Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 04, 2012
University of Chicago's Graeme Bell receives international diabetes prize
Graeme Ian Bell, Ph.D., the Louis Block Distinguished Service Professor of Medicine and Human Genetics and an investigator in the Kovler Diabetes Center at the University of Chicago, has been awarded the Manpei Suzuki International Prize for 2012 for his pioneering work in understanding the role of genetics in the diagnosis and treatment of diabetes.

CU-led team receives $9.2 million DOE grant to engineer E. coli into biofuels
A team led by the University of Colorado Boulder has been awarded $9.2 million over five years from the US Department of Energy to research modifying E. coli to produce biofuels such as gasoline.

Driverless vehicles expected to navigate intersection of safety, speed
A step-by-step procedure, or algorithm, for managing driverless vehicles through intersections is described in Virginia Tech research, which recently won the Best Scientific Paper Award for North America from the Intelligent Transportation Society World Congress in Vienna.

Program of protected time for sleep improves morning alertness for medical interns
Kevin G. Volpp, M.D., Ph.D., of the Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center and University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, and colleagues conducted a study to determine whether a protected sleep period of five hours is feasible and effective in increasing the time slept by interns on extended duty overnight shifts.

New method for creating long-lived stem cells used for bone replacement
A method for genetically engineering hMSCs so they become immortal and still retain their ability to become bone cells is described in an article published in BioResearch Open Access.

$1 million Kenan Trust Grant extends support of Scripps Florida education outreach
The William R. Kenan, Jr. Charitable Trust has awarded Scripps Florida, a division of the Scripps Research Institute, one million dollars to support the institute's education outreach programs in Palm Beach County.

New study shows how copper restricts the spread of global antibiotic-resistant infections
New research from the University of Southampton has shown that copper can prevent horizontal transmission of genes, which has contributed to the increasing number of antibiotic-resistant infections worldwide.

Moderate coffee consumption may reduce risk of diabetes by up to 25 percent
A session report by the Institute for Scientific Information on Coffee highlights the potential role of coffee consumption in the prevention of type 2 diabetes.

Predicting the age at menopause of women having suffered from childhood cancers
Researchers from Inserm, the French public hospital organization, the Institut Gustave Roussy and the Université Paris-Sud studied the age at menopause of a cohort of 706 women who had suffered from childhood cancer.

WHOI scientist receives marine microbiology initiative investigator award from Moore Foundation
WHOI biogeochemist Mak Saito has been selected for a Marine Microbiology Initiative investigator award by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation.

Inserm announces the recipients of its 2012 prizes
This year, the grand prize will be awarded to Philippe Sansonetti in the presence of Marisol Touraine, France's Minister of Social Affairs and Health, Geneviève Fioraso, France's Minister of Higher Education and Research, and Professor André Syrota, Chairman and CEO of Inserm.

Cork the key to unlocking the potential of graphene
Scientists have taken inspiration from one of the oldest natural materials, cork, to engineer graphene, which normally exists layers one atom thick, into useful 3D forms for the first time.

Protected 'power naps' prove helpful for doctors in training to fight fatigue
New research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and the Philadelphia VA Medical Center indicates that the implementation of protected sleep periods for residents who are assigned to overnight shifts in a hospital represent a viable tool in preventing fatigue and alleviating the physiological and behavioral effects of sleep deprivation among these doctors in training.

A bridge to the quantum world: Dirac electrons found in unique material
In a discovery that helps clear a new path toward quantum computers, University of Michigan physicists have found elusive Dirac electrons in a superconducting material.

ALS TDI and Gladstone Institutes collaborate to discover potential ALS treatments
The ALS Therapy Development Institute and the Gladstone Institutes today announced the formation of a research collaboration to speed the discovery of potential treatments for ALS through the preclinical drug development process.

Andromeda wants you!
Astronomers at the University of Utah and elsewhere are seeking volunteers to explore the galaxy next door, Andromeda.

Fish oil helps heal bed sores of the critically ill
Professor Pierre Singer of Tel Aviv University says supplementing the ordinary hospital diet with fish oil can lead to a 20-25 percent reduction in pressure ulcers, which result from constant pressure on the skin and underlying tissue due to prolonged sitting or lying down.

Institute for Learning & Brain Sciences completes $8 million challenge from Bezos Family Foundation
The University of Washington Institute for Learning & Brain Sciences today announced the early completion of an eight million dollar, three-year challenge grant from the Bezos Family Foundation to advance the institute's groundbreaking research on how infants and young children learn and develop.

