Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 30, 2012
Penn researchers find error reporting improves perceptions of safety and may reduce incidents
Documenting adverse events improves perceptions of safety and may decrease incidents in multi-site clinical practices, according to a new study from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Liverpool care pathway has transformed end of life care, argues doctor
The Liverpool care pathway has transformed end of life care from an undignified, painful experience into a peaceful, dignified death at home, argues a doctor in this week's BMJ.

Many cancer survivors face health-related quality of life issues
Beating cancer is just the first step. More than one third of the 12.6 million cancer survivors in the United States have physical or mental problems that put their overall health in jeopardy, according to researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center.

9 colorful and endangered tree-dwelling tarantulas discovered in Brazil
A Brazilian arachnologist described nine new species of arboreal tarantulas endemic to Central and Eastern Brazil.

Empathy represses analytic thought, and vice versa
When the brain's analytic network is engaged, our ability to appreciate the human cost of our action is repressed, research led by Case Western Reserve University found.

NCH partners with Silicon Valley to market high-end diagnostic and medical research software
Nationwide Children's Hospital in Columbus, Ohio, and Transformatix Technologies, Inc., in Davis, California, have partnered to create BioLinQ, a new biomedical informatics company designed to supply advanced software solutions for disease diagnosis and medical research.

Ducks flock to Extremadura thanks to its ricefields
Four new reservoirs linked to rice cultivation built in the middle basin of the Guadiana river in the middle of the 1990's have allowed various migratory dabbling duck species to significantly increase in number during the winter.

E. coli adapts to colonize plants
New research from the Institute of Food Research has given new clues as to how some E. coli strains, normally at home in mammalian gastrointestinal tracts, have adopted slightly different transmission strategies, with some being better adapted to live on plants than others.

New study reveals that every single junk food meal damages your arteries
A single junk food meal -- composed mainly of saturated fat -- is detrimental to the health of the arteries, while no damage occurs after consuming a Mediterranean meal rich in good fats such as mono-and polyunsaturated fatty acids.

Recyclable electronics: Just add hot water
The National Physical Laboratory, along with partners In2Tec Ltd and Gwent Electronic Materials Ltd, have developed a printed circuit board whose components can be easily separated by immersion in hot water.

Action needed to prevent more devastating tree diseases entering the UK
The UK government bans the import of European ash trees to halt the spread of fungal disease Chalara.

Agriculture & food production contribute up to 29 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions
Feeding the world releases up to 17,000 megatonnes of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere annually, according to a new analysis released today by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security.

What does our energy future look like?
Is fracking polluting our water? How dangerous is nuclear? Will gasoline prices continue to rise?

Risk of cardiac arrest depends on where you live
Your chances of having a sudden cardiac arrest can depend on where you live.

'Cause my hair is curly
Pet owners and animal breeders are frequently attracted by curly-haired animals.

Common food preservative may slow, even stop tumor growth
Nisin, a common food preservative, may slow or stop squamous cell head and neck cancers, a University of Michigan study found

Why urban dwellers should care about climate change
Though climate change is often perceived as a phenomenon affecting remote polar territories, urban hot pockets such as Pittsburgh, New York, Philadelphia, and Washington, DC, are also experiencing environmental changes affecting energy, transportation, water, and public health systems.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Rosa being born and powering up quickly
The seventeenth tropical depression of the Eastern Pacific Ocean hurricane season formed early on Oct.

New findings on men's genes could alter interpretation of PSA test
By studying a specific part of the male DNA, it may be possible to refine the interpretation of PSA tests.

NASA satellites capture Hurricane Sandy's massive size
NASA's Aqua satellite captured a visible image Sandy's massive circulation.

Indoor workplace smoking bans garner strong support from Hoosiers
Public health researchers examining data from an Indiana Adult Tobacco Survey found nearly 75 percent of Hoosiers support a statewide or community indoor workplace smoking ban.

Everyone in the pool! Water workouts just as good as on land
People who used an immersible ergocycle - basically an exercise bike in a pool - had just about the equivalent workout to using a typical stationary bike.

ASA infrared eye sees tropical cyclone Nilam soak Sri Lanka
Tropical Storm 02B was renamed Tropical Cyclone Nilam when NASA's Aqua satellite captured an infrared image of the storm soaking Sri Lanka on its crawl to a landfall in southern India.

New pediatric heart failure guidelines a first in Canada
Guidelines aim to at helping primary care and emergency physicians, as well as specialists, recognize and manage heart failure in children.

Low-resistance connections facilitate multi-walled carbon nanotubes for interconnects
Using a new method for precisely controlling the deposition of carbon, researchers have demonstrated a technique for connecting multi-walled carbon nanotubes to the metallic pads of integrated circuits without the high interface resistance produced by traditional fabrication techniques.

New International Forum for Heavy Metal Research
A new international forum to support the dialogue between experimental and theoretical research in the field of radioactive toxic heavy metals will take place from Nov.

