Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 14, 2013
F1000Research articles will be listed in PubMed, and deposited in PubMed Central
F1000Research, the first Open Science publisher, announces that articles published in its innovative publishing system will be listed in PubMed, the world's largest and most-used biomedical literature database.

Less reaction to DTaP vaccine given in kids' thighs than arms
Children age 12 to 35 months who receive DTaP vaccine in their thigh muscle rather than their arm are around half as likely to be brought in for medical attention for an injection-site reaction.

Early surgical menopause linked to declines in memory and thinking skills
Women who undergo surgical menopause at an earlier age may have an increased risk of decline in memory and thinking skills, according to a study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 65th Annual Meeting in San Diego, March 16-23, 2013.

4,000-year-old shaman's stones discovered near Boquete, Panama
Archaeologists working at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama have discovered a cluster of 12 unusual stones in the back of a small, prehistoric rock-shelter near the town of Boquete.

Fox Chase researchers discover novel role of the NEDD9 gene in early stages of breast cancer
Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths among women in the United States.

30 percent of teen girls report meeting offline with someone they met online
A new study highlights the risk that female teenagers face when they go online -- a risk heightened for teen girls who have been victims of abuse or neglect.

Alternative medicine use high among children with chronic conditions: UAlberta medical research
Children who regularly see specialists for chronic medical conditions are also using complementary medicine at a high rate, demonstrates recently published research from the University of Alberta and the University of Ottawa.

Research suggests molecular 'switch' may play role in tumor suppression
Indiana University structural biologist Joel Ybe and colleagues identify a

Gene flow from India to Australia about 4,000 years ago
Long before Europeans settled in Australia humans had migrated from the Indian subcontinent to Australia and mixed with Australian aborigines.

New autism-related gene variants discovered
Genetics researchers have identified 25 additional copy number variations (CNVs)--missing or duplicated stretches of DNA--that occur in some patients with autism.

Federal Safe Routes to School program reduces child injuries by more than 40 percent in New York City
The national Safe Routes to School program was funded by Congress in 2005 to create safe environments for American children to walk or bike to school.

Team finds gene that promotes drug resistance in cancer
Scientists from the UI and BYU have identified a gene that may be a target for overcoming drug resistance in cancer.

Medicinal toothbrush tree yields antibiotic to treat TB in new way
There are potentially new TB drugs in the pipeline from unusual sources.

Scientists discover structure of protein essential for quality control, nerve function
Using an innovative approach, scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have determined the structure of Ltn1, a recently discovered

Strawberries, blueberries may cut heart attack risk in women
Women who ate at least three servings of blueberries and strawberries per week had fewer heart attacks.

Landsat senses a disturbance in the forest
A new way of studying and visualizing Earth science data from a NASA and US Geological Survey satellite program is resulting in, for the first time, the ability to tease out the small events that can cause big changes in an ecosystem.

NRL designs multi-junction solar cell to break efficiency barrier
Research at the Electronics Technology and Science Division has produced a novel, realistically achievable, lattice-matched multi-junction solar cell design with the potential to break the 50 percent power conversion efficiency.

Better care from doctors who are culturally aware
HIV patients from ethnic minorities receive better quality of care from doctors and other primary healthcare professionals who are the most competent at caring for patients from diverse backgrounds.

Childhood obesity linked to more immediate health problems than previously thought
A new UCLA study focuses on the immediate consequences of childhood obesity and shows that obese youngsters are at far greater risk than had been supposed.

Research improves social care training in Cornwall
With reports of abuse in care settings rising, it has never been more vital that staff are trained to provide the highest standards of care to vulnerable people.

Generic HIV treatment strategy could save nearly $1 billion annually but may be less effective
Replacing the combination of brand-name, antiretroviral drugs currently recommended for control of HIV infection with soon-to-be-available generic medications could save the U.S. health care system almost $1 billion a year but may diminish the effectiveness of HIV treatment.

Study finds knee replacement surgery may lead to weight gain
Patients who undergo knee replacement surgery may be at risk of gaining more weight than their peers who have not had the surgery, according to a five-year study led by a Virginia Commonwealth University professor.

Physio for the home
Accidents or operations are often followed by long periods of rehabilitation treatment.

Amino acid studies may aid battle against citrus greening disease
Amino acids in orange juice might reveal secrets to the successful attack strategy of the plant pathogen that causes citrus greening disease, also known as Huanglongbing or HLB.

