Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 13, 2012
Aerobic exercise boosts brain power
The physical benefits of regular exercise and remaining physically active, especially as we age, are well documented.

Despite hype, costly prostate cancer treatment offers little relief from side effects
Prostate cancer patients receiving the costly treatment known as proton radiotherapy experienced minimal relief from side effects such as incontinence and erectile dysfunction, compared to patients undergoing a standard radiation treatment called intensity modulated radiotherapy, Yale School of Medicine researchers report in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

LSUHSC's Weiss chosen to help set national eye policy, research
Kathleen Sebelius, Secretary of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, has invited Jayne S.

Better tools for saving water and keeping peaches healthy
Peach growers in California may soon have better tools for saving water because of work by USDA scientists in Parlier, Calif.

In media coverage of nursing homes, negative stories predominate
Analysis of media portrayals of nursing homes finds that negative stories outnumber positive stories by five to one, reports a study in the Dec. issue of Medical Care.

Psychosocial distress associated with increased stroke risk
Psychosocial distress is associated with increased risk of stroke deaths and strokes in people over age 65.

Data on financial crime is not credible
The Government and police efforts to tackle financial crime -- from business fraud to tax evasion -- are hampered by a lack of accurate data about the nature and extent of offending, according to new research.

UAlberta medical researchers discover new potential chemotherapy
Medical researchers at the University of Alberta have discovered that knocking out a particular

Intestinal immune cells play an unexpected role in immune surveillance of the bloodstream
Massachusetts General Hospital researchers have found that dendritic cells in the intestinal lining collect antigens from both intestinal contents and the circulation, leading to the generation of T cells that suppress inflammation.

Energy Deptartment funds UW project to turn wasted natural gas into diesel
The US Department of Energy has awarded $4 million to a group that aims to develop bacteria that can turn the methane in natural gas into diesel fuel for transportation.

Dark Ages scourge enlightens modern struggle between man and microbes
New discoveries reported this week help explain how the stealthy agent of Black Death avoids tripping a self-destruct mechanism inside germ-destroying cells.

New hormone therapy shows promise for menopausal symptoms in animal model
Investigators at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center have concluded research on a new postmenopausal hormone therapy that shows promise as an effective treatment for menopausal symptoms and the prevention of osteoporosis without increasing the risk for heart disease or breast cancer.

Speed limits on cargo ships could reduce their pollutants by more than half
The latest episode in the American Chemical Society's award-winning Global Challenges/Chemistry Solutions podcast series reports that putting a speed limit on cargo ships as they sail near ports and coastlines could cut their emission of air pollutants by up to 70 percent, reducing the impact of marine shipping on Earth's climate and human health.

'Who Will Be the Next President?': A guide to how America decides
On Nov. 6, a majority of voters favored Barack Obama as president for another four years.

Head-mounted cameras could help robots understand social interactions
What is everyone looking at? It's a common question in social settings because the answer identifies something of interest, or helps delineate social groupings.

Warming climate unlikely to cause extinction of ancient Amazon trees, study finds
New genetic analysis has revealed that many Amazon tree species are likely to survive man-made climate warming in the coming century, contrary to previous findings that temperature increases would cause them to die out.

World population gains more than a decade's life expectancy since 1970
In the first Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 paper, published in The Lancet, the authors present new estimates of life expectancy for the last four decades in 187 different countries.

Disaster map predicts bleak future for mammals
Mammals could be at a greater risk of extinction due to predicted increases in extreme weather conditions, states a paper published today by the Zoological Society of London.

Common anesthetic agents can be harmful for the development of the fetus
An anesthetic regimen typically used during surgery on pregnant mothers appears to have a negative effect on the development of the fetus, new study shows.

3 new species of venomous primate identified by MU researcher
A venomous primate with two tongues would seem safe from the pet trade, but the big-eyed, teddy-bear face of the slow loris (Nycticebus sp.) has made them a target for illegal pet poachers throughout the animal's range in southeastern Asia and nearby islands.

Building better structural materials
When materials are stressed, they eventually change shape. Initially these changes are elastic, and reverse when the stress is relieved.

