Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 16, 2012
Middle schoolers to explore sky with robotic telescopes
Approximately 1,400 middle schoolers will explore the universe with research-grade robotic telescopes over the next three years, thanks to a $1.6 million program funded by the National Science Foundation.

Teenagers urged to exercise to ward off bone disease
Playing football or running for at least three hours a week could help teenagers counteract the potential damage to their bone health caused by prolonged spells of sitting.

UGA study finds anxiety linked to chest pain in children
Psychological factors can have as much-or more-impact on pediatric chest pain as physical ones, a University of Georgia study found recently.

Children who swim start smarter
Children who learn how to swim at a young age are reaching many developmental milestones earlier than the norm.

Fear of the dentist is passed on to children by their parents
Fear of visiting the dentist is a frequent problem in paediatric dentistry.

Level up: Study reveals keys to gamer loyalty
Online role-playing game developers can get ahead of the competition by giving gamers more opportunities to get social, collaborate and take control of their online personae, according to a study from the University at Buffalo School of Management.

New program draws young artists into science
Artists and scientists often share a common goal: making the invisible visible.

Mixing processes could increase the impact of biofuel spills on aquatic environments
Ethanol, a component of biofuel made from plants such as corn, is blended with gas in many parts of the country, but has significantly different fluid properties than pure gasoline.

Visualizing floating cereal patterns to understand nanotechnology processes
Small floating objects change the dynamics of the surface they are on.

New whale shark study used metabolomics to help understand shark and ray health
New research from Georgia Aquarium and Georgia Institute of Technology provides evidence that a suite of techniques called

Research comes home to roost: 6 years later, Revelle returns
After a six-year voyage on the high seas, braving crashing waves and typhoon-force winds around the world in the name of science, research vessel Roger Revelle is coming home to San Diego today.

Melt water on Mars could sustain life
Near surface water has shaped the landscape of Mars. Areas of the planet's northern and southern hemispheres have alternately thawed and frozen in recent geologic history and comprise striking similarities to the landscape of Svalbard.

Is the detection of early markers of Epstein Barr virus of diagnostic value?
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is the cause of infectious mononucleosis and a risk for serious disease in liver transplant recipients.

Into the magnetic resonance scanner with a cuddly toy
For the first time, Bochum clinicians have been able to show on the basis of a large sample, that it is possible to examine children's heads in the MRI scanner without general anaesthesia or other medical sedation.

CSA group and IPAC-CO2 announce world's first standard for geologic storage of carbon dioxide
CSA Group, a leading developer of standards, codes and training programs, and the International Performance Assessment Centre for Geologic Storage of Carbon Dioxide (IPAC-CO2 Research Inc.), an environmental non-government organization (ENGO), today announced the world's first bi-national carbon capture and storage (CCS) standard for the geologic storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) for Canada and the United States.

Creating a coating of water-repellent microscopic particles to keep ice off airplanes
To help planes fly safely through cold, wet, and icy conditions, a team of Japanese scientists has developed a new super water-repellent surface that can prevent ice from forming in these harsh atmospheric conditions.

Antenna-on-a-chip rips the light fantastic
A Rice University lab produces a micron-scale spatial light modulator like those used in sensing and imaging devices, but with the potential to run orders of magnitude faster.

Notre Dame research could improve sustainability and cost effectiveness of wastewater treatment
University of Notre Dame researcher Robert Nerenberg is pursuing a promising new line of research that has the capability of significantly decreasing chemical costs and carbon footprint of wastewater treatment.

What's behind the success of the soccer 'Knuckleball'
What makes soccer star Christiano Ronaldo's

Cutting-edge approaches to ensuring biologic drug quality focus of forum on bioassays
As a growing number of biologic drugs are treatments of choice for an expanding list of autoimmune disorders, inflammatory diseases, and certain cancers, bioassays play a critical role in establishing the functional integrity and potency of these products.

Hepatitis C treatment's side effects can now be studied in the lab
Adverse side effects of certain hepatitis C medications can now be replicated in the lab, thanks to a research team led at Penn State University.

Dartmouth research: The clocks are ticking and the climate is changing
Dartmouth's Rob McClung looks to cellular biological clocks as a target for genetic modification for increasing plant productivity.

Important progress for spintronics
A fundamental cornerstone for spintronics that has been missing up until now has been constructed by a team of physicists at Linkoping University in Sweden.

Gene distinguishes early birds from night owls and helps predict time of death
New research shows that a gene is responsible for a person's tendency to be an early riser or night owl -- and helps determine the time of day a person is most likely to die.

Improving quality of life for the bedridden
Immobile patients are in constant danger of developing pressure ulcers on the skin.

Mechanism of breathing muscle 'paralysis' in dreaming sleep identified
A novel brain mechanism mediating the inhibition of the critical breathing muscles during rapid eye movement sleep has been identified for the first time in a new study, offering the possibility of a new treatment target for sleep-related breathing problems.

Artist's inspiration: How robot soccer led to a mirror that reflects your true face
When you look in a mirror, you see an image of yourself in reverse.

Fetus suffers when mother lacks vitamin C
Maternal vitamin C deficiency during pregnancy can have serious consequences for the fetal brain.

Brazilian mediums shed light on brain activity during a trance state
Researchers at Thomas Jefferson University and the University of Sao Paulo analyzed the cerebral blood flow of Brazilian mediums during the practice of psychography, a form of writing whereby a deceased person or spirit is believed to write through the medium's hand.

