in the open access journal PLOS ONE by Steven Bacon and colleagues from the Swiss Federal Research Station Agroscope ART and the University of Fribourg, Switzerland.

Prescription for palliative care: 4 points to improve discussions about dying
In an editorial appearing in the October 25 issue of The New England Journal of Medicine, medical oncologists at Johns Hopkins and Brigham and Women's hospitals provide a four-point plan for integrating palliative care discussions throughout the treatment of patients with terminal illnesses.

The missing 'lnc' in human disease
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, two papers connect lncRNAs to inherited conditions in humans.
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