Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 03, 2012
Researchers confirm the 'Pinocchio Effect': When you lie, your nose temperature raises
This study demonstrates that body temperature in the orbital muscle -placed in the inner corner of the eye- increases when we lie, and face temperature raises when we have an anxiety attack.

Kessler Foundation marks 20th Anniversary of International Day of Persons with Disabilities
Through rehabilitation research and training, Kessler Foundation collaborates with partners here and abroad to further this year's focus of the UN's International Day of Persons with Disabilities -- to remove barriers to create an inclusive and accessible society for all.

Prohibitive reimbursement may restrict hospice enrollment in patients requiring high-cost care
In the first national survey of enrollment policies at hospices, researchers from Mount Sinai School of Medicine and Yale University have found that the vast majority of hospices in the United States have at least one enrollment policy that could restrict access for terminally ill Medicare patients with high-cost medical needs.

Ames Laboratory scientists develop indium-free organic light-emitting diodes
Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have discovered new ways of using a well-known polymer in organic light emitting diodes, which could eliminate the need for an increasingly problematic and breakable metal-oxide used in screen displays in computers, televisions, and cell phones.

Clinical trial hits new target in war on breast cancer
Long known to drive prostate cancer, androgen receptors are a new target in breast cancer treatment.

Steps towards filming atoms dancing
Free-electron lasers offer the opportunity to film dances of atoms in molecules and in chemical reactions.

Leuven research opens new pathway for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease
Scientists from VIB and KU Leuven have discovered a new target molecule for the development of a treatment against Alzheimer's disease.

BGI's ICG-7 and Bio-IT APAC provides updates on the latest genomics research to advance life science
BGI's ICG-7 and Bio-IT APAC provides updates on the latest genomics research to advance life science.

Common diabetes drug may help treat ovarian cancer
A new study suggests that the common diabetes medication metformin may be considered for use in the prevention or treatment of ovarian cancer.

Search for life suggests solar systems more habitable than ours
Scattered around the Milky Way are stars that resemble our own sun--but a new study is finding that any planets orbiting those stars may very well be hotter and more dynamic than Earth.

GSA book details long-contentious geomorphology question
Mima mounds, prairie mounds, pimple mounds, hybrid mounds, moundfields, mud lumps, seismic sand blows, animal burrows, micro-high dunes -- what are they and what causes them?

An innovation will attach patients' electronic medical record to the foot of their hospital bed
Researchers from Universidad Carlos III of Madrid are collaborating with the firm IonIDE to develop a system that will enable hospital patients who suffer some type of handicap to have access to digital entertainment and communication services by means of an intelligent terminal attached to their beds, which will also allow medical personnel to consult the patient's medical history.

Oil and water: An icy interaction when oil chains are short, but steamy when chains are long
Water transforms into a previously unknown structure in between a liquid and a vapor when in contact with alcohol molecules containing long oily chains.

Western University researchers make breakthrough in arthritis research
Researchers at Western University have made a breakthrough that could lead to a better understanding of the second most common form of arthritis that, until now, has eluded scientists.

Mercury releases contaminate ocean fish: Dartmouth-led effort publishes major findings
In new research published in a special issue of the journal Environmental Research and in

NSF gives UH $985K grant to boost science education in Houston
To meet the need for more math and science teachers, the University of Houston is using a $985,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to recruit, prepare and retain more physics and chemistry majors.

Malaria parasite's masquerade ball could be coming to an end
More than a million people die each year of malaria caused by different strains of the Plasmodium parasite transmitted by the Anopheles mosquito.

PET imaging used to more accurately manage treatment, predict survival for patients with gliomas
In the management of gliomas -- tumors that originate in the brain -- precise assessment of tumor grade and the proliferative activity of cells plays a major role in determining the most appropriate treatment and predicting overall survival.

Goodbye, fluorescent light bulbs! See your office in a new light
Say goodbye to that annoying buzz created by overhead fluorescent light bulbs in your office.

Corn: Many active genes - high yield
Hybrid plants provide much higher yield than their homozygous parents.

UTSA physiologist William Cooke named 2013 Lecture Series Speaker by Texas Sports Medicine Chapter
William Cooke, a professor in the UTSA College of Education and Human Development's Department of Health and Kinesiology, has been selected to serve as the speaker of the Texas Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)'s 2013 Lecture Tour.

'Junk DNA' drives embryonic development
Researchers at Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute discovered that microRNAs play an important role in embryonic development.

Research, response for future oil spills: Lessons learned from Deepwater Horizon
A special collection of articles about the Deepwater Horizon oil spill provides the first comprehensive analysis and synthesis of the science used in the unprecedented response effort by the government, academia, and industry.

