Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 30, 2012
Team led by Argonne National Lab selected as DOE's Batteries and Energy Storage Hub
Energy Secretary Steven Chu joined Illinois dignitaries in announcing that a team led by Argonne National Laboratory was selected for an award of up to $120 million over five years to establish a new Batteries and Energy Storage Hub.

Latest volume of Crime and Justice series brings role of prosecutors into focus
The latest volume in the Crime and Justice series presents research that critically examines the role of prosecutors within the United States and cross-nationally, asking the question: Can policy makers look across national boundaries to find ways to improve their own national systems?

Study shows that HIV transmission can be effectively reduced through protective antiretroviral therapy for serodiscordant couples
Researchers in China have shown for the first time that a large-scale public health programme providing antiretroviral therapy for the HIV-positive partners in serodiscordant couples (where only one partner is HIV-positive) has markedly reduced HIV transmission rates, according to an Article published Online First in The Lancet.

Intermountain Healthcare Cancer research provides possible road map for improving healthcare
Given the right equipment, training and skill, an individual surgeon can expect to provide the best possible care on a consistent basis.

A digital portrait for grapes indicates their ripeness
Researchers at the University of Seville (Spain) have developed a technique for estimating grape composition and variety using computer imaging.

Native Americans and Northern Europeans more closely related than previously thought
Using genetic analysis, scientists have discovered that Northern European populations descend from a mixture of two very different ancestral populations, and one of these populations is related to Native Americans.

Electrically spun fabric offers dual defense against pregnancy, HIV
Electrically spun cloth with nanometer-sized fibers show promise as a cheap, versatile platform to simultaneously offer contraception and prevent HIV.

Wayne State part of international effort to understand chemical movement, processes in oceans
From the middle of the country, a Wayne State University researcher is working to advance understanding of the movement of chemical compounds through the world's oceans.

CWRU awarded grant to build battery for smart grid, renewables
ARPA-E has granted Case Western Reserve University funding to develop a

PTB measurements for the next computer chip generation
With a new EUV beamline at its own electron storage ring -- the Metrology Light Source -- the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt will characterize EUVL lens systems for EU lithography (EUVL).

Clearest evidence yet of polar ice losses
After two decades of satellite observations, an international team of experts brought together by ESA and NASA has produced the most accurate assessment of ice losses from Antarctica and Greenland to date.

Carbon dioxide could reduce crop yields
High-yielding dwarf plant varieties lose their advantage due to increasing carbon dioxide concentration.

Hospital cleaning protocol ineffective against A. baumannii
Current hospital cleaning protocol may be inadequate to rid patient rooms of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii, according to a study in the December issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official publication of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology.

Gulf of Mexico clean-up makes 2010 spill 52-times more toxic
If the 4.9 million barrels of oil that spilled into the Gulf of Mexico during the 2010 Deep Water Horizon spill was a ecological disaster, the two million gallons of dispersant used to clean it up apparently made it even worse -- 52-times more toxic.

NASA's HS3 Hurricane Mission Ends for 2012
NASA's 2012 Hurricane and Severe Storms Sentinel, or HS3, mission came to an end Nov.

Emerging vector-borne diseases create new public health challenge
Human activities are advancing the spread of vector-borne, zoonotic diseases such as West Nile virus, Lyme disease and dengue fever, report scientists publishing a series of papers today in the journal the Lancet.

University of Missouri professor Stephen Alexander named Fellow of AAAS
University of Missouri researcher Stephen Alexander, a professor of biological sciences, has been selected as a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Men and women explore the visual world differently
New research by scientists from the University of Bristol has found that men and women see things differently.

AAAS announces Smithsonian scientists as 2012 Fellows
Two scientists at the Smithsonian Institution have been named Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

NASA's TRMM satellite video reveals 2012 hurricane season rainfall
The 2012 Atlantic Hurricane season was a busy one as there were 19 tropical cyclones.

Help for European children to resist unhealthy temptations
It is easy for children and teenagers in Europe to get their hands on sweets and other unhealthy foods.

Obese children more vulnerable to food advertising
Rates of childhood obesity have tripled in the past 30 years; food marketing has been implicated as one contributing factor.

Ancient microbes survive beneath the icy surface of Antarctic lake
Researchers funded by the National Science Foundation describe in a new publication a viable community of bacteria that ekes out a living in a dark, salty and subfreezing environment beneath nearly 20 meters of ice in one of Antarctica's most isolated lakes.

Grey-mouse lemurs serve as model for the early primates from which humans evolved
Findings from the study that analyzed grey-mouse lemur calls provide the first evidence of paternal kin recognition through vocalizations in a small-brained, solitary foraging mammal.

Will we be able to predict the next zoonotic pandemic?
Zoonoses -- pathogenic organisms such as bacteria or viruses which we share with animals -- cause more than 60 percent of human infectious diseases, and have been responsible for some of the most devastating disease outbreaks in recent years, including HIV, Ebola, and SARS.

Even brown dwarfs may grow rocky planets
Astronomers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array have for the first time found that the outer region of a dusty disc encircling a brown dwarf contains millimetre-sized solid grains like those found in denser discs around newborn stars.

