Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 10, 2013
This week in Blood: Jan. 10, 2013
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New insights into HIV vaccine will improve drug development
Four years ago, a potential HIV vaccine showed promise against the virus that causes AIDS, but it fell short of providing the broad protection necessary to stem the spread of disease.

Surgical technique spots cancer invasion with fluorescence
A team of surgeons and scientists at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have developed a new technique that will allow surgeons to identify during surgery which lymph nodes are cancerous so that healthy tissue can be saved.

Is there a period of increased vulnerability for repeat traumatic brain injury?
Even a mild repeat TBI that occurs when the brain is still recovering from an initial injury can result in poorer outcomes.

Women should wait at least 12 months before trying for a baby following weight loss surgery
Women should wait at least 12 months before trying for a baby following weight loss surgery and need further advice and information on reproductive issues, suggests a new evidence-based literature review published today (11/01/13) in The Obstetrician & Gynaecologist.

Foods identified as 'whole grain' not always healthy
Current standards for classifying foods as

Declining access to electroconvulsive therapy: A clinical choice or an economic one?
Modern electroconvulsive therapy remains one of the safest and most effective antidepressant treatments, particularly for patients who do not tolerate antidepressant medications or depression symptoms that have failed to respond to antidepressant medications.

Scientists design, control movements of molecular motor
An international team of scientists has taken the next step in creating nanoscale machines by designing a multi-component molecular motor that can be moved clockwise and counterclockwise.

The European Physical Society gives special recognition to physics at 69 Hoza Street
In autumn 2011 the building of the Faculty of Physics of the University of Warsaw at 69 Hoża Street, a key location in the history and development of physics in Poland, became first EPS Historic Site.

Lack of guidelines create ethical dilemmas in social network-based research
The growing trend towards conducting research on youths as they use social networking sites like Facebook raises ethical questions in academia.

A rock is a clock: Physicist uses matter to tell time
What is the simplest, most fundamental clock? Physicist Holger Müller and his UC Berkeley colleagues have shown that a single atom is sufficient to measure time using its high-frequency matter wave.

Giant tobacco plants that stay young forever
Tobacco plants bloom when they are just a few months old -- and then they die.

Herbal treatments for postmenopausal symptoms can be recommended as an alternative to HRT
Herbal and complementary medicines could be recommended as an alternative to hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for treating postmenopausal symptoms says a new review published today in The Obstetrician and Gynaecologist.

UMMS experts seek better flu vaccines
The University of Massachusetts Medical School is working to develop new ways of predicting how the influenza virus changes and evolves in response to anti-viral drugs and the human immune system.

Study: Model for brain signaling flawed
A new study out today in the journal Science turns two decades of understanding about how brain cells communicate on its head.

Danish chemist aims to bring supermolecules to the world
With applications spanning from non-shrink dental fillings to DNA-drugs, the so-called dendrimers are a near magical material.

Next steps in potential stem cell therapy for diabetes
Researchers from the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, collaborating with scientists from San Diego-based biotech company ViaCyte Inc., looked at the differences and similarities between two types of hESC-derived endocrine cell populations and primary human endocrine cells, with the longer-term goal of developing new stem cell therapies for diabetes.

UT Arlington receives Grand Challenges Explorations grant for research in global health
Two UT Arlington engineers will use a new Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation grant to update an ancient method of evaporation to cool vaccines and medicine that must be shipped to remote parts of the world without ready access to electricity.

Cancer scientists determine mechanism of 1 of the most powerful tumor-suppressor proteins, Chd5
Researchers at CSHL have solved the mystery of how one of the most powerful of the body's natural tumor-suppressing proteins, Chd5, exerts its beneficial effects.

PLOS Pathogens additional press release -- Jan. 10, 2013
Researchers from the MRC Centre for Virus Research at the University of Glasgow in Scotland have developed methods to synthesize and change the genome of Schmallenberg virus (SBV).

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Narelle approaching Western Australia coast
NASA's Aqua satellite looked at Cyclone Narelle in visible and infrared light to understand the behavior of the storm.

Decline in available liver transplants expected
A new study, funded in part by the National Institutes of Health and Health Resources and Services Administration, and published in the Jan.

UC Santa Barbara researcher to receive Academy Award for technical achievement
By creating a new smoke-and-fire visual effects technique, Theodore Kim and three former colleagues played a collaborative key role in

Southampton scientist develops strongest, lightest glass nanofibres in the world
The University of Southampton's Optoelectronics Research Centre is pioneering research into developing the strongest silica nanofibres in the world.

