Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 21, 2012
Scientists win funding to study new treatment for severe chronic pain
Scientists at the University of Liverpool are leading a £1.5 million project to study `immunoglobulin', a type of drug which has been shown to ease complex regional pain syndrome.

CardioScape: European Society of Cardiology & European Union to recommend transnational funding strategies for cardiovascular disease research
The Cardioscape project will conduct a survey of the European cardiovascular research landscape, identify funding gaps, highlight where coordination could be improved, and help prioritize future areas of research.

Neural interaction in periods of silence
Tuebingen neurophysiologists have developed a new method to study widespread networks of neurons responsible for our memory.

Worldwide incidence of traumatic brain injury could be six times higher than previous estimates
The first study to estimate rates of traumatic brain injury, without relying on official figures, suggests the worldwide incidence of TBI could be six times higher than previously estimated.

The most popular TV series among youngsters in Spain recreates violence
The Spanish TV series Sin tetas no hay paraiso contains the most violence out of the five series analysed as part of a study at the University of Seville, which was published in the Comunicacion journal.

Just 10 minutes in a car with a smoker boosts harmful pollutants by up to 30 percent
Just 10 minutes spent in the back seat of a car with a smoker in the front, boosts a child's daily exposure to harmful pollutants by up to 30 percent, reveals research published online in Tobacco Control.

New strain of bird virus sweeps across Britain
Scientists from the Zoological Society of London, University of Oxford, the British Trust for Ornithology and RSPB report on the impact avian pox is having on great tit populations.

Strengthening Canada's research capacity: The gender dimension
A newly released report by the Council of Canadian Academies entitled, Strengthening Canada's Research Capacity: The Gender Dimension provides an assessment of the the factors that influence university research careers of women.

MicroRNA makes triple-negative breast cancer homesick
Carcinoma cells are epithelial cells gone bad and have learned to act like neurons, inappropriately activating TrkB signaling to escape the programmed cell death known as anoikis.

How does immune globulin therapy work? Now is the time to find out
Immune globulin replacement began as a treatment for patients who could not make their own antibodies, but has proven to have much broader benefits.

Brain waves encode rules for behavior
A new study from researchers at MIT and Boston University sheds light on how neural ensembles form thoughts and support the flexibility to change one's mind.

New public gut bacteria study expected to reach around world
Ever wondered who is living in your gut, and what they're doing?

New evidence of dinosaurs' role in the evolution of bird flight
A new study looking at the structure of feathers in bird-like dinosaurs has shed light on one of nature's most remarkable inventions - how flight might have evolved.

Gateway enzyme for chemicals from catnip to cancer drug
Scientists have discovered an enzyme used in nature to make powerful chemicals from catnip to a cancer drug, vinblastine.

Call that a ball? Dogs learn to associate words with objects differently than humans do
Dogs learning to associate words with objects form these associations in different ways than humans do, according to research published Nov.

A*STAR scientists identify potential drug target for inflammatory diseases including cancers
A*STAR scientists have identified the enzyme, telomerase, as a cause of chronic inflammation in human cancers.

Herbivore defense in ferns
Researchers have found that bracken ferns do not release volatiles when attacked.

New evidence of dinosaurs' role in the evolution of bird flight
A new study looking at the structure of feathers in bird-like dinosaurs has shed light on one of nature's most remarkable inventions -- how flight might have evolved.

A multidisciplinary approach and a new field help to understand cell behavior
UNM Cancer Center is a sponsor of the scientific conference that examines cell behavior.

Researchers identify a simple way to precipitate phosphorus from the wastewater of a pulp mill
Researchers at Aalto University, Finland have developed a simple method for reducing the amount of phosphorus in the wastewater of a pulp mill.

Emperor penguins use sea ice to rest between long foraging periods
For the first time, researchers tracking the behavior of emperor penguins near the sea have identified the importance of sea ice for the penguins' feeding habits.

CDC and NIH survey provides first report of state-level COPD prevalence
The age-adjusted prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease varies considerably within the United States, from less than four percent of the population in Washington and Minnesota to more than nine percent in Alabama and Kentucky.

Kidney tumors have a mind of their own
New research has found there are several different ways that kidney tumors can achieve the same result -- namely, grow.

Feature package of Congo Basin forest photos, stories & videos
As the Congo Basin is threatened, more research is needed to help protect the forest.

VTT: Indicators and methods of sustainable development 1-sided
The European SustainValue research project coordinated by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland develops new types of tools for sustainable industrial development.

US Coast Guard, USC win INFORMS Wagner Prize for protecting american ports from terrorists
The Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences today announced the award of the Daniel H.

Outstanding contributions earn UH mathematician top honor
From a field of mathematical scientists from more than 600 institutions around the world, University of Houston professor Roland Glowinski has been named a fellow of the American Mathematical Society for 2013.

