Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 29, 2012
Canada's first liver cell transplant takes place in Calgary
Physicians at Alberta Children's Hospital in Calgary, Alberta, successfully completed a series of liver cell transplants earlier this month on a three-month-old girl.

More evidence for an ancient Grand Canyon
For over 150 years, geologists have debated how and when one of the most dramatic features on our planet -- the Grand Canyon -- was formed.

Short-term exposure to essential oils lowers blood pressure and heart rate
The scents which permeate our health spas from aromatic essential oils may provide more benefits than just a sense of rest and well-being.

Maths helps mobiles & tablets match eyes' ability to switch from sunshine to shadow
Researchers have pushed the boundaries of High Dynamic Range (HDR) video to match our own eyes' ability to cope with the real world's ever rapidly changing light intensity -- such as sun simply going behind clouds.

Traffic cops of the immune system
A certain type of immune cell -- the regulatory T cell, or Treg for short -- is in charge of putting on the brakes on the immune response.

Prenatal intervention reduces learning deficit in mice
Mice with a condition that serves as a laboratory model for Down syndrome perform better on memory and learning tasks as adults if they were treated before birth with neuroprotective peptides, according to researchers at the National Institutes of Health.

Pharmaceutical firms and universities to work together on multi million pound biotechnology project
Europe's largest public-private partnership dedicated to the development of manufacturing sustainable pharmaceuticals has been launched.

Activating ALC1: With a little help from friends
Chromatin remodeling -- the packaging and unpackaging of genomic DNA and its associated proteins -- regulates a host of fundamental cellular processes including gene transcription, DNA repair, programmed cell death as well as cell fate.

Method for accurate extraction of a target profile developed at Beijing Institute of Technology
The detection and recognition of an object with small radar cross-section (RCS) is a difficult problem.

Black hole upsets galaxy models
An unusually massive object at the heart of a tiny galaxy is challenging the theory.

The future looks bright: ONR, marines eye solar energy
The Office of Naval Research is looking to the sun for energy in an effort to help Marines do away with diesel-guzzling generators now used in combat outposts, officials announced Nov.

Treating coronary heart disease in kidney failure patients
For kidney failure patients with blocked arteries surrounding the heart, open heart surgery is linked with a lower risk of dying or having a heart attack compared with angioplasty.

Integrating science and policy to address the impacts of air pollution
An article in this week's Science magazine by Dr Stefan Reis of the NERC Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (UK) and colleagues from six countries examines how science and policy address air pollution effects on human health and ecosystems, and climate change in Europe.

At the interface of humans and nature
A new book describes urban-rural interactions and the issues facing both people and ecosystems at those interfaces.

2012 CTRC-AACR San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium to focus on new treatments, diagnosis and prevention
The 2012 CTRC-AACR San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium will be held at the Henry B.

As cigarette taxes go up, heavy smoking goes down
When cigarette taxes rise, hard-core smokers are more likely than lighter smokers to cut back, according to new research from Washington University School of Medicine in St.

International study provides more solid measure of melting in polar ice sheets
Climatologists have reconciled their measurements of ice loss in Antarctica and Greenland over the past two decades.

Clearest evidence yet of polar ice losses
The Ice Sheet Mass Balance Inter-comparison Exercise has confirmed that both Antarctica and Greenland are losing ice.

Grand Canyon as old as the dinosaurs, suggests new study led by CU-Boulder
An analysis of mineral grains from the bottom of the western Grand Canyon indicates it was largely carved out by about 70 million years ago -- a time when dinosaurs were around and may have even peeked over the rim, says a study led by the University of Colorado Boulder.

New grant funds autism research at SDSU
San Diego State University psychology research professor Inna Fishman is embarking on a study to identify the differences in brain networks of children and adolescents with autism and those who are typically developing.

Scientific advice to ensure the sustainability of shark populations in Ocean waters
A committee led by AZTI-Tecnalia will be providing those responsible for EU Fisheries Policy with scientific advice designed to make shark fishing more sustainable.