Stem cell-derived dopaminergic neurons rescue motor defects in Parkinsonian monkeys
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, researchers led by Takuya Hayashi at the RIKEN Center for Molecular Imaging Science in Kobe, Japan, derived dopaminergic neurons from bone marrow stem cells in monkeys.

Super-resolution microscope shows how human T-cells make life or death decisions
Using a super-resolution fluorescent microscope, Australian medical scientists are a step closer to understanding why and how human immune cells decide to activate or not, thus enabling or preventing disease taking hold in the body.

Moore Foundation funds 16 top scientists for high-risk marine microbial ecology research
The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation announced its Marine Microbiology Initiative investigator awards today, providing 16 scientists from 14 different institutions a total of up to $35 million over five years to pursue pioneering research in the field of marine microbial ecology.

Listen up, doc: Empathy raises patients' pain tolerance
A doctor-patient relationship built on trust and empathy doesn't just put patients at ease -- it actually changes the brain's response to stress and increases pain tolerance, according to new findings from a Michigan State University research team.

Ben-Gurion University awarded $6.5 million grant to develop nano thin infrared night vision glasses
The nano glasses will consist of multiple layers of nano-colloid material that absorb the infrared light (using advanced nano-photonic techniques) and convert it to visible light using highly-efficient OLEDs (organic light emitting diodes).

Social media may help fight childhood obesity
Social media may be an effective way to help children overcome obesity.

New study shows probiotics help fish grow up faster and healthier
Probiotics like those found in yogurt are not only good for people--they are also good for fish.

Managing care and competition
Enrollees in Medicare Advantage plans show lower and likely more appropriate use of services than those in traditional Medicare, suggesting potential for more efficient care and significant cost savings.

Biophysicists unravel cellular 'traffic jams' in active transport
New work led by biophysicist Jennifer Ross greatly advances understanding of how active transport proceeds smoothly, particularly in long cells such as neurons where it is vital to their survival.

New Jamaica butterfly species emphasizes need for biodiversity research
University of Florida scientists have co-authored a study describing a new Lepidoptera species found in Jamaica's last remaining wilderness.

Novel antibodies for combating Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease
Antibodies developed by researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute are unusually effective at preventing the formation of toxic protein particles linked to Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease, as well as Type 2 diabetes, according to a new study.

INRS: Professor Federico Rosei elected AAAS Fellow in recognition of his meritorious efforts to advance science
In recognition of his meritorious efforts to advance science, Professor Federico Rosei, Director of the INRS Energy Materials Telecommunications Research Centre, was elected as a Fellow by his peers in the Association for the Advancement of Science.

American Society of Clinical Oncology issues annual report on state of clinical cancer science
The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) has just released its annual report on the top cancer advances of the year.

Why older adults become fraud victims more often
Why are older people especially vulnerable to becoming victims of fraud?

Virginia Tech engineer defines the globalization rubric for construction
John E. Taylor, an associate professor of civil and environmental engineering at Virginia Tech, has created a unique lab at Virginia Tech, the Network Dynamics Lab.

New York's Medical Schools urge Congress to preserve NIH funding for scientific research
The Associated Medical Schools of New York today directed a letter to the New York State Congressional Delegation calling on them to reject a nearly 10-percent cut to the National Institutes of Health, Medicare and Title VII health professions programs, that will take effect Jan.

Alzheimer's researcher reveals a protein's dual destructiveness - and therapeutic potential
A scientist at the University of British Columbia and Vancouver Coastal Health has identified the molecule that controls a scissor-like protein responsible for the production of plaques - the telltale sign of Alzheimer's disease.

Genes link growth in the womb with adult metabolism and disease
Researchers have identified four new genetic regions that influence birth weight, providing further evidence that genes as well as maternal nutrition are important for growth in the womb.

Research explores markers of depression from childhood to adulthood
Although several studies have followed the course of depression throughout the lifespan, the characteristics of depression at different developmental stages haven't been clearly identified.

Public invited to 'An Evening of Science & Art' at ASCB Annual Meeting
Evening will begin at 5 p.m. with art exhibit featuring 36 pieces that explore revolution in scientific visualization created by melding of basic biology, mathematic modeling & Hollywood special effects.

Barrow researchers successfully destroy brain tumor cells
A team of brain cancer researchers at Barrow Neurological Institute at St.

Male chimpanzees choose their allies carefully
The ability of male chimpanzees to form coalitions with one another in order to direct aggression at other male chimpanzees has certain benefits.