New hope for understanding autism spectrum disorders
Researchers from McGill University and the University of Montreal have identified a crucial link between protein synthesis and autism spectrum disorders, which can bolster new therapeutic avenues.

Engineers pave the way towards 3D printing of personal electronics
Scientists are developing new materials which could one day allow people to print out custom-designed personal electronics such as games controllers which perfectly fit their hand shape.

When conservation goes genomics: Finding needles in a haystack
Studying the genetic variability of endangered species is becoming increasingly necessary for species conservation and monitoring.

Male bias persists in female-rich science conferences
Women scientists in primatology are poorly represented at symposia organized by men, but receive equal representation when symposia organizers are women or mixed groups, according to research published Nov.

Stem cells develop best in 3-D
Scientists from the Danish Stem Cell Center at the University of Copenhagen are contributing important knowledge about how stem cells develop best into insulin-producing cells.

Parrots imitate individuals when addressing them
Whether living with pirates or in the wild, parrots have exceptional abilities to mimic the sounds they hear.

Researchers offer simple, inexpensive way to improve healing after massive bone loss
Research led by a team at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center identifies a new approach to treating massive bone fractures, a major clinical problem faced by orthopaedic surgeons, including on the battlefield.

Biomarking time
In a new study, researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, with colleagues elsewhere, describe markers and a model that quantify how aging occurs at the level of genes and molecules, providing not just a more precise way to determine how old someone is, but also perhaps anticipate or treat ailments and diseases that come with the passage of time.

Drug resistance biomarker could improve cancer treatment
Cancer therapies often have short-lived benefits due to the emergence of genetic mutations that cause drug resistance.

Ultrasound pictures show difference in fetus yawning and other mouth openings
Ultrasound scans of faces in utero can distinguish between when a fetus yawns and when it just opens its mouth, according to research published Nov.

It takes two to tangle: Wistar scientists further unravel telomere biology
Wistar researchers have resolved the structure of that allows a telomere-related protein, Cdc13, to form dimers in yeast.

MRI shows brain disruption in patients with post-concussion syndrome
MRI shows changes in the brains of people with post-concussion syndrome, according to a new study.

UK Flusurvey set to go viral
Researchers launch online survey to track flu and analyze trends.

A step forward in regenerating and repairing damaged nerve cells
A team of IRCM researchers, led by Dr. Frédéric Charron, recently uncovered a nerve cell's internal clock, used during embryonic development.

Surprise origin for coronary arteries could speed advances in regenerative medicine
During embryonic development, the all-important coronary arteries arise from cells previously considered incapable of producing them, according to scientists at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University.

Brainy babies - Research explores infants' skills and abilities
Infants seem to develop at an astoundingly rapid pace, learning new things and acquiring new skills every day.

New pill could offer hope to bowel cancer and gastrointestinal stromal tumor patients after failure of standard treatments
Two phase 3 trials, published in The Lancet, have shown that a novel oral drug called regorafenib could offer survival benefits to people with bowel cancer or gastrointestinal stromal tumor following failure of existing treatments.

New structures self-assemble in synchronized dance
With self-assembly guiding the steps and synchronization providing the rhythm, a new class of materials forms dynamic, moving structures in an intricate dance.

'Trust' provides answer to handaxe enigma
Trust rather than lust is at the heart of the attention to detail and finely made form of handaxes from around 1.7 million years ago, according to a University of York researcher.

More help needed to improve smoking cessation services for pregnant women with mental disorders
Pregnant women with mental health disorders are facing too many barriers to help them quit smoking during pregnancy despite their willingness to accept support, finds a new study published today in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

Researchers detail the migrations of the wood wasp Sirex noctilio
The Sirex noctilio wood wasp is one of the great enemies of the trees in the Pinus family.

New 'virtual' tape measure could give online clothes shoppers the perfect fit
A ground-breaking web-based system that takes unprecedentedly detailed measurements of the body could revolutionize online clothes shopping.

Saving water without hurting peach production
US Department of Agriculture scientists are helping peach growers make the most of dwindling water supplies in California's San Joaquin Valley.

MicroRNAs can convert normal cells into cancer promoters
Ovarian cancer cells use three microRNAs to convert normal, healthy cells into cancer-associated fibroblasts.

Early birds had an old-school version of wings
In comparison to modern birds, the prehistoric Archaeopteryx and bird-like dinosaurs before them had a more primitive version of a wing.

Fetuses yawn in the womb, according to new research
We know that unborn babies hiccup, swallow and stretch in the womb but new observational research concludes that they also yawn.

Deconstructing the redemptive power of 'bearing witness'
A new comparative study finds genocidal legacies are not experienced as trauma across cultures.

Innovative energy project set to use cosmic rays for monitoring
A research consortium led by Durham University has won government and industry funding to develop a novel technique using cosmic rays for monitoring storage sites for carbon dioxide.

