Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 21, 2012
A giant puzzle with billions of pieces
Day after day, legions of microorganisms work to produce energy from waste in biogas plants.

New free e-Books available about 2 famous NASA space telescopes
NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has been providing amazing images of the universe since April 1990 and has led to remarkable discoveries.

Boosting galactan sugars could boost biofuel production
JBEI researcher have identified the first enzyme capable of substantially boosting the amount of galactan sugars in plant cell walls.

AACR and Kure It announce 2 Kidney Cancer Research grant recipients
The American Association for Cancer Research and Kure It are pleased to announce that William Y.

NASA Sees the major Midwestern snowstorm in infrared light
NASA and NOAA satellites have been providing data on the powerful low pressure area that dropped more than a foot of snow in some Midwestern states and prompted many warnings and weather advisories.

The X factor in liver metabolism
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, researchers led by Phillip Scherer at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center report that activation of the UPR triggers the expression of Xbp1s, a protein that regulates genes needed for the metabolic switch in the liver.

Strength training improves vascular function in young black men
Six weeks of weight training can significantly improve blood markers of cardiovascular health in young African-American men, researchers report in the Journal of Human Hypertension.

Native orchid protection and conservation subject of new AgriLife Research study
Navasota ladies'-tresses, a wild orchid native to East and Central Texas, has been listed as an endangered plant species for three decades, but two Texas A&M AgriLife Research scientists are trying to help the flower

Indian park guards protecting wildlife awarded their own protection
A major victory for wildlife protection forces was made last week with the launch of a new government-operated insurance program to cover all forest guards employed in the Indian state of Karnataka, which holds the largest number of wild tigers in India, and serves as a stronghold for this highly endangered species.

miR-205 can be responsible for breast cancer
Scientists demonstrated that the microRNAs expression can be potentially responsible for the abnormal acini formation of breast cancer cells.

Ups and downs of biodiversity after mass extinction
The climate after the largest mass extinction so far 252 million years ago was cool, later very warm and then cool again.

Many causes for learning lags in tumor disorder
The causes of learning problems associated with an inherited brain tumor disorder are much more complex than scientists had anticipated, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

New calculations solve an old problem with DNA
The normal DNA will switch to left-handed (Z-form) DNA when it is physically twisted, or when a lot of salt is added to the solution.

Hawaiian Islands are dissolving, study says
Most of us think of soil erosion as the primary force that levels mountains.

12 CFSP economists to speak at the American Economic Association Conference in San Diego
Twelve economists with the Consortium on Financial Systems and Poverty (CFSP) are scheduled to present at the annual meeting of the American Economic Association in San Diego on Jan.

Computer network upgrades will put Wayne State University researchers in the fast lane
Researchers at Wayne State University are about to experience a power surge in the ability to do their jobs, thanks to an upgraded computer network infrastructure supported by a federal grant.

How stars look young when they're not: The secret of aging well
The aging of star clusters is linked more with their lifestyle than with how old they actually are, according to a new Hubble Space Telescope study coauthored by Penn State astronomer Steinn Sigurdsson.

Study probes why and how patients with lung cancer initially get diagnosed with the disease
Dr. David Gerber, an oncologist and assistant professor of internal medicine, has used the electronic medical records data of more than 400 patients in a single-center study that is further exploring results from the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) released in 2010.

Ironing out the link between H. pylori infection and gastric cancer
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, researchers led by Richard Peek at Vanderbilt University investigated the influence of iron on H. pylori-induced gastric cancer.

Targeting taste receptors in the gut may help fight obesity
Despite more than 25 years of research on antiobesity drugs, few medications have shown long-term success.

Young-Hyman co-edits American Diabetes Association reference text
Dr. Deborah Young-Hyman, Professor of Pediatrics and a diabetes and obesity researcher at the Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Health Sciences University, is Co-Editor of the American Diabetes Association's first reference text covering the major psychosocial issues of diabetes, Psychosocial Clinical Guidelines for the Treatment of Patients with Diabetes.

