Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 26, 2012
Possible new treatment for Ewing sarcoma
Discovery of a new drug with high potential to treat Ewing sarcoma, an often deadly cancer of children and young adults, and the previously unknown mechanism behind it, come hand-in-hand in a new study by researchers from Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah.

More Facebook friends means more stress, says report
A large number of friends on Facebook may appear impressive but, according to a new report, the more social circles a person is linked to online the more likely social media will be a source of stress.

Too much or too little activity bad for knees
Both very high and very low levels of physical activity can accelerate the degeneration of knee cartilage in middle-aged adults, according to a new study.

Rapid changes in climate don't slow some lizards
One tropical lizard's tolerance to cold is stiffer than scientists had suspected.

Brief exercise immediately enhances memory, UCI study finds
A short burst of moderate exercise enhances the consolidation of memories in both healthy older adults and those with mild cognitive impairment, scientists with UC Irvine's Center for the Neurobiology of Learning & Memory have discovered.

Destruction of the North China Craton
To investigate the important continental evolution issue of cratonic destruction, a comprehensive study of the geology, geophysics, and geochemistry of the North China Craton was conducted, focusing on the timing, extent, triggers, and dynamics of craton destruction.

Thomas Jefferson University honoring Axel Ullrich with Lennox K. Black International Prize
Thomas Jefferson University will honor the renowned biotech researcher whose discoveries led to a slew of innovative drugs that revolutionized treatment including Herceptin -- one of the first gene-based medications for breast cancer -- with its prestigious Lennox K.

CMU and CTC to develop robotic laser system to strip paint from aircraft
Carnegie Mellon University's National Robotics Engineering Center and Concurrent Technologies Corporation of Johnstown, Pa., are working with the Air Force Research Laboratory and Ogden Air Logistics Center 309 AMXG to develop and demonstrate a robotic system that uses high-powered lasers to remove coatings from fighter and cargo aircraft.

Burning more calories is easier when working out with someone you perceive as better
The key to motivation in physical activity may be feeling inadequate.

Penn researchers make flexible, low-voltage circuits using nanocrystals
Electronic circuits are typically integrated in rigid silicon wafers, but flexibility opens up a wide range of applications in a world where electronics are becoming more pervasive.

Microbial 'missing link' discovered after man impales hand on tree branch
Two years ago, a 71-year-old Indiana man impaled his hand on a branch after cutting down a dead tree.

To get the best look at a person's face, look just below the eyes, according to UCSB researchers
They say that the eyes are the windows to the soul.

Release all Tamiflu data as promised, argue researchers
There can be no debate about Tamiflu whilst Roche does not keep its promise to release

Old habits die hard: Helping cancer patients stop smoking
It's a sad but familiar scene near the grounds of many medical campuses: Hospital-gowned patients, some toting rolling IV poles, huddled in clumps under bus shelters or warming areas, smoking cigarettes.

Study links improved consumer welfare to increased prescription drug advertising efforts
More people are better off thanks to the impact of an influx of direct-to-consumer advertising spending than they would be without those marketing efforts, according to a study recently published by Jayani Jayawardhana in the University of Georgia College of Public Health.

Combination of two pharmaceuticals proves effective in the treatment of multiple sclerosis
This is a joint press release of the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases and the Max Planck Research Unit for Enzymology of Protein Folding.

Automated phone and mail notices increase medication adherence
Patients newly prescribed a cholesterol-lowering medication were more likely to pick it up from the pharmacy if they received automated phone and mail reminders, according to a study published in the Archives of Internal Medicine today.

New behavioral strategies may help patients learn to better control chronic diseases
Physicians should take a serious look at tools and strategies used in behavioral economics and social psychology to help motivate their patients to assert better control over chronic diseases.

Federal government and big pharma seen as increasingly diminished source of research funding
In a commentary to be published in the Dec. 12 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, two Johns Hopkins faculty members predict an ever-diminishing role for government and drug company funding of basic biomedical research and suggest scientists look to

New hope for setback-dogged cancer treatment
Several drugs companies have ineffectively tried to produce antibodies that bind to the IGF-1 receptor on the cell surface, which has a critical part to play in the development of cancer.