First-ever hyperspectral images of Earth's auroras
Hoping to expand our understanding of auroras and other fleeting atmospheric events, a team of space-weather researchers designed and built a new camera with unprecedented capabilities that can simultaneously image multiple spectral bands, in essence different wavelengths or colors, of light.

High honor for 2 UC Riverside physicists
Two physicists at the University of California, Riverside -- Richard Seto and Jing Shi -- have been elected as fellows of the American Physical Society.

Delayed treatment for advanced breast cancer has 'profound effect'
Results from a recent study show women who wait more than 60 days to begin treatment for advanced breast cancer face significantly higher risks of dying than women who start therapy shortly after diagnosis.

Science magazine prize goes to problem-solving course
Hodges created an undergraduate course that asks students to attack a huge multifaceted problem from many angles.

Feeding the world fairly
An $800,000 grant from the Stavros Niarchos Foundation will fund collaborative work by three divisions of Johns Hopkins University to develop ethical guidelines to help meet the challenge of fair access to good food.

University of Tennessee engineering professor looks to whirligig beetle for bio-inspired robots
While many may have found the movements of whirligig beetles curious, scientists have puzzled over the apparatus behind their energy efficiency -- until now, thanks to a study performed by a team led by Mingjun Zhang, associate professor of mechanical, aerospace and biomedical engineering, at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville.

Inviting customer complaints can kill business: UBC research
Giving customers a chance to complain can be a bad idea if customers believe they're to blame for a product's failure, a new study from the Sauder School of Business at UBC shows.

University of Minnesota honored with 7 2012 AAAS Fellows
Seven faculty at the University of Minnesota have been named a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

2 leading researchers to be honored at the 2012 CTRC-AACR San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium
The 35th Annual CTRC-AACR San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium will honor two leading breast cancer researchers during its 35th annual symposium, which will be held here Dec.

Technology use in the classroom helps autistic children communicate
The use of technology in the classroom is nothing new, but Topcliffe Primary School in Birmingham is breaking new ground by using technology to help pupils with Autism communicate more effectively in the a project, jointly funded by the ESRC and the Engineering and Physical Science Research Council.

5 Rutgers professors named fellows of top national science association
Five Rutgers professors are among 702 scholars that the American Association for the Advancement of Science has elevated to the rank of fellow.

6 faculty named Fellows of AAAS
Six Penn State faculty members have been named Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Employers often more interested in hiring potential playmates than the very best candidates
Employers are often more focused on hiring someone they would like to hang out with than they are on finding the person who can best do the job, suggests a study in the December issue of the American Sociological Review.

Defining career paths in health systems improvement
Among numerous programs aimed at improving the quality and efficiency of the US health care system, training the next generation of experts needed to help lead these efforts has received inadequate, according to three physicians writing in the January 2013 issue of Academic Medicine.

'Dark core' may not be so dark after all
Astronomers were puzzled earlier this year when NASA's Hubble Space Telescope spotted an overabundance of dark matter in the heart of the merging galaxy cluster Abell 520.

Can life emerge on planets around cooling stars?
New research from the University of Washington hints that planets orbiting white and brown dwarfs, even in the habitable zone, face a

4 from University of Cincinnati named AAAS Fellows
University of Cincinnati (UC) President Santa Ono, PhD, and three other UC faculty have been named Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Study helps resolve debate about how tumors spread
A team of scientists, led by researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, has shown for the first time how cancer cells control the ON/OFF switch of a program used by developing embryos to effectively metastasize in vivo, breaking free and spreading to other parts of the body, where they can proliferate and grow into secondary tumors.

Brain inflammation likely key initiator to prion and Parkinson's disease
In a recent publication, researchers of the Computational Biology group at the Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine showed that neuro-inflammation plays a crucial role in initiating prion disease.

Industrial carbon management research gets $3.75 million boost
Carbon Management Canada (CMC) has awarded a total of $3.75 million to eight new research projects.

Oceanic crust breakthrough: Solving a magma mystery
Oceanic crust covers two-thirds of the Earth's solid surface, but scientists still don't entirely understand the process by which it is made.

An ocean away: 2 new encrusting anemones found in unexpected locations
A group of marine biologists from Japan has discovered two new species of encrusting anemone, thousands of kilometres away from the single other known species of the group.

