Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 13, 2012
Department of Energy's ESnet rolls out world's fastest science network
The US Department of Energy's (DOE) ESnet (Energy Sciences Network) is now operating the world's fastest science network, serving the entire national laboratory system, its supercomputing centers, and its major scientific instruments at 100 gigabits per second -- 10 times faster than its previous generation network.

Early changes in liver function could detect life-threatening infection
Early changes in liver function detected by novel techniques can identify severe infection (sepsis) hours after onset and so could have important implications for the treatment of patients who are critically ill, according to a groundbreaking study by European researchers published in this week's PLOS Medicine.

Pacific fishing zones -- lifeline for overfished tuna?
Marine zoning in the Pacific Ocean, in combination with other measures, could significantly improve numbers of heavily overfished bigeye tuna and improve local economies, a fish modelling study has found.

Uranium exposure linked to increased lupus rate
People living near a former uranium ore processing facility in Ohio are experiencing a higher than average rate of lupus, according a new study conducted by scientists at the University of Cincinnati and Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center.

DARPA awards Georgia Tech energy-efficient high-performance computing contract
Georgia Tech has received $561,130 for the first phase of a negotiated three-phase $2.9 million cooperative agreement contract from the US Defense Advanced Projects Research Agency to create the algorithmic framework for supercomputing systems that require much less energy than traditional high-speed machines, enabling devices in the field to perform calculations that currently require room-sized supercomputers.

Production of FRP components without release agents
Up to now, releasing components from molds has called for release agents.

Autism treatment is more than skin deep
Metal-binding agents rubbed into the skin, prescribed by some alternative practitioners for the treatment of autism, are not absorbed and therefore unlikely to be effective at helping the body excrete excess mercury.

Smart Grid: The Future of Interactive Energy Consumption?
The Smart Gird electricity network and technology has the potential to propel the energy industry forward, offering increased reliability, availability, and efficiency amidst growing 21st century energy demand.

Frustrated FATshionistas: How do plus-sized consumers mobilize to demand better clothing options?
Marginalized groups of consumers can mobilize as an online community to seek greater inclusion in and more choice from mainstream markets, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

CU-NOAA study shows summer climate change, mostly warming
Analysis of 90 years of observational data has revealed that summer climates in regions across the globe are changing -- mostly, but not always, warming --according to a new study led by a scientist from the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences headquartered at the University of Colorado Boulder.

Glutamate neurotransmission system may be involved with depression risk
Researchers using a new approach to identifying genes associated with depression have found that variants in a group of genes involved in transmission of signals by the neurotransmitter glutamate appear to increase the risk of depression.

Scientists report injectable formulation of malaria parasites achieve controlled infection
In a breakthrough that could accelerate malaria vaccine and drug development, scientists announced today that, for the first time ever, human volunteers were infected with malaria via a simple injection of cryopreserved sterile parasites that were harvested from the salivary glands of infected mosquitoes in compliance with regulatory standards.

Drug shrinks brain tumors in children with tuberous sclerosis complex
A drug originally developed to prevent the rejection of transplanted organs has now been shown to dramatically reduce a particular kind of brain tumor in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex -- a genetic disease that causes tumors to grow on vital organs.

Common enzyme deficiency may hinder plans to eradicate malaria
In malaria-endemic countries, 350 million people are predicted to be deficient in an enzyme that means they can suffer severe complications from taking primaquine, a key drug for treating relapsing malaria, according to a study funded by the Wellcome Trust and published in this week's PLOS Medicine.

Hormone combination effective and safe for treating obesity in mice
Scientists at Indiana University and international collaborators have found a way to link two hormones into a single molecule, producing a more effective therapy with fewer side effects for potential use as treatment for obesity and related medical conditions.

Open access initiative reveals drug hits for deadly neglected tropical diseases
The Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative (DNDi) and Medicines for Malaria Venture (MMV) announce today the identification of three chemical series targeting the treatment of deadly neglected tropical diseases, through DNDi's screening of MMV's open access Malaria Box.

Targeting downstream proteins in cancer-causing pathway shows promise in cell, animal model
The cancer-causing form of the gene Myc alters the metabolism of mitochondria, the cell's powerhouse, making it dependent on the amino acid glutamine for survival.

Hormone affects distance men keep from unknown women they find attractive
Men in committed relationships choose to keep a greater distance between themselves and an unknown woman they find attractive when given the hormone oxytocin, according to new research in the November 14 issue of The Journal of Neuroscience.