Squirrels and birds inspire researchers to create deceptive robots
Using deceptive behavioral patterns of squirrels and birds, researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology have developed robots that are able to deceive each other.

Heart-warming memories: Nostalgia can make you feel warmer
As the nights draw in and the temperature begins to drop, many of us will be thinking of ways to warm up on the dark winter nights.

U-M study shows BPA exposure in fetal livers
New research from the University of Michigan School of Public Health found BPA, or bisphenol A, in fetal liver tissue, demonstrating that there is considerable exposure to the chemical during pregnancy.

Grief is not a disease, but cancer is -- what about erectile dysfunction?
A Finnish study published in the BMJ Open journal shows large differences in the views among healthcare professionals, laypeople and legislators regarding what is disease and what is not.

Unexpected toughness may mark out cancer cells in the blood
A University of Iowa study suggests that cancer cells are more resistant than normal cells to the powerful fluid forces found in the bloodstream.

Have Venusian volcanoes been caught in the act?
Six years of observations by ESA's Venus Express have shown large changes in the sulphur dioxide content of the planet's atmosphere, and one intriguing possible explanation is volcanic eruptions.

Salk scientists develop faster, safer method for producing stem cells
A new method for generating stem cells from mature cells promises to boost stem cell production in the laboratory, helping to remove a barrier to regenerative medicine therapies that would replace damaged or unhealthy body tissues.

Baby's health is tied to mother's value for family
The value that an expectant mother places on family--regardless of the reality of her own family situation--predicts the birthweight of her baby and whether the child will develop asthma symptoms three years later, according to new research from USC.

Research from King's College London reveals why some teenagers more prone to binge drinking
New research helps explain why some teenagers are more prone to drinking alcohol than others.

BU, VA study describes 68 CTE cases in veterans, high school, college and pro athletes
Boston University, Veterans Affairs Boston Healthcare System study describes 68 cases of CTE in military veterans and former high school, college and professional athletes.

Gender and race: How overlapping stereotypes affect our personal and professional decisions
Study reveals unexpected ways in which stereotypes affect interracial dating, leadership selection, and athletic participation.

Emigration of children to urban areas can protect parents against depression
Parents whose children move far away from home are less likely to become depressed than parents with children living nearby, according to a new study of rural districts in Thailand.

Multitasking plasmonic nanobubbles kill some cells, modify others
Researchers at Rice University have found a way to kill some diseased cells and treat others in the same sample at the same time.

Rules limiting aggression should reduce hockey injuries
Instituting and enforcing rules that limit aggressive acts like bodychecking in ice hockey should help reduce injuries for young players, including serious brain and spine injuries, according to a new study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

Dressing US troops to safeguard against insect attacks
Outfitting soldiers with clothing that effectively repels or kills insects is one of the strategies US Department of Agriculture scientists are using to help protect US military personnel deployed overseas against disease-transmitting mosquitoes and sand flies.

Children with autism arrive at emergency room for psychiatric crisis 9 times more than peers
In the first study to compare mental health-related emergency department (ED) visits between children with and without autism spectrum disorders (ASD), researchers found that ED visits are nine times more likely to be for psychiatric reasons if a child has an ASD diagnosis.

Chemistry professor secures grant to involve students in petroleum research
A Marshall University professor has secured a grant from the American Chemical Society Petroleum Research Fund to do research with the assistance of seven undergraduate students.

American Chemical Society launches major new resource on climate science
The American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society, today launched a new web-based resource to enhance understanding and communication of the science underpinning global climate change.

Increases in personal income important for happiness worldwide, new study says
For people living in both rich and poor countries, the average person's happiness is based on a combination of individual wealth, possessions and optimism, according to an analysis of new worldwide survey findings published by the American Psychological Association.

UC team pursues hot idea: Solar-powered cold food storage
Spoilage of harvests on their way to market contributes to food shortages in India.

US health security research not balanced enough to meet goals, study suggests
The first-ever inventory of national health security-related research suggests that too little attention is being paid to risks such as storms, earthquakes and terrorist attacks that use conventional weapons.

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for Dec. 4, 2012
This release contains information about articles being published in the Dec.

Awareness is key to preventing heat- and cold-induced athletic injuries
Extreme heat or cold can cause dangerous and potentially fatal side effects in athletes.

Plant organ development breakthrough
Plants grow upward from a tip of undifferentiated tissue called the shoot apical meristem -- some cells eventually differentiating into leaves and flowers.