Hushed hoarders and prying pilferers
In order to prevent other birds from stealing the food they are storing for later, Eurasian jays, a type of corvid, minimizes any auditory hints a potential pilferer may use to steal their cache (food that is buried for later use).

Crag keeps the light 'fantastic' for photoreceptors
The ability of the eye of a fruit fly to respond to light depends on a delicate ballet that keeps the supply of light sensors called rhodopsin constant as photoreceptors turn on and off in response to light exposures, said researchers from Baylor College of Medicine and the Jan and Dan Duncan Neurological Research Institute at Texas Children's Hospital in an article that appears online in the journal PLOS Biology.

Overprescribing of opioids impacts patient safety and public health
A Viewpoint article published recently in the Journal of the American Medical Association suggests that the clinical practice of prescribing amphetamines, opioids, and benzodiazepines to treat chronic pain may be contributing to the increase in fatal drug overdoses and the likelihood that those drugs will be diverted to the illegal market.

Genetic data shows that skin cancer risk includes more than UV exposure
Published in the December 2012 issue of the journal Genetics, researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham and the University of Wisconsin-Madison, have developed a more precise model for assessing skin cancer risk that includes numerous genetic factors such as family history, ethnicity, and genetic variations specific to each individual.

UK initiates first cancer reporting model of its kind in US
The University of Kentucky has created the nation's first working model for electronic health record reporting of cancer cases to the state's cancer registry.

Dr. Sanjay Kumar wins STEM CELLS Young Investigator Award
Dr Sanjay Kumar, M.D., Ph.D. has been named the winner of the Young Investigator Award by the journal STEM CELLS for leading research into the microenvironmental regulation of neural stem cells.

Nature Materials study: Boosting heat transfer with nanoglue
A team of interdisciplinary researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute has developed a new method for significantly increasing the heat transfer rate across two different materials.

Quantum thermodynamics
The best yet calculations of the effect of blackbody radiation on the wavefunction of ytterbium atoms, should help produce a better atomic clock.

UIC researcher receives $1.6 million grant to study how exercise affects bone strength
Bone strength is important to aging well, but doctors and therapists are far from understanding the best way to maintain healthy bone or what kind of exercise might help, according to University of Illinois at Chicago College of Applied Health Sciences researcher Karen Troy.

Low percentage of medical residents plan to practice general internal medicine
Colin P. West, M.D., Ph.D., and Denise M. Dupras, M.D., Ph.D., of Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn., conducted a study to evaluate career plans of internal medicine residents.

Study: Parents key to preventing alcohol, marijuana use by kids
New research from North Carolina State University, Brigham Young University and the Pennsylvania State University finds that parental involvement is more important than the school environment when it comes to preventing or limiting alcohol and marijuana use by children.

Plastic packaging industry is moving towards completely bio-based products
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed a technique to significantly improve the quality of bio-based plastic packaging.

5 big strides to fight lung disease in our tiniest patients
Ottawa scientist and neonatologist Dr. Bernard Thebaud releases a major paper in Thorax that answers five significant questions in his determined path to get his laboratory breakthrough into the neonatal intensive care unit.

'Transport infrastructure' determines spread of HIV subtypes in Africa
Road networks and geographic factors affecting

New evidence on how compound found in red wine can help prevent cancer
International conference at the University of Leicester will show how resveratrol can prevent cancer, heart disease and diabetes.

UMass Medical School faculty elected to the American Association for the Advancement of Science
Four University of Massachusetts Medical School faculty members have been elected by their peers as Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the world's largest general scientific society, and publisher of the journal, Science.

Antiretroviral treatment for HIV reduces food insecurity, reports AIDS Journal
Can treatment with modern anti-HIV drugs help fight hunger for HIV-infected patients in Africa?

Synchrotron gives insight into green energy enzymes
UC Davis chemists have been using a Japanese synchrotron to get a detailed look at enzymes that could help power the green economy.

Fellows to look at the future of the UK and Scotland
With a referendum on Scottish Independence due to be held in 2014, the Economic and Social Research Council has appointed seven one year senior fellowships with overall funding of £1.3 million.

TERI opened its Nordic office at the University of Eastern Finland
The Nordic office of India's leading Energy and Resources Institute, TERI, began activities at the Joensuu Campus of the University of Eastern Finland on Dec.