How online video stream quality affects viewer behavior
It may seem like common sense that the quality of online video streaming affects how willing viewers are to watch videos at a website.

It pays to cooperate
Yeast cells that share food have a survival edge over their freeloading neighbors -- particularly when there is bacterial competition.

MSU uses $7.8 million grant to improve farming in Africa
Michigan State University researchers will use a $7.8 million grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to help eight African nations improve their sustainable farming methods.

Extinct or passé? New research examines the term, 'metrosexual'
Early findings from a new University of Cincinnati study will be presented at the annual meeting of the American Anthropological Association.

Cancer: Exercise reduces tiredness
Aerobic exercise can help relieve the fatigue often associated with cancer and cancer treatment, according to Cochrane researchers.

Life-saving role of heart attack centers confirmed in new study
Recent studies questioning the role of specialist heart attack centres produced misleading results because doctors tend to send the sickest patients to have the best care, according to new research.

Rice of the future gets financial boost
The pursuit to rein in hunger with the development of a

For brain tumors, origins matter
Since stem cells and progenitor cells are regulated by different growth factors, brain tumors arising from these cells might respond differently to different therapies.

Scientists discover how stomach cancer spreads
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have found that the production of a protein that prevents the growth and spread of cancerous cells is impaired in patients with gastric cancer.

Better ways to monitor quality of care for newborns
In this week's PLOS Medicine, Sabine Gabrysch from the University of Heidelberg, Germany and colleagues draw upon a literature review, expert survey, and consensus method to recommend new signal functions to monitor and track facilities' provision of routine and emergency newborn care.

Second most common infection in the US proving harder to treat with current antibiotics
Certain types of bacteria responsible for causing urinary tract infections, the second-most-common infection in the US, are becoming more difficult to treat with current antibiotics, according to new research from Extending the Cure (ETC), a project of the Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy.

MRSA outbreak mapped by DNA sequencing
Scientists have used DNA sequencing for the first time to effectively track the spread of, and ultimately contain, an outbreak of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), according to new research published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

Computer science helping the aged stay home
University of Adelaide computer scientists are leading a project to develop novel sensor systems to help older people keep living independently and safely in their own homes.

Study demonstrates that earlier end of life care discussions are linked to less aggressive care in final days of life
Summary of a study being published online Nov. 13, 2012 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, reporting that earlier discussions about end of life care preferences are strongly associated with less aggressive care in the last days of life and increased use of hospice care for patients with advanced cancer.

G proteins regulate remodelling of blood vessels
Max Planck researchers are investigating the signalling pathways via which the smooth muscle cells of blood vessels react to extracellular changes.

Less of a shock
Two scientists at Washington University have developed a low-energy defibrillation scheme that significantly reduces the energy needed to re-establish a normal rhythm in the heart's main chambers.

LA BioMed's Dr. Richard Casaburi investigates causes of COPD
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, is a progressive disease of the lungs that affects approximately 24 million people in the United States and is now the third leading cause of death in this country.

The road to language learning is iconic
Languages are highly complex systems and yet most children seem to acquire language easily, even in the absence of formal instruction.

Pictures effective in warning against cigarette smoking
Health warning labels (HWLs) on cigarette packages that use pictures to show the health consequences of smoking are effective in reaching adult smokers, according to the results of a new study published in the December issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Stem cell finding could advance immunotherapy for lung cancer
A University of Cincinnati Cancer Institute lung cancer research team reports that lung cancer stem cells can be isolated -- and then grown -- in a preclinical model, offering a new avenue for investigating immunotherapy treatment options that specifically target stem cells.

Study designed to help ER doctors manage patient information
Researchers from The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston have been awarded a four-year, $1.9 million grant from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality to enhance the care in hospital emergency departments.

Teenagers' brains affected by preterm birth
New research at the University of Adelaide has demonstrated that teenagers born prematurely may suffer brain development problems that directly affect their memory and learning abilities.

Western media coverage of female genital surgeries in Africa called 'hyperbolic' and 'one sided'
Despite condemnation of female genital surgeries as a form of mutilation and a human rights violation, an international advisory group argues that the practice is poorly understood and unfairly characterized.

Meditation may reduce death, heart attack and stroke in heart patients
Twice-a-day Transcendental Meditation helped African Americans with heart disease reduce risk of death, heart attack and stroke.