Chronic Total Occlusion and Left Main Summit will be held Feb. 21-23, 2013 in NYC
The CTO and Left Main Summit is a three-day conference featuring state-of-the-art technologies, research findings and new developments in therapeutic procedures essential for interventional cardiologists to optimize success in chronic total coronary occlusions and left main coronary interventions.

AgriLife Research gets grant to crack biofuel production waste issue
A scientist with Texas A&M AgriLife Research has begun work on a way to

A jumble of exotic stars
This new infrared image from ESO's VISTA telescope shows the globular cluster 47 Tucanae in striking detail.

Government funding for 'super-material'
Royal Holloway is among a select group of top universities to receive £21.5 million in government funding to explore commercial uses for graphene.

VALORLACT, a project for the integral recovery of the whey produced by cheese-making dairies
Preventing whey from affecting the environment by transforming it into foodstuffs destined for human and animal consumption as well as biofuel, is the aim of the VALORLACT project.

Brigham and Women's Hospital receives award to improve and reshape patient care transitions
Brigham and Women's Hospital has been selected to receive a research award from the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute to study the benefits of new models for delivering transitional care from the hospital to home within an Accountable Care Organization structure.

Funding for study of Autism, Dyslexia and ADHD
A research team led by the University of Exeter Medical School has received funding of over £150,000 to investigate whether there is an increase in the number of children with behavior-related conditions such as autism, dyslexia or ADHD, or whether the increase can be explained by better recognition and diagnosis.

Immunotherapy reduces allergic patients' sensitivity to peanuts
New research at National Jewish Health provides additional support for a strategy to reduce the severity of reactions to peanut- repeatedly consuming small amounts of the very food that causes those reactions in the first place, a practice called immunotherapy.

Teenagers with a low muscular strength have a higher risk of dying early form heart disease
To conduct this research study, the authors took a sample of one million Sweden male teenagers aged between 16 and 24 years, who were monitored for a 24-year follow up period.

The effects of China's One Child Policy on its children
New research shows China's controversial One Child Policy has not only dramatically re-shaped the population, but has produced individuals lacking characteristics important for economic and social attainment.

Scripps Florida scientists uncover potential drug target to block cell death in Parkinson's disease
Oxidative stress is a primary villain in a host of diseases that range from cancer and heart failure to Alzheimer's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and Parkinson's disease.

UC Davis study deflates notion that pear-shaped bodies more healthy than apples
People who are

New nanotech fiber: Robust handling, shocking performance
Scientists have created the first pure carbon nanotube fibers that combine many of the best features of highly conductive metal wires, strong carbon fibers and pliable textile thread.

Drug fails to help kidney transplant recipients
While safe and well-tolerated, angiotensin II blockade did not lessen tissue scarring or prevent kidney failure in kidney transplant recipients.

NASA's robotic refueling demo set to jumpstart expanded capabilities in space
In mid-January, NASA will take the next step in advancing robotic satellite-servicing technologies as it tests the Robotic Refueling Mission, or RRM aboard the International Space Station.

Saliva gland test for Parkinson's shows promise, study finds
Described as a

Bengali forests are fading away
RAPID deterioration in mangrove health is occurring in the Sundarbans, resulting in as much as 200m of coast disappearing in a single year.

Molecular machine could hold key to more efficient manufacturing
An industrial revolution on a minute scale is taking place in laboratories at The University of Manchester with the development of a highly complex machine that mimics how molecules are made in nature.

Regulating single protein prompts fibroblasts to become neurons
Repression of a single protein in ordinary fibroblasts is sufficient to directly convert the cells -- abundantly found in connective tissues -- into functional neurons.

Book co-authored by USF Nursing Dean named 2012 Nursing Research Book of the Year
An expert panel of American Journal of Nursing judges has selected a book co-authored by the University of South College of Nursing Dean as the 2012 AJN Book of the Year in the Nursing Research category.

New tool to help brain surgeons 1 step closer to operating room
A new tool that could allow for faster, more comprehensive testing of brain tissue during surgery successfully identified the cancer type, grade and tumor margins in five brain surgery patients.

CHOP and BGI strengthen partnership with agreement on pediatric brain tumor collaboration
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and BGI-Shenzhen today announced a formal agreement to collaborate on research into next-generation sequencing and analysis of pediatric brain tumors, in support of the Childhood Brain Tumor Tissue Consortium.

A saliva gland test for Parkinson's disease?
New research suggests that testing a portion of a person's saliva gland may be a way to diagnose Parkinson's disease.