Telestroke cost effective for hospitals
Researchers have found that using telemedicine to deliver stroke care, also known as telestroke, appears to be cost-effective for rural hospitals that do not have an around-the-clock neurologist, or stroke expert, on staff.

The radical restructuring of brain networks in comatose patients
Researchers from Inserm, CNRS and the Université Joseph Fourier in Grenoble, in collaboration with Cambridge university, Strasbourg university and clinical practitioners from the Strasbourg University Hospital Centre, have analyzed data from 17 comatose patients using functional MRI data.

Fitness for toad sperm: The secret is to mate frequently
An increasing number of men suffer from fertility problems, especially in western society.

Longer life expectancy, aging population necessitate new strategies for prostate cancer care
Members of the University of Colorado Cancer Center recently published a review in the journal Drugs and Aging describing the modern state of prostate cancer care -- examining not only new drugs but entirely new classes of drugs that may be effective and well-tolerated in an aging population.

Semen concentration and quality fell in French men between 1989 and 2005
New research shows that the concentration of sperm in men's semen has been in steady decline between 1989 and 2005 in France.

Chess research project in collaboration with vice world champion Grandmaster Boris Gelfand
A one-of-a-kind initiative to establish a 'Grandmaster Chess Research Project' is taking shape at Israel's University of Haifa in collaboration with vice world chess champion Grandmaster Boris Gelfand.

Scientists find oldest dinosaur -- or closest relative yet
Researchers have discovered what may be the earliest dinosaur, a creature the size of a Labrador retriever, but with a five foot-long tail, that walked the Earth about 10 million years before more familiar dinosaurs like the small, swift-footed Eoraptor and Herrerasaurus.

Children with heart devices and their parents struggle with quality of life
Children with implanted heart devices and their parents may report a lower quality of life than other kids and their parents.

Stanford geoscientist cites critical need for basic research to unleash promising energy sources
Developers of renewable energy and shale gas must overcome fundamental geological and environmental challenges if these promising energy sources are to reach their full potential, according to a trio of leading geoscientists.

Crucial step in AIDS virus maturation simulated for first time
Bioinformaticians at IMIM and UPF have used molecular simulation techniques to explain a specific step in the maturation of the HIV virions, i.e., how newly formed inert virus particles become infectious, which is essential in understanding how the virus replicates.

MIT Deshpande Center announces Fall 2012 research grants
The Deshpande Center for Technological Innovation at MIT today announced it is awarding $706,000 in grants to 10 MIT research teams currently working on early-stage technologies.

Genetics Society of America's Genetics journal highlights for December 2012
These are the selected highlights for the December 2012 issue of the Genetics Society of America's journal, Genetics.

Multiple media use tied to depression, anxiety
Using multiple forms of media at the same time -- such as playing a computer game while watching TV -- is linked to symptoms of anxiety and depression, scientists have found for the first time.

Mercury in coastal fog linked to upwelling of deep ocean water
An ongoing investigation of elevated mercury levels in coastal fog in California suggests that upwelling of deep ocean water along the coast brings mercury to the surface, where it enters the atmosphere and is absorbed by fog.

EPSRC announces new green engineering projects
Four new engineering projects that will help the UK to develop new lightweight materials, design products to have a longer life and be more easily recyclable, and clean contaminated land to reclaim valuable metals, were announced today by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council.

23andMe scientists receive more than $500,000 in National Institutes of Health funding
23andMe has received grants totaling $573,000 from the National Institutes of Health to support three projects that utilize 23andMe's unique web-based research platform.

French political ads get personal, but American campaigns are nastier
American politicians (and their unofficial ad creators) are a nasty bunch when it comes to campaigning online, particularly when combining personal and issue attacks in advertisements posted to YouTube, University of Melbourne research has determined.

Brain stimulation may buffer feelings of social pain
Accumulating evidence suggests that certain brain areas involved in processing physical pain may also underlie feelings of social pain.

UI researchers help find way to protect historic limestone buildings
Buildings and statues constructed of limestone can be protected from pollution by applying a thin, single layer of a water-resistant coating, according to a University of Iowa researcher and her colleagues from Cardiff University, UK.

New study reveals lions are rapidly losing ground in Africa
A new study released this week confirms that lions are rapidly and literally losing ground across Africa's once-thriving savannahs due to burgeoning human population growth and subsequent, massive land-use conversion.