Pheromone helps mice remember where to find a mate
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have found that male mice produce a pheromone that provokes females and competitor males to remember a preference for the place where the pheromone was previously encountered.

Rural dwellers less likely to follow cancer screening guidelines
People who reside in rural areas of Utah are less likely to follow colorectal cancer screening recommendations than their urban counterparts, according to researchers from Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah.

Measuring dispersal -- how well are soft-sediment invertebrate communities connected on the seafloor?
Different types of disturbances to the seafloor can affect both the invertebrates inhabiting them and the critical ecosystem functions they provide us (e.g. nutrient cycling, oxygenation, food for fish).

Bubble study could improve industrial splash control
For the first time, scientists witnessed the details of the full, ultrafast process of liquid droplets evolving into a bubble when they strike a surface.

Millions of patients still waiting for medical 'breakthroughs' against neglected diseases
Despite important progress in research and development for global health over the past decade, only a small fraction of new medicines developed between 2000 and 2011 were for the treatment of neglected diseases, highlighting the

McMaster researchers find age not factor in immunity to viruses
A study published in PLOS Pathogens today shows a specialized class of immune cells, known as T cells, can respond to virus infections in an older person with the same vigour as T cells from a young person.

Congenital heart defects could have their origin during very early pregnancy
The origins of congenital heart defects could be traced right back to the first stages of embryonic development - according to University of East Anglia research.

Finding life in the volcanic systems of the Antarctic Polar Front
Scientists are exploring a two-mile deep water system of hydrothermal vents, calderas and cold seeps on the East Scotia Ridge at the southern end of the South Sandwich Islands.

Predicting risk of arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death: There's a computer model for that
A new computer model of the heart predicted risk of arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death in patients with an inherited heart rhythm disorder.

1 in 4 deaths worldwide caused by heart disease or stroke
Global Burden of Disease Study 2010, Paper 2: Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 1990 and 2010, Lozano et al In the second Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 paper, published in The Lancet, researchers have analyzed the leading causes of death in 187 countries in 1990 and 2010, also estimating each of the causes' contribution to premature death.

ONR-funded microgrid powers 'World Green City'
The Office of Naval Research, a leader in the exploration of renewable power, played a major role in the development of a new

Pursuing literary immortality illuminates how the mind works, finds CWRU researcher
The initial excitement of hearing a new song fades as it's replayed to death.

LA BioMed recognized by AAHRPP
The Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center (LA BioMed), recognized as a leader in groundbreaking medical advancements and for bringing laboratory discoveries from the bench to the bedside, recently received accreditation from the Association for the Accreditation of Human Research Protection Programs, Inc.

Stuart Parkin recognized for great service to interdisciplinary materials research
Professor Dr. Stuart Parkin of the IBM Almaden Research Center in San Jose, California, USA has received the 2012 Von Hippel Award from the Materials Research Society for his outstanding contributions to interdisciplinary materials research.

New study brings long-sought vaccines for deadly parasite closer to reality
One major cause of illness from food-borne diseases is the parasite Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii).

Physiological societies partner with Wiley on new open access journal
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., The Physiological Society, and The American Physiological Society announced today their partnership to publish the new open access peer-reviewed journal, Physiological Reports, which will launch early next year.

VTT wins European innovation prize for a new bio-oil production technique
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland along with the energy company Fortum, engineering company Metso and forestry company UPM has developed a technique that enables the cogeneration of heating energy and bio-oil in the same power plant cost-effectively and sustainably.VTT received an innovation award for the new technology.

Study reveals a remarkable symmetry in black hole jets
Black holes range from modest objects formed when individual stars end their lives to behemoths billions of times more massive that rule the centers of galaxies.

Novel NIST process is a low-cost route to ultrathin platinum films
A NIST research group has developed a relatively simple, fast and effective method of depositing uniform, ultrathin layers of platinum atoms on a surface.

Berkeley Lab research finds the insurance industry paying increasing attention to climate change
The insurance industry, the world's largest business with $4.6 trillion in revenues, is making larger efforts to manage climate change-related risks, according to a new study published today in the journal Science.

