Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 26, 2012
Philippe Généreux, MD, presented with 2012 TCT Young Investigator Award
Philippe Genereux, MD was presented the TCT 2012 Thomas J.

High-risk carotid artery plaque formation is increased in older COPD patients
Older patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are at increased risk for carotid artery plaque formation and for the presence of vulnerable plaques with a lipid core, according to a new study from researchers in the Netherlands.

Researchers decipher the mecanism of membrane fission
Researchers at the University of Geneva, in collaboration with the Institut Curie, shed light on the mechanism of the fission of cell membranes.

Stimulating brain cells with light
Introducing a light-sensitive protein in transgenic nerve cells... transplanting nerve cells into the brains of laboratory animals... inserting an optic fiber in the brain and using it to light up the nerve cells and stimulate them into releasing more dopamine to combat Parkinson's disease...

Cost-effective titanium forming
Titanium is a material that offers excellent properties, however, it is costly and time-consuming to form.

NASA sees Hurricane Sandy as the "Bride of Frankenstorm" approaching the US East Coast
NASA's TRMM satellite revealed Hurricane Sandy's heavy rainfall and the storm is expected to couple with a powerful cold front and Arctic air to bring that heavy rainfall to the Mid-Atlantic and northeastern US.

Barry D. Rutherford, M.D. presented with Master Clinical Operator Award at TCT 2012
Barry D. Rutherford, M.D., a world renowned interventional cardiologist, was presented the TCT 2012 Geoffrey O.

A Viagra follow-up? Drug used to treat glaucoma actually grows human hair
If you're balding and want your hair to grow back, then here is some good news.

Results of the XIMA trial presented at TCT 2012
Rarely tested in patients over the age of 80, a study found that drug-eluting stents exhibited some benefits over bare-metal stents, though both types of stents demonstrated a clinical benefit.

Streetcar tracks blamed in one-third of Toronto bike accidents
Researchers at St. Michael's Hospital have confirmed what many cyclists in Toronto have long believed - that streetcar tracks are involved in nearly one-third of bicycle accidents.

Magnetic brain stimulation treats depression independent of sleep effect
While powerful magnetic stimulation of the frontal lobe of the brain can alleviate symptoms of depression, those receiving the treatment did not report effects on sleep or arousal commonly seen with antidepressant medications, researchers say.

Progress in ultrasound-guided surgery may improve breast cancer treatment
A multidisciplinary team from the University of California, San Diego, is developing an alternate means of precisely tagging breast cancer tumors for removal or targeted destruction.

What authors want from open access publishing
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., today announced the results of an author survey on open access, with over ten thousand respondents from across Wiley's journal portfolio.

Results of the STEMI-RADIAL trial presented at TCT 2012
A study found several benefits in using the radial artery in the arm as the entry point for angioplasty or percutaneous coronary intervention compared to the femoral artery in the leg.

ESDM early intervention improves brain activity associated with social cues
Early Start Denver Model is effective in improving social skills and brain responses to social cues in a randomized controlled study published online in the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry according to lead author Geraldine Dawson, Ph.D., Autism Speaks chief science officer.

David A. Axelson, M.D., receives AACAP Klingenstein Third Generation Foundation Award for research in depression or suicide
The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry is pleased to announce David A.

New grant to establish pan-continental bioinformatics research network in Africa
Victor Jongeneel, director of the High-Performance Biological Computing program and affiliate of the Institute for Genomic Biology and the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois, is a key participant in a grant awarded by the Human Heredity and Health in Africa Initiative, or H3Africa, to establish a pan-continental bioinformatics network to aid research.

New options for ease and accuracy in extraction of rare cells or separating blood
Using something called

New clues to how the brain and body communicate to regulate weight
Researchers from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center describe new findings that help explain the neurocircuitry underlying the fat-burning properties of brown fat.

Near-atomically flat silicon could help pave the way to new chemical sensors
Scientists have succeeded in creating near-atomically flat silicon, of the orientation used by the electronics industry, in a room temperature reaction.

Solving stem cell mysteries
The ability of embryonic stem cells to differentiate into different types of cells with different functions is regulated and maintained by a complex series of chemical interactions, which are not well understood.

From the Blue Ridge to the Coastal Plain
In their foreword to this new GSA Field Guide focusing on the Southeastern United States, editors Martha Cary Eppes of the University of North Carolina at Charlotte and Mervin J.