New genetic test detects early breast cancer and identifies future risk
Breast cancer detection has improved, but more work remains to ensure accurate diagnosis, and to assess future risk.

When good service means bad behavior
Economists and professionals praise the merits of competition, as it leads to lower prices and improvements in quality.

Post-divorce journaling may hinder healing for some
Following a divorce or separation, many people are encouraged by loved ones or health-care professionals to keep journals about their feelings.

Weill Cornell joins 'Measure Up, Pressure Down' national campaign for high blood pressure
The Weill Cornell Physician Organization at Weill Cornell Medical College has joined more than 120 medical groups and health systems nationwide to launch the new health campaign Measure Up, Pressure Down aimed to improve high blood pressure prevention, detection and control.

Can a genetic variation in the vitamin D receptor protect against osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis, or reduced bone mineral density that can increase the risk of fractures, may affect as many as 30 percent of women and 12 percent of men worldwide.

Brief interventions can help college students return to a healthy lifestyle
A new study from the University of Missouri has found that a brief intervention, sometimes as little as 30 minutes, can help put students back on the right track to a healthy lifestyle -- a change that can impact the rest of their lives.

Harvard's Wyss Institute team creates versatile 3d nanostructures using DNA 'bricks'
Researchers at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University have created more than 100 three-dimensional nanostructures using DNA building blocks that function like Lego bricks -- a major advance from the two-dimensional structures the same team built a few months ago.

Stanford Engineering's Bao elected to AAAS
Members of the American Association for the Advancement of Science have elected professor Zhenan Bao as a Fellow.

AAAS and the University of South Florida announce 2012 Fellows
Fifteen faculty members at the University of South Florida in Tampa, have been named Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).

Homicide spreads like infectious disease
Homicide moves through a city in a process similar to infectious disease, according to a new study that may give police a new tool in tracking and ultimately preventing murders.

An engraved stone artifact found at the Shuidonggou Paleolithic site, northwest China
An engraved stone artifact was recently discovered by archaeologists in a stone tool assemblage unearthed at Shuidonggou Paleolithic site in northwest China.

Scientists describe the genetic signature of a vital set of neurons
Scientists at NYU Langone Medical Center have identified two genes involved in establishing the neuronal circuits required for breathing, which appears in the December issue of Nature Neuroscience.

X-rays expose blueprint for possible sleeping sickness drug
Using the world's most powerful X-ray laser, scientists have exposed a possible Achilles' heel of the sleeping sickness parasite that threatens more than 60 million people in sub-Saharan Africa.

Garbage bug may help lower the cost of biofuel
One reason that biofuels are expensive to make is that the organisms used to ferment the biomass cannot make effective use of hemicellulose, the next most abundant cell wall component after cellulose.

Greener storage for green energy
Renewable energy solutions like wind and solar operate on nature's timetable.

Autism severity may stem from fear
New research on autism shows that children with the diagnosis struggle to let go of old, outdated fears.

Behavior problems, not depression, linked to lower grades for depressed youths
Behavior problems, not depression, are linked to lower grades for depressed adolescents, according to a study in the December issue of the Journal of Health and Social Behavior.

Marketing analytics ups Fortune 1000 return on assets 8 percent, says operations research study
Fortune 1000 companies that increase their use of marketing analytics improve their return on assets an average 8 percent and as much as 21 percent, with returns ranging from $70 million to $180 million in net income, according to a paper written by two key members of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences.

Patients to be more involved in decision-making
For the purpose of improving patient safety, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed a new management model based on customer needs.

Bacteria hijack host cell process, create their own food supply to become infectious
Bacteria that cause the tick-borne disease anaplasmosis in humans create their own food supply by hijacking a process in host cells that normally should help kill the pathogenic bugs, scientists have found.

Alcoholic fly larvae need fix for learning
Fly larvae fed on alcohol-spiked food for a period of days grow dependent on those spirits for learning.

Registration for IAS 2013 opens Dec. 1st
Registration, abstract and programme activity submissions for the 7th IAS Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention (IAS 2013) opens December 1st online at www.ias2013.org.

