Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 29, 2012
New procedure helps patients with severe asthma breathe easier
For a small group with severe persistent asthma, frequent hospital visits tend to be the norm and taking medications and lifestyle changes don't do the trick.

Eye movements and the search for biomarkers for schizophrenia
There is a long history of research on impaired eye movements associated with schizophrenia.

Ethnic disparities in breast cancer survival remain despite socioeconomic similarities
Breast cancer survival is known to differ across racial/ethnic groups.

Obese moms give birth to heart healthier kids following bariatric surgery
Kids born to moms who have lost a substantial amount of weight after undergoing bariatric surgery have fewer cardiovascular risk factors than their siblings who were born before.

BMJ editor urges Roche to fulfil promise to release Tamiflu trial data
BMJ Editor-in-chief, Dr Fiona Godlee, has urged pharmaceutical giant Roche to honor the promise it made almost three years ago and release key Tamiflu trial data for independent scrutiny.

More doctors use ultrasound to diagnose, manage rheumatic diseases
More rheumatologists are embracing musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) to diagnose and manage rheumatic diseases.

Research analyzes the historical role of women in wars
Women have always been present in wars. This is one of the conclusions drawn by research carried out at Carlos III University of Madrid; the study analyzes the role of women in times of peace and in armed conflicts throughout history.

Spanish researchers win an international simulated car racing competition
Simulated Car Racing Competition consists of a simulation of the physics of cars racing on a virtual track using artificial intelligence.

A new approach to HIV vaccine development
To support their research for a vaccine against the HI-Virus, Prof.

NASA examines Hurricane Sandy as it affects the eastern US
On Monday, Oct. 29, Hurricane Sandy was ravaging the Mid-Atlantic with heavy rains and tropical storm force winds as it closed in for landfall.

Socioeconomic disadvantage linked to breast cancer tumor disparity
ER- and PR-negative tumors were more common among black and Hispanic patients.

Mayo Clinic: Antidepressant eases radiation-related mouth pain in head, neck cancer
An oral rinse of the antidepressant doxepin significantly eased pain associated with oral mucositis in patients receiving radiation therapy for cancers of the head and neck, a study led by Mayo Clinic found.

ORNL debuts Titan supercomputer
The Oak Ridge National Laboratory launched a new era of scientific supercomputing today with Titan, a system capable of churning through more than 20,000 trillion calculations each second--or 20 petaflops--by employing a family of processors called graphic processing units first created for computer gaming.

Research provides new insights into dogs' natural feeding behavior and finds they target a daily dietary intake that is high in fat
An international team of researchers has shed new light on the natural feeding behavior of domestic dogs and demonstrated that they will naturally seek a daily dietary intake that is high in fat.

Biomarkers of behavior, therapeutic targets for adult B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia identified
B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia is often an aggressive disease in adults.

More than good vibes: Researchers propose the science behind mindfulness
Researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital have proposed a new model that shifts how we think about mindfulness.

Overweight and smoking during pregnancy boost risk of overweight kids
Mums who carry too much weight and/or who smoke during pregnancy increase the risk of having overweight kids, indicates a systematic analysis of the available evidence published online in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

Duke researchers engineer cartilage from pluripotent stem cells
A team of Duke Medicine researchers has engineered cartilage from induced pluripotent stem cells that were successfully grown and sorted for use in tissue repair and studies into cartilage injury and osteoarthritis.

Smoking causes asthma in second generation offspring
The dangers of smoking on smokers and their children are widely known but new research published in BioMed Central's open access journal BMC Medicine demonstrates that nicotine exposure also causes asthma in the smoker's grandchildren.

Pinning protein could answer provocative cancer question
Answers are often elusive in the fight against cancer, and Rice University chemist Zachary Ball is hoping to pin one down -- with pins made of single atoms.

Curiosity on Mars sits on rocks similar to those found in marshes in Mexico
Millions of years ago fire and water forged the gypsum rocks locked in at Cuatro Cienegas, a Mexican valley similar to the Martian crater where NASA's Rover Curiosity roams.

Researchers identify genetic basis of cardiac, craniofacial birth defects
Researchers have made important advances in the rapidly-expanding field of

International symposium will address non-Hodgkins lymphoma in the young
A symposium on non-Hodgkins lymphoma explores the latest scientific and clinical advances in treating a

For many prostate cancer patients, Web sites are too difficult to read
Ninety million American adults read below high school levels. But a study has found that only 4.8 percent of Web sites describing prostate cancer were written below a high school reading level.

Early autism intervention improves brain responses to social cues
An autism intervention program that emphasizes social interactions and is designed for children as young as 12 months has been found to improve cognitive skills and brain responses to faces, considered a building block for social skills.