Couple of weekly portions of oily fish can help ward off stroke
Eating at least two servings of oily fish a week is moderately but significantly associated with a reduced risk of stroke, finds a study published on bmj.com today.

How the brain controls our habits
A new study from MIT neuroscientists has found that a small region of the brain's prefrontal cortex, where most thought and planning occurs, is responsible for moment-by-moment control of which habits are switched on at a given time.

How does the brain measure time?
Researchers at the University of Minnesota's Center for Magnetic Resonance Research have found a small population of neurons that is involved in measuring time, which is a process that has traditionally been difficult to study in the lab.

Bullying has long-term health consequences
Childhood bullying can lead to long term health consequences, including general and mental health issues, behavioral problems, eating disorders, smoking, alcohol use, and homelessness, a study by the Crime Victims' Institute at Sam Houston State University found.

Off to the future with a new soccer robot
Computer scientists from the University of Bonn have developed a new robot whose source code and design plan is publicly accessible.

Switching to an energy crop: Break even or make a profit?
Along with the growing interest in biomass energy crops as renewable alternatives to fossil fuels comes a growing list of questions from corn and soybean farmers about what it will cost them to switch.

'Complicated' system making it difficult for sick people to claim benefits
Funds are being withdrawn from

An exoskeleton of advanced design promises a new degree of independence for people with paraplegia
A team of Vanderbilt engineers has developed a powered exoskeleton that enables people with severe spinal cord injuries to stand, walk, sit and climb stairs.

Honeybees harbor antibiotic-resistance genes
Bacteria in the guts of honeybees are highly resistant to the antibiotic tetracycline, probably as a result of decades of preventive antibiotic use in domesticated hives.

New tool aims to ensure software security policies reflect user needs
Researchers from North Carolina State University and IBM Research have developed a new natural language processing tool that businesses or other customers can use to ensure that software developers have a clear idea of the security policies to be incorporated into new software products.

'RACE: Are We So Different?'
Race is a short word with a long history in the United States of America.

American consumers overvalue US-produced apparel, MU study finds
University of Missouri researchers have found that American consumers place a much higher value on apparel produced entirely in the U.S. with U.S. raw materials as opposed to products produced partially or entirely overseas.

Queen's scientist is named Emerging Scientist 2012
Queen's University scientist, Dr. Ryan Donnelly, has been named the 2012 GlaxoSmithKline Emerging Scientist for his research on microneedle-based systems which deliver drugs without causing pain or bleeding.

First direct detection sheds light on dark galaxies
With assistance from a quasar, dark galaxies -- galaxies with few if any stars and made predominately of dense gas -- have now been directly detected, giving fresh insight into modern galaxies.

What kind of hobbit are you? New book helps you discover your inner Took...
This is a release about the book,

Soda consumption, screen time, team sports at school influence students' weight
Soda consumption, TV and video/computer games, and the frequency of meals heavily influenced students' weight in study that examined the impact of a school-based obesity intervention program over an 18-month period.

Flavor and texture alter how full we expect a food to makes us feel
Low calorie foods may help people lose weight but there is often a problem that people using them do not feel full.

Monkeys put off sex by bystanders
Monkeys shy away from bystanders during copulation, irrespective of the bystanders' gender or rank.

Import of proteins into chloroplasts is differentially regulated by age
New research has found that the transport of proteins into chloroplasts in plants is differentially regulated by the age of the chloroplast; upturning the previously accepted notion that this process is age-independent or only globally up- or down- regulated for all proteins.

At 6 months, development of children with autism like those without
The development of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder is much like that of children without ASD at 6 months of age, but differs afterwards.

Recent findings may help to fight melanoma's resistance to chemotherapy
Blocking the action of a particular protein in our skin could improve the treatment of skin cancers, according to a study published in Oncogene yesterday by Philippe Roux, a researcher at the University of Montreal's Institute for Research in Immunology and Cancer.

During IVF sexual relationships, satisfaction, can suffer
An Indiana University study has found that women undergoing in-vitro fertilization report that the process of infertility treatment has many negative impacts on their sexual relationship with their partner.

UC research brings us step closer to rollable, foldable e-Devices
Research out today from the University of Cincinnati brings industry and consumers closer to several improvements in e-Readers and tablets, including a simpler and more colorful way to make rollable and foldable devices.

Physicists confirm first planet discovered in a quadruple star system
Justin Crepp, assistant professor of physics at the University of Notre Dame, provided the high-contrast imaging observations that confirmed the first extrasolar planet discovered in a quadruple star system.

The hunt for electron holes
Hydrogen production by solar water splitting in photoelectrochemical cells has long been considered the holy grail of sustainable energy research.

Delaying radiation therapy after hysterectomy ups risk of uterine cancer recurrence
Waiting too long after a hysterectomy to begin radiation therapy may increase the risk of uterine cancer recurrence, according to a new study from researchers at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit.

