Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 15, 2012
A new way of looking at Prader-Willi Syndrome
An Australian study reveals that people with the rare genetic disorder known as Prader-Willi Syndrome may have an impaired autonomic nervous system.

Discovery could hold the key to super-sensory hearing
Researchers at the University of Lincoln and the University of Bristol, UK, have identified a new hearing organ which provides the missing link to understanding how sound is transmitted within the ears of bushcrickets.

A class of RNA molecules protects germ cells from damage, Penn vet researchers show
Passing one's genes on to the next generation is a mark of evolutionary success.

Archaeologists identify spear tips used in hunting a half-million years ago
A University of Toronto-led team of anthropologists has found evidence that human ancestors used stone-tipped weapons for hunting 500,000 years ago - 200,000 years earlier than previously thought.

Structure of enzyme unravelled providing basis for more accurate design of chemotherapeutic drugs
A group of researchers at the University of California, Berkeley have for the first time described the structure of the active site core of topoisomerase II alpha, an important target for anti-cancer drugs.

Airborne particles smuggle pollutants to far reaches of globe
Pollution from fossil fuel burning and forest fires reaches all the way to the Arctic, even though it should decay long before it travels that far.

Umbilical cord cells outperform bone marrow cells in repairing damaged hearts
A study published this month by researchers at the University of Toronto and Toronto's Princess Margaret Hospital has shown that cells derived from the umbilical cord,

University of Pennsylvania Medicine receives National Institutes of Health grant to help local communities move forward after asbestos exposure
To help empower local residents to shape the future of their communities, and explain the potential consequences associated with asbestos exposure, researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, have been awarded a $1.2 million grant to develop an educational program using the communities' history of asbestos products manufacturing and resulting asbestos exposure.

Degraded military lands to get ecological boost from CU-led effort
Some arid lands in the American West degraded by military exercises that date back to General George Patton's Word War II maneuvers in the Mojave Desert should get a boost from an innovative research project led by the University of Colorado Boulder.

Finalists of air pollution sensor challenge announced
Four finalists have been selected in the My Air, My Health Challenge, sponsored by the National Institutes of Health and its challenge partners.

Innovative sobriety project reduces DUI and domestic violence arrests, study finds
An innovative alcohol monitoring program that requires daily testing of alcohol-involved offenders helps reduce both repeat DUI arrests and domestic violence arrests, according to a new study.

Rare meteorites created in violent celestial collision
A new study shows that the origin of

X-rays from a reborn planetary nebula
These images of the planetary nebula Abell 30, (a.k.a. A30), show one of the clearest views ever obtained of a special phase of evolution for these objects.

Ag scientists and community members speak out in support of science research
More than 1,350 scientists and members of the agricultural community signed a petition asking lawmakers to avoid sequestration.

Mini-pig tale provides massive amount of genomic data for human health
The international open-access journal GigaScience announces the publication of the whole-genome sequencing and analysis of the Wuzhishan Pig, an extensively inbred, miniature pig, which can serve as an excellent model for human medical research and therapeutic drug testing.

Protein tug of war points toward better therapies for cardiovascular disease
Two proteins are in a tug of war that determines how much the body makes of superoxide, a highly reactive and potentially destructive product of oxygen that's dramatically elevated in cardiovascular disease, researchers report.

Mercury poisoning ruled out as cause of Tycho Brahe's death
The results of this intensive work now make it possible to rule out mercury poisoning as a cause of death.

Location, location, location: Membrane 'residence' gives proteases novel abilities
Johns Hopkins scientists have discovered a new mode of action for enzymes immersed in cellular membranes.

Researchers outline effective strategies to prevent teen depression and suicide
University of Cincinnati researchers report on the positive connections that offset tragedies among teenagers.

GW Research chosen as 'paper of the week' for blood coagulation discovery
Researchers at the George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences will be featured as a top paper in next week's issue of the Journal of Biological Chemistry for their groundbreaking discovery of a new regulator of the blood coagulation cascade. 

IUPUI mathematicians awarded fellowships
Two Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis mathematicians have earned selection to the initial class of American Mathematical Society Fellows for 2013 in recognition of their international excellence in mathematical science and service.

Study shows large-scale genomic testing feasible, impacts therapy
Targeted cancer therapy has been transforming the care of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Medical vital-sign monitoring reduced to the size of a postage stamp
Electrical engineers have developed new technology to monitor medical vital signs, with sophisticated sensors so small and cheap they could fit onto a bandage, be manufactured in high volumes and cost less than a quarter.