Cancer drug shows promise in eradicating latent HIV infection
Breakthrough drugs help people to live longer with HIV, but more research is needed for an actual cure.

Diabetics with cancer dangerously ignore blood sugar
When people with Type 2 diabetes are diagnosed with cancer -- for which they are at higher risk -- they ignore their diabetes to focus on cancer.

Study shows increase in negative messages about Muslims in the media
Organizations using fear and anger to spread negative messages about Muslims have moved from the fringes of public discourse into the mainstream media since the Sept.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Bopha moving through Southern Yap state
NASA's TRMM and Aqua satellites captured images of Tropical Storm Bopha as it continues to move through Micronesia in the western North Pacific Ocean and trigger warnings and watches throughout.

Travels in northeastern Brazil: Unfolding the reptile fauna of Lençóis Maranhenses
Lençóis Maranhenses National Park contains a dune field measuring about 120,000 hectares in the Amazonian transition with Cerrado and Caatinga.

Sneak peek at early course of bladder infection caused by widespread, understudied parasite
Using standard tools of the molecular-biology trade and a new, much-improved animal model of a prevalent but poorly understood tropical parasitic disease called urogenital schistosomiasis, Stanford University School of Medicine researchers were able to obtain

Which group of Asian-American children is at highest risk for obesity?
Asian-American children have been at low risk for being overweight or obese compared to other racial and ethnic groups in the US, but that may be changing.

Altimeter built at Goddard helped identify ice on Mercury
A Goddard-built instrument on NASA's MESSENGER mission provided one of three new lines of evidence that water ice exists near the north pole of Mercury.

St. Joseph's researchers identify gene involved in lung tumor growth
Lung cancer researchers at St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center in Phoenix, Ariz., in collaboration with researchers at the Translational Genomics Research Institute and other institutions, have identified a gene that plays a role in the growth and spread of non-small cell lung cancer tumors, opening the door for potential new treatment options.

4 scientists from Scripps Research Institute elected AAAS Fellows
Four scientists from the Scripps Research Institute have been named fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Rensselaer professor Shawn-Yu Lin named Fellow of the AAAS
Nano-photonics expert Shawn Yu-Lin, professor of physics at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and a member of the university's Future Chips Constellation and Smart Lighting Engineering Research Center, has been selected as a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Genome-scale study identifies hundreds of potential drug targets for Huntington's disease
Scientists seeking to develop treatments for Huntington's disease just got a roadmap that could dramatically speed their discovery process.

Molecular root of 'exhausted' T cells in chronic viral infection
In the case of such pathogens as hepatitis C, HIV, and malaria, the body and the pathogen essentially fight to a prolonged stalemate, neither able to gain an advantage.

New approach allows past data to be used to improve future climate projections
Climate scientists are still grappling with one of the main questions of modern times: how high will global temperatures rise if the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide doubles.

With 18 new AAAS Fellows, Ohio State remains near the top of the national class
Eighteen Ohio State University faculty have been elected among the newest class of Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

UW-Madison scientists create roadmap to metabolic reprogramming for aging
To survey previously uncharted territory, a team of researchers at UW-Madison created an

2 Berkeley Lab scientists named AAAS Fellows
Susan Celniker of the Life Sciences Division and Wim Leemans of the Accelerator and Fusion Research Division at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have been named 2012 Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Hand use improved after spinal cord injury with noninvasive stimulation
By using noninvasive stimulation, researchers were able to temporarily improve the ability of people with spinal cord injuries to use their hands.

Enzyme inhibition protects against Huntington's disease damage in 2 animal models
Treatment with a novel agent that inhibits the activity of SIRT2, an enzyme that regulates many important cellular functions, reduced neurological damage, slowed the loss of motor function and extended survival in two animal models of Huntington's disease.

Precisely engineering 3-D brain tissues
Borrowing from microfabrication techniques used in the semiconductor industry, MIT and Harvard Medical School engineers have developed a simple and inexpensive way to create three-dimensional brain tissues in a lab dish.

Study focuses on returning wounded soldiers to meaningful civilian lives
Record numbers of soldiers are returning from Iraq and Afghanistan with serious spinal cord injuries.