Climate warming unlikely to cause near-term extinction of Amazon trees, but threats remain
A new genetic analysis has revealed that many Amazon tree species are likely to survive human-caused climate warming in the coming century, contrary to previous findings that temperature increases would cause them to die out.

A finding that could help Alpha-1 sufferers breathe more easily
Scientists have identified a new mutation in the gene that causes the inherited disease known as Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency (Alpha-1), which affects roughly one in 2,500 people of European descent.

Association of Environmental Engineering and Science Professors name Environmental Engineering Science as its official journal
Association of Environmental Engineering and Science Professors has selected the peer-reviewed journal Environmental Engineering Science as its official journal.

Website for new open-access journal, eLife, introduced today
eLife, the open-access journal for outstanding advances in life science and biomedicine, reveals a fresh approach to presenting and using scientific content on its new website, launched today.

23andMe's Ancestry Composition reveals people's ancestral origins going back 500+ years
23andMe, the leading personal genetics company announced the availability of Ancestry Composition, a new feature that provides state-of-the-art geographic illustration of an individual's ancestral origins.

More signs of the benefits of marriage?
Women who are married suffer less partner abuse, substance abuse or post-partum depression around the time of pregnancy than women who are cohabitating or do not have a partner, a new study has found.

Dogs can accurately sniff out 'superbug' infections
Dogs can sniff out Clostridium difficile (the infective agent that is responsible for many of the dreaded

New screening approach identified potential drug combos for difficult-to-treat melanomas
A novel approach to identifying potential anticancer drug combinations revealed that pairing cholesterol-reducing drugs called statins with cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors might provide an effective approach to treating intractable melanomas driven by mutations in the NRAS and KRAS gene.

New policy brief examines impact of occupational injuries and illnesses among low-wage workers
Low-wage workers, who make up a large and growing share of the US workforce, are especially vulnerable to financial hits that can result from on-the-job injuries and illnesses, according to a policy brief released today by researchers at the George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services.

Agricultural, health education goes global via cellphone animations
Many people in developing countries have cellphones that allow them to watch videos and play interactive games.

Scientists develop novel method to study parasite numbers in wild seabirds
Scientists have developed a new method for studying parasite numbers in the stomachs of individual seabirds in the wild.

Partnership launched to prioritize research for 'neurodisabled' children
A ground breaking new project has been launched to find out what research is important to children and young people with neurodisability, their families, and the healthcare professionals who work with them.

More than 200 genes identified for Crohn's Disease
More than two hundred gene locations have now been identified for the chronic bowel condition Crohn's Disease, in a study that analysed the entire human genome.

Viruses cooperate or conquer to cause maximum destruction
Scientists have discovered new evidence about the evolution of viruses, in work that will change our understanding about the control of infectious diseases such as winter flu.

New technique for minimally invasive robotic kidney cancer surgery
Urologists at Henry Ford Hospital have developed a new technique that could make minimally invasive robotic partial nephrectomy procedures the norm, rather than the exception for kidney cancer patients.

Majority of Americans doubt Congress and White House can avoid fiscal cliff
Nearly 60 percent of Americans are skeptical that Congress and the White House will reach an agreement that will avoid the fiscal cliff, according to a new national public opinion poll commissioned by Research!America.

Cedars-Sinai physician-scientist awarded $3M to study most common inherited neurological disorder
A Cedars-Sinai physician-scientist has been awarded a $3 million grant from the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine to study with new stem cell technology Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, the most common inherited neurological disorder and which damages nerves that control muscles.

Reality check for DNA nanotechnology
Two major barriers to advancement of DNA nanotechnology beyond the research lab have been knocked down.

Hospital-based neurologists worry about career burnout
A survey has identified career burnout as a significant problem among neurologists who predominantly work with hospital inpatients. sets off into the second half with 15 projects, the Swiss initiative in systems biology, sets off into the second half in 2013.

Researchers identify target to help protect kidney patients' heart health
Blocking the receptor for endothelin lowers novel cardiovascular risk factors in patients with chronic kidney disease independent of blood pressure.

IOF Asia-Pacific Meeting presents new research and advances in osteoporosis management
Doctors and researchers from across the Asia-Pacific gathered today for the opening of the International Osteoporosis Foundation's 3rd Asia-Pacific Osteoporosis Meeting, taking place at the Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre until Dec.