Telecommuting increases work hours and blurs boundary between work and home, new study shows
New sociology study from the University of Texas at Austin shows that most telecommuters add five to seven hours to their workweek compared with those who work exclusively at the office.

Research shows immune system response is detrimental to novel brain cancer therapy
For the first time, researchers have demonstrated that the response of natural killer (NK) cells is detrimental to glioblastoma virotherapy, a novel way of treating malignant brain cancer by injecting a virus into the tumor.

Numerical study suggests subsea injection of chemicals didn't prevent oil from rising to sea surface
A new study in Environmental Science & Technology, led by University of Miami Scientist Claire Paris, is the first to examine the effects of the use of unprecedented quantities of synthetic dispersants on the distribution of an oil mass in the water column.

Nanotechnology drug delivery shows promise for treatment of pediatric cancer
Molecular Pharmaceutics reported findings from the Nemours Center for Childhood Cancer Research and the University of Delaware, about the potential for nanotechnology to deliver chemotherapeutic agents in a way that attacks cancer cells without harming healthy cells.

Learning to control brain activity improves visual sensitivity
Training human volunteers to control their own brain activity in precise areas of the brain can enhance fundamental aspects of their visual sensitivity, according to a new study part-funded by the Wellcome Trust.

Seeing stars, finding nukes: Radio telescopes can spot clandestine nuclear tests
In the search for rogue nukes, researchers have discovered an unlikely tool: astronomical radio telescopes.

Gaps in life expectancy between rich and poor set to increase over next 10 years
Health inequalities between England's richest and poorest areas have widened in the ten years between 1999 and 2008.

Targeting neurotransmitter may help treat gastrointestinal conditions
Selective targeting of the neurotransmitter that differentially affects brain cells that control the two distinct functions of the pancreas may allow for new medication therapies for conditions like diabetes, dyspepsia and gastro-esophageal reflux, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers.

Titan, Saturn's largest moon, icier than thought, say Stanford scientists
Scientists have long suspected that a vast ocean of liquid water lies under the crusty exterior of Titan, Saturn's largest moon.

Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation gives a big boost to BigBOSS
Through UC Berkeley and the Berkeley Center for Cosmological Physics, the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation has made a $2.1 million grant to the BigBOSS project based at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

Einstein researchers receive 2 Grand Challenges Explorations grants to combat HIV and TB
Scientists at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University have been awarded two Grand Challenges Explorations grants from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation for their innovative global health and development research projects.

More babies survive premature birth, but serious health problems unchanged
Research published on today suggests that although more babies survived shortly after extreme preterm birth in England in 2006 compared with 1995, the number with major conditions on leaving hospital remained largely unchanged.

New Haydale HDPlas™ inks launched at Printed Electronics 2012
Haydale, the world's leading supplier of high quality plasma functionalized, highly dispersible graphenes, announces the immediate availability of its new range of graphene based inks for printed electronics.

1 in 5 children live in poverty -- A new report examines effect of poverty on children
While most children are looking forward to getting gifts during the upcoming holiday season, it is worth noting that one in five children live in poverty.

Carnegie debuts revolutionary biosphere mapping capability at AGU
Researchers from the Carnegie Institution are rolling out results from the new Airborne Taxonomic Mapping System, or AToMS, for the first time at the American Geophysical Union meetings in San Francisco.

Could high insulin make you fat? Mouse study says yes
When we eat too much, obesity may develop as a result of chronically high insulin levels, not the other way around.

Drug shows promise in prostate cancer spread to bone
A new drug demonstrated dramatic and rapid effects on prostate cancer that had spread to the bone, according to a study reported by University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers.

Are there racial disparities in osteoporosis screening and treatment?
Racial differences in the rates of detection and management of osteoporosis were explored in a study of African American and white women published in Journal of Women's Health.

Method developed by VTT targets diagnosis of early Alzheimer's disease
A software tool called PredictAD developed by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland promises to enable earlier diagnosis of the disease on the basis of patient measurements and large databases.

Improving chemotherapy effectiveness by acting on the immune system
An Inserm team in Dijon directed by François Ghiringhelli is to publish an article this week in the Nature Medicine review.

Ray of hope for human Usher syndrome patients
After years of basic research, scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz are increasingly able to understand the mechanisms underlying the human Usher syndrome and are coming ever closer to finding a successful treatment approach.