$20 million CU-Boulder instrument package set for integration on Mars spacecraft
A $20 million remote sensing instrument package built by the University of Colorado Boulder, which is leading a 2013 NASA mission to understand how Mars might have lost its atmosphere, has been delivered to Lockheed Martin in Littleton, Colo., for spacecraft integration.

Fire the coach? Not so fast, says new study by University of Colorado, Loyola professors
Professors from the University of Colorado and Loyola University Chicago studied the records of college football teams that replaced a head coach for performance reasons between 1997 and 2010.

Nano insights could lead to improved nuclear reactors
In order to build the next generation of nuclear reactors, materials scientists are trying to unlock the secrets of certain materials that are radiation-damage tolerant.

DNA packaging discovery reveals principles by which CRC mutations may cause cancer
A new discovery from researchers at Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah concerning a fundamental understanding about how DNA works will produce a

Reconsidering cancer's bad guy
Researchers at the University of Copenhagen have found that a protein, known for causing cancer cells to spread around the body, is also one of the molecules that trigger repair processes in the brain.

Probing the mystery of the Venus fly trap's botanical bite
Plants lack muscles, yet in only a tenth of a second, the meat-eating Venus fly trap hydrodynamically snaps its leaves shut to trap an insect meal.

How does groundwater pumping affect streamflow?
Groundwater provides drinking water for millions of Americans and is the primary source of water to irrigate cropland in many of the nations most productive agricultural settings.

Tokyo's Mad Men: New UCLA book explores antics of Japanese avant-garde in 1960s
In a forthcoming book, UCLA historian William Marotti explores the history of underground a band of artists who made Tokyo an epicenter for the avant-garde in the late 1950s and early 1960s.

Technology only a tool in search for solutions to poverty
Technology can serve as a tool to bridge the digital divide, but it is unlikely to be a complete solution in helping people find jobs and escape poverty, according to a Penn State researcher.

Wandering minds associated with aging cells
Scientific studies have suggested that a wandering mind indicates unhappiness, whereas a mind that is present in the moment indicates well-being. Now, a preliminary UCSF study suggests a possible link between mind wandering and aging, by looking at a biological measure of longevity.

Bad air means bad news for seniors' brainpower
Living in areas of high air pollution can lead to decreased cognitive function in older adults, according to new research presented in San Diego at The Gerontological Society of America's 65th Annual Scientific Meeting.

USDA funded research leads to key discoveries in the pig genome
Research conducted and supported by the US Department of Agriculture has led to a new analysis of the pig genome, revealing new similarities between pigs and humans that could potentially advance biomedical research significantly.

National Council for Social Studies names Distinguished Global Scholar
Josiah Tlou, a professor emeritus of education at Virginia Tech, has been named Distinguished Global Scholar of the year by the National Council for Social Studies.

ORNL recipe for oxide interface perfection opens path to novel materials
By tweaking the formula for growing oxide thin films, researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory achieved virtual perfection at the interface of two insulator materials.

Basketball teams offer insights into building strategic networks
What started out as a project to teach undergraduate students about network analysis, turned into an in-depth study of whether it was possible to analyze a National Basketball Association basketball team's strategic interactions as a network.

Indirect effects of climate change could alter landscapes
Studies of a northern hardwood forest in New England point to unexpected ecological trends resulting from documented changes in the climate over 50 years.

Collaring tapirs to help them survive
A team of Michigan State University researchers will soon be heading into the rainforests of Nicaragua to help an endangered species known as a Baird's tapir co-exist with local farmers whose crops are being threatened by the animals.

Are we closer to understanding the cause of deadly sepsis?
Following an infection, dysregulation of the immune system can result in a systemic inflammatory response and an often fatal condition called severe sepsis or septic shock.

New research explores why we remember and why we forget
Psychological scientists are exploring the mechanisms that underlie memory to understand why we remember certain things and why we forget others.

Exercise benefits found for pregnancies with high blood pressure
Contrary to popular thought, regular exercise before and during pregnancy could have beneficial effects for women that develop high blood pressure during gestation, human physiology professor Jeff Gilbert said, summarizing a new study by his research team that appears in the December issue of Hypertension.

We're in this together: A pathbreaking investigation into the evolution of cooperative behavior
The origins of cooperative behavior are not altruism, but mutual interest, according to a new study in Current Anthropology.

Dartmouth research pursues problematic polymers
Polymers, in everything from shopping bags to ski boots, make our material world what it is today.

New model reveals how huddling penguins share heat fairly
A new model shows how penguins in a huddle share heat fairly.

Loyola's orthopaedic physical therapy residency program is credentialed
Loyola University Medical Center has been credentialed by the American Physical Therapy Association as a post-professional residency program for physical therapists in orthopaedics.

Dartmouth professor Stephon Alexander wins physics society award
Dartmouth physicist Stephon Alexander, the E.E. Just 1907 Professor, has been named the 2013 Edward A.

GW Researcher receives grant to study parasitic worm role in bile duct cancer in Southeast Asia
Paul Brindley, Ph.D., professor of microbiology, immunology, and tropical medicine at the George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, was the recipient of a $1.7 million grant from the National Cancer Institute to study the behavior of a parasitic worm, rampant in Southeast Asia, known to cause infections that contribute to liver cancer.

GOCE's second mission improving gravity map
ESA's GOCE gravity satellite has already delivered the most accurate gravity map of Earth, but its orbit is now being lowered in order to obtain even better results.

Springer launches new book series on personalized medicine
Springer will launch a new book series in collaboration with the European Association for Predictive, Preventive and Personalised Medicine.
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