A new anti-windup design paradigm for control systems with actuator saturation was developed
The traditional anti-windup scheme involves a single anti-windup loop designed for activation immediately at the occurrence of actuator saturation.

Study provides first direct evidence linking TB infection in cattle and local badger populations
Transmission of tuberculosis between cattle and badgers has been tracked at a local scale for the first time, using a combination of bacterial whole genome DNA sequencing and mathematical modelling.

Prenatal exposure to testosterone leads to verbal aggressive behavior
A new study in the Journal of Communication links verbal aggression to prenatal testosterone exposure.

Findings support safety of whooping cough vaccine for older adults
A new study of the safety of the tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis vaccine supports the recommendation that those 65 and older get the vaccine to protect themselves and others, particularly young babies, from pertussis.

NJIT distinguished professor named inaugural Fellow of Math Society
NJIT Distinguished Professor Robert M. Miura has been named a 2013 inaugural Fellow of the American Mathematical Society.

Proteins that work at the ends of DNA could provide cancer insight
New insights into a protein complex that regulates the very tips of chromosomes could improve methods of screening anti-cancer drugs.

Biology behind brain development disorder
This study describes how a combination of sequencing and mouse models were used to identify the gene responsible for a brain developmental disorder seen in four patients.

Tumor registry at LSUHSC earns top NCI quality honor
The Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results Program of the National Institutes of Health's National Cancer Institute awarded the Louisiana Tumor Registry at the LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans School of Public Health with a 2012 Data Quality Profile First Place Award.

Adolescent girls focus of New University of Houston study
As a young clinical social worker, Danielle Parrish, an assistant professor at the University of Houston Graduate College of Social Work, frequently noticed that at least a third of the girls were visibly pregnant on the girl's unit in a juvenile detention center.

New patient-friendly way to make stem cells for fight against heart disease
Scientists have today published a patient-friendly and efficient way to make stem cells out of blood, increasing the hope that scientists could one day use stem cells made from patients' own cells to treat cardiovascular disease.

AGI announces the publication of 'Dawn of the Anthropocene: Humanity's Defining Moment'
We have entered an era of stark realization. Although Earth's resources once seemed abundant and resilient, we have come to understand the limitations of a planet as small and crowded as our own.

Significant progress in intelligent radio-over-fiber (I-ROF) systems
Chinese researchers have conducted extensive research into enabling technologies for intelligent radio-over-fiber systems and have made significant progress toward providing an effective method to achieve broadband and ubiquitous information access.

UCLA researchers find evidence for water ice deposits and organic material on Mercury
Planetary scientists have identified water ice and anomalously dark deposits within permanently shadowed regions at Mercury's north pole.

Explaining that 'A-ha!' moment: Chinese scientist wins Psychological Award for Excellence
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., today announced that Dr. Chang Liu, professor of psychology at Nanjing Normal University, has won the first annual Wiley-IPCAS prize for excellence in Chinese psychological science.

Kidney disease progresses faster in African Americans than other races
Among individuals with chronic kidney disease, African Americans experience faster progression of the disease during later stages compared with other races.

3 Tufts University professors selected as 2012 AAAS Fellows
Three faculty members at Tufts University have been elected Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, an honor bestowed upon AAAS members by their peers.

A human-caused climate change signal emerges from the noise
By comparing simulations from 20 different computer models to satellite observations, Lawrence Livermore climate scientists and colleagues from 16 other organizations have found that tropospheric and stratospheric temperature changes are clearly related to human activities.

Sources of E. coli are not always what they seem
US Department of Agriculture scientists have identified sources of Escherichia coli bacteria that could help restore the reputation of local livestock.

Running too far, too fast, and too long speeds progress 'to finish line of life'
Vigorous exercise is good for health, but only if it's limited to a maximum daily dose of between 30 and 50 minutes, say researchers in an editorial published online in Heart.

HCMV researchers utilize novel techniques to show preferential repair of the viral genome
A new study about human cytomegalovirus, a leading cause of birth defects, reveals how the virus co-opts cells' abilities to repair themselves.