Study sheds light on how cells transport materials along crowded intercellular 'highways'
A network of

Your Christmas tree and its genome have remained very much the same over the last 100 million years
A study published by Université Laval researchers and their colleagues from the Canadian Forest Service reveals that the genome of conifers such as spruce, pine, and fir has remained very much the same for over 100 million years.

A 'turbo' for solid oxide fuel cells
To convert waste heat from solid oxide fuel cells into electricity is the goal of the

Experts advise doctors on how to clear patients for space travel
With the prospect of space travel for tourists looming, clinicians could soon be asked to advise on medical clearance for their patients, says a paper published in the BMJ Christmas edition and appearing online today.

Study helps bridge gap in understanding of suicide risk for African-American women
Three sociologists have co-authored a study that helps to fill a gap in our understanding of suicide risk among African-American women.

New NIST document offers guidance in cryptographic key generation
Protecting sensitive electronic information in different situations requires different types of cryptographic algorithms, but ultimately they all depend on keys, the cryptographic equivalent of a password.

Lyncean Technologies Inc. sells Compact Light Source to Munich biomedical-imaging research center
Lyncean Technologies Inc. announces the first sale of its flagship product, the Compact Light Source -- a miniature synchrotron X-ray source, to researchers from the Center for Advanced Laser Applications, a joint project of the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich and the Technical University Munich where X-ray scientists are pioneering new imaging techniques.

Ability to sit and rise from the floor is closely correlated with all-cause mortality risk
If a middle-aged or older man or woman can sit and rise from the floor using just one hand - or even better without the help of a hand - they are not only in the higher quartile of musculo-skeletal fitness but their survival prognosis is probably better than that of those unable to do so.

Ebola virus uses a protein decoy to subvert the host immune response
In a study published today in the open-access journal PLOS Pathogens, researchers at Emory University have discovered a potentially important mechanism by which the Ebola virus alters and evades the immune response of its infected host.

Cancer study overturns current thinking about gene activation
A new Australian study led by Professor Susan Clark from Sydney's Garvan Institute of Medical Research shows that large regions of the genome -- amounting to roughly 2 percent -- are epigenetically activated in prostate cancer.

Blood pressure, smoking and alcohol: The health risks with the biggest global burden
Over 9 million people died as a consequence of high blood pressure in 2010, making it the health risk factor with the greatest toll worldwide, say experts.

Navy honored for pace, quality of inventions
Navy scientists and engineers in 2012 once again had the world's most significant government portfolio of newly patented discoveries and inventions, according to a November report published by the Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers.

Cancer scientists identify a new layer of complexity within human colon cancer
Cancer scientists led by Dr. John Dick at the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre have found a way to follow single tumor cells and observe their growth over time.

Vitamin D can help infection-prone patients avoid respiratory tract infection
Treating infection-prone patients over a 12-month period with high doses of vitamin D reduces their risk of developing respiratory tract infection -- and consequently their antibiotic requirement.

Olympians live longer than general population... But cyclists no survival advantage over golfers
Olympic medallists live longer than the general population, regardless of country of origin, medal won, or type of sport played, finds a study in the Christmas issue published on today.

Swift Transportation donates more than $15,000 to the Waylon Fund
Swift Charities, the charitable arm of Swift Transportation, today donated $15,262 to the Waylon Jennings Fund for Diabetes Research at the Translational Genomics Research Institute.

Congress works better than many think, new research shows
The perception of Congress as a gridlocked institution where little happens is overblown, according to new research by scholars at the University of Colorado Boulder and the University of Washington.

Top officials meet at ONR as Arctic changes quicken
The Navy's chief of naval research, Rear Adm. Matthew Klunder, met this week with leaders from U.S. and Canadian government agencies to address research efforts in the Arctic, in response to dramatic and accelerating changes in summer sea ice coverage.

University of Illinois receives grant to study ozone resistance in corn
The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign has received a five-year, $5.7 million grant from the National Science Foundation to develop ozone resistance in corn.