Longer treatment for male UTI not associated with reduced early or late recurrence risk
A study of more than 33,000 outpatient male veterans suggests that a longer duration of antimicrobial treatment of more than seven days for a urinary tract infection appeared not to be associated with a reduced risk of early or late recurrence compared to a shorter duration (seven days or less) of treatment.

University of Minnesota researchers find new target for Alzheimer's drug development
Researchers at the University of Minnesota's Center for Drug Design have developed a synthetic compound that, in a mouse model, successfully prevents the neurodegeneration associated with Alzheimer's disease.

Cultural anthropologist Mark Flinn named 2013 AAAS Fellow
University of Missouri researcher Mark Flinn, professor of anthropology, has been selected as a Fellow of American Association for the Advancement of Science.

New findings on glucagon synthesis
Swedish researchers have shown that the cells that produce glucagon are stimulated by the hormone itself.

Diabetes drug may reduce brain damage after stroke
In a study in mice, Swedish scientists have discovered a new potential therapy that may reduce brain damage following stroke in type 2 diabetic patients.

Mexican immigrants to the US not as healthy as believed, study finds
Immigrants who come to the United States from Mexico arrive with a significant amount of undiagnosed disease, particularly diabetes, tempering previous findings that immigrants are generally healthier than native-born residents, according to a new study.

Declining air pollution levels continue to improve life expectancy in US
A new study led by researchers at Harvard School of Public Health has found an association between reductions in fine particulate matter and improved life expectancy in 545 counties in the US from 2000 to 2007.

DNA analysis of microbes in a fracking site yields surprises
Researchers have made a genetic analysis of the microbes living deep inside a deposit of Marcellus Shale at a hydraulic fracturing, or

Uncovering unique properties in a 2-dimensional crystal
When the dry lubricant molybdenum disulfide is stripped down to a single layer of atoms, a tightly bound quasi-particle comprised of two electrons and a hole forms with unique spin and valley properties.

JCI early table of contents for Dec. 3, 2012
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, Monday, Dec.

UMiami scientists partner with NOAA, Stanford and U of N Texas to study post spill fish toxicology
University of Miami scientists partnered with scientists from NOAA, Stanford and Univ. of N.

Cancer screening: The efficacy of mammography screening
How effective is the German mammography screening program? This is the question examined by Oliver Heidinger of the Epidemiological Cancer Registry North Rhine-Westphalia and his co-authors in the first study on this subject in Germany, in Deutsches Arzteblatt International.

Sharp spike in computer-related injuries predicted for medical workers, find studies
As US health care goes high tech, spurred by $20 billion in federal stimulus incentives, the widespread adoption of electronic medical records and related digital technologies is predicted to significantly boost musculoskeletal injuries among doctors and nurses.

Risk of blood clots 2-fold for women with polycystic ovary syndrome on combined pill
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome who are taking combined oral contraceptives have a 2-fold risk of blood clots compared with women without the disorder who take contraceptives, states a study published in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Iron deficiency and cognitive development: New insights from piglets
University of Illinois researchers have developed a model that uses neonatal piglets for studying infant brain development and its effect on learning and memory.

New 'pipeline' device offers new option for difficult-to-treat aneurysms
A new technology called the Pipeline embolization device shows encouraging results in patients with certain types of difficult-to-treat brain aneurysms, reports the December issue of Neurosurgery, official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons.

OpenStax College publishes first iBooks textbook
Rice University-based publisher OpenStax College has published College Physics, the first iBooks textbook that is based on one of OpenStax College's free, open-education resources textbooks.

Gases from grasses
Researchers from the University of Virginia used computer simulations and laboratory experiments to discover a reaction site on gold-titanium oxides that is responsible for high rates of catalysis relevant to biofuel and fuel cell reactions.

Women with sleep apnea have higher degree of brain damage than men, UCLA study shows
Women suffering from sleep apnea have, on the whole, a higher degree of brain damage than that found in men with a similar sleep disorder, according to a first-of-its-kind study conducted at the UCLA School of Nursing.

Rensselaer awarded prestigious grant to establish a Clare Boothe Luce Assistant Professorship
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute today announced a five-year $499,000 grant from the Henry Luce Foundation to establish the Clare Boothe Luce Assistant Professorship in Computer Science.

How 'transparent' is graphene?
MIT researchers find that adding a coating of graphene has little effect on how a surface interacts with liquids -- except in extreme cases.

Experts urge rapid evaluation for swallowing and voice problems after brain surgery
Johns Hopkins experts are recommending early post-surgical assessment -- preferably within 24 hours -- for trouble chewing and swallowing food, or speaking normally, among patients who have had benign tumors removed from the base of the brain.