Celebrating the mathematical genius Ramanujan
This year, the world is celebrating the 125th anniversary of the birth of Ramanujan.

Bacterial DNA sequence used to map an infection outbreak
This study used DNA sequencing to examine an outbreak of MRSA in a hospital, to uncover new cases and, as the study developed, to intervene in the outbreak to end it more quickly.

Sperm length variation is not a good sign for fertility
A new study published online in the journal Human Reproduction finds that the greater the inconsistency in the length of sperm, particularly in the tail (flagellum), the lower the concentration of sperm that can swim well.

Childhood abuse leads to poor adult health
The psychological scars of childhood abuse can last well into adulthood.

PNNL expertise highlighted at Supercomputing
PNNL research describing new and improved ways to crunch massive amounts of data will be presented at the Supercomputing 2012 conference.

International action needed to ensure the quality of medicines and tackle the fake drugs trade
A global treaty is urgently needed to tackle the deadly trade of substandard and fake medicines, say leading experts in a paper published on today.

Collegiate inventors honored for innovative science and technology advances
Recognizing the innovative ideas of today's college and university students, the 2012 Collegiate Inventors Competition, a program of Invent Now, today announced that a novel delivery therapy for treating cancer and a way to facilitate suturing in abdominal surgery have won top prizes during the Competition's culminating ceremony at the Newseum in Washington, DC.

Research strengthens link between obesity and dental health in homeless children
Obesity and dental cavities increase and become epidemic as children living below the poverty level age, according to nurse researchers from the Case Western Reserve University and the University of Akron.

Viable and fertile fruit flies in the absence of histone H3.3
Histones -- proteins that package DNA -- affect cell function differently than previously assumed: the cell doesn't need the histone H3.3 to read genes.

Once the conflict is over, solidarity in alliances goes out of the window
Anyone who competes or is at war should be careful when entering alliances.

Effects of alcohol on lymphoma, leukemia, and other types of hematological cancers
Diseases associated with the lymphatic system can be separated from those of the myeloid system.

New health-economic model shows benefits of boosting dietary calcium intake
European researchers have published a study which analyses the health economics of increased dairy foods and related reduction in risk of osteoporotic fractures in the population aged over 50.

A smoker's license: Too radical for tobacco control?
In an innovative move to help reduce the damaging health effects of tobacco, the radical proposal of introducing a ''smoker's license'' is debated by two experts in this week's PLOS Medicine.

Study finds high exposure to food-borne toxins
In a sobering study published in the journal Environmental Health, researchers at UC Davis and UCLA measured food-borne toxin exposure in children and adults by pinpointing foods with high levels of toxic compounds and determining how much of these foods were consumed.

California improves its ranking on March of Dimes Annual Preterm Birth Report Card
California has seen marked improvements in rates of preterm birth according to a March of Dimes Preterm Birth Report Card released at the State Capitol today.

First-of-its-kind program improves outcomes for seniors admitted for trauma
A first-of-its-kind program at St. Michael's Hospital lowers risk of delirium in elderly patients admitted for trauma and decreases the likelihood they will be discharged to a long-term care facility.

ESC says don't forget to screen for diabetes in CAD patients
Sophia Antipolis, 14 Nov. 2012: While it is well recognized that patients with diabetes are at risk of developing Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), on World Diabetes Day the European Society of Cardiology highlights the fact that patients with CAD are also at great risk of developing diabetes mellitus.

New Warwick book tells human tale behind decline of industrial cities in US, UK and Russia
The stories behind the warehouses, mills and factories left abandoned in cities that were once heartlands of heavy industry are the subject of a new University of Warwick book.

Grasshoppers change their tune to stay tuned over traffic noise
Grasshoppers are having to change their song -- one of the iconic sounds of summer -- to make themselves heard above the din of road traffic, ecologists have discovered.

Product choice: When are consumers most satisfied?
Consumers may be less satisfied with the choices they make if their options are presented one at a time rather than all at once, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

State of Nuevo León first to benefit from improved nationwide air quality information system
Today, the Nuevo Leon state ministry of sustainable development, with support from the Commission for Environmental Cooperation, launched a revamped air quality information management system in Monterrey, Mexico, using AirNow-International.

Mobile phone services help smokers quit
Support for quitting smoking via text and video messages can help smokers kick the habit according to a new Cochrane systematic review.