Confirmation that studying and child labor are incompatible
Labor conditions, the amount of hours and working during the morning are the factors that most negatively affect the academic development of children who work.

A thin-skinned catalyst for chemical reactions
A team of Boston College researchers reports developing a nanocrystal structure capable of controlling catalysis with the pores of a skin-like membrane that can accept or reject molecules based on their size or chemical properties.

Intense mind wandering could account for 'substantial proportion' of road crashes
People whose minds wander whilst driving, especially when intense, are significantly more likely to be responsible for a crash and are threatening safety on the roads, warns a study in the Christmas issue published on today.

Cancer stem cells isolated from kidney tumors
Scientists have isolated cancer stem cells that lead to the growth of Wilms' tumors, a type of cancer typically found in the kidneys of young children.

No more lying about your age: Scientists can now gauge skin's true age with new laser technique
While most of us can recognize the signs of lost youth when we peer into the mirror each morning, scientists do not have a standardized way to measure the extent of age damage in skin.

OU study suggests the bacterial ecology that lives on humans has changed in the last 100 years
A University of Oklahoma-led study has demonstrated that ancient DNA can be used to understand ancient human microbiomes.

Time restrictions on TV advertisements ineffective in reducing youth exposure to alcohol ads
Efforts to reduce underage exposure to alcohol advertising by implementing time restrictions have not worked, according to new research from the Center on Alcohol Marketing and Youth at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the Dutch Institute for Alcohol Policy.

Computational & Applied Mathematics to be published by Springer
Starting in 2013, Springer will publish the research journal Computational & Applied Mathematics, a primary scientific publication of the Brazilian Society of Computational and Applied Mathematics.

The aging immune system is more functional than previously believed
In a study published today in the open-access journal PLOS Pathogens, scientists at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario have determined that a specialized class of immune cells, known as T cells, retains its functionality with age and can respond to virus infections with the same vigor as T cells from a young person.

Wearable technology can monitor rehabilitation
Wearable technology is not only for sports and fashion enthusiasts it can also be used to monitor and aid clinical rehabilitation according to new research published in BioMed Central's open access journal BioMedical Engineering OnLine.

Tracing humanity's African ancestry may mean rewriting 'out of Africa' dates
New research by a University of Alberta archeologist may lead to a rethinking of how, when and from where our ancestors left Africa.

Countering brain chemical could prevent suicides
Researchers have found the first proof that a chemical in the brain called glutamate is linked to suicidal behavior, offering new hope for efforts to prevent people from taking their own lives.

Engineers roll up their sleeves -- and then do same with inductors
On the road to smaller, high-performance electronics, University of Illinois researchers have smoothed one speed bump by shrinking a key, yet notoriously large element of integrated circuits.

Who are sports gamers?
From Gran Turismo to WWE Smackdown, sports-based video games represent a wide variety of pursuits.

Regenstrief study finds that generic drugs often have incorrect safety labeling
A study by Regenstrief Institute researchers has found that more than two-thirds of generic drugs have safety-warning labels that differ from the equivalent brand-name drug.

Enzymes may point toward better therapies for prediabetes
Two enzymes that are elevated in prediabetes could hold clues to helping the 79 million Americans with the condition avoid serious vascular complications and maybe even identify those most at risk for full-blown diabetes, researchers say.

High blood pressure, smoking, and alcohol present largest risks to health worldwide
Global Burden of Disease Study 2010, Paper 7: Burden of disease and injury attributable to 67 risk factors and risk factor clusters in 21 regions, 1990, Ezzati et al In the seventh Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 paper, published in The Lancet, researchers provide the first ever estimates of the contribution of different risk factors to the global burden of disease over time.

Team solves mystery associated with DNA repair
Scientists have long sought to understand how a DNA repair protein, known as RecA in bacterial cells, helps broken DNA find a way to bridge the gap.

12 matter particles suffice in nature
How many matter particles exist in nature? Particle physicists have been dealing with this question for a long time.

Rice uses light to remotely trigger biochemical reactions
Researchers at Rice University are turning light into heat at the point of need, on the nanoscale, to trigger biochemical reactions on demand.