Hermit crabs socialize to evict their neighbors
A UC Berkeley study of terrestrial hermit crabs in Costa Rica suggests that they socialize - unlike solitary marine hermit crabs - in order to steal shells from one another.

Strengthening fragile forests of carbon nanotubes for new MEMS applications
By using a variety of materials not commonly associated with MEMS technology, researchers have created stronger microstructures that can form precise, tall and narrow 3-D shapes -- characteristics that were never before possible in MEMS.

Drug shows promise in animal model of Alzheimer's and Parkinson's with dementia
New research presented in October at the 6th Neurodegenerative Conditions Research and Development Conference in San Francisco demonstrates the role of the investigational compound IRX4204 in alleviating cognitive decline in animal models of Alzheimer's disease.

SAGE to publish the Journal of International Medical Research
SAGE has today announced the purchase of the Journal of International Medical Research from Field House Publishing LLP.

Scientists use molecular layers to study nanoscale heat transfer
Researchers have developed a novel system for examining and measuring nanoscale thermal conductance at the interface between two materials.

Scientists build 'nanobowls' to protect catalysts needed for better biofuel production
Researchers build nanoscale

ESA start-up company wins GMES Masters award
The one-man Dutch business BlackShore has won the top prize in the European Earth-monitoring competition.

Smart cities: Bridging physical and digital
One of the challenges we face is how to best design and change cities into smart intelligent and sustainable environments.

Renu Virmani, M.D. presented with 2012 TCT Career Achievement Award
Renu Virmani, M.D., an internationally renowned cardiovascular pathologist, was presented the 2012 TCT Career Achievement Award in a ceremony held today during the 24th annual Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics scientific symposium, sponsored by the Cardiovascular Research Foundation.

Autism early intervention found to normalize brain activity in children as young as 18 months
An intensive early intervention therapy that is effective for improving cognition and language skills among very young children with autism also normalizes their brain activity, decreases their autism symptoms and improves their social skills, a nationwide study has found.

Fincher awarded AAMC's Abraham Flexner Award for Distinguished Service to Medical Education
Dr. Ruth-Marie

Anesthesia type affects outcomes of bilateral knee replacement surgery
Using regional anesthesia rather than general anesthesia reduces the need for blood transfusions in patients undergoing bilateral total knee replacement, according to a new study by researchers at Hospital for Special Surgery.

Nettles -- it's what's for dinner!
Capers, arugula and fennel and other darlings of the foodie set started out as peasants' fodder, foraged from rocky outcroppings, empty fields and roadsides, according to a new book by a UCLA Italian professor.

Trial of HIV test for babies in Africa could make a big difference
Today, mothers in Africa sometimes walk more than 10 miles to a clinic only to learn that conventional HIV test results for their babies are not available yet.

Study of a million women finds giving up smoking can extend life by 10 years
The largest-ever study of the hazards of smoking and benefits of stopping for women in the UK has shown that female smokers lose at least ten years of lifespan, but that stopping before the age of 40, and preferably well before the age of 40, avoids more than 90 percent of the increased risk of dying caused by continuing to smoke, while stopping before the age of 30 avoids over 97 percent of it.

Research on nanocrystals to move from lab to market
UC Riverside has granted an exclusive license to The Idea Zoo, Inc., to commercialize nanotechnology research developed in the lab of a chemist at the university.

The International Council for Science pledges support for scientists in the L'Aquila case
The International Council for Science, as representative of the global scientific community, expresses its strong concern regarding the case of the six scientists who have been found guilty of manslaughter and sentenced to six year prison terms because of their role in providing scientific advice prior to the earthquake in L'Aquila, Italy, in 2009.

Scientists demonstrate high-efficiency quantum dot solar cells
Scientists have demonstrated the first solar cell with external quantum efficiency exceeding 100 percent for photons with energies in the solar range.

Mayo Clinic researchers develop new tools to better treat ADHD patients in early stages
Mayo Clinic researchers are presenting new findings on the early treatment of child and adolescent attention deficit hyperactivity disorder this week at the American Academy of Childhood and Adolescent Psychiatry annual meeting in San Francisco.

Salk study finds diabetes raises levels of proteins linked to Alzheimer's features
Growing evidence suggests that there may be a link between diabetes and Alzheimer's disease, but the physiological mechanisms by which diabetes impacts brain function and cognition are not fully understood.