Exposure to traffic pollution in pregnancy, first year of life appears associated with autism
Exposure to traffic-related air pollution, particulate matter and nitrogen dioxide during pregnancy and during the first year of a child's life appears to be associated with an increased risk of autism.

Researchers discover gender-based differences in Alzheimer's disease
All patients with Alzheimer's disease lose brain cells, which leads to a shrinking, or atrophy, of the brain.

Newly insured patients may have trouble finding primary care physicians
A study by researchers at the Mongan Institute for Health Policy at Massachusetts General Hospital finds that a significant percentage of the primary care physicians most likely to care for newly insured patients may be not be accepting new patients.

University of Maryland School of Medicine, NIH study pinpoints brain area's role in learning
An area of the brain called the orbitofrontal cortex is responsible for decisions made on the spur of the moment, but not those made based on prior experience or habit, according to a new study in Science from substance abuse researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine and the National Institute on Drug Abuse.

Modeling the breaking points of metallic glasses
Metallic glass alloys (or liquid metals) are three times stronger than the best industrial steel, but can be molded into complex shapes with the same ease as plastic.

New device hides, on cue, from infrared cameras
Now you see it, now you don't. A new device invented at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences can absorb 99.75 percent of infrared light that shines on it.

BioMAP screening procedure could streamline search for new antibiotics
Researchers at UC Santa Cruz have developed a new strategy for finding novel antibiotic compounds, using a diagnostic panel of bacterial strains for screening chemical extracts from natural sources.

Impaired blood vessel function found in cystic fibrosis patients
The first evidence of blood vessel dysfunction has been found in a small cohort of generally healthy young people with cystic fibrosis, researchers report.

EARTH: Highlights of 2012
Considered individually, 2012's record high temperatures, droughts, wildfires, storms and diminished snowpack are not necessarily alarming.

Yuzhou Flora -- a hidden gem of the Middle and Late Permian Cathaysian Flora
During the Permian (about 250 million years before present), a complete and successive sequence of strata with exquisitely preserved plant fossils (i.e., the Yuzhou Flora) was developed in today's western Henan Province, China.

Algae Biomass Organization hails new UCSD study showing saltwater algae viable for biofuels
The Algae Biomass Organization, the trade association for the US algae industry today hailed the findings of a University of California at San Diego study that concludes, for the first time, that marine (saltwater) algae can be just as capable as freshwater algae in producing biofuels.

Scientists image brain structures that deteriorate in Parkinson's
A new imaging technique developed at MIT offers the first glimpse of the degeneration of two brain structures affected by Parkinson's disease.

JCI early table of contents for Nov. 26, 2012
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published on Monday, November 26, 2012, in the JCI: Bariatric surgery procedures have similar therapeutic benefits in obese adults; Identifying the cause of anesthesia-induced seizures; Parallel structure: Surprising similarities between kidney cells and neurons; Mutations in αKlotho underlie a genetic form of rickets; and many more.

Interannual variability in soil respiration from terrestrial ecosystems in China
Soil respiration is an important part of the terrestrial carbon cycle.

Preventive screening for sudden cardiac death in young athletes debated
While ensuring the safety of high school and college athletes is hardly controversial, the method and associated costs of doing so are hotly debated.

USC/CHLA research shows autism risk for developing children exposed to air pollution
Research conducted by University of Southern California and Children's Hospital Los Angeles scientists demonstrates that polluted air -- whether regional pollution or coming from local traffic sources -- is associated with autism.

Study advances use of stem cells in personalized medicine
Johns Hopkins researchers report concrete steps in the use of human stem cells to test how diseased cells respond to drugs.

31 humanitarian leaders identify the pivotal choices for making a lasting impact on those in need
How do seemingly ordinary people become the kind of leaders who have a meaningful and often lasting impact on the lives of those in need?

Funneling the sun's energy
MIT engineers propose a new way of harnessing photons for electricity, with the potential for capturing a wider spectrum of solar energy.

Putrescine water may be Fountain of Youth for eggs
An Ottawa scientist has discovered a critical reason why women experience fertility problems as they get older.

Putting more cores to work in server farms
EPFL scientists have found that reorganizing the inner architecture of the processors used in massive data processing centers can yield significant energy savings.