Poor and often inaccurate web info on 'designer vagina' procedures
The quality of internet information available for women opting for 'designer vagina' procedures is 'poor,' and in some cases, inaccurate, reveals a small study published in the Obstetrics & Gynaecology edition of the online only journal BMJ-British Medical Journal Open.

Cartilage made easy with novel hybrid printer
The printing of three-dimensional tissue has taken a major step forward with the creation of a novel hybrid printer that simplifies the process of creating implantable cartilage.

Novel mechanism through which normal stromal cells become cancer-promoting cells identified
Change in three microRNAs' expression converted normal fibroblasts to cancer-associated fibroblasts.

Architecture of rod sensory cilium disrupted by mutation
Using a new technique called cryo-electron tomography, two research teams at Baylor College of Medicine have created a three-dimensional map that gives a better understanding of how the architecture of the rod sensory cilium (part of one type of photoreceptor in the eye) is changed by genetic mutation and how that affects its ability to transport proteins as part of the light-sensing process.

An antidote for hypersomnia
Researchers at Emory University School of Medicine have discovered that dozens of adults with an elevated need for sleep have a substance in their cerebrospinal fluid that acts like a sleeping pill.

Pathway identified in human lymphoma points way to new blood cancer treatments
Research, shows for the first time that the

Solving big research questions with statistics wins 2012 Victoria Prize
Professor Terry Speed, a senior researcher at the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, was today awarded a 2012 Victoria Prize for Science and Innovation.

Uncovering complexity
Caenorhabditis elegans, with just 302 neurons, has long been considered an ideal model system for the study of the nervous system.

Computer-navigated total knee replacement
For many years, the use of computer-assisted navigation has been touted as improving the positioning, sizing and alignment of replacement knee joints, resulting in greater durability of joints and overall improvement in patient movement.

Organizations collaborate to support research on arthritis and aging
The Arthritis National Research Foundation in Long Beach, CA and the American Federation for Aging Research in New York, NY proudly announce their collaboration to fund an Arthritis and Aging Research Grant.

Short DNA strands in the genome may be key to understanding human cognition and diseases
Short snippets of DNA found in human brain tissue provide new insight into human cognitive function and risk for developing certain neurological diseases, according to researchers from the Departments of Psychiatry and Neuroscience at Mount Sinai School of Medicine.

Nicole George wins 2012 Journal of Experimental Biology Outstanding Paper Prize
Nicole George from the University of Washington has been awarded the 2012 Journal of Experimental Biology Outstanding Paper Prize for her paper, 'Temperature gradients drive mechanical energy gradients in the flight muscle of Manduca sexta', coauthored with Simon Sponberg and Tom Daniel.

First patients in US receive non-surgical device of sunken chest syndrome
Surgeons at Children's Hospital of the King's Daughters have fitted a patient with a device that might eliminate the need for surgery in some patients with one of the world's most common chest deformities, pectus excavatum, often called sunken chest syndrome.

University of Tennessee study: Unexpected microbes fighting harmful greenhouse gas
The environment has a more formidable opponent than carbon dioxide.

Eating right key to survival of whales and dolphins: UBC research
In the marine world, high-energy prey make for high-energy predators.

Detective work using terahertz radiation
Damaging biocides can be detected on old wooden sculptures, hidden wall paintings can be made visible again and the layered structures of pieces of art analyzed.

Researchers define key events early in the process of cellular aging
For the first time, scientists at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center have defined key events that take place early in the process of cellular aging.

The effective exercising of the right to housing
Pilar Garrido is highly critical of the regulatory implementation of the Spanish property market.

Rare rhino fossil preserved by prehistoric volcanic eruption
Less than two percent of the earth's fossils are preserved in volcanic rock, but researchers have identified a new one: the skull of a rhino that perished in a volcanic eruption 9.2 million years ago.

Flower power to purge poison and produce platinum
A consortium of researchers at the University of Warwick are to embark on a £3 million research programme called 'Cleaning Land for Wealth,' that will use a common class of flower to restore poisoned soils while at the same time producing perfectly sized and shaped nano sized platinum and arsenic nanoparticles for use in catalytic convertors, cancer treatments and a range of other applications.

Dwarf planet makemake lacks atmosphere
Astronomers have used three telescopes at ESO's observatories in Chile to observe the dwarf planet Makemake as it drifted in front of a distant star and blocked its light.

Daily steps add up for midlife women's health
Moving 6,000 or more steps a day -- no matter how -- adds up to a healthier life for midlife women.

Ocean currents play a role in predicting extent of Arctic sea ice
Researchers at MIT have developed a new method to accurately simulate the seasonal extent of Arctic sea ice and the ocean circulation beneath.

New drug overcomes resistance in patients with rare sarcoma
A new targeted drug demonstrated its ability to control metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor, an uncommon and life-threatening form of sarcoma, after the disease had become resistant to all existing therapies.

Better protection for forging dies
Hard or tough - very often, the manufacturers of forging dies must make a compromise here.
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