Scientists improve dating of early human settlement
A Simon Fraser University archaeologist and his colleagues at the University of Queensland in Australia have significantly narrowed down the time frame during which the last major chapter in human colonization, the Polynesian triangle, occurred.

Researchers sequence swine genome, discover associations that may advance animal and human health
Researchers have sequenced the swine genome, and discovered associations that may advance animal and human health.

Thermogenerator from the printer
Wireless sensor networks monitor machinery and equipment in factories, cars and power stations.

Study shows different approach after progression in non-small cell lung cancer patients
A new study published in the December 2012 issue of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer's Journal of Thoracic Oncology, shows that other approaches to overcome acquired resistance should be considered.

Arthritis study reveals why gender bias is all in the genes
Researchers have pieced together new genetic clues to the arthritis puzzle in a study that brings potential treatments closer to reality and could also provide insights into why more women than men succumb to the disabling condition.

Parkinson's disease protein causes disease spread and neuron death in healthy animals
The Penn team found that injecting synthetic, misfolded and fibrillar α-Synuclein (α-Syn) -- the PD disease protein -- into the brains of normal,

Women eager to negotiate salaries, when given the opportunity
Although some scholars have suggested that the income gap between men and women is due to women's reluctance to negotiate salaries, a new study at the University of Chicago shows that given an invitation, women are just as willing as men to negotiate for more pay.

£60 million boost for science innovation
Business Secretary Vince Cable today announced a £60m investment in UK universities to help our most pioneering scientists and engineers create successful businesses from their research, improve industrial collaboration, and foster greater entrepreneurship.

Penn study decodes molecular mechanisms underlying stem cell reprogramming
Thanks to some careful detective work, scientist better understand just how iPS cells form -- and why the Yamanaka process is inefficient, an important step to work out for regenerative medicine.

Simplifying heart surgery with stretchable electronics devices
A catheter made from stretchable electronics can serve triple-duty during heart surgery, Northwestern University researchers have found.

VTT developes future energy solutions in cooperation with residents
Residents have a notable influence on a building's energy efficiency and carbon footprint.

Hinode views 2 solar eclipses
Observers in Australia and the South Pacific were treated to a total solar eclipse on Nov.

UI study explores Greek membership on political orientation, activism
Colleges are often perceived as leaning left, but research by social scientists at the University of Iowa College of Education suggests the reality is more nuanced and that the Greek system tends to be a locus for students who are more conservative.

Researchers use GPS tracking to monitor crab behavior
Researchers from Jena and Greifswald used GPS satellites for a long-term behavioral monitoring of land crab migration on Christmas Island.

UMass Amherst shares $6.24 Million NSF grant to improve computer science education
UMass Amherst's CAITE will share the new five-year, $6.24 million NSF grant with Georgia Computes!, a project at Georgia Tech, to create a national resource for other states that want to learn how to successfully broaden participation in computer science education.

Youth with autism gravitate toward STEM majors in college -- if they get there
It's a popularly held belief that individuals with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) gravitate toward STEM majors in college (science, technology, engineering mathematics).

Study finds reformulated ER Oxycodone abuse rates are significantly lower than original ER Oxycodone
Aims of this study were to assess 1) whether the rates of abuse of extended-release (ER) oxycodone (OxyContin) decline following introduction of reformulated ER oxycodone (ORF), and 2) whether ORF is less likely to be abused through non-oral routes of administration that require tampering.

Studies in Cell Transplantation investigate oxygen's impact as a factor in transplantation
Investigating the role of oxygen in cell transplantation, a research team from Baylor University concerned about poor efficacy of islet cell transplantation during pancreas preservation and islet isolation finds that low temperatures can prevent hypoxia that can damage islet cells.

How 'black swans' and 'perfect storms' become lame excuses for bad risk management
Instead of reflecting on the unlikelihood of rare catastrophes after the fact, Stanford risk analysis expert Elisabeth Pate-Cornell prescribes an engineering approach to anticipate them when possible, and to manage them when not.

New study finds milk-drinking kids reap physical benefits later in life
Starting a milk drinking habit as a child can lead to lifelong benefits, even improving physical ability and balance in older age, according to new research.

NAS receives $350 million endowment from BP settlement with the federal government
As part of the $4 billion settlement announced today between the federal government and BP concerning the 2010 Deepwater Horizon disaster, the National Academy of Sciences has been asked to establish a new $350 million, 30-year program on human health and environmental protection in the Gulf of Mexico.