A sip of resveratrol and a full p53: Ingredients for a successful cell death
Researchers at the Universidade Federal in Rio de Janeiro in Brazil have found that introduction of a normal copy of the p53 gene in p53-defective cancer cell lines makes these cells sensitive to the anti-tumor proprieties of resveratrol, the naturally occurring dietary compound found in red wine.

GEOLOGY speeding top science to online platform
Between Oct. 19 and Nov. 13, The Geological Society of America's top geoscience journal, GEOLOGY, posted 35 new studies online ahead of print.

Novice or expert: How do consumers increase their knowledge about products?
Consumers seek out novel consumption experiences to increase their knowledge about products but do so selectively based on their level of expertise, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Policy considerations pose options for leaders to reduce costly disparities in diabetes
As newly elected or reelected national leaders consider paths forward for continued implementation of the Affordable Care Act, the Alliance to Reduce Disparities in Diabetes, an innovative, locally-implemented program focused on reducing disparities in diabetes, is releasing a new set of policy considerations to help inform decisions on national health policy.

Advocacy for planned home birth not in patients' best interest
Advocates of planned home birth have emphasized its benefits for patient safety, patient satisfaction, cost effectiveness, and respect for women's rights.

Ultra-small drainage device may replace eye drop medications for some glaucoma patients
A tiny medical device no larger than an eyelash may significantly reduce eye pressure in glaucoma patients and allow some to stop using eye-drop medications, according to year-one clinical trial results for the device.

Doubling down against diabetes
A collaboration between scientists in Munich, Germany and Bloomington, USA may have overcome one of the major challenges drug makers have struggled with for years: Delivering powerful nuclear hormones to specific tissues, while keeping them away from others.

Smart scaffolding aims to rebuild tissue from the inside
Scientists at Rice and the Texas A&M Health Science Center Baylor College of Dentistry received a $1.7 million, five-year grantfrom the National Institutes of Health to develop a hydrogel that can be injected into a patient to form an active biological scaffold.

Farm injury risks increase with age
Farmers turn to operating heavy machinery as they get older, raising their risk of injuries and fatalities, according to University of Alberta research.

Nature study reveals loss of essential blood cell gene leads to anemia
Scientists at the University of Georgia, Harvard Medical School and the University of Utah have discovered a new gene that regulates heme synthesis in red blood cell formation.

Kessler Foundation scientists report negative impact of long-term caregiving on cognition
Kessler Foundation scientists present study showing the negative impact of long-term caregiving on cognition at the Gerontological Society of America's 65th Annual Meeting, Nov.

Vitamin D may prevent clogged arteries in diabetics
People with diabetes often develop clogged arteries that cause heart disease.

A safer porn policy for employers
Employers must have in place a strict policy regarding pornography in the workplace if they are to avoid legal action from sexual harassment and discrimination charges, according to a study by Craig Cameron of the Griffith University.

Juvenile justice reforms should incorporate science of adolescent development
Legal responses to juvenile offending should be grounded in scientific knowledge.

UTSW 1 of 2 academic medical centers to win 2 major patient satisfaction awards
UT Southwestern Medical Center is one of only two academic medical centers in the country to receive two major patient satisfaction awards from Press Ganey, a national consulting firm specializing in health care performance.

How threat, reward and stress come together to predict problem drinking
Having a drink after a stressful day at work may seem like a natural response for some, but can your neural circuits predict when a drink or two will become problem drinking?

Stereoscopic mammography could reduce recall rate
A new three-dimensional digital mammography technique has the potential to significantly improve the accuracy of breast cancer screening.

Trying to save money? Ask for crisp new bills at the bank
Consumers will spend more to get rid of worn bills because they evoke feelings of disgust but are more likely to hold on to crisp new currency, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Naïve fish: Easy targets for spear fishers
Big fish that have grown up in marine reserves don't seem to know enough to avoid fishers armed with spear guns waiting outside the reserve.

Roots of deadly 2010 India flood identified; Findings could improve warnings
New research indicates that flash flooding that swept through the mountain town of Leh, India, in 2010 was set off by a string of unusual weather events similar to those that caused devastating flash floods in Colorado and South Dakota in the 1970s.

Sociology, economics researchers receive grant to study development across the human lifespan
UT researchers embark on multiphase

'Coca-Cola' model for delivering malaria meds is a success, says Princeton researcher
A private-market approach to bringing affordable malaria treatments to people in Africa has increased access to care.