Finding triggers of birth defects in an embryo heart
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have found a way to create three-dimensional maps of the stress that circulating blood places on the developing heart in an animal model - a key to understanding triggers of heart defects.

Animals learn to fine-tune their sniffs
Animals use their noses to focus their sense of smell, much the same way that humans focus their eyes, new research at the University of Chicago shows.

Controlling depression is associated with improved health for heart-failure patients
Controlling depression in patients with heart failure can improve health status, social functioning and quality of life, according to a new study by psychiatrists and cardiologists at the UC Davis and Duke University schools of medicine.

Keep moving and have fun
People are moving less and less these days. Fraunhofer researchers have developed an interactive learning system that is supposed to motivate the user to move more but in a playful way: They have combined a sensor mat with an activity monitor.

Some cancer survivors reported poor health-related quality of life years after diagnosis
Melanoma, breast and prostate cancer survivors reported quality of life similar to adults without cancer.

Distinct developmental patterns identified in children with autism during their first 3 years
In the largest prospective study to date of children with early and later manifestation of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) compared to children without ASD, researchers found two distinct patterns of language, social and motor development in the children with ASD.

Study suggests new way to prevent recurrent ear infections
Eliminating bacteria's DNA and boosting antimicrobial proteins that already exist may help prevent middle ear infections from reoccurring.

Sizing up biomass from space
The biomass stored in forests is thought to play a critical role in mitigating the catastrophic effects of global climate change.

Mastering weight-maintenance skills before embarking on diet helps women avoid backsliding
A study from researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine found that women who spent eight weeks mastering weight-maintenance skills before embarking on a weight-loss program shed the same number of pounds as women who started a weight-loss program immediately.

Hunt for superbugs in Australian animals
University of Adelaide scientists will lead a national research effort to hunt for so-called 'superbugs' in Australian livestock and pets.

Brazil joins global initiative for biodiversity data access
Brazil has become the latest country to join the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF), dedicated to promoting free and open access to biodiversity data.

Even physically active women sit too much
Women who exercise regularly spend as much time sitting as women who don't, according to a new Northwestern Medicine study.

Unique protein bond enables learning and memory
Two proteins have a unique bond that enables brain receptors essential to learning and memory to not only get and stay where they're needed, but to be hauled off when they aren't, researchers say.

New study to examine ecological tipping points in hopes of preventing them
Predation by otters keeps urchin populations in check, allowing kelp -- a favorite food of urchins -- to flourish.

Higher education levels in women change relationship patterns
The number of couples in which the woman has a higher level of university studies than her male partner is growing steadily and in many countries this trend surpasses the opposite situation.

New global subsidy for the most effective malaria drugs shows promise
A new international scheme providing lifesaving antimalarial drugs at cheap subsidized prices has rapidly transformed access to effective artemisinin combination therapies in seven African countries accounting for a quarter of the world's malaria cases, and could save millions of lives.

Ozone's impact on soybean yield: Reducing future losses
Ozone is a pollutant that damages crops, particularly soybean. University of Illinois researchers investigated the responses of seven different soybean genotypes to eight ozone concentrations.

High levels of vitamin D in plasma protects against bladder cancer
High levels of vitamin D are associated with protection against bladder cancer, according to a multidisciplinary study coordinated by molecular biologists and epidemiologists from the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre, the conclusions of which are being published today in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Drug offers new pain management therapy for diabetics
A study from the University of Calgary's Hotchkiss Brain Institute shows there is evidence to support a new drug therapy called nabilone to treat diabetic neuropathy, or nerve pain.

Homelessness, high mobility threaten children's achievement
Children who are homeless or move frequently have chronically lower math and reading skills than other low-income students who don't move as much.

Breakfast sandwich is a time bomb in a bun
Just one day of eating a fat-laden breakfast sandwich - processed cheese and meat on a bun - and your blood vessels become unhappy.

Women with lupus have a higher risk for preeclampsia
New research reports that women with systemic lupus erythematosus have a two-fold increase in risk of preeclampsia--a dangerous condition in which pregnant women develop high blood pressure (hypertension) and protein in their urine (proteinuria) after 20 weeks of gestation.

Metabolic syndrome makes a difference in hormone therapy risk
A new analysis of the Women's Health Initiative trials show that women who had metabolic syndrome before they started hormone therapy had a greatly increased risk of heart attack or dying of heart disease.

ASTRO: Deviating from radiation protocols increases risk of treatment failure and death
Implementing measures to ensure radiation therapy protocols are followed not only decreases deviations, but it can also improve overall survival in cancer patients, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital researchers suggest in a first-of-its kind study presented during a plenary session at the American Society for Radiation Oncology 54th Annual Meeting in Boston.

RIT receives $3.2 million award from the NSF to advance female faculty
Researchers at Rochester Institute of Technology were awarded $3.2 million from the National Science Foundation for the project,
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