Predicting material fatigue
A small crack in a metal wheel caused Germany's worst-ever rail accident -- the 1998 Eschede train disaster.

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center investigator Kun Ping Lu, M.D., Ph.D., named AAAS Fellow
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center investigator Kun Ping Lu, M.D., Ph.D., has been named a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Mild vibrations may provide some of the same benefits to obese people as exercise
If you're looking to get some of the benefits of exercise without doing the work, here's some good news.

Researchers create a fly to study how a normal cell turns cancerous
The wing of a fruit fly may hold the key to unraveling the genetic and molecular events that transform a normal cell into a cancerous one.

Study reinforces safety of whooping cough vaccine for older adults
Immunizing older adults with the tetanus-diphtheria-acellular-pertussis vaccine to prevent pertussis (more commonly referred to as whooping cough) was found to be as safe as immunizing them with the tetanus and diphtheria vaccine, according to a study by Kaiser Permanente published in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases.

New insights into mosquitoes' role as involuntary bioterrorists
Vanderbilt biologists have discovered mosquitoes possess a previously unknown mechanism for destroying pathogens that takes advantage of the peculiarities of the insect's circulatory system to increase its effectiveness.

Weill Cornell researchers elected Fellows of AAAS
Weill Cornell Medical College researchers Dr. Shahin Rafii and Dr.

7 University of Tennessee faculty named AAAS Fellows
From cave art to clean water to nuclear security, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, faculty are being recognized for their teaching and research in a variety of disciplines.

4 PNNL scientists elected AAAS fellows
Four Pacific Northwest National Laboratory scientists have been elected fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science for their efforts to advance science or its applications.

Lawrence Livermore's Keane and Long elected AAAS Fellows
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's Christopher Keane and Jane Long have been awarded the distinction of fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Next-generation treatments for Fragile X syndrome
A potential new therapeutic strategy for treating Fragile X syndrome is detailed in a new report appearing in the current issue of Biological Psychiatry, from researchers led by Dr.

13 from UCI named American Association for the Advancement of Science Fellows
Twelve UC Irvine researchers and one administrator have been made fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the world's largest general scientific society.

2 more Salk scientists elected as AAAS Fellows
Salk faculty members Joseph Ecker and Joseph Noel have been named as 2012 Fellows by the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the world's largest general scientific society and the publisher of the journal Science.

X-ray laser helps fight sleeping sickness
An international group of scientists working at SLAC has mapped a weak spot in the parasite that causes African sleeping sickness, pinpointing a promising new target for treating a disease that kills tens of thousands of people each year.

Body language, not facial expressions, broadcasts what's happening to us
If you think that you can judge by examining someone's facial expressions if he has just hit the jackpot in the lottery or lost everything in the stock market -- think again.

Insects beware: The sea anemone is coming
Insects are becoming resistant to insecticides, presenting a growing need to develop novel ways of pest control.

Meditation with art therapy can change your brain and lower anxiety
Cancer and stress go hand-in-hand, and high stress levels can lead to poorer health outcomes in cancer patients.

Promising drug slows down advance of Parkinson's disease and improves symptoms
Treating Parkinson's disease patients with the experimental drug GM1 ganglioside improved symptoms and slowed their progression during a two and a half-year trial, Thomas Jefferson University researchers report in a new study published online Nov.

A multi-wavelength view of radio galaxy Hercules A
Spectacular jets powered by the gravitational energy of a super massive black hole in the core of the elliptical galaxy Hercules A illustrate the combined imaging power of two of astronomy's cutting-edge tools, the Hubble Space Telescope's Wide Field Camera 3, and the recently upgraded Karl G.

Musical duets lock brains as well as rhythms
Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Human Development in Berlin have shown that synchronization emerges between brains when making music together, and even when musicians play different voices.

Jigsaw a critical piece of the Notch puzzle
The Notch signaling pathway helps determine cell fate determination, differentiation and proliferative ability of numerous cells.

The beginning of everything: A new paradigm shift for the infant universe
A new paradigm for understanding the earliest eras in the history of the universe has been developed by scientists at Penn State University.

