Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 06, 2013
Genetic mystery of Behcet's disease unfolds along the ancient Silk Road
Researchers have identified four new regions on the human genome associated with Behcet's disease, a painful and potentially dangerous condition found predominantly in people with ancestors along the Silk Road.

How the kilogram has put on weight
Using a state-of-the-art Theta-probe XPS machine experts at Newcastle University, UK, have shown the original kilogram is likely to be tens of micrograms heavier than it was when the first standard was set in 1875.

From the Amazon rainforest to human body cells: Quantifying stability
The Amazon rainforest, energy grids, and cells in the human body share a troublesome property: They possess multiple stable states.

Living cells behave like fluid-filled sponges
Animal cells behave like fluid-filled sponges in response to being mechanically deformed according to new research published today in Nature Materials.

New study defines the long-sought structure of a protein necessary for cell-cell interaction
Scientists from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute have solved part of the puzzle of how cells in all higher organisms bind to each other for the development, architecture, maintenance and function of tissue.

Join us in San Francisco for the 20th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS)
Join us in San Francisco to explore the nature of how we think!

New antimatter method to provide 'a major experimental advantage'
Researchers have proposed a method for cooling trapped antihydrogen which they believe could provide 'a major experimental advantage' and help to map the mysterious properties of antimatter that have to date remained elusive.

Most-used diabetes drug works in different way than previously thought
Researchers found that the diabetes drug metformin works in a different way than previously understood.

Astrophysicists find wide binary stars wreak havoc in planetary systems
An international team of astrophysicists has shown that planetary systems with very distant binary stars are particularly susceptible to violent disruptions, more so than if they had stellar companions with tighter orbits around them.

Joslin researchers identify important factor in fat storage and energy metabolism
Joslin Diabetes Center scientists have identified a cell cycle transcriptional co-regulator -- TRIP-Br2 -- that plays a major role in energy metabolism and fat storage.

A new approach to assessing future sea level rise from ice sheets
Future sea level rise due to the melting of the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets could be substantially larger than estimated in Climate Change 2007, the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC, according to new research from the University of Bristol.

The pain puzzle: Uncovering how morphine increases pain in some people
For individuals with agonizing pain, it is a cruel blow when the gold-standard medication actually causes more pain.

Protein essential for healthy eyes described by Hebrew University, US researchers
Researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, in collaboration with researchers at the Salk Institute in California, have found for the first time that a specific protein is essential not only for maintaining a healthy retina in the eye, but also may have implications for understanding and possibly treating other conditions in the immune, reproductive, vascular and nervous systems, as well as in various cancers.

Study uncovers protein key to fighting and preventing obesity
University of Florida researchers and colleagues have identified a protein that, when absent, helps the body burn fat and prevents insulin resistance and obesity.

Study reveals ordinary glass's extraordinary properties
Researchers at the universities of Chicago and Wisconsin-Madison raise the possibility of designing ultrastable glasses at the molecular level via a vapor-deposition process.

A new phase in reading photons
A new photodetector can cleanly discriminate among four states, not just the standard two states of binary logic.

Counting the cost of mercury pollution
Cleaning up mercury pollution and reducing prenatal exposure to the neurotoxin methylmercury (MeHg) could save the European Union €10,000 million per year, finds a new study published in BioMed Central's open access journal Environmental Health.
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