Lack of nutrients and metabolic syndrome linked to different subtypes of depression
A low intake of folate and vitamin B12 increases the risk of melancholic depressive symptoms, according to a study among nearly 3,000 middle-aged and elderly Finnish subjects.

Bariatric surgical procedures have similar therapeutic benefits in obese adults
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, researchers led by Samuel Klein at the University of Washington School of Medicine in St.

Researchers find evidence that brain compensates after traumatic injury
Researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University and Montefiore Medical Center have found that a special magnetic resonance imaging technique may be able to predict which patients who have experienced concussions will improve.

Using biomarkers from prehistoric human feces to track settlement and agriculture
University of Massachusetts Amherst geoscientists have used a biomarker from human feces in a new way to establish the first human presence, the arrival of grazing animals and human population dynamics in a landscape.

Dramatic rise in autism prevalence parallels research explosion
Autism Speaks Chief Science Officer Geraldine Dawson, Ph.D., describes the dramatic progress in autism research paralleling increased recognition of autism's prevalence and financial impact in the Archives of General Psychiatry.

Cassini finds a video gamers' paradise at Saturn
You could call this

University Hospitals & Philips Healthcare to showcase imaging technology at Cleveland Medical Mart
University Hospitals in Cleveland and Philips Healthcare are among a group of global leaders in healthcare to showcase the latest medical technology at the new Cleveland Medical Mart & Convention Center.

Scanning innovation can improve personalized medicine
Ge Wang, director of Virginia Tech's Center for Biomedical Imaging, has a history of

'Soft Robotics': A groundbreaking new journal on engineered soft devices that Interact with Living Systems
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers announces the launch of Soft Robotics, a peer-reviewed journal dedicated to the science and engineering of soft materials in mobile machines.

Continuing Thanksgiving eruptions on the sun
On Nov. 23, 2012, at 8:54 a.m. EST, the sun erupted with an Earth-directed coronal mass ejection or CME.

Grapefruit-medication interactions increasing
The number of prescription drugs that can have serious adverse effects from interactions with grapefruit are markedly increasing, yet many physicians may be unaware of these effects, states an article published in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Scientists from Bangalore and Mainz develop new methods for cooling of ions
Among the most important techniques developed in atomic physics over the past few years are methods that enable the storage and cooling of atoms and ions at temperatures just above absolute zero.

This week's forecast: Sunny with a 40 percent chance of flu
Scientists have developed a system to predict the timing and severity of seasonal influenza outbreaks that could one day help health officials and the general public better prepare for them.

National Academy of Inventors to hold 2nd annual conference
The National Academy of Inventors will hold its 2nd annual conference Feb.

How does a volcanic crater grow? Grab some TNT and find out
A new University at Buffalo study in the journal Geophysical Research Letters examines maar craters, which resemble the bowl-like cavities formed by meteorites but are in some ways more mysterious.

Study suggests eliminating Medicare consultation payments associated with a net increase in spending
A study of Medicare claims data suggests that eliminating payments for consultations commonly billed by specialists was associated with a net increase in spending on visits to both primary care physicians and specialists.

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for 27 Nov. 2012
Below is information about articles being published in the Nov.

Canada should adopt routine HIV testing
Offering routine HIV testing to the general population rather than only to high-risk individuals will significantly reduce illness and death, argues Dr.

Genome decoded: Scientists find clues to more disease-resistant watermelons
Juicier, sweeter, more disease-resistant watermelons could be on the way.

Researchers identify cause of anethesia-associated seizures
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, researchers led by Beverly Orser at the University of Toronto investigated the molecular mechanisms that underlie antifibrinolytic-associated seizures.

Grove Professor receives $1.5MM to study breast cancer therapies
For some time, researchers have known about disparities in diagnoses and outcomes among breast cancer patients based on race and age.

Risk of hemorrhage from warfarin higher in clinical practice than clinical trials show
Rates of hemorrhage for older patients on warfarin therapy are much higher than rates reported in clinical trials, found a study published in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Seizures linked to surgery drugs can be prevented by anesthetics, U of T team finds
Two drugs commonly given during cardiac surgery can lead to convulsive seizures, but anesthetics can help cut the risk, according to new research from the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Toronto.