Stem cell 'sticky spots' recreated by scientists
Randomly distributed sticky spots which are integral to the development of stem cells by maximizing adhesion and acting as internal scaffolding have been artificially recreated by experts from the University of Sheffield for the first time.

Moving pictures: Optical entertainments and the advent of cinema
Primary sources publisher, Adam Matthew, has announced the release of the fourth section of its highly renowned Victorian Popular Culture Portal.

'Curiosity' can be positioned with eclipses
Observations from 'Curiosity' when Mar's moon Phobos crosses in front of the sun, like in September, help us to understand exactly where the rover is on the red planet.

Dolphin hearing system component found in insects
A hearing system component thought to be unique in toothed whales like dolphins has been discovered in insects, following research involving the University of Strathclyde.

NASA sees intensifying tropical cyclone moving over Samoan Islands
NASA satellites have been monitoring Tropical Cyclone Evan and providing data to forecasters who expected the storm to intensify.

Researchers find new culprit in castration-resistant prostate cancer
Scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute have discovered a molecular switch that enables advanced prostate cancers to spread without stimulation by male hormones, which normally are needed to spur the cancer's growth.

Dogs can also help wake sleepy patients on public transport
Researchers in Belgium also show how dogs can help patients with severe sleep problems.

Uncovering a flaw in drug testing for chronic anxiety disorder
Trials for experimental drugs are often done on laboratory mice because of their genetic similarity to humans.

Musculoskeletal and mental & behavioral disorders have largest overall impact on global disability
Global Burden of Disease Study 2010, Paper 5: The global burden of non-fatal health outcomes for 1160 sequelae of 291 diseases and injuries 1990 - 2010, Vos et al In the fifth Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 paper, published in The Lancet, researchers analyse 1160 consequences of 289* diseases and injuries, estimating their global prevalence and impact on health.

Discovered! The new species of Borneo's enigmatic primate with a toxic bite
An international team of scientists studying the elusive nocturnal primate the slow loris in the jungles of Borneo have discovered a new species.

Nanocrystals not small enough to avoid defects
A team of researchers from Berkeley Lab and other institutes has shown that contrary to computer simulations, the tiny size of nanocrystals is no safeguard from defects.

Study shows antidepressant could do double duty as diabetes drug
Researchers have discovered that the commonly used antidepressant drug paroxetine could also become a therapy for the vascular complications of diabetes.

Study finds years living with disease, injury increasing globally
No matter where they live, how much education they have, or what their incomes are, people have similar perceptions on the impact of diseases and injuries.

HPV in older women may be due to reactivation of virus, not new infection
A new study suggests that human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in women at or after menopause may represent an infection acquired years ago, and that HPV infections may exist below limits of detection after one to two years, similar to other viruses, such as varicella zoster, which can cause shingles.

Experts warn of misbehaving tooth fairy
Opinions of the tooth fairy as kind and giving may need to be revised following

Massive shifts reshape the health landscape worldwide
Globally, health advances present most people with a devastating irony: avoid premature death but live longer and sicker.

Problems with mineral metabolism linked with kidney disease progression
In a study of African Americans with kidney disease, levels of mineral metabolites rose over time; those with faster rates of kidney function decline had the greatest increases in metabolites.

Cleveland Clinic researcher identifies 2 new genetic mutations associated with Cowden syndrome
Cleveland Clinic researchers from the Lerner Research Institute have uncovered two new genes associated with Cowden syndrome according to a new study, published today in the online version of the American Journal of Human Genetics.

Kentucky receives top honors in nation's capital for health IT collaboration
Representatives from the Kentucky Regional Extension Center, housed at the University of Kentucky College of Medicine, and the Kentucky Health Information Exchange, part of the Kentucky Cabinet of Health and Family Services, received top honors in Washington, D.C. for exemplary work in health IT implementation.

Unique CO2 monitoring technology streamlines process
Research will marry unique sensor-housings with fibre-optic CO2 sensors to develop novel direct-sensing technology.

Large study identifies risk factors for multiple myeloma
New research published in Biomed Central's open access journal Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology provides a large (from 22 centers across Europe), matched control study into lifetime risk of multiple myeloma. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to