Cornell receives $25.2M in funding for next generation cassava breeding
The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the Department for International Development of the United Kingdom are investing $25.2 million to improve the staple crop's productivity and build human and technical capacity for plant breeding in sub-Saharan Africa.

Could mistletoe give the kiss of death to cancer?
Mistletoe has become an important symbol of Christmas but it also has the potential to play a vital role as an alternative therapy for sufferers of colon cancer.

Emerging vector-borne diseases create new public health challenges
West Nile virus, Lyme disease, dengue fever, and plague are examples of

Preventing 'Cyber Pearl Harbor'
A new study shows computer network security analysts are not prepared for drawn out cyber attacks.

The colour of love: Zebrafish perform colorful courtship displays
Billy Ocean may not have been thinking of fish when he wrote

In schizophrenia patients, auditory cues sound bigger problems
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and the VA San Diego Healthcare System have found that deficiencies in the neural processing of simple auditory tones can evolve into a cascade of dysfunctional information processing across wide swaths of the brain in patients with schizophrenia.

Molecular knock-out alleviates Alzheimer's symptoms in mice
Researchers at the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases and the University Medical Center Göttingen have identified an enzyme as a possible target for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.

NASA sees 'hot towers' in intensifying Typhoon Bopha
Bopha intensified into a typhoon today, Nov. 30, as it continues to affect the islands in Micronesia in the western North Pacific Ocean.

Penn Study finds residents believe vacant land threatens community, physical and mental health
As public health researchers continue efforts to understand the effects of neighborhood conditions on health, residents themselves can provide valuable insights regarding public health issues and potential solutions.

When eating for 2 becomes a weighty issue
Two-thirds of Australian mums-to-be are in the dark when it comes to how much weight they should gain during pregnancy.

DFG to fund 11 new Collaborative Research Centers
The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft will establish eleven Collaborative Research Centres as of Jan.

Geneticist and inventor Steven Henikoff named AAAS Fellow
Steven Henikoff, Ph.D., a geneticist, biologist and inventor at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, has been named a 2012 Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, or AAAS.

Cracking Grand Canyon's rock code
In a new book published by the Geological Society of America, editors J.

The University of Strathclyde named University of the Year
The University of Strathclyde has been named the UK's University of the Year in the 2012 Times Higher Education Awards.

Fox Chase hosts third International Inflammatory Breast Cancer Conference
Fox Chase Cancer Center will host the Third International Inflammatory Breast Cancer Conference on Dec.

New autism treatments to be revealed at Queen's
A new treatment for children with autism, which has the potential to significantly improve their learning and academic skills, will be unveiled at Queen's University Belfast today (Friday 30 Nov.).

ORNL develops lignin-based thermoplastic conversion process
Turning lignin, a plant's structural

Less wait for travel could reduce drinking and driving in people with 'urgency' personality trait
Saving bar patrons' time on their commute home could save lives.

DKK 60 million for research center devoted to well-being among children and young people
With a grant of DKK 60 million, the TrygFonden foundation has taken the initiative to establish a new research center at Aarhus University.

SAGE to publish Recherche et Applications en Marketing (RAM) from April 2013
SAGE and the Association Française du Marketing have today announced a new agreement to publish Recherche et Applications en Marketing from April 2013.

Manchester Professor elected a Fellow of the AAAS
A University of Manchester scientist has been named a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

People not hooked on fish could get omega-3 through fortified milk
Food science researchers at Virginia Tech may have reeled milk into the fish oil delivery system, showing it is possible to incorporate omega-3 fatty acids into milk and dairy-based beverages in amounts sufficient to promote heart health, without destroying the milk's taste.

UI researcher predicts more intense North Atlantic tropical storms
Tropical storms that make their way into the North Atlantic, and possibly strike the East Coast of the United States, likely will become more intense during the rest of this century.

Making sustainability policies sustainable
Sweeping environmental policies come with hidden challenges -- not only striving to achieve sustainability and benefit the environment -- but over time ensuring the program itself can endure.

New study finds what makes a good mentor and mentee
How-to books are full of advice on what makes a good mentor.

Concussion and its association with contact sports
The December issue of Neurosurgical Focus is dedicated to

Biomarker progress offers hope for early autism spectrum disorder detection
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are neurodevelopmental disorders typically characterized by difficulties in social interactions and delayed or abnormal language development.

Vitamin D tied to women's cognitive performance
Two new studies appearing in the Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences show that vitamin D may be a vital component for the cognitive health of women as they age.

How native plants and exotics coexist
Exotic plants in many ecosystems may be better competitors, but in a study in Ecology Letters researchers at Winthrop University and Brown University found that exotics can be kept in check by herbivory.

Geoscientists cite 'critical need' for basic research to unleash promising energy resources
Developers of renewable energy and shale gas must overcome fundamental geological and environmental challenges if these promising energy sources are to reach their full potential, according to a trio of leading geoscientists.

More neurologists and neurosurgeons are associated with fewer deaths from strokes in the US
Researchers at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center in Lebanon, New Hampshire, have found an association in the United States between a higher density of neurologists and neurosurgeons and a decreased risk of death from stroke.

Researchers discover how C. diff red lines immune response
Virginia Tech researchers have discovered how a common diarrhea-causing bacterium sends the body's natural defenses into overdrive, actually intensifying illness while fighting infection.
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