The dance of quantum tornadoes
Tornado-like vortexes can be produced in bizarre fluids which are controlled by quantum mechanics, completely unlike normal liquids.

Why some strains of Lyme disease bacteria are common and others are not
New clues about the bacteria that cause Lyme disease could lead to a novel strategy to reduce infections, according to a study to be published in mBio on Dec.

First measurements made of key brain links
Until now, brain scientists have been almost completely in the dark about how most of the nonspecific thalamus interacts with the prefrontal cortex, a relationship believed to be key in such fundamental functions as maintaining consciousness and mental arousal.

2012 AAAS Scientific Freedom and Responsibility Award goes to Fukushima nuclear catastrophe investigator Dr. Kiyoshi Kurokawa
Dr. Kiyoshi Kurokawa, M.D., Chairman of the Health and Global Policy Institute, Academic Fellow of Graduate Research Institute of Policy Studies, Professor Emeritus of the University of Tokyo, and former President of the Science Council of Japan, has been named to receive the 2012 Scientific Freedom and Responsibility Award from the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Queen Mary, University of London receives funding for gut function biomarker research
Queen Mary, University of London announced today that it will receive funding through the Biomarkers of Gut Function and Health program within the Grand Challenges in Global Health initiative.

Teen smoking decreases bone accumulation in girls, may increase osteoporosis risk
Teenage girls who smoke accumulate less bone during a critical growth period and carry a higher risk of developing osteoporosis later in life, according to new research in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

Stabilizing collapsed or shock-damaged buildings
Working with a university and its private sector partner, the Department of Homeland Security and the National Institute for Hometown Security have found an answer: A novel spray-on concrete.

Himalayas and Pacific Northwest could experience major earthquakes, Stanford geophysicists say
Research by Stanford scientists focuses on geologic features and activity in the Himalayas and Pacific Northwest that could mean those areas are primed for major earthquakes.

Neuroscientist Robert Nitsch receives EU's most highly remunerated research funding award
The European Research Council has earmarked some EUR 2.5 million to fund research being conducted by neuroscientist Professor Dr.

Rewriting personal history by inventing racist roads not taken
The Kellogg School research on what might trigger racist behavior reports two new findings.

St. Michael's Dr. Sean B. Rourke receives federal funds for iHIV/AIDS research
Dr. Sean B. Rourke, a psychologist who heads the Neurobehavioural Research Unit at St.

New optical tweezers trap specimens just a few nanometers across
A microscale technique known as optical trapping uses beams of light as tweezers to hold and manipulate tiny particles.

Smartphones might soon develop emotional intelligence
If you think having your phone identify the nearest bus stop is cool, wait until it identifies your mood.

Men with erection problems are 3 times more likely to have inflamed gums
Men in their thirties who had inflamed gums caused by severe periodontal disease were three times more likely to suffer from erection problems, according to a study published in the Journal of Sexual Medicine.

Fox invasion threatens wave of extinction, UC research finds
The effort to stop the irreversible spread of foxes in Tasmania is at a critical stage with many native species at risk of extinction, new research by University of Canberra ecologists and their collaborators published in the British Ecological Society's Journal of Applied Ecology shows.

Research evaluates possible benefit of mini-interviews as part of medical school admission process
Kevin W. Eva, Ph.D., of the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, and colleagues conducted a study to determine whether students deemed acceptable through a revised admissions protocol using a 12-station multiple mini-interview would outperform rejected medical students when they later took the Canadian national licensing examinations after completing medical school.

African savannah -- and its lions -- declining at alarming rates
About 75 percent of Africa's savannahs and more than two-thirds of the lion population once estimated to live there have disappeared in the last 50 years, according to a study published this week in the journal Biodiversity and Conservation.

Understanding anger, overcoming anxiety
Anger is a powerful emotion with serious health consequences. A new study from Concordia University shows that for millions of individuals around the world who suffer from Generalized Anxiety Disorder, anger is more than an emotion; it's an agent that exacerbates their illness.

Evolution: Social exclusion leads to cooperation
Social exclusion as a punishment strategy helps explain the evolution of cooperation, according to new research published today in the Proceedings of the Royal Society - Biology.

Put the kettle on? When tea drinkers were viewed as irresponsible as whiskey drinkers
Poor women who drank tea were viewed as irresponsible as whiskey drinkers in early 19th-century Ireland, new research by Durham University has unearthed.