CHOP and BGI strengthen partnership with agreement on pediatric brain tumor collaboration
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and BGI-Shenzhen today announced a formal agreement to collaborate on research into next-generation sequencing and analysis of pediatric brain tumors, in support of the Childhood Brain Tumor Tissue Consortium.

Inclusion of CTC as HEDIS screening modality could increase colorectal cancer screening compliance
Availability of CT colonography (CTC), commonly known as virtual colonoscopy, is increasing colorectal cancer screening rates across military medical facilities.

High-frequency stock trading of little value to investors, general public
High-frequency stock trading leads to an increase in order cancelation but little else of value to investors and the general public, says research co-written by University of Illinois business professor Mao Ye and graduate students Chen Yao and Jiading Gai.

Stem cells found to heal damaged artery in lab study
Scientists at the Texas Biomedical Research Institute in San Antonio have for the first time demonstrated that baboon embryonic stem cells can be programmed to completely restore a severely damaged artery.

A cloudy mystery
It's the mystery of the curiously dense cloud. And astronomers at Caltech are on the case.

Kidneys sometimes removed unnecessarily due to misdiagnosis of genetic disorder
Thousands of individuals have had kidneys removed unnecessarily because doctors misdiagnosed their disease.

Surgeons may use hand gestures to manipulate MRI images in OR
Doctors may soon be using a system in the operating room that recognizes hand gestures as commands to tell a computer to browse and display medical images of the patient during a surgery.

Study finds poorer outcomes for obese patients treated for lumbar disc herniation
While obese patients are more likely to have surgical treatment for lumbar disc herniation -- a slipped or ruptured disc -- than non-obese patients, obesity increases operative time, blood loss and length of hospital stay, according to new research published in the January 2013 Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery.

Cutting in and weaving irritate drivers the most, new CAMH study on road rage shows
Cutting in and weaving, speeding, and hostile displays are among the top online complaints posted by drivers, according to a new study by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health recently published in an online issue of Accident Analysis and Prevention.

Flu vaccine rates in children remain lower than expected
This year's flu season is in full swing with 41 states now reporting widespread illness.

Helping patients navigate new cancer drugs
As cancer treatment in pill form transforms how care is delivered, a new Michigan State University study underscores the challenges patients face in administering their own chemotherapy outside the supervised environment of a cancer clinic.

COLA to offer lab quality program to American College of Physicians
COLA, a leading laboratory accreditor, today announced an agreement with the American College of Physicians (ACP) to promote a program of laboratory excellence to ACP members.

Virus caught in the act of infecting a cell
The detailed changes in the structure of a virus as it infects an E. coli bacterium have been observed for the first time, report researchers from The University of Texas at Austin and The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston Medical School this week in Science Express.

Study shows that human hearts generate new cells after birth
Researchers at Boston Children's Hospital have found, for the first time, that young humans (infants, children and adolescents) are capable of generating new heart muscle cells.

Haiti can quell cholera without vaccinating most people, UF researchers estimate
Cholera could be contained in Haiti by vaccinating less than half the population, University of Florida researchers suggest in a paper to be published Thursday in the journal Scientific Reports.

ISHLT issues new guidelines for care of mechanical circulatory support device patients
The International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation convened an international panel of experts in all aspects of mechanical circulatory support care (MCS), a rapidly growing technology to treat advanced heart failure.

Rhythms in the brain help give a sense of location, study shows
Scientists have shed light on how mechanisms in the brain work to give us a sense of location.

Which study strategies make the grade?
Students everywhere, put down those highlighters and pick up some flashcards!

UCI study reveals why Down syndrome boosts susceptibility to other conditions
A study led by UC Irvine researchers has revealed some of the underlying neural factors that explain why people with Down syndrome are more susceptible to Alzheimer's disease, diabetes and autistic spectrum disorders.

New material harvests energy from water vapor
MIT engineers have created a new polymer film that can generate electricity by drawing on a ubiquitous source: water vapor.

Project to capture and interrogate single cancer cells wins innovator award
Successfully analyzing differences in active mutations at various stages of cancer's development using a unique single-cell approach would help researchers understand, map and eventually block the lethal path to metastasis.

Weill Cornell and Tres Cantos Open Lab join forces for TB drug discovery
Despite major advances in high-throughput screening and genomic technologies, tuberculosis drug development remains hindered by a general inability to measure the effective penetration of chemical compounds into Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria which cause TB.