Radiation treatment after surgery improves survival for elderly women with early-stage breast cancer
Elderly women with early-stage breast cancer live longer with radiation therapy and surgery compared with surgery alone, researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine have found.

Scientists decode 'software' instructions of aggressive leukemia cells
A team of national and international researchers, led by Weill Cornell Medical College scientists, have decoded the key

Reducing radiation: Heart Institute model shows hope for new standards worldwide
The University of Ottawa Heart Institute is setting the stage in what could become a revolution in medical imaging in Canada as it announces striking results in radiation reduction for the diagnosis of cardiovascular disease.

Smoking and hyperactivity share common genetic risk factor
A variation of a particular gene may link the behaviors typical of childhood attention hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD for short, and those associated with smoking, suggests research published online in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

Oxidative stress and altered gene expression occurs in a metabolic liver disease model
Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency is the most common genetic liver disorder in children and may progress to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma in adults.

Singapore to host World Entrepreneurship Forum 2013
The Action Community for Entrepreneurship and the Nanyang Technological University are pleased to announce that Singapore will be hosting the sixth edition of the World Entrepreneurship Forum, the world's first global think-tank dedicated to creating wealth and social justice through entrepreneurship, next year.

Greater effort needed to move local, fresh foods beyond 'privileged' consumers
An Indiana University study that looked at consumers who buy locally grown and produced foods through farmer's markets and community-supported agriculture programs found the venues largely attract a

IU professor's new book: We live our lives within our media, rather than simply with it
In a new book, IU professor Mark Dueze takes on the prevailing notion of his peers in media and communications research think -- that the media and its related devices have an effect on us and that the more we use them, the more they shape our lives.

Migraine in children may affect school performance
Children with migraine are more likely to have below average school performance than kids who do not have headaches, according to new research published in the October 30, 2012, print issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Buckley receives 2012 Cancro Academic Leadership Award in psychiatry
Dr. Peter F. Buckley, a psychiatrist and Dean of the Medical College of Georgia at GHSU, has received the 2012 Cancro Academic Leadership Award from the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

Nanoparticles provide reinforcement for invisible brackets in orthodontics
Researchers at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid are collaborating with the company, CEOSA-Euroortodoncia, to develop a new generation of clear plastic brackets with nanoparticles to increase resistance and improve the material's properties.

Cocktail achieves superconducting boost
Physicists describe how they have synthesized a new material that belongs to the iron-selenide class of superconductors, called LixFe2Se2(NH3)y, in a paper about to be published in EPJ B.

New study sheds light on how and when vision evolved
Opsins, the light-sensitive proteins key to vision, may have evolved earlier and undergone fewer genetic changes than previously believed, according to a new study from the National University of Ireland Maynooth and the University of Bristol published today in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Stay-at-home transcription factor prevents neurodegeneration
A study in the Journal of Cell Biology shows how a transcription factor called STAT3 remains in the axon of nerve cells to help prevent neurodegeneration.

Community colleges more globally focused
Community colleges in the United States have made huge strides since 2008 in cultivating a global workforce, according to a first-of-its-kind study co-led by a Michigan State University researcher.

Insights into a new therapy for a rare form of cystic fibrosis
Scientists at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto have established that a drug recently approved by the US Food and Drug Administration to treat a rare form of cystic fibrosis works in an unconventional way.

Researchers to debate the call for sexual abstinence education in schools
Introducing abstinence education into UK schools could be a less effective substitute for comprehensive Sex and Relationship Education aimed at children and young adults, say a research team led by Sheffield Hallam University.

Higher-math skills entwined with lower-order magnitude sense
The ability to learn complex, symbolic math is a uniquely human trait, but it is intricately connected to a primitive sense of magnitude that is shared by many animals, finds a study to be published by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

University of Texas at Austin study measures methane emissions released from natural gas production
The University of Texas at Austin is conducting a major field study to measure methane gas emissions.

New study finds a common bond between school bullies and their targets: alcohol abuse
The research will be presented at the 140th annual meeting of the American Public Health Association in San Francisco.

Complementary and alternative therapy improved lives of arthritis patients
Nearly a quarter of patients with rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis used complementary and alternative therapy (CAT) to help manage their condition, according to a study of 250 patients aged between 20 and 90 years of age.

Risk factors predict childhood obesity, researchers find
High birth weight, rapid weight gain and having an overweight mother who smokes can all increase the risk of a baby becoming obese later in childhood, research by experts at the University of Nottingham has found.

Smoke-free laws led quickly to fewer hospitalizations
Comprehensive smoke-free laws were associated with a rapid 15 percent decrease in hospitalizations for heart attacks, 16 percent for stroke and 24 percent for asthma and other respiratory hospitalizations.

New developments reveal a molecule with a promising function in terms of cancer treatment.
One of the current challenges in terms of cancer treatment is how it can be best adapted to patients: today the emphasis is on personalized treatment (factoring in genetic and metabolic profiles).