Frontiers launches new open-access journal: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Frontiers, one of the world's fastest growing open-access publishers, announced today the launch of its new online journal in Pediatrics: Frontiers in Pediatrics.

Researchers discover genetic basis for eczema, new avenue to therapies
Researchers have discovered an underlying genetic cause of atopic dermatitis, a type of eczema most common in infancy that also affects millions of adults around the world with dry, itchy and inflamed skin lesions.

Options increase for CML patients failed by existing drugs
FDA approves ponatinib, third drug in four months; all clinical trials led by MD Anderson.

May the force be with the atomic probe
Theoretical physicist Elad Eizner from Ben Gurion University, Israel, and colleagues created models to study the attractive forces affecting atoms located at a wide range of distances from a surface, in the hundreds of nanometers range.

New markers could improve treatment and survival in acute lymphoblastic leukaemia
Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, the most common pediatric cancer, has been the subject of study in the Ph.D. thesis of ElixabetLópez.In the work entitled New genetic markers for treatment personalization in pediatric Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia, the UPV/EHU biologist has presented new genetic markers that could improve the classification of risk groups and predict treatment toxicity in the patient.That way it would be possible to achieve better personalization of the treatment.

Carin Göring's remains identified by researchers at Uppsala University
The putative remains of Carin Göring, wife of Nazi leader Herman Göring, were found in 1991 at a site close to where she had been buried.

Thomas Jefferson University researchers discover new pathways that drive metastatic prostate cancer
Elevated levels of Cyclin D1b could function as a novel biomarker of lethal metastatic disease in prostate cancer patients, according to a pre-clinical study published ahead of print on Dec.

Contemporary videoclips with a retro soul
Today, many videoclips are still filmed in long takes, even though today's audiovisual industry has as many editing resources as it needs.

Physicists take photonic topological insulators to the next level
Researchers at the University of Texas at Austin have designed a simulation that for the first time emulates key properties of electronic topological insulators.

Test to detect pre-menstrual syndrome
Even though there are many women who do not notice any special symptoms, there are some whose pre-menstrual disorders hamper their everyday lives: depressive mood, anxiety, excessive emotional sensitivity, fatigue, lack of concentration, headache, etc.

New insights into how immune system fights atherosclerosis
A study led by Columbia University Medical Center researchers has found that an important branch of the immune system, in reaction to the development of atherosclerotic lesions, mounts a surprisingly robust anti-inflammatory T cell response that helps prevent the disease from progressing.

Xiao-Gang Wen and the 500 phases of matter
Forget solid, liquid, and gas: there are in fact more than 500 phases of matter.

Fighting sleeping sickness with X-ray lasers
Structure analysis of the trypanosomal protein Cathepsin B is among the scientific breakthroughs of 2012.

How excess holiday eating disturbs your 'food clock'
If the sinful excess of holiday eating sends your system into butter-slathered, brandy-soaked overload, you are not alone.

Young scientist helps identify cause of widespread eye disease
Branch retinal vein occlusion -- blockage of the blood vessels that channel blood from the retina -- is a common eye disease.

A new type of nerve cell found in the brain
An international team of scientists have identified a previously unknown group of nerve cells in the brain.

UNC researcher receives AACR and Kure It Kidney Cancer research grant
The American Association for Cancer Research and Kure It have announced that William Y.

Autism Investment Conference New York City Feb. 21, 2013
Autism Speaks, the world's leading autism science and advocacy organization, is hosting the first-ever investment conference focused exclusively a rapidly expanding opportunity landscape for entrepreneurship, new business development and investment.

NIH grant moves pathologists to the forefront of genomic medicine
A five-year, $1.3 million grant from the National Institutes of Health funds an innovative program established by Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and the Training Residents in Genomics Working Group, with administrative and educational design support from the American Society for Clinical Pathology, to help pathologists understand genomics information and serve as primary consultants for physicians and patients in interpreting and acting on this data.
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