Healthy diet may help prevent recurrent heart attacks, strokes
If you have cardiovascular disease, a heart-healthy diet may help prevent recurrent heart attacks and strokes.

Lithium restores cognitive function in Down syndrome mice
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, researchers led by Laura Gasparini at the Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia in Genova, Italy report that lithium, a drug commonly used for the treatment of mood disorders in humans, restores neurogenesis in the hippocampus, a part of the brain strongly associated with learning and memory.

Healthy eating beneficial beyond drug therapy in preventing a second heart attack
The study reports on the protective impact of healthy eating for individuals with cardiovascular disease who are taking medication to prevent a second heart attack, stroke or death.

34 ASPB members elected to 2012 class of AAAS Fellows
Thirty-four members of the American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB) were elected to the 2012 class of American Association for the Advancement of Science Fellows.

Curiosity shakes, bakes, and tastes Mars with SAM
NASA's Curiosity rover analyzed its first solid sample of Mars in November with a variety of instruments, including the Sample Analysis at Mars instrument suite.

Food allergies? Pesticides in tap water might be to blame
According to a new study published in the December issue of Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, chemicals used for water purification can lead to food allergies.

Study examines psychotropic medication use among US adolescents with mental disorders
A survey finds that 14.2 percent of adolescents ages 13 to 18 years with any mental disorder reported being treated with a psychotropic medication in the last 12 months, which researchers suggest challenges concerns about widespread overmedication and misuse of psychotropic medications among young people in the US.

Autism Speaks $2 million grant to DELSIA/Seaside Therapeutics to develop autism biomarkers
Autism Speaks and DELSIA, its non-profit affiliate, announced a partnership between DELSIA and Seaside Therapeutics to discover biomarkers that can be used to facilitate the development of safe, effective and personalized treatments of ASD, funding an innovative program to identify genetic and protein biomarkers to identify patients most likely to benefit from treatment with arbaclofen.

Pygmy mole crickets don't just walk on water, they jump on it
Pygmy mole crickets are known to be prodigious jumpers on land.

Kansas State University research shows iron's importance in infection, suggests new therapies
A Kansas State University research team has resolved a 40-year-old debate on the role of iron acquisition in bacterial invasion of animal tissues.

Canopy structure more important to climate than leaf nitrogen levels, study claims
Claims that forest leaves rich in nitrogen may aid in reflecting infrared radiation -- thereby cooling the atmosphere -- have been challenged by new research that shows that the structure of forests' canopies is a more important factor in infrared reflection.

Kansas State University scientists named American Association for the Advancement of Science fellows
The American Association for the Advancement of Science has named four Kansas State University researchers among its 2012 fellows, a prestigious recognition given to association members by their peers.

Mayo study: Common diabetes drug may treat ovarian cancer
Diabetic patients with ovarian cancer who took the drug metformin for their diabetes had a better survival rate than patients who did not take it, a study headed by Mayo Clinic shows.

Russian Far East holds seismic hazards that could threaten Pacific Basin
Research shows that the Kamchatka Peninsula and Kuril Islands, long shrouded in secrecy by the Soviet government, are a seismic and volcanic hotbed with a potential to trigger tsunamis that pose a risk to the rest of the Pacific Basin.

Removing sea defenses may reduce impact of coastal flooding
A study involving a scientist from the University of Southampton, which shows that ensuring continued flood protection for low lying coastal areas may mean sacrificing cliff top communities to the sea, has won the 2012 Lloyds Science of Risk prize for Climate Change research.

NASA satellites see Super-Typhoon Bopha closing in on the Philippines
Two NASA satellites gathered data as the passed over Bopha when it was a Super Typhoon on Dec.

Clinical trial at GHSU Cancer Center targets advanced prostate cancer
Select patients with advanced prostate cancer may benefit from a GHSU Cancer Center clinical trial that looks to improve survival rates of the FDA-approved prostate cancer drug Provenge.

World's smallest wrench puts a new twist on microscopic manipulation
Harnessing laser light's ability to gently push and pull microscopic particles, researchers have created the fiber-optic equivalent of the world's smallest wrench.

American College of Physicians: Upper endoscopy is overused in patients with heartburn
Heartburn is one of the most common reasons for people to see a doctor, and some physicians often use upper endoscopy to diagnose and manage gastroesophageal reflux disease.

College students report low flu vaccine rate
College football and basketball games may provide more than a way for students to show school spirit -- they could help prevent the flu.

Study spells out hat trick for making hockey safer
Mandatory rules such as restricting body checking can limit aggression and reduce injuries in ice hockey, making the game safer for young people, a new study has found. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to