Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 11, 2013
Protein recognition and disorder: A debate
Two articles published today in F1000 Biology Reports debate whether protein recognition can occur in the absence of stable structure.

Notre Dame astronomers find massive supply of gas around modern galaxies
Galaxies have a voracious appetite for fuel -- in this case, fresh gas -- but astronomers have had difficulty finding the pristine gas that should be falling onto galaxies.

Specialized messages increase likelihood of male hand washing
The CDC reports that 77 percent of males wash their hands when leaving the restroom.

How belly fat differs from thigh fat -- and why it matters
Unlike men, women tend to store more fat on the hips and thighs than in the belly.

Tecnalia will shake up offshore wind market with smaller wind turbines
SUPRAPOWER is an EU FP7 founded research project focused on a major innovation in offshore wind turbine technology by developing a new compact superconductor-based generator.

Researchers use iPSCs to define optimal treatment for managing life-threatening arrhythmias
Researchers used induced pluripotent stem cells derived from a young patient with Long QT syndrome (LQTS), a congenital heart disorder, to determine a course of treatment that helped manage the patient's life-threatening arrhythmias.

The saline hiding places for bacteria in Río Tinto could be like those on Mars
Researchers at the Centre of Astrobiology have identified microorganisms that live inside salt deposits in the acidic and ferrous environment of the Tinto River in Huelva, Spain.

NASA gets an eyeful from major Cyclone Narelle affecting Western Australia
Tropical Cyclone Narelle

Treating eye diseases with anti-VEGF therapies may have side effects
A new Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science article reveals that increasingly aggressive therapies that block VEGF could cause damage in treating eye diseases.

Depressed stroke survivors may face triple the risk of death
People who are depressed after a stroke may have a tripled risk of dying early and four times the risk of death from stroke than people who have not experienced a stroke or depression, according to a study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 65th Annual Meeting in San Diego, March 16-23, 2013.

To protect against injuries, young athletes may need to play more just for fun
One way to avoid injuries in young athletes may be for them to simply spend more time in unorganized free play such as pick-up games, a Loyola University Medical Study has found.

Game-based economics research explains why we roll the dice on flu shots
With 41 states having reported widespread and severe outbreaks of flu this season, timely new research sheds light on why less than half of the American population has gotten a flu shot.

American Cancer Society recommends informed decision making in lung cancer screening
New guidelines from the American Cancer Society say evidence is sufficient to recommend screening high risk patients for lung cancer with low-dose computed tomography provided that certain conditions exist.

Physical therapy in the intensive care unit benefits hospital's bottom line
In a study evaluating the financial impact of providing early physical therapy for intensive care patients, researchers at Johns Hopkins found that the up-front costs are outweighed by the financial savings generated by earlier discharges from the intensive care unit and shorter hospital stays overall.

Clamorous city blackbirds
Birds can sing louder at higher frequencies and thereby make themselves heard in traffic noise.

Fusion helped by collision science
An international team of physicists has calculated the efficiency of a reaction involving an incoming electron kicking out an electron from the metal beryllium or its hydrogen compound molecules, in an article about to be published in EPJ D.

New GSA memoir covers 1.5 million kilometers of Tibet and its foreland
Editors B. Clark Burchfiel of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Chen Zhiliang of the Chengdu Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources have compiled into one volume the results of more than 25 years of cooperative work between MIT and agencies in China.

Lady beetle diet influences its effectiveness as biocontrol agent
Lady beetles are deployed as biological controls of insect pests like aphids and Colorado potato beetles.

Indian and Chinese companies at the forefront of innovation
There is a widespread view that Indian and Chinese companies compete with the West through lower wages and cheap imitations.

Experts aim to redefine healthcare and research ethics
In what they acknowledge as a seismic shift in the ethical foundation of medical research, practice and policy, a prominent group of interdisciplinary healthcare experts, led by bioethicists at Johns Hopkins, rejects an ethical paradigm that has guided the American system since the 1970s and calls for morally obligatory participation in a

Care New England Executive selected for prestigious program
Nancy Roberts, MSN, RN, of Narragansett, Rhode Island, president and chief executive officer of the VNA of Care New England and executive vice president of Care Management at Care New England was recently selected to participate in the first cohort of The Practice Change Leaders program.

How to treat heat like light
An MIT researcher has developed a technique that provides a new way of manipulating heat, allowing it to be controlled much as light waves can be manipulated by lenses and mirrors.

Cannabis use and the increased risk of psychosis: The debate continues
Two articles published today in F1000 Medicine Reports take a collaborative approach to argue the case for and against the link between cannabis use and psychotic illness.

Women and Infants Maternal-Fetal Medicine specialist selected for editorial team
Dwight J. Rouse, MD, MSPH, a specialist in the Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine at Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island and a professor of obstetrics and gynecology at The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, has been selected to serve as the Associate Editor for Obstetrics of Obstetrics & Gynecology, the official journal of the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

New treatment could combat deadly chemical agents
An enzyme treatment which could neutralize the effects of lethal chemicals responsible for the deaths of hundreds of thousands of people across the world has been developed by experts at the University of Sheffield.

UGA discovery promises to improve drugs used to fight cancer, other diseases
Even when at rest, the human body is a flurry of activity.

Multiple sclerosis study reveals how killer T cells learn to recognize nerve fiber insulators
Misguided killer T cells may be the missing link in sustained tissue damage in the brains and spines of people with multiple sclerosis.

Nearby dwarf galaxy and possible protogalaxy discovered
Peering deep into the dim edges of a distorted pinwheel galaxy in the constellation Ursa Major (the Great Bear), astronomers at Case Western Reserve University and their colleagues have discovered a faint dwarf galaxy and another possible young dwarf caught before it had a chance to form any stars.

New research group at Mainz University to study how human beings are categorized
The German Research Foundation has approved the establishment of a new Research Unit at Mainz University on the topic of
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