Underemployment persists since recession, with youngest workers hardest hit
Underemployment has remained persistently high in the aftermath of the Great Recession with workers younger than 30 especially feeling the pinch, according to new research from the Carsey Institute at the University of New Hampshire.

Study sheds light on genetic 'clock' in embryonic cells
As they develop, vertebrate embryos form vertebrae in a sequential, time-controlled way.

How do cells tell time? Scientists develop single-cell imaging to watch the cell clock
A new way to visualize single-cell activity in living zebrafish embryos has allowed scientists to clarify how cells line up in the right place at the right time to receive signals about the next phase of their life.

Matching brands: Why do consumers prefer Tostitos salsa with Tostitos tortilla chips?
Consumers prefer matching brands for products that are consumed together because they believe products from the same brand have been designed to go together, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Metals versus microbes: The biocidal effect of metalloacid-coated surfaces
A new study published in BioMed Central's open access journal Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control reports of a phenomenon that could help control the spread of hospital-acquired infections: a surface-coating of metalloacids kills off microbial strains, even in multidrug-resistant microorganisms.

Ancient foot massage technique may ease cancer symptoms
A study led by a Michigan State University researcher offers the strongest evidence yet that reflexology - a type of specialized foot massage practiced since the age of pharaohs - can help cancer patients manage their symptoms and perform daily tasks.

Increasing efficiency of wireless networks
Two professors at the University of California, Riverside Bourns College of Engineering have developed a new method that doubles the efficiency of wireless networks and could have a large impact on the mobile Internet and wireless industries.

Warming temperatures will change Greenland's face
Global climate models abound. What is harder to pin down, is how a warmer global temperature might affect any specific region on Earth.

US preterm birth rate shows 5-year improvement
The US preterm birth rate dropped for the fifth year in 2011 to 11.7 percent, the lowest in a decade.

Scientists question the designation of some emerging diseases
The Ebola, Marburg and Lassa viruses are commonly referred to as emerging diseases, but leading scientists say these life-threatening viruses have been around for centuries.

Games may help train analysts to overcome bias
Game-playing may help intelligence analysts with the serious business of identifying biases that can cloud decision-making and problem-solving during life or death situations, according to researchers.

Baiting mosquitoes with knowledge and proven insecticides
While one team of USDA scientists in Gainesville, Fla., is testing the effectiveness of pesticides against mosquitoes, another research group in Beltsville, Md., is studying new ways to repel mosquitoes.

Relatives of people dying suddenly from heart problems have increased risk of cardiovascular disease
Relatives of young people who have died suddenly from a heart-related problem are at greatly increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease according to a study published in the European Heart Journal.

Watching the developing brain, scientists glean clues on neurological disorder
University of North Carolina School of Medicine researchers track a gene's crucial role in orchestrating the placement of neurons in the developing brain.

Migraine-associated brain changes not related to impaired cognition
Women with migraines did not appear to experience a decline in cognitive ability over time compared to those who didn't have them, according to a nine-year follow up study funded by the National Institutes of Health.

Do consumers evaluate cell phones differently if the warranty is expressed in years or days?
Different units can be used to describe product features, but what may seem a rather arbitrary choice may have profound consequences for consumer product evaluations, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Terminally ill cancer patients who discuss end-of-life care early can avoid aggressive treatment
Terminally ill cancer patients who have an early talk with their physician about care at the end-of-life are less likely to receive aggressive therapy - and more likely to enter hospice care - than patients who delay such discussions until the days and weeks before death, a new study by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute researchers suggests.

Injectable sponge delivers drugs, cells, and structure
Bioengineers at Harvard have developed a gel-based sponge that can be molded to any shape, loaded with drugs or stem cells, compressed to a fraction of its size, and delivered via injection.

Powering lasers through heat
In micro electronics heat often causes problems and engineers have to put a lot of technical effort into cooling, for example micro chips, to dissipate heat that is generated during operation.

Researchers have made the production of batteries cheaper and safer
Researchers at Aalto University, Finland have developed a method for producing lithium batteries that is cheaper and more environmentally friendly than previously used methods.

Migraines associated with higher incidence of brain lesions among women; effect on health uncertain
After nearly 10 years of follow-up of study participants who experienced migraines and who had brain lesions indentified via magnetic resonance imaging, women with migraines had a higher prevalence and greater increase of deep white matter hyperintensities (brain lesions) than women without migraines, although the number, frequency, and severity of migraines were not associated with lesion progression.