Smells like Christmas spirit
Scientists and business people have known for decades that certain scents -- pine boughs at Christmas, baked cookies in a house for sale -- can get customers in the buying spirit.

Gastric bypass surgery helps diabetes but doesn't cure it
After gastric bypass surgery, diabetes goes away for some people -- often even before they lose much weight.

Hearty organisms discovered in bitter-cold Antarctic brine
Where there's water there's life -- even in brine beneath 60 feet of Antarctic ice, in permanent darkness and subzero temperatures.

Bothered by negative, unwanted thoughts? Just throw them away
If you want to get rid of unwanted, negative thoughts, try just ripping them up and tossing them in the trash.

Evolutionary mode routinely varies amongst morphological traits within fossil species lineages
This new study uses model selection methods available only in the last several years and is an excellent example of an emerging revolution in scientific inquiry as new techniques are used to breathe new life into old data.

Researchers use shock tube for insight into physics early in blasts
Sandia National Laboratories researchers are using a unique multiphase shock tube to study the dispersal of densely clustered particles during an explosion.

Drugs limiting excess mucus could save lives
Respiratory conditions that restrict breathing such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are common killers worldwide.

American University biologist discovers new crab species
Areopaguristes tudgei is a new species of hermit crab recently discovered on the barrier reef off the coast of Belize by Christopher Tudge, a biology professor at American University in Washington, D.C.

UIC scientists find ancient microbes in salty, ice-sealed Antarctic lake
Shedding light on the limits of life in extreme environments, scientists have discovered abundant and diverse metabolically active bacteria in the brine of an Antarctic lake sealed under more than 65 feet of ice.

Water resources management and policy in a changing world: Where do we go from here?
Visualize a dusty place where stream beds are sand and lakes are flats of dried mud.

Personalities influence workforce planning
What if factory foremen treated their workers less like the machines they operate, and more like people, with personality strengths and differences?

Alaska's iconic Columbia Glacier expected to stop retreating in 2020, says CU-Boulder study
The wild and dramatic cascade of ice into the ocean from Alaska's Columbia Glacier, an iconic glacier featured in the documentary

IU-led team uncovers process for chameleon-like changes in world's most abundant phytoplankton
An international team of biologists led by Indiana University's David M.

GW professor to examine infections in HIV patients with federal grant
Imtiaz A. Khan, M.D., professor of microbiology, immunology, and tropical medicine at the George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, received a $1.6 million federal grant from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases to study the effects of microsporidia--opportunistic inter-cellular pathogens--that cause morbidity and mortality in HIV patients.

Clemson University researchers to monitor, restore historic campus creek
A Clemson University Experiment Station grant of more than $100,000 will enable researchers to monitor and restore part of an historic creek that flows through and around the campus.

Geometries presented by Chinese scholars for all possible space-time kinematics and their relations
Accounting for all 4-dimensional geometries characterized by a 10-dimensional symmetry group was considered a solved problem.

UCLA performs first 'breathing lung' transplant in United States
First there was the

Kessler Foundation's Dr. Chiaravalloti to speak at Virtual Reality Symposium at Walter Reed
Nancy Chiaravalloti, Ph.D., of Kessler Foundation will speak at the State of the Science Symposium at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center on Friday, Nov.

Elsevier launches new open access journal -- Epilepsy & Behavior Case Reports
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, announces the launch of Epilepsy & Behavior Case Reports a new, online-only, Open Access journal devoted to the rapid publication of case reports on the behavioral aspects of seizures and epilepsy.

Stricter adherence to preliminary screening method could reduce unnecessary CT scans
A Henry Ford Hospital study has found that better use of commonly accepted diagnostic guidelines for detecting cervical spine injuries could reduce unnecessary CT scans and spare patients from radiation exposure.

Metabolic protein launches sugar feast that nurtures brain tumors
Researchers at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have tracked down a cancer-promoting protein's pathway into the cell nucleus and discovered how, once there, it fires up a glucose metabolism pathway on which brain tumors thrive.

Ancient microbes found living beneath the icy surface of Antarctic lake
This week a pioneering study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science and co-authored by Dr.