Sport makes middle-aged people smarter
High-intensity interval training makes middle-aged people not only healthier but smarter, showed a Montreal Heart Institute (MHI) study led by Dr.

Exercise is smart for your heart - and makes you smarter
In a new study, previously sedentary adults were put through four months of high-intensity interval training.

Paula D. Riggs, receives AACAP Elaine Schlosser Lewis Award for research on ADD
American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP) is pleased to announce Paula D.

Participation in clinical trials high among gay, lesbian and bisexual cancer survivors
Association is not explained by other demographic differences. According to the researchers, their data should be interpreted cautiously.

Nanotechnology developed at Louisiana Tech University leads to breakthrough in fuel conversion
Recognizing a national need to eliminate U.S. dependency on foreign oil and reverse large trade deficits driven by oil imports, Jupiter Fuels -- a privately owned startup development company focused on proving the economics of breakthrough natural gas-to-liquid fuel conversion technology -- is capitalizing on nanotechnology energy research taking place at Louisiana Tech University.

Overweight, obesity in adolescents linked with increased risk for end-stage renal disease over time
Being overweight and obese during adolescence appears related to an increased risk of all-cause treated end-stage renal disease during a 25-year period

Mass extinction study provides lessons for modern world
The Cretaceous Period of Earth history ended with a mass extinction that wiped out numerous species, most famously the dinosaurs.

No more tears from tears
A research team from Brigham and Women's Hospital has invented a quick-release tape that has the strong adhesion properties of commercial medical tape, but without the ouch factor upon removal.

Attention, parents: UC research reveals a secret about your medicine cabinet
New research out of the University of Cincinnati suggests boys are more likely than girls to abuse over-the-counter drugs.

British Library leads the way for sharing data as major institutions sign up to DataCite
British Library leads the way for sharing research data in the UK as five major institutions sign up to DataCite.

NASA's TRMM satellite analyzes Hurricane Sandy in 3-D
NASA's Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission, or TRMM satellite can measure rainfall rates and cloud heights in tropical cyclones, and was used to create an image to look into Hurricane Sandy on Oct.

How silver turns people blue
Researchers from Brown University have shown for the first time how ingesting too much silver can cause argyria, a rare condition in which patients' skin turns a striking shade of grayish blue.

Enigmatic nematics
Physicists use hydrodynamics to understand the physical mechanism responsible for changes in the long-range order of groups of particles.

Neutrons help explain why antibiotics prescribed for chemotherapy cause kidney failure
Neutron scattering experiments have provided new insights into the origin of the side effects of an antifungal drug prescribed all over the world.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Son-Tinh fill the Gulf of Tonkin
Tropical Storm Son-tinh made landfall in northern Vietnam is and is curving to the northeast to track over southern China.

Research: Pay satisfaction key driver of work-family conflict
Employees who are more satisfied with their pay report lower levels of work-family conflict, a study by a University of Illinois labor and employment relations professor shows.

NSF study to examine effectiveness of new AP science curriculum
The National Science Foundation has awarded Associate Professor Mark Long of the Evans School of Public Affairs at the University of Washington a $2.6 million, four-year study of redesigned Advanced Placement science courses.

Prostate cancer prognosis hope
Scientists have discovered a molecular

Transforming America by redirecting wasted health care dollars
It's estimated that $750 billion is lost each year to wasteful or excessive health care spending.

Nova Scotia research team proves peer pressure can be used for good
Peer mentors can significantly influence the amount of physical activity kids have throughout the school day.

Sudden cardiac death in Ontario under age 40 - is exercise dangerous?
Research dispels a myth that sudden cardiac death often takes place during rigorous physical activity.

Infrared vision in a cichlid fish
Biologists from the University of Bonn have discovered that the cichlid fish Pelvicachromis taeniatus can see in the near infrared range; this was thought to be unlikely until now.

Durability or bust
Engineers are helping high-speed rail systems handle the stress of freezing and thawing winter weather conditions.

Mandatory flu vaccine for health care workers to protect patients
All health care workers in health care institutions should be vaccinated with the annual influenza vaccine to protect patients, argues an editorial in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Decline in incidence of heart attacks appears associated with smoke-free workplace laws
A decline in the incidence of myocardial infarction (MI, heart attack) in one Minnesota county appears to be associated with the implementation of smoke-free workplace laws.

Bill McKibben to receive President's Medal of The Geological Society of America
Each year, The Geological Society of America (GSA) recognizes outstanding scientific achievements and distinguished service to the geoscience profession.

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for Oct. 30, 2012
Below is information about an article being published in the Oct.

Canada's health costs for seniors rising slowly: Points way to Medicare solvency
Per capita Medicare spending on the elderly has grown nearly three times faster in the United States than in Canada since 1980.
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