Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 25, 2012
First evidence of ocean acidification affecting live marine creatures in the Southern Ocean
The shells of marine snails -- known as pteropods -- living in the seas around Antarctica are being dissolved by ocean acidification according to a new study published this week in the journal Nature Geoscience.

From degeneration to regeneration: Advances in skeletal muscle engineering
A study published today in BioMed Central's open access journal Skeletal Muscle reports of a new therapeutic technique to repair and rebuild muscle for sufferers of degenerative muscle disorders.

Transposable elements reveal a stem cell specific class of long noncoding RNAs
Over a decade after sequencing the human genome, it has now become clear that the genome is not mostly 'junk' as previously thought.

Engineering plants for biofuels
With increasing demands for sustainable energy, being able to cost-efficiently produce biofuels from plant biomass is more important than ever.

Fetal alcohol exposure affects brain structure in children
Children exposed to alcohol during fetal development exhibit changes in brain structure and metabolism that are visible using various imaging techniques, according to a new study.

Survival gene may be key to controlling HIV and hepatitis
A newly discovered gene that is essential for embryo survival could also hold the key to treating and potentially controlling chronic infections such as HIV, hepatitis and tuberculosis.

Chinese scientists decode watermelon genome, possible future benefits for crop improvement
An international team led by Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, BGI, and other institutes has completed the genomic sequence of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) and the resequencing of 20 watermelon accessions.

Sensor detects bombs on sea floor
A sensor has been developed to detect undetonated explosives on the sea floor.

Temple-Penn researchers identify calcium 'accelerator' to keep cell power supply going
Scientists from Temple University School of Medicine and the University of Pennsylvania have moved another step closer to solving a decades-long mystery of how the flow of calcium into the cell's power source, the mitochondria, is controlled.

Alzheimer's disease in mice alleviated promising therapeutic approach for humans
Pathological changes typical of Alzheimer's disease were significantly reduced in mice by blockade of an immune system transmitter.

Patient's own immune cells may blunt viral therapy for brain cancer
Doctors now use cancer-killing viruses to treat some patients with lethal, fast-growing brain tumors.

Blame, responsibility and demand for change following floods
New research shows that concerns about governmental failure to act effectively and fairly in the aftermath of extreme weather events can affect the degree to which residents are willing to protect themselves.

Reading, writing and playing games may help aging brains stay healthy
Mental activities like reading and writing can preserve structural integrity in the brains of older people, according to a new study.
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