Using computational biology for the annotation of proteins
Research carried out at Universidad Carlos III of Madrid in collaboration with the Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Oncologicas employed computational techniques to improve the characterization of proteins.

Model sheds light on the chemistry that sparked the origin of life
The question of how life began on a molecular level has been a longstanding problem in science.

Exercise rate related to improvements in Parkinson's disease
People with Parkinson's disease benefit from exercise programs on stationary bicycles, with the greatest effect for those who pedal faster, according to a new study.

Shrubs lend an insight into a glacier's past
The stems of shrubs have given researchers a window into a glacier's past, potentially allowing them to more accurately assess how they're set to change in the future.

Deciphering bacterial doomsday decisions
Like a homeowner prepping for a hurricane, the bacterium Bacillus subtilis uses a long checklist to prepare for survival in hard times.

Scientists analyze millions of news articles
Researchers in the UK have used artificial intelligence algorithms to analyze 2.5 million articles from 498 different English-language online news outlets over ten months.

Did you see that? How could you miss it?
A UCLA psychology study shows that people do not recall things they have seen -- or at least walked by -- hundreds of times.

Funding for studies into tumors of the nervous system
A research team from Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry has received grants amounting to over £400,000 from the Medical Research Council and Cancer Research UK to investigate why the mechanisms that suppress the growth and multiplication of tumors in the brain and nervous system do not work in some people, and to show how an existing drug could be used as an alternative treatment to surgery.

Researchers test novel power system for space travel
A team of researchers, including engineers from Los Alamos National Laboratory, has demonstrated a new concept for a reliable nuclear reactor that could be used on space flights.

Corporate wrongdoers should stick to the facts in post-crisis message
When faced with scandal or wrongdoing, corporations should stick to the facts in their post-crisis messaging, according to a new study from researchers at Rice University, the University of Georgia and the University of Maryland -- College Park.

NASA spots heavy rainfall in Tropical Depression 26W threatening Micronesia
The 26th tropical cyclone of the western North Pacific Ocean season formed and has some areas of heavy rain, according to data from NASA's TRMM satellite.

Crash landings
Injuries to mute swans' hips are believed to be uncommon.

Study finds alarming 15-fold increase in inflatable bouncer-related injuries among children
Researchers found that from 1995 to 2010 there was a 15-fold increase in the number of inflatable bouncer-related injuries that were treated in US emergency departments among children younger than 18 years of age.

Imaging shows some brains compensate after traumatic injury
Using a special magnetic resonance imaging technique to image patients with mild traumatic brain injury, researchers have identified a biomarker that may predict which patients will do well over the long term, according to a new study.

Risk aversity visible in the brain
Scientists from the University of Bonn in cooperation with the University of Zurich studied the attitudes towards risk in a group of 56 subjects.

Bioengineered marine algae expands environments where biofuels can be produced
Biologists at UC San Diego have demonstrated for the first time that marine algae can be just as capable as fresh water algae in producing biofuels.

Active lifestyle boosts brain structure and slows Alzheimer's disease
An active lifestyle helps preserve gray matter in the brains of older adults and could reduce the burden of dementia and Alzheimer's disease, according to a new study.

Stopping flies before they mature
An insect growth regulator is one of the latest technologies US Department of Agriculture scientists are adding to their arsenal to help fight house flies that spread bacteria to food.

Neuroimaging study: Negative messages less effective on those who are substance dependent
What types of public messages will most likely deter drug and alcohol abuse?

The hidden disorder: Unique treatment proposed for children's neurological disorder
An Indiana University study in the Journal of Child Neurology proposes an innovative treatment for developmental coordination disorder, a potentially debilitating neurological disorder in which the development of a child's fine or gross motor skills, or both, is impaired.

Argentina honors Dr. Laurie H. Glimcher for enriching scientific cooperation
Dr. Laurie H. Glimcher, the Stephen and Suzanne Weiss Dean of Weill Cornell Medical College and provost for medical affairs of Cornell University, is a winner of the Dr.

Students at cooperative schools are more engaged
Student engagement is not independent of the type of school attended.Nor is it independent of the organizational development of the school.
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