Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 27, 2012
Broader background checks and denial criteria could help prevent mass shooting catastrophes
Garen Wintemute, a UC Davis gun violence prevention expert and emergency medicine physician, believes broader criteria for background checks and denials on gun purchases can help prevent future firearm violence, including mass shooting catastrophes such as those that occurred at Sandy Hook, Aurora, Virginia Tech and Columbine.

Ben-Gurion U and Cincinnati Children's Hospital to develop new pediatric medical devices
This collaboration is managed by CCHMC's Center for Technology Commercialization and BGU's technology commercialization company, BGN Technologies, Ltd.

Statin drug shows promise for fighting malaria effects
Researchers have discovered that adding lovastatin, a widely used cholesterol-lowering drug, to traditional antimalarial treatment decreases neuroinflammation and protects against cognitive impairment in a mouse model of cerebral malaria.

Johns Hopkins receives funding for cholera vaccine initiative
The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health was awarded a four-year, $5 million grant from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to promote the effective use of oral cholera vaccine around the world.

The first genome sequence of Chinese plum provides important resource for fruit improvement
A Chinese research team has completed the first genomic sequence of Prunus mume, known as mei.

UNC research uncovers new insight into cell development and cancer
Research from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine has shed new light on how epigenetic signals may function together to determine the ultimate fate of a stem cell.

Columbia Business School professor Eric Johnson selected as 2012 ACR Fellow
Eric Johnson, Norman Eig Professor of Business at Columbia Business School, has been selected as a 2012 Association for Consumer Research Fellow.

2 new species of orchid found in Cuba
Researchers from the University of Vigo, in collaboration with the Environmental Services Unit at the Alejandro de Humboldt National Park, Cuba, have discovered two new species of Caribbean orchid.

Cellular fuel gauge may hold the key to restricting cancer growth
Researchers at McGill University have discovered that a key regulator of energy metabolism in cancer cells known as the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) may play a crucial role in restricting cancer cell growth.

Monkey see, monkey do: Visual feedback is necessary for imitating facial expressions
Research using new computer-based technology shows that our ability to imitate facial expressions depends on learning that occurs through visual feedback.

Slice, stack, and roll: A new way to build collagen scaffolds
Tufts University School of Engineering researchers have developed a new technique, called bioskiving.

APS announces inaugural issue of new journal, Clinical Psychological Science
The Association for Psychological Science and SAGE are pleased to announce the inaugural issue of Clinical Psychological Science, a unique new journal that highlights cutting-edge research in the field of clinical psychological science.

Penn team mimicking a natural defense against malaria to develop new treatments
One of the world's most devastating diseases is malaria, responsible for at least a million deaths annually, despite global efforts to combat it.

Trying to halt hepatitis C's molecular hijacking
Researchers at the University of Colorado School of Medicine have figured out intimate details of how the hepatitis C virus takes over an invaded cell, a breakthrough that could point to way for new treatments for the virus.

Having serious fun in the MBL physiology course
In the Dec. 21 issue of Science magazine, directors of the MBL physiology course detail their winning formula for instilling in students the passion for and ability to conduct

Disease burden links ecology to economic growth
A new study finds that vector-borne and parasitic diseases have substantial effects on economic development across the globe, and are major drivers of differences in income between tropical and temperate countries.

Genetic sequencing breakthrough to aid treatment for congenital hyperinsulinism
Congenital hyperinsulinism is a genetic condition where a baby's pancreas secretes too much insulin.

Rush University Medical Center scientists home in on cause of osteoarthritis pain
Researchers at Rush University Medical Center, in collaboration with researchers at Northwestern University, have identified a molecular mechanism central to the development of osteoarthritis pain, a finding that could have major implications for future treatment of this often-debilitating condition.

GSA Bulletin celebrates GSA's 125th Anniversary with new geologic time scale
GSA BULLETIN articles posted online between 10 Dec. and 21 Dec.

US cancer screening rates decline over the last 10 years, finds new study
The rate of people who seek preventive cancer screenings has fallen over the last 10 years in the United States with wide variations between white-collar and blue-collar workers, according to a University of Miami Miller School of Medicine study published on Dec.

A model-free way to characterize polymodal ion channel gating
Two studies in the Journal of General Physiology help pave the way for a

The factor that could influence future breast cancer treatment
Australian scientists have shown in the laboratory how a 'transcription factor' causes breast cancer cells to develop an aggressive subtype that lacks sensitivity to estrogen and does not respond to known anti-estrogen therapies.

Birdsong study pecks theory that music is uniquely human
A bird listening to birdsong may experience some of the same emotions as a human listening to music, suggests a new study on white-throated sparrows, published in Frontiers of Evolutionary Neuroscience.

The factor that could determine future breast cancer treatment
Australian scientists have shown how a 'transcription factor' causes breast cancer to develop an aggressive subtype that lacks sensitivity to oestrogen and does not respond to anti-oestrogen therapies such as Tamoxifen and aromatase inhibitors.

Vanderbilt study examines Affordable Care Act's impact on uncompensated care
The decision by several states not to expand Medicaid health insurance for the poor may create unintended cuts for hospitals that provide uncompensated care, according to a study by John Graves, Ph.D., a Vanderbilt policy expert in the Department of Preventive Medicine.

Stowers study hints that stem cells prepare for maturity much earlier than anticipated
Unlike less versatile muscle or nerve cells, embryonic stem cells are by definition equipped to assume any cellular role.

WHOI research projects awarded $5.2 million to support marine microbial research
There are more microbes in a bucket of seawater than there are people on Earth.

Penn team developing new class of malaria drugs using essential calcium enzyme
Calpain, a calcium-regulated enzyme, is essential to a host of cellular processes, but can cause severe problems in its overactivated state, and has been implicated in several diseases.

Staphylococcus aureus: Why it just gets up your nose!
A collaboration between researchers at the School of Biochemistry and Immunology and the Department of Microbiology at Trinity College Dublin has identified a mechanism by which the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus colonizes our nasal passages.

Case Western Reserve University receives patient-centered research award
Case Western Reserve University has been approved for a research award from the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) to study ways that applying patients' strengths can help enhance their health care and well-being.

Strange behavior: New study exposes living cells to synthetic protein
John Chaput, a researcher at Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute and colleagues at the Department of Pharmacology, Midwestern University, Glendale, Ariz., have fabricated an artificial protein in the laboratory and examined the surprising ways living cells respond to it.

Students' online and offline social networks can predict course grades -- Ben-Gurion U. researchers
The information can be used to determine which students need the most help, as well as which ones excel and might be guided to further study or careers in that subject area.
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