Banded mongooses structure monosyllabic sounds in a similar way to humans
Animals are more eloquent than previously assumed. Even the monosyllabic call of the banded mongoose is structured and thus comparable with the vowel and consonant system of human speech.

NASA prepares for launch of next Earth observation satellite
NASA's Landsat Data Continuity Mission (LDCM) is scheduled to launch Feb.

Paleoseismology and neotectonics east of the US Rockies
This new addition to GSA's Special Paper series makes important contributions to the recognition of earthquake sources active during Quaternary time (from 1.75 million years ago to the present) and assesses the seismic hazards posed by these sources.

3-D biomimetic scaffolds support regeneration of complex tissues from stem cells
Stem cells can be grown on biocompatible scaffolds to form complex tissues such as bone, cartilage, and muscle for repair and regeneration of damaged or diseased tissue.

UCSF teams tackle childhood mortality and river blindness
Two UCSF teams have received a total of $16 million from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to study new ways to significantly reduce childhood mortality and disease in developing nations.

Study provides new clues for designing an effective HIV vaccine
New insights into how a promising HIV vaccine works are provided in a study published by Cell Press January 10th in the journal Immunity.

Researchers find causality in the eye of the beholder
We rely on our visual system more heavily than previously thought in determining the causality of events.

A snapshot of pupfish evolution in action
Chris Martin has bred more than 3,000 hybrid fish in his time as a graduate student in evolution and ecology at UC Davis, a pursuit that has helped him create one of the most comprehensive snapshots of natural selection in the wild and demonstrated a key prediction in evolutionary biology.

Solving puzzles without a picture
One of the most difficult problems in the field of genomics is assembling short

Unemployment benefits not sought by jobless
Employment insurance is a vital safety net for the unemployed across North America, yet some take advantage of the system.

New report: The reach and impact of mathematical sciences
The Mathematical Sciences in 2025, a new report from the National Research Council, finds that the mathematical sciences are an increasingly integral component of many disciplines -- including biology, medicine, the social sciences, business, advanced design, and climate studies.

NASA's GALEX reveals the largest-known spiral galaxy
The spectacular barred spiral galaxy NGC 6872 has ranked among the biggest stellar systems for decades.

Women with pre-eclampsia are at higher risk of complications following childbirth
Women with pre-eclampsia are at a higher risk of complications following delivery and should continue to be monitored for up to 72 hours, suggests a new review published today (11/01/13) in The Obstetrician and Gynaecologist.

Limiting polyunsaturated fatty acid levels in pregnancy may influence body fat of children
Southampton researchers have demonstrated that mothers who have higher levels of n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids, which are found in cooking oils and nuts, during pregnancy have fatter children.

Study points to a safer, better test for chromosomal defects in the fetus
A noninvasive, sequencing-based approach for detecting chromosomal abnormalities in the developing fetus is safer and more informative in some cases than traditional methods, according to a study published by Cell Press January 10th in The American Journal of Human Genetics.

Cheating -- and getting away with it
We would all like to believe that there is a kind of karma in life that guarantees those who cheat eventually pay for their bad behavior, if not immediately, then somewhere down the line.

The job of a lifetime: Mapping the geology of Barbados
The text and maps in this new Geological Society of America Special Paper are components of a multidisciplinary, comprehensive analysis of the geology and geomorphology of Barbados by Robert C.

Marriage linked to better survival in middle age
Could marriage, and associated companionship, be one key to a longer life?

Breath test identifies bacteria's fingerprint
Scientists have identified the chemical 'fingerprints' given off by specific bacteria when present in the lungs, potentially allowing for a quick and simple breath test to diagnose infections such as tuberculosis.

Researchers identify a new gene with a key role in obesity and diabetes
An international team of scientists this week announced in Nature Medicine that they have identified a gene which regulates fat metabolism and is involved in the onset of obesity and related metabolic disorders like type 2 diabetes.

Oxygen to the core
An international collaboration including researchers from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has discovered that the Earth's core formed under more oxidizing condition's than previously proposed.

Study identifies infants at highest risk of death from pertussis
A study released today from the upcoming issue of the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society found that taking early and repeated white blood cell counts is critical in determining whether infants have pertussis and which of those children are at highest risk of death from the disease.

Lower nitrogen losses with perennial biofuel crops
Perennial biofuel crops such as miscanthus, whose high yields have led them to be considered an eventual alternative to corn in producing ethanol, are now shown to have another beneficial characteristic--the ability to reduce the escape of nitrogen in the environment.
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