Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 23, 2012
Chinese medicine yields secrets to scientists at The Scripps Research Institute
The mysterious inner workings of Chang Shan--a Chinese herbal medicine used for thousands of years to treat fevers associated with malaria--have been uncovered thanks to a high-resolution structure solved at The Scripps Research Institute.

Neuroscientists find excessive protein synthesis linked to autistic-like behaviors
Autistic-like behaviors can be partially remedied by normalizing excessive levels of protein synthesis in the brain, a team of researchers has found in a study of laboratory mice.

'Molecular levers' may make materials better
In a forced game of molecular tug-of war, some strings of atoms can act like a lever, accelerating reactions 1000 times faster than other molecules.

3 new genetic links to colorectal cancer
Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center investigators have identified three new genetic

Gout study offers genetic insight into 'disease of kings'
Scientists have shed light on why some people are more susceptible to gout than others.

Decision to give a group effort in the brain
A monkey would probably never agree that it is better to give than to receive, but they do apparently get some reward from giving to another monkey.

Research sheds new light on mechanisms of T-ALL, a form of leukemia that primarily affects children
In collaboration with international research teams, scientists at VIB, KU Leuven and UZ Leuven have unmasked the ribosome -- the molecular machine in the cell that is involved in the production of proteins -- as a weak spot in leukemia cells.

New findings in the search for genetic clues to insulin production
A cutting-edge genomic analysis method has helped researchers track new genetic contributors relevant to diabetes.

Fat influences decisions taken by brain cells for production and survival
Scientists at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have identified two molecules that play an important role in the survival and production of nerve cells in the brain, including nerve cells that produce dopamine.

Smaller Colorado River projected for coming decades, study says
Some 40 million people depend on the Colorado River Basin for water but warmer weather from rising greenhouse gas levels and a growing population may signal water shortages ahead.

Study turns parasite invasion theory on its head
Current thinking on how the Toxoplasma gondii parasite invades its host is incorrect, according to a study from researchers at the Wellcome Trust Centre for Molecular Parasitology describing a new technique to knock out genes.

Understanding cell organization to tackle cancer
Scientists at the University of Manchester have identified how cells know which way up they need to be.

Nutrient-sensing enzymes key to starvation response and survival in newborn mammals
A family of nutrient-sensing enzymes, dubbed Rag GTPases, modulates the activity of the mTORC1 protein complex, whose inhibition is essential for autophagy and survival in newborn mammals.

Study shows rapid warming on the West Antarctic Ice Sheet
In a discovery that raises further concerns about the future contribution of Antarctica to sea level rise, a new study finds that the western part of the ice sheet is experiencing nearly twice as much warming as previously thought.

The first goat genome sets a good example for facilitating de novo assembly of large genomes
BGI reports the first genome sequence of domestic goat, setting a good example for facilitating de novo assembly of large genomes.

New data challenge old views about evolution of early life
A research team led by UC Riverside biogeochemists has tested a hypothesis in paleo-ocean chemistry, and proved it false.

OpGen announces sequence assembly and finishing of first reference genome of domestic goat
OpGen Inc. announced its ARGUS Whole Genome Mapping System technology was used in combination with next-generation sequencing to produce the first, high-quality reference genome of the domestic goat.
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