Potential harvest of most fish stocks largely unrelated to abundance
Environmental mood swings determine the sustainable yield of most fish populations.

New sunspots producing space weather
On Jan. 13, 2013, at 2:24 a.m. EST, the sun erupted with an Earth-directed coronal mass ejection or CME.

2 new studies show why biodiversity is important for pollination services in California almond
Scientist from Germany and California show why biodiversity benefits California almond pollination.

January/February 2013 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
This advisory offers synopses of new research published in the January/February 2013 issue of Annals of Family Medicine research journal.

Nations that consume a lot of milk... also win a lot of Nobel prizes
Nations that consume a lot of milk and milk products also tend to have a lot of Nobel laureates among their populations, suggest the authors of a letter, published in Practical Neurology.

NASA sees strength in newborn Tropical Cyclone Emang
Tropical Cyclone Emang developed in the Southern Indian Ocean on Sunday, Jan.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Narelle winding down near western Australia
Tropical Storm Narelle is growing weaker as it continues to track in a southerly direction parallel to the coast of Western Australia.

NIH scientists identify protective role for antibodies in Ebola vaccine study
Researchers at NIH and Oregon Health & Science University have found that an experimental vaccine elicits antibodies that can protect nonhuman primates from Ebola virus infection.

Brain & Behavior Research Foundation awards $1.5M in Distinguished Investigator Grants
The Brain & Behavior Research Foundation announced the latest 15 recipients of its highly-competitive NARSAD Distinguished Investigator Grants of up to $100,000 each for promising new research on mental illness, including depression, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, autism, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and anxiety disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Smoking intensity and cancer markers predict seriousness of bladder cancer
Smoking not only causes bladder cancer--it also affects its course, in that people who smoke more have greater likelihood of developing more aggressive and deadly disease.

IRSF awards $1.5 million for novel basic and translational research programs
The International Rett Syndrome Foundation (IRSF) broadened and intensified its efforts to produce treatments for Rett syndrome and related disorders, announcing today that it is awarding another $1.5 million to support 18 new grants at leading global research institutions.

Global warming has increased monthly heat records by a factor of 5
Monthly temperature extremes have become much more frequent, as measurements from around the world indicate.

Chimpanzees successfully play the Ultimatum Game
Researchers at the Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, are the first to show chimpanzees possess a sense of fairness that has previously been attributed as uniquely human.

If we go over the fiscal cliff, will people spend or save? Childhood environments may hold the key
In the face of hard times, which strategy gives us the best shot at survival: saving for the future or spending resources on immediate gains?

Drug overdose now the leading cause of death among homeless adults in Boston
A study by investigators from Massachusetts General Hospital and the Boston Health Care for the Homeless Program compared rates and causes of death among those served by BHCHP with data from a similar 1997 study and found that, while drug overdose replaced HIV as the leading cause of death, overall mortality rates had not changed despite a significant expansion of BHCHP services.

UTSA engineer Hai-Chao Han named Fellow of Medical and Biological Engineering Institute
Hai-Chao Han, mechanical and biomedical engineering professor in The University of Texas at San Antonio College of Engineering, has been named a fellow of the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering for his outstanding contributions in the field of cardiovascular biomechanics.

Researchers reveal aggressive breast cancer's metastatic path
Scientists at Weill Cornell Medical College have discovered the molecular switch that allows aggressive triple negative breast cancer cells to grow the amoeba-like protrusions they need to crawl away from a primary tumor and metastasize throughout the body.

Graphic warnings on cigarettes effective across demographic groups
New research suggests hard-hitting graphic tobacco warnings may help smokers of diverse backgrounds who are struggling to quit smoking.

Simple intervention helps doctors communicate better when prescribing medications
Previous research has shown that physicians often do a poor job of communicating crucial information about the medications they prescribe their patients.

Hospital infection surveillance system flawed, say experts
Patients recovering from surgery get infections far more often than is being reported, a new study led by De Montfort University has found.

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for Jan. 15, 2013
Below is information about articles being published in the Jan.

Depression after heart attack: Threat perception has to be addressed
Patients who feel strongly threatened by their heart disease immediately after their heart attack have a higher risk of developing depressive symptoms.

How does your garden glow?
Nature's ability to create iridescent flowers has been recreated by mathematicians at The University of Nottingham.

MBL scientists find 'bipolar' marine bacteria, refuting 'everything is everywhere' idea
In another blow to the

Fox Chase receives grant for community-based patient navigation services
Fox Chase Cancer Center's Office of Health Communications and Health Disparities (OHCHD) recently received a grant from the National Breast Cancer Foundation to fund community-based patient navigation services.