Federal grant funds University of Michigan effort to attract diverse group of science, math and engineering students
The number and diversity of University of Michigan students graduating with degrees in science, engineering and mathematics will increase significantly through a cross-campus effort funded by a $2 million grant from the National Science Foundation.

This is your brain on freestyle rap
Researchers at the NIDCD have shown that freestyle rapping is associated with a unique functional reallocation of brain activity in the prefrontal cortex and proposes a novel neural network that appears to be intimately involved in improvisatory and creative endeavors.

UC Berkeley's 35th Annual Real Estate & Economics Symposium
Practitioners in the real estate, finance, and legal professions will gather in San Francisco for the 35th Annual Real Estate & Economics Symposium sponsored by the Fisher Center for Real Estate and Urban Economics at the University of California, Berkeley's Haas School of Business.

ORNL pushes the boundaries of electron microscopy to unlock the potential of graphene
Electron microscopy at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory is providing unprecedented views of the individual atoms in graphene, offering scientists a chance to unlock the material's full potential for uses from engine combustion to consumer electronics.

Archaeologists identify oldest spear points
A collaborative study found that human ancestors were making stone-tipped weapons 500,000 years ago at the South African archaeological site of Kathu Pan 1 - 200,000 years earlier than previously thought.

Surprising genetic link between kidney defects and neurodevelopmental disorders in kids
About 10 percent of kids born with kidney defects have large alterations in their genomes known to be linked with neurodevelopmental delay and mental illness, a new study by Columbia University Medical Center researchers has shown.

Extracting meaning from the social web
The National Science Foundation has awarded Clemson's Social Media Listening Center two grants to conduct research for better collecting, analyzing, and extracting meaning from the social web.

Dietary glucose affects the levels of a powerful oncogene in mice
In this study, researchers help establish the mechanisms of why a low carbohydrate diet slows tumor growth in mice.

Wiley launches StatisticsViews.com, the first comprehensive website for all users of statistics
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., today announced the launch of StatisticsViews.com, a new website created for professional statisticians, analysts, students, and any user of statistics in interdisciplinary subjects as the first place to go when looking for any information related to statistical research.

First European randomized trial confirms new pneumococcal vaccine highly effective in infants
A new conjugate vaccine is highly effective (93%) at preventing invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD; meningitis, sepsis, bacteremic pneumonia, and other blood-borne infections) in infants younger than 2 years who are the most vulnerable to infection, according to new research published Online First in The Lancet.

Probiotic worm treatment may improve symptoms of colitis by restoring gut bacteria to healthy state
A new study on monkeys with chronic diarrhea that were treated by microscopic parasite worm (helminth) eggs has provided insights on how this form of therapy may heal the intestine.

Marilyn B. Gula Mountains of Hope Foundation grants $100,000 to TGen
The Marilyn B. Gula Mountains of Hope Foundation has donated the funds to a research project led by Dr.

Study finds how bacteria inactivate immune defenses
A new study by researchers at Imperial College London has identified a way in which Salmonella bacteria, which cause gastroenteritis and typhoid fever, counteract the defence mechanisms of human cells.

Patently readable
Many inventors find the patenting process puzzling and problematic. Dr.

Study offers clues to cause of kids' brain tumors
Insights from a genetic condition that causes brain cancer are helping scientists better understand the most common type of brain tumor in children.

When the going gets tough, the tough get... more relief from a placebo?
Are you good at coping when life gets tough? A straight-shooter?

USA's ancient hurricane belt and the US-Canada equator
The recent storms that have battered settlements on the east coast of America may have been much more frequent in the region 450 million years ago, according to scientists.

No success for REDD+ without understanding possible impacts on forest biodiversity and people
The world's rapidly dwindling forests should be valued as more than just

Himalayan glaciers will shrink even if temperatures hold steady
If Bhutan's climate did not warm, glaciers in the monsoonal Himalayas would still shrink by almost 10 percent within the next few decades.

Most-distant galaxy candidate found
A team of astronomers including Carnegie's Daniel Kelson have set a new distance record for finding the farthest galaxy yet seen in the universe.

Video-article shows how to purify magnetic bacteria
A new video-article in JoVE (Journal of Visualized Experiments) details a procedure to purify and enrich samples of magnetotactic bacteria from aquatic environments, developed in the laboratory of Dr.

