Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 02, 2012
Study: Alcohol, drug abuse counselors don't always require total abstinence
Compared to a survey conducted nearly 20 years ago, about twice the proportion of addiction counselors now find it acceptable for at least some of their patients to have a drink occasionally -- either as an intermediate goal or as their final treatment goal, according to a new study published by the American Psychological Association.

Health project in India saved many mothers and children
Infant mortality has fallen by half, and the number of women who died from complications during pregnancy and childbirth by three-quarters.

Grading US presidents on the economy
A new Georgia Tech study that grades presidents on their economic performance ranks Clinton and Reagan highest among recent presidents with a grade of B.

Want to influence support for redistributive tax policies? Choose your words carefully
Income inequality has become a major topic of discussion over the last year and yet consensus on what (if anything) should be done about it seems elusive.

GSA Today: The evolution of Creationism
Throughout history, people have sought to understand how the world came to be and how it has changed over time.

Temporary storage for electrons: Natural method of producing hydrogen
Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion and the Ruhr-Universitat Bochum have found through spectroscopic investigations on a hydrogen-producing enzyme that the environment of the catalytic site acts as an electron reservoir in the enzyme.

Abstract thinking can make you more politically moderate
Partisans beware! Some of your most cherished political attitudes may be malleable!

Helping young people discover their own 'British' history
Schools can promote social inclusion by helping children to discover a version of British history that acknowledges how people from a range of ethnic backgrounds have contributed to contemporary British society, according to new research.

Active surveillance can reduce suffering among men with prostate cancer
With active surveillance many men with prostate cancer could dispense with radiation treatment and surgery, and thus avoid adverse effects such as incontinence and impotence.

Don't ignore doubts about marriage, researcher warns
Couples about to tie the knot shouldn't ignore nagging doubts about getting married, warns a University of Alberta researcher.

After long-ago mass extinction, global warming hindered species' recovery
Researchers have discovered why plants and animals had a hard time recovering from the largest mass extinction in Earth's history 250 million years ago.

New studies reinforce American Heart Association's stand on limiting sodium
New studies reinforce the American Heart Association's recommendation to limit daily sodium (salt) intake to less than 1,500 milligrams.

Reactions to everyday stressors predict future health
Contrary to popular perception, stressors don't cause health problems -- it's people's reactions to the stressors that determine whether they will suffer health consequences, according to researchers at Penn State.

Mountain meadows dwindling in the Pacific Northwest
Some high mountain meadows in the Pacific Northwest are declining rapidly due to climate change, a study suggests, as reduced snowpack, longer growing seasons and other factors allow trees to invade these unique ecosystems that once were carpeted with grasses, shrubs and wildflowers.

World record for the entanglement of twisted light quanta
The Vienna research team led by Anton Zeilinger has achieved a new milestone in the history of quantum physics: The scientists were able to generate and measure the entanglement of the largest quantum numbers to date.

The future of wireless capacity to be discussed at FCC on Nov. 6
The FCC will host a seminar,

GSA session to address Hurricane Sandy
In response to the devastation caused last week by Hurricane Sandy, organizers of the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting technical sessions on rapid sea-level rise and its impacts have created a break-out discussion panel consisting of geoscience experts.

University-industry collaboration and its impact on manufacturing
In Germany and the US, universities play a major economic role by collaborating with local industry and attracting new investments to the region.

Giving fluorescence microscopy new power to study cellular transport
The ability of fluorescence microscopy to study labeled structures like cells has now been empowered to deliver greater spatial and temporal resolutions that were not possible before, thanks to a new method developed by University of Illinois researchers.

Navy researchers look to rotating detonation engines to power the future
At NRL, scientists are studying the complex physics of Rotating Detonation Engines which offer the potential for high dollar savings by way of reduced fuel consumption in gas-turbine engines.

Satellite still shows Sandy's remnant clouds over eastern Canada and the northeastern US
Satellite imagery from Nov. 2 showed that Sandy's remnant clouds continue to linger over Canada and the northeastern US.