Noise protection - multifunctional and aesthetical
Noise abatement is growing in importance, thus, the demand for better acoustic building components raises.

Stem-cell approach shows promise for Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Researchers have shown that transplanting stem cells derived from normal mouse blood vessels into the hearts of mice that model the pathology associated with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) prevents the decrease in heart function associated with DMD.

Scientists find a new way to boost common cancer drugs
Shutting down a specific pathway in cancer cells appears to improve the ability of common drugs to wipe those cells out, according to new research from scientists at Fox Chase Cancer Center, published in the January issue of Cancer Discovery.

2 climate scientists win 2012 Vetlesen Prize for work on ozone hole, ice cores
An American atmospheric chemist who led efforts to identify the cause of the Antarctic ozone hole and a French geochemist who extracted the longest-yet climate record from polar ice cores have won the prestigious 2012 Vetlesen Prize.

Protein identified that can disrupt embryonic brain development and neuron migration
New research by Dr. Eve Seuntjens and Dr. Veronique van den Berghe of the Department of Development and Regeneration at KU Leuven has identified two proteins, Sip1 and Unc5b, that play an important role in the development and migration of interneurons to the cerebral cortex -- a breakthrough in our understanding of early brain development.

Salmon runs boom, go bust over centuries
Salmon runs are notoriously variable: strong one year, and weak the next.

Price cap regulations for UK tobacco would raise £500 million every year
If tobacco products sold in the UK were subject to price cap regulation, the system would generate around £500 million (US$750 million) for the government every year, without affecting the price consumers pay, reveals a feasibility study published online in Tobacco Control.

REVIVE-IT study to examine earlier device use for patients with heart failure
Left ventricular assist devices are usually only available as a last resort for patients with congestive heart failure, but a new study will examine the benefits of using heart devices before patients reach late-stage heart failure.

Tissue engineers report knee cartilage repair success with new biomaterial
In a small study, researchers reported increased healthy tissue growth after surgical repair of damaged cartilage if they put a

Generic HIV treatment strategy could save nearly $1 billion annually but may be less effective
Replacing the combination of brand-name, antiretroviral drugs currently recommended for control of HIV infection with soon-to-be-available generic medications could save the US health care system almost $1 billion a year but may diminish the effectiveness of HIV treatment.

Liver controls wasting in cancer
Many cancer patients suffer from a dramatic loss of fat and muscle mass.

Ben-Gurion U. establishes stem cell research fund in honor of inventor Jordan Baruch
The donation will support scholarly collaboration between specially selected medical and pharmacological researchers, stem cell biologists and tissue engineers.

ASH international clinical collaboration replicates high cure rate of APL in developing countries
Data published online today in Blood, the Journal of the American Society of Hematology describe the work of an ASH international clinical network collaborative focused on modernizing treatment protocols for patients in the developing world with acute promyeloctyic leukemia that has drastically improved cure rates in patients in Central and South America, achieving comparable outcomes to those observed in patients in the United States and in Europe.

Will changes in climate wipe out mammals in Arctic and sub-Arctic areas?
The climate changes depicted by climatologists up to the year 2080 will benefit most mammals that live in northern Europe's Arctic and sub-Arctic land areas today if they are able to reach their new climatic ranges.

Children's Hospital of Philadelphia receives federal grant to improve health care decision-making
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) was awarded nearly $2M in research funding from the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute to study antibiotic delivery to children returning home after hospitalization for a severe bacterial infection.

CU-led study shows pine beetle outbreak buffers watersheds from nitrate pollution
A research team involving several scientists from the University of Colorado Boulder has found an unexpected silver lining in the devastating pine beetle outbreaks ravaging the West: Such events do not harm water quality in adjacent streams as scientists had previously believed.

How do happiness and sadness circuits contribute to bipolar disorder?
Bipolar disorder is a severe mood disorder characterized by unpredictable and dramatic mood swings between the highs of mania and lows of depression.

Cervical cancer screening in less-developed areas should be tailored to local conditions
The best approach to detecting cervical cancer in HIV-positive women living in research limited countries such as those in Sub-Saharan Africa combines commonly used testing methods tailored to local levels of development and medical infrastructure, according to a study by researchers from and the University of Witwatersrand in South Africa and the University of North Carolina.

Are some patients too heavy for a new kidney?
Saint Louis University researchers examine outcomes for obese kidney transplant recipients.