Researchers tap into CO2 storage potential of mine waste
Michael Hitch, at the University of British Columbia's Norman B.

Researchers uncover some good news for BC's troubled salmon populations
A University of Alberta led research team has some positive news for British Columbia's pink salmon populations, and the salmon farming industry that has struggled to protect both captive and wild salmon from sea lice infestations.

International survey: 69 percent of US primary care doctors now have electronic medical records
Two-thirds of US primary care physicians reported using electronic medical records in 2012, up from less than half in 2009, according to findings from the 2012 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey, published as a Web First online today in Health Affairs.

Born-again star foreshadows fate of solar system
Astronomers have found evidence for a dying Sun-like star coming briefly back to life after casting its gassy shells out into space, mimicking the possible fate our own Solar System faces in a few billion years.

President's Bioethics Commission posts Study Guide
This guide is designed to encourage ethics education.

Appetite suppressant for scavenger cells
When infected with influenza, the body becomes an easy target for bacteria.

Like a game of poker, school programs' success can hinge on principals going 'all in'
When principals go

Potential new technique for anticancer radiotherapy could provide alternative to brachytherapy
New approach could be alternative to surgical implantation of radioactive

Bioprinting has promising future
The pioneering concept of bioprinting is delivering promising results according to one of the early champions of the process, Professor Brian Derby of The University of Manchester.

Uncommon features of Einstein's brain might explain his remarkable cognitive abilities
Portions of Albert Einstein's brain have been found to be unlike those of most people and could be related to his extraordinary cognitive abilities, according to a new study led by Florida State University evolutionary anthropologist Dean Falk.

Controlling heat flow through a nanostructure
MIT researchers find that heat moving in materials called superlattices behaves like waves; finding could enable better thermoelectrics.

Engineering academies in US, UK, and China announce Global Grand Challenges Summit
The US National Academy of Engineering today announced a major international summit to explore new approaches for solving some of the world's most pressing challenges.

Study finds asthma is not linked to lower educational attainment
Research led by Queen Mary, University of London has found that having asthma is not linked to poorer scores in national school examinations.

About one million species inhabit the ocean
According to an international research in which the Spanish National Research Council has participated, up to 972.000 species of different eukaryote organisms could be found in the oceans.

Wax-filled nanotech yarn behaves like powerful, super-strong muscle
New artificial muscles made from nanotech yarns and infused with paraffin wax can lift more than 100,000 times their own weight and generate 85 times more mechanical power during contraction than the same size natural muscle, according to scientists at the University of Texas at Dallas and their international team.

Vitamin D deficiency linked to Type 1 diabetes
A study led by researchers from the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine has found a correlation between vitamin D3 serum levels and subsequent incidence of Type 1 diabetes.

NASA great observatories find candidate for most distant object in the universe to date
By combining the power of NASA's Hubble and Spitzer space telescopes and one of nature's own natural

Low levels of donor-specific antibodies increase risks for transplant recipients
The detection of preformed donor-specific antibodies by newer tests, despite negative results from traditional tests, nearly doubles a kidney transplant recipient's risk for rejection.

LLNL scientists assist in building detector to search for elusive dark matter material
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers are making key contributions to a physics experiment that will look for one of nature's most elusive particles,

Oxytocin keeps flirting folks at arm's length
Flirting brings women and men closer. But the

Streams show signs of degradation at earliest stages of urban development
The loss of sensitive species in streams begins to occur at the initial stages of urban development, according to a new study by the USGS.

Young gamers offer insight to teaching new physicians robotic surgery
What can high school and college-age video game enthusiasts teach young surgeons-in-training?

Hubble helps find candidate for most distant object in the universe yet observed
By combining the power of the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope and one of nature's zoom lenses, astronomers have found what is probably the most distant galaxy yet seen in the Universe.

'It's not like CSI': The science of the search for Richard III
The complexity of tests being performed on Grey Friars skeleton mean answers will not come overnight.

Scientists show protein-making machinery can switch gears with a small structural change process, which may have implications for immunity and cancer therapy, compared to the movie The Transformers
For the past several years, Min Guo, an assistant professor at The Scripps Research Institute, has focused on the intricate actions of an ancient family of catalytic enzymes that play a key role in translation, the process of producing proteins. in a new study, Guo, Ehud Razin of The Institute for Medical Research Israel-Canada, and a large team of international scientists have shown that this enzyme can actually also work in another fundamental process in humans.