New research on employment-based insurance sheds light on health care reform
Men with employment-contingent health insurance who suffer a health shock, such as a cancer diagnosis or hospitalization, are more likely to feel

Solar system's birth record revised
Some 4.567 billion years ago, our solar system's planets spawned from an expansive disc of gas and dust rotating around the sun.

Biophysical Society names 2013 Distinguished Service, Emily M. Gray, and Founders awardees
The Biophysical Society is pleased to announce the recipients of the 2013 Distinguished Service Award, the Emily M.

Young birds can get 'drunk' on fermented berries
Young birds can get

New policies recognize needs of vulnerable sexual communities
Following the implementation of new legislation equalities policy, the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender community is now an aspect of staff training in local government according to research at the Universities of Newcastle and Huddersfield carried out by Professor Diane Richardson and Dr.

Building small: In many industries, economies of size is shifting to economies of numbers
For decades,

Cancer bound
PAHs are common environmental pollutants found in automobile exhaust, barbequed foods and tobacco smoke.

Disaster defense: Balancing costs and benefits
Do costly seawalls provide a false sense of security in efforts to control nature?

Cannabis use mimics cognitive weakness that can lead to schizophrenia
Researchers at the University of Bergen in Norway have found new support for their theory that cannabis use causes a temporary cognitive breakdown in non-psychotic individuals, leading to long-term psychosis.

Self-harm not always a sign of serious mental health problems
Self-harm is common among young people. However, it may not be appropriate to compare young people who self-harm and adult psychiatric patients who self-harm.

Asia's newest megacity offers model for urban growth as populations swell worldwide
Malaysia is building a mega-city comparable in area to Luxembourg, with an expected population of 3 million by 2025.

Were dinosaurs destined to be big? Testing Cope's rule
In the evolutionary long run, small critters tend to evolve into bigger beasts -- at least according to the idea attributed to paleontologist Edward Cope, now known as Cope's Rule.

MRI research sheds new light on nerve fibers in the brain
World-leading experts in Magnetic Resonance Imaging from The University of Nottingham's Sir Peter Mansfield Magnetic Resonance Centre have made a key discovery which could give the medical world a new tool for the improved diagnosis and monitoring of brain diseases like multiple sclerosis.

Assessing the cost of the Affordable Care Act and expanding Medicaid
Extending Medicaid coverage to currently uninsured adults is likely to increase the cost of the program, according to health policy researchers, because those patients are prone to have more expensive health problems than non-disabled adults currently enrolled in Medicaid.

New finding gives clues for overcoming tamoxifen-resistant breast cancer
A University of Cincinnati cancer biology team reports breakthrough findings about specific cellular mechanisms that may help overcome endocrine (hormone) therapy-resistance in patients with estrogen-positive breast cancers, combating a widespread problem in effective medical management of the disease.

Difficult-to-read font reduces political polarity, study finds
Liberals and conservatives who are polarized on certain politically charged subjects become more moderate when reading political arguments in a difficult-to-read font, researchers report in a new study.

Transplantation issues: Kidney donors and children in need of transplants
Some kidney donors have an increased risk of developing high blood pressure after donation.

Study finds Republicans and Democrats can agree on some moral issues
A new study that asked U.S. conservatives and liberals to rate the most influential historical figures of the 20th Century finds that the two sides of America's

In-sync brain waves hold memory of objects just seen
The brain holds in mind what has just been seen by synchronizing brain waves in a working memory circuit, an animal study suggests.

When considering bariatric surgery think about bones
Bariatric surgery, which significantly curtails the amount of food a person can eat, is the most effective treatment against obesity and is being recognized as a potentially valuable tool in the fight against diabetes related to obesity.

Biophysical Society names 5 2013 award recipients
The Biophysical Society is pleased to announce the recipients of four of its 2013 Society awards.
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