Parkinson's can lead to anxiety and other non-motor symptoms, even early on
While movement problems are the main symptom of Parkinson's disease, a new study shows that even early in the course of disease people frequently experience many non-motor symptoms such as drooling, anxiety and constipation.

Johns Hopkins neuroscientists win National Academy of Science Awards
Solomon H. Snyder, M.D., has won the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) Award in Neurosciences, and King-Wai Yau, Ph.D., has won the Alexander Hollaender Award in Biophysics, the NAS has announced.

Supplements and cow's milk play biggest roles in determining vitamin D levels in children
Taking a vitamin D supplement and drinking cow's milk are the two most important factors that determine how much vitamin D is in a child's body, new research has found.

Diet may not impact certain health outcomes in older persons
Eating diets high in sugar and fat may not affect the health outcomes of older adults ages 75 and up, suggesting that placing people of such advanced age on overly restrictive diets to treat their excess weight or other conditions may have little benefit, according to researchers at Penn State and Geisinger Healthcare System.

Using lysine estimates to detect heat damage in DDGS
Distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) are a good source of energy and protein in swine diets.

The secret sex life of the penicillin-producing fungus could make it more productive
New and more effective strains of the fungus used to produce penicillin could be developed after a team of international scientists unearthed the secret sex life of Sir Alexander Fleming's fungus Penicillium chrysogenum.

Social networks may inflate self-esteem, reduce self-control
Pitt and Columbia researchers publish evidence on Facebook behavior and how it relates to users' self-control, body-mass indexes, and credit-card debt.

Impaired coordination of brain activity in autism involves local, as well as long-range, signaling
A study from the Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging at Massachusetts General Hospital finds that local functional connectivity of the brain -- the extent to which activity within a small region is coordinated -- is reduced in individuals with autism spectrum disorders.

New discovery in autism-related disorder reveals key mechanism in brain development and disease
A new finding in neuroscience for the first time points to a developmental mechanism linking the disease-causing mutation in an autism-related disorder, Timothy syndrome, and observed defects in brain wiring, according to a study led by scientist Ricardo Dolmetsch and published online yesterday in Nature Neuroscience.

Research makes connetion between tubal ligation and increase in cervical cancer rates
Women who have a tubal ligation -- the surgical tying or severing of fallopian tubes to prohibit pregnancy -- have less frequent Pap smears, which puts them at an increased risk for cervical cancer, according to research recently released by a team that included Cara A.

New research network for multiple sclerosis research
The core objective of our new ITN-NeuroKine research network is to gain insight into the impairment of communication between immune cells.

Patient expectations of acute bronchitis not consistent with the best evidence
New research from the University of Georgia exposes a large discrepancy in the length of time patients expect an acute cough illness, also called acute bronchitis, to last and the reality of the illness.

Ultrasonic testing with Doppler imaging can rule out blood clots in pregnant women
The use of serial compression ultrasonographic testing together with Doppler imaging appears to be a reliable method of ruling out blood clots in the legs of pregnant women, according to a study published in CMAJ.

Parkinson's treatment can trigger creativity
In treating Parkinson's disease patients at her Tel Aviv University clinic, Prof.

Rice researchers see surprising twist to protein misfolding
An effort to develop software that unravels the complexities of how proteins fold is paying dividends in new findings on how they misfold, according to researchers at Rice University.

Smoking, high blood pressure and cholesterol can be fatal for hemorrhage survivors
A Finnish study shows that patients who have experienced subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) have a highly increased risk of death due to a stroke or cerebral hemorrhage, and have double the mortality rate of the general population.

Understanding brain tumor growth opens door for non-surgical treatment
Researchers from Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry have for the first time identified a new group of growth factor receptors for brain tumors.

American College of Physicians calls for immunizations for all health care providers
The American College of Physicians (ACP) has approved a policy recommendation that all health care providers (HCPs) be immunized against influenza; diphtheria; hepatitis B; measles, mumps, and rubella; pertussis (whooping cough); and varicella (chickenpox) according to the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices Adult Immunization Schedule.

Can acupuncture improve exercise performance and post-exercise recovery?
The effects of acute acupuncture applied during exercise on performance factors such as power and blood pressure and on the body's ability to recover post-exercise were evaluated in a review article published in the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine.

Study identifies 24 new autism-related gene variants
University of Utah researchers, in collaboration with several groups from around the country, published a paper on Monday, Jan.
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