Family commitment blended with strong religion dampens civic participation, Baylor researcher finds
Blending religion with familism -- a strong commitment to lifelong marriage and childbearing -- dampens secular civic participation, according to research by a Baylor University sociologist.

US bolsters national push to expand computing education
Through a five-year, $6.24 million grant from the National Science Foundation, the Georgia Institute of Technology and the University of Massachusetts Amherst will form a partnership to further grow the pipeline of students in US computer science programs and broaden participation in this fast-growing field.

King's College London launches £2 million global scholarship program for law students
King's College London -- one of the top 30 universities in the world -- has announced the biggest ever scholarship program for its School of Law, with 80 scholarships available for the best and brightest students from around the world.

Springer partners with Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Science Press
As of January 2013 Springer will publish the Journal of Arid Land, the official publication of the Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, part of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS).

WSU scientists find new way for antibiotic resistance to spread
Washington State University researchers have found an unlikely recipe for antibiotic resistant bacteria: Mix cow dung and soil, and add urine infused with metabolized antibiotic.

New injectable gels toughen up after entering the body
MIT chemical engineers have now designed an injectable gel that responds to the body's high temperature by forming a reinforcing network that makes the gel much more durable, allowing it to function over a longer period of time.

At least one-third of marine species remain undescribed
At least one-third of the species that inhabit the world's oceans may remain completely unknown to science.

Study shows bone metastases treatment can improve overall survival
One of the most frequent sites of metastases is the bone, with an estimated 30 to 40 percent of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer developing bone loss.

Genetics point to serious pregnancy complication
New research at the University of Adelaide has revealed a genetic link in pregnant mums -- and their male partners -- to pre-eclampsia, a life-threatening complication during pregnancy.

How insects domesticate bacteria
Two years ago, a 71-year-old Indiana man impaled his hand on a branch after cutting down a dead crab apple tree, causing an infection that led University of Utah scientists to discover a new bacterium and solve a mystery about how bacteria came to live inside insects.

Letter from doctor boosts cholesterol medication use
Patients at high risk for cardiovascular disease are more likely to receive a prescription for cholesterol-lowering medication, and to achieve lower long-term cholesterol levels, when doctors use electronic health records to deliver personalized risk assessments via mail.

Sloan Foundation grant to help improve higher education teaching and learning
The Sloan Foundation has granted $803,942 to support the Bay View Alliance, a network of seven North American universities conducting leading research to improve undergraduate teaching and learning.

University of Michigan, Michigan State University award grants for Great Lakes climate change research
University of Michigan scientists and their colleagues at Michigan State University have awarded six grants to organizations across the region for projects that will help decision-makers adapt to climate change and variability in the Great Lakes basin.

Study reveals insights that could aid in therapeutic use of mesenchymal stem cells
Research reveals new insights into how mesenchymal stem cells

UBC leads alliance to improve science education with Sloan grant
The University of British Columbia is partnering with seven top North American universities to study how they can speed up the adoption of improved teaching techniques in science classrooms.

ACA: More than a million women could gain access to potentially life saving tests for cancer
A study by researchers at the George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services indicates that full implementation of the Affordable Care Act would expand health insurance coverage for more low-income women, enabling more than a million women to obtain potentially life-saving screening for breast and cervical cancer.

Optical microscopes lend a hand to graphene research
The remarkable properties and subsequent applications of graphene have been well-documented since it was first isolated in 2004; however, researchers are still trying to find a quick, cheap and efficient way of measuring its thickness.

NASA catches small area of heavy rain in fading Tropical Depression 25W
Tropical Depression 25W was raining on southern Vietnam on Nov.

Study: Cellphone bans associated with fewer urban accidents
Cellphones and driving go together like knives and juggling. But when cellphone use is banned, are drivers any safer?

South American cricket ears shown to rival human hearing
Scientists studying a species of South American bush cricket with some of the smallest ears known have discovered it has hearing so sophisticated that it rivals our own.

Lithosphere highlights: Slab dynamics, the Troodos ophiolite, and the Jurassic Bonanza arc
The latest Lithosphere articles to go online 26 October through 14 November include studies of slab dynamics both on Earth and on Mars; several discussions of the Troodos ophiolite, Cyprus, as well as other ophiolites; analysis and dating of the Jurassic Bonanza arc, Vancouver Island, Canada; fault system characterization in the central Bhutanese Himalaya; and sandstone dating in northern Russia.