Models developed from the PLCO may help identify at-risk patients for adverse smoking outcomes
Risk prediction models developed from an ancillary study of the Prostate Lung Colorectal and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial may be useful in the public health sector for identifying individuals who are at risk for adverse smoking outcomes, such as relapse among former smokers and continued smoking among current smokers, and those who may benefit from relapse prevention and smoking cessation interventions according to a study published Oct.

Scientists step up hunt for bacterial genes tied to Lyme disease
Lyme disease is a bacterial illness that affects tens of thousands.

Nanotechnology helps scientists keep silver shiny
A team of researchers is investigating less labor-intensive ways to protect silver artifacts from tarnishing.

Moffitt Researchers find genetic predictors of fatigue for some prostate cancer patients
Researchers at Moffitt Cancer Center and the University of South Florida have found that men with prostate cancer who receive androgen deprivation therapy may predictably suffer from fatigue if they have single nucleotide polymorphisms in three pro-inflammatory genes.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Son-tinh moving through South China Sea
NASA's Terra satellite got a good look at Tropical Storm Son-tinh moving through the South China Sea and headed for landfall in Vietnam.

Princess by proxy: When child beauty pageants aren't about the kids
A new paper in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry looks at what motivates some parents to enter their children in high-glitz beauty pageants.

EARTH: Voices: L'Aquila judgement's disturbing details
Much has been written about the court decision passed down earlier this week by an Italian judge, convicting seven members of the Italian Serious Risks Commission to six years in prison.

Watching the cogwheels of the biological clock in living cells
Most physiological functions in mammals are controlled by a daily internal time-keeping system, termed the circadian clock.

Efforts to mitigate climate change must target energy efficiency
More must be done to develop energy efficient cars, buildings and domestic appliances to address climate change - according to new University of East Anglia research.

Feinstein Institute researchers discover that bean used in Chinese food could protect against sepsis
Researchers at the Feinstein Institute for Medical Research have discovered that a bean commonly used in Chinese cuisine protects against the life-threatening condition sepsis.

Minimizing mining damage with manure
US Department of Agriculture research confirms that the time-tested practice of amending crop soils with manure also can help restore soils on damaged post-mining landscapes.

British Ecological Society partners with Wiley open access journal Ecology and Evolution
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., has announced a new partnership between the British Ecological Society and the Wiley Open Access journal Ecology and Evolution.

Larry K. Brown, M.D., receives AACAP Norbert and Charlotte Rieger Award for Scientific Achievement
The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP), is pleased to announce that Larry K.

Footwear forensics
A new computer algorithm can analyze the footwear marks left at a crime scene according to clusters of footwear types, makes and tread patterns even if the imprint recorded by crime scene investigators is distorted or only a partial print.

'NHS should replace traditional autopsies with non-invasive alternative'
Group chaired by University of Leicester forensic pathology expert recommends Department of Health should create national autopsy imaging service.

WSU study shows voting higher among youth using social media to express beliefs
Young adults who are interested in politics are more likely than others to participate in public affairs by speaking out about their political beliefs using Facebook, online blogs and other social media, according to a study performed by researchers from the Edward R.

Immune system fighters speak in patterns of proteins, prefer squishy partners
Researchers have discovered two new conditions for immune system communication that may help scientists one day harness the power of T-cells to fight diseases such as cancer.

Next-generation antireflection coatings could improve solar photovoltaic cell efficiency
Photovoltaic cell efficiency may soon get a big boost, thanks to next-generation antireflection coatings crafted from nanomaterials capable of cutting down on the amount of light reflected away from a cell's surface.

Media and content digitization benefits consumers, but revenues lag behind
Digital spending - the acquisition of media products in digital format - tripled from 2006 to 2010 worldwide, with the recording music sector now achieving 30 percent of its global sales in the digital market.

AACR, Komen for the Cure honor researcher with lecture on science of cancer health disparities
The American Association for Cancer Research is pleased to announce that Claudia R.

Integrated diabetes management program provides rapid improvements in patient care
University of Ottawa Heart Institute staff recognized that hospitalization for heart disease provides a valuable opportunity to identify patients with uncontrolled or undiagnosed diabetes and connect them with the care they need--similar to how the Ottawa Model for Smoking Cessation uses hospitalization as a unique opportunity to help smokers quit.

Glass: Characterizing with precision and efficiency
Glass can possess a quite diverse array of characteristics, depending on what ingredients one uses to modify it. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to