John Templeton Foundation grant supports Princeton neuroscientists to study cognitive control
Princeton neuroscientists have been awarded a $4 million grant from the John Templeton Foundation to explore how the human brain enables us to pursue goals and juggle priorities in an environment full of distractions.

Optical boomerangs, ultralight fractal materials, and more
Physicists bend light around corners, design ultralight and strong fractal materials, and find evidence for the arrow of time at the microscopic scale.

Human eye gives researchers visionary design for new, more natural lens technology
Drawing heavily upon nature for inspiration, researchers have created a new artificial lens that is nearly identical to the natural lens of the human eye.

Being neurotic, and conscientious, a good combo for health
Under certain circumstances neuroticism can be good for your health, according to a University of Rochester Medical Center study showing that some self-described neurotics also tended to have the lowest levels of Interleukin 6 (IL-6), a biomarker for inflammation and chronic disease.

Can the addition of radiolabeled treatments improve outcomes in advanced metastatic disease?
Radiolabeled agents are powerful tools for targeting and killing cancer cells and may help improve outcomes and lengthen survival times of patients with advanced disease that has spread beyond the initial tumor site.

BUSM study finds certain subgroups of black women have lower uptake of HPV vaccination
A new Boston University School of Medicine study has found that improving Human papillomavirus vaccination rates in black women may require culturally sensitive approaches that address ethnic-specific barriers.

In a world of chronic pain, individual treatment possible, Yale research shows
An investigation into the molecular causes of a debilitating condition known as

Hinode to support ground-based eclipse observations
On Nov. 13, 2012, certain parts of Earth will experience a total solar eclipse.

NASA sees sun emit a mid-level flare
On Nov. 13, 2012, the sun emitted a mid-level solar flare, peaking at 9:04 pm EST.

Experts report 1 of 2 remaining types of polio virus may be eliminated in Pakistan
Polio cases worldwide reached historic lows in 2012, and for the first time there were no new outbreaks beyond countries already harboring the disease, leaving researchers confident that a massive and re-energized international campaign to eradicate polio is on a path to success, according to presentations today at the annual meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

Choreographing light
Researchers at EPFL's Computer Graphics and Geometry Laboratory found a way to control

Should hyperbaric oxygen therapy be used to treat combat-related mild traumatic brain injury?
Therapeutic exposure to a high oxygen environment was hoped to minimize the concussion symptoms resulting from mild TBI, but hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) treatment may not offer significant advantages, according to an article in Journal of Neurotrauma.

'Dirty money' affects spending habits, new study finds
Looks matter -- even when it comes to money. A new study co-authored by a University of Guelph professor has found that currency's physical appearance dramatically affects consumer behavior.

Plants and soils could exacerbate climate change as global climate warms
Scientists from the American Meteorological Society and University of California, Berkeley have demonstrated that plants and soils could release large amounts of carbon dioxide as global climate warms.

Fantasy-reality confusion a primary cause of childhood nighttime fears
Prof. Avi Sadeh of Tel Aviv University has discovered that a child's ability to differentiate fact from fiction has a huge impact on overcoming nighttime fears.

Principal plays surprising role in why new teachers quit
Why do so many beginning teachers quit the profession or change schools?

Fast food menu options double; calorie counts remain high
With grilled chicken, salads and oatmeal now on fast food menus, you might think fast food has become healthier.

Genetic variation may modify associations between low vitamin D levels and adverse health outcomes
Findings from a study suggest that certain variations in vitamin D metabolism genes may modify the association of low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations with health outcomes such as hip fracture, heart attack, cancer, and death

Edison Pharmaceuticals announces initiation of EPI-743 Phase 2B Leigh Syndrome Clinical Trial
Edison Pharmaceuticals today announced the initiation of a phase 2B study entitled,

New type of bacterial protection found within cells
UC Irvine biologists have discovered that fats within cells store a class of proteins with potent antibacterial activity, revealing a previously unknown type of immune system response that targets and kills bacterial infections.

New study examines how health affects happiness
A new study published in the Journal of Happiness Studies found that the degree to which a disease disrupts daily functioning is associated with reduced happiness.

Computer memory could increase fivefold from advances in self-assembling polymers
The researchers' technique, which relies on a process known as directed-self assembly, is being given a real-world test run in collaboration with one of the world's leading innovators in disk drives. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to