Study Tracks Brain Gene Response to Territorial Aggression
With a mate and a nest to protect, the male threespined stickleback is a fierce fish, chasing and biting other males until they go away.

White rot fungus boosts ethanol production from corn stalks, cobs and leaves
The latest episode in the American Chemical Society's award-winning Global Challenges/Chemistry Solutions podcast series reports new evidence that the so-called white rot fungus shows promise in the search for a way to use waste corn stalks, cobs and leaves -- rather than corn itself -- to produce ethanol to extend supplies of gasoline.

A tenth of quirky creature's active genes are foreign
Up to ten percent of the active genes of an organism that has survived 80 million years without sex are foreign, a new study from the University of Cambridge and Imperial College London reveals.

Eating more fish could reduce postpartum depression
Low levels of omega-3 may be behind postpartum depression, according to a review lead by Gabriel Shapiro of the University of Montreal and the Research Centre at the Sainte-Justine Mother and Child Hospital.

Barrow scientists discover ways to optimize light sources for vision
Vision researchers at Barrow Neurological Institute have made a groundbreaking discovery into the optimization of light sources to human vision.

Arginine and proline enriched diet may speed wound healing in diabetes
A diet enriched with arginine and proline could speed diabetes-related wound healing.

Supercharged
Researchers have discovered a technique to kick a record number of electrons out of an atom with an X-ray laser.

Cash cuts increase smoking death risk for world's poor, study says
Proposed funding cuts within the international body responsible for tobacco control will leave the world's poorest countries more vulnerable to smoking-related diseases, a study suggests.

Researchers report potential new treatment to stop Alzheimer's disease
Using a specific biological compound they call molecular

RSV study shows potential for vaccine strategies to protect babies
Research by the University of Warwick indicates that vaccinating families could protect young babies against a common winter virus which can be fatal for infants under six months.

Fire logs made from lawn clippings offer earth-friendly option
Artificial logs that create a cheerful and welcoming blaze in your fireplace can be made from a perhaps surprising source: grass clippings.

Human umbilical cord blood cell co-culture supports embryonic stem cell expansion
Co-cultures used for human embryonic stem cell expansion prior to cell transplantation that employ an animal based

Neurons made from stem cells drive brain activity after transplantation in laboratory model
Scientists are able to make neurons and other brain cells from stem cells, but getting these neurons to properly function when transplanted to a host has proven more difficult.

Physicists skirt thermal vibration, transfer optical signal via mechanical oscillator
Using tiny radiation pressure forces, physicists converted an optical field, or signal, from one color to another, aided by a

Authors of landmark study on infant mortality and electronic medical records receive Garfield Award
The authors of a landmark study on the use of electronic medical records to reduce infant mortality will receive the 2012 Garfield Economic Impact Award.

Meteorites reveal warm water existed on Mars
Meteorites reveal warm water existed on Mars Hydrothermal fractures around Martian impact craters may have been a habitable environment for microbial life.

Best-available science will allow just 5 percent relative reduction in high-income countries' preterm birth rates by 2015
New research, published in The Lancet today [Thursday Nov. 15] ahead of World Prematurity Day on Saturday Nov.

Flame retardants linked to neurodevelopmental delays in children
A new UC Berkeley study adds to the health concerns over flame retardants widely used in foam upholstered furniture.

These bots were made for walking: Cells power biological machines
They're soft, biocompatible, about 7 millimeters long -- and, incredibly, able to walk by themselves.

Preterm birth can be prevented with a few proven treatments, Lancet article say
In an article published in The Lancet to coincide with the second annual World Prematurity Day, the expert group set a prevention target that, if met, could also save millions in the economic costs caused by early births.

Early 50s may be key time to reach baby boomers with health messages
For baby boomers, the peak interest in health issues comes at about age 51, with a second peak coming near age 65, according to a new study.

Feinstein Institute researchers discover plant derivative
Researchers at The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research have discovered that tanshinones, which come from the plant Danshen and are highly valued in Chinese traditional medicine, protect against the life-threatening condition sepsis.

Job market sluggish for college graduates
The job market for new college graduates, hampered by a lackluster economy and political uncertainty, will increase at a sluggish 3 percent this academic year, predicts Michigan State University's annual Recruiting Trends report.

Quick, high-volume test offers fast track in search for Alzheimer's drugs
Princeton University researchers report that an efficient, high-volume technique developed at Princeton for testing potential drug treatments for Alzheimer's disease uncovered an organic compound that restored motor function and longevity to fruit flies with the disease.
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