UNM Cancer Center researchers study new target for breast cancer
Breast cancer tumors can recur 10 or more years after the original tumor and often no longer respond to targeted drugs.

University of Tennessee researchers find fungus has cancer-fighting power
Arthrobotrys oligospora doesn't live a charmed life; it survives on a diet of roundworm.

Delivered meals help seniors stay in their homes
Many older adults need only a little support to stay in their homes, but when that isn't available they can end up in an expensive nursing home where they don't need most of the available services.

Study finds prioritizing rather than canvassing entire plant genome may lead to improved crops
Genetics study shows promise in feeding the world in spite of heat and drought.

Housing sales data used to estimate value of urban natural resources
Working with lead author Heather Sander of the University of Iowa, economist Robert Haight of the US Forest Service's Northern Research Station estimated how much home buyers are willing to pay for more scenic vistas, better access to outdoor recreation, and greater neighborhood tree cover.

Web-based project prevents epilepsy-related depression
Emory researchers announced results of a new study that has proven successful in the prevention of depression in people diagnosed with epilepsy.

Stanford Engineering's Shanhui Fan receives $400,000 award from Department of Energy
Shanhui Fan, a professor of electrical engineering at the Stanford School of Engineering, has been chosen to receive $399,901 to develop Photonic Radiative Day-Time Cooling Devices, better imagined as coatings for the rooftops of buildings and cars that reflect sunlight, allowing heat to escape and enabling passive cooling, even when the sun is shining.

Hogging the spotlight: South Farms pig gets international attention
A detailed annotation of the genome of T.J. Tabasco, a pig from the University of Illinois South Farms, is the outcome of over 10 years of work by an international consortium.

Metabolic biomarkers for preventive molecular medicine
A team of scientists from the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre, led by its director, María Blasco, together with Jose M.

Working towards happiness
Raising the retirement age to increase financial stability does not make men worse off psychologically in the long-run, according to a new study by Dr.

Predictors of postpartum pelvic joint pain identified among working women
A new study of working women has identified factors during pregnancy and postpartum that can predict pain in the joints that comprise the pelvic girdle.

Climate models project increase in US wildfire risk
Scientists using NASA satellite data and climate models have projected drier conditions likely will cause increased fire activity across the United States in coming decades.

Shorter rotation for attending physicians does not appear to have adverse effects on patients
Brian P. Lucas, M.D., M.S., of the Cook County Health and Hospitals System and Rush Medical College, Chicago, and colleagues conducted a study to compare the effects of two- vs. four-week inpatient attending physician rotations on unplanned patient revisits (a measure to assess the effect on patients), attending evaluations by trainees, and attending propensity for burnout.

UC Riverside entomologist recognized for research in citrus entomology
Joseph Morse, a professor of entomology at UC Riverside, is the recipient of the California Citrus Quality Council's Albert G.

Sunshine, biofuel and the tides, oh my!
PNNL scientists will discuss solar power forecasting, the resources needed to grow algae for biofuel and the environmental impacts of ocean energy at the 2012 American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting.

Herschel and Keck take census of the invisible Universe
By combining the observing powers of ESA's Herschel space observatory and the ground-based Keck telescopes, astronomers have characterized hundreds of previously unseen starburst galaxies, revealing extraordinary high star-formation rates across the history of the Universe.

California's N2O emissions may be nearly triple current estimates
Using a new method for estimating greenhouse gases that combines atmospheric measurements with model predictions, Berkeley Lab researcher Marc Fischer has found that the level of nitrous oxide in California may be 2.5 to 3 times greater than the current inventory.

Predicting, preventing, and controlling pandemics: Making the case for a strategic action plan
Many gaps remain in our understandingof how zoonoses evolve, develop, and spread.

Infants learn to look and look to learn
Researchers at the University of Iowa have explained how infants learn by looking, and the crucial role these activities play in how infants gain knowledge.

Bias may exist in rating of medical trainees
Peter Yeates, M.B.B.S., M.Clin.Ed., of the University of Manchester, United Kingdom, and colleagues conducted a study to examine whether observations of the performance of postgraduate year one physicians influence raters' scores of subsequent performances.

METACARDIS: A European project that deciphers the genes of the gut microbiota
METACARDIS is a European project coordinated by Inserm that aims to study the role of the gut microbiota in the development of cardiometabolic diseases.

Webcams offer a low-cost way to tune lasers for serious science
Inexpensive device uses computer webcams to ensure lasers stay tuned. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to