Study sheds light on how pancreatic cancer begins
Research led by scientists at the University of California, San Diego and UC San Francisco Schools of Medicine examined the tumor-initiating events leading to pancreatic cancer (also called pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma or PDA) in mice.

Mayo Clinic inducted into 2012 Healthcare Internet Hall of Fame
Mayo Clinic has been inducted into the Healthcare Internet Hall of Fame Class of 2012 at the 16th Annual Healthcare Internet Conference in Las Vegas.

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution biologist Ketten named AAAS 2012 Fellow
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution biologist Darlene Ketten has been named a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) for her contributions to the understanding of the biophysics of hearing in mammals and for development of ultra-high resolution imaging for diagnosis of hearing impairments.

Gladstone scientists identify key biological mechanism in multiple sclerosis
Scientists at the Gladstone Institutes have defined for the first time a key underlying process implicated in multiple sclerosis -- a disease that causes progressive and irreversible damage to nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord.

The neural toxicity of lanthanides: An update and interpretations
The major progresses made within the past decade in studies on the biological/toxicological effects of lanthanides on neural systems were reviewed in an article published in Sci.

How, in the animal world, a daughter avoids mating with her father: Paternal 'voice' recognition
Paternal recognition -- being able to identify males from your father's line -- is important for the avoidance of inbreeding, and one way that mammals can do this is through recognizing the calls of paternal kin.

Children with higher intelligence less likely to report chronic widespread pain in adulthood
A UK-based study team has determined that there is a correlation between childhood intelligence and chronic widespread pain (CWP) in adulthood, according to a new study published in the December issue of PAIN®.

Cleveland Clinic researcher honored for contribution to science
Cleveland Clinic researcher Jun Qin, Ph.D., has been named a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

WCS photo of rare cat in Bolivia wins BBC prize
A photograph taken by Wildlife Conservation Society scientists of a little known Bolivian cat species called an oncilla has won a BBC Wildlife camera-trap photo competition.

9 UNC scientists elected AAAS Fellows
Nine scientists from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have been elected fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the world's largest general scientific society.

EMBO, EMBC and the National Science Council of Taiwan sign cooperation agreement
New ways of global scientific interaction have been created following a cooperation agreement between EMBO, its inter-governmental funding body, the European Molecular Biology Conference, and the National Science Council of Taiwan.

Working couples face greater odds of intimate partner violence
Intimate partner violence is two times more likely to occur in two income households, compared to those where only one partner works, a recent study at Sam Houston State University found.

Young surgeons face special concerns with operating room distractions
A study has found that young, less-experienced surgeons made major surgical mistakes almost half the time during a

New radio telescope could save world billions
A small pocket of Western Australia's remote outback is set to become the eye on the sky and could potentially save the world billions of dollars.

Adapting fish defenses to block human infections
Living in an environment teaming with bacteria and fungi, fish have evolved powerful defenses, including antimicrobial peptides located in their gills.

Sanford-Burnham research projects selected to go to space
Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute announces that two of the Institute's research teams have won Space Florida's International Space Station Research Competition.

Notre Dame researchers to lead new science data preservation effort
A new project led by University of Notre Dame researchers will explore solutions to the problems of preserving data, analysis software and computational workflows, and how these relate to results obtained from the analysis of large datasets.

Controversial treatment for autism may do more harm than good, Baylor University researchers find
A controversial treatment for autism spectrum disorder is not only ineffective but may be harmful, according to a study conducted by Baylor University researchers.

Understanding of the mechanisms of drug resistance to dual-agent chemotherapy in ovarian cancer
A study published today in the open-access Journal of Ovarian Research provides novel information that further adds to clinicians' understanding of the mechanisms involved in the development of resistance to dual-agent chemotherapy.

Clinical trial delivers good results in leukemia patients
Huntsman Cancer Institute researchers Michael Deininger, M.D., Ph.D., and Thomas O'Hare, Ph.D., were part of a team that found a potent oral drug, ponatinib, effective in patients who have developed resistance to standard treatments for chronic myeloid leukemia and Philadelphia chromosome positive acute lymphoblastic lymphoma.
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