Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 18, 2013
Climate change to profoundly affect the Midwest in coming decades
In the coming decades, climate change will lead to more frequent and more intense Midwest heat waves while degrading air and water quality and threatening public health.

When mom is the CEO at home, workplace ambitions take a back seat
It's often said that women can have it all -- motherhood and a successful career.

Climate change's effects on temperate rain forests surprisingly complex
Longer, warmer growing seasons associated with a changing climate are altering growing conditions in temperate rain forests, but not all plant species will be negatively affected, according to research conducted by the US Forest Service's Pacific Northwest Research Station.

Vanderbilt software engineers play key role in efforts to evoluionize military manufacturing
This week the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency released a set of engineering software tools designed to revolutionize the process of designing and manufacturing military vehicles.

Increasing concerns surrounding surrogacy
Research into surrogate births and how low levels of monitoring and regulation could lead to financial, physical and emotional exploitation.

Study provides new insights on drought predictions in East Africa
New research published in the journal Nature helps explain the mechanisms at work behind historical patterns of aridity in Eastern Africa over many decades -- findings that may help improve future predictions of drought and food security in the region.

Breakthrough for solar cell research
In the latest issue of Science, researchers from Lund University in Sweden have shown how nanowires could pave the way for more efficient and cheaper solar cells.

Physical and sexual assault linked to increased suicide risk in military
A new study shows military personnel experience increased risk of suicidal thoughts or actions if they were victims of physical or violent sexual assault as adults.

Charting new routes for women at work: Looking to the home and classroom
When mom is the boss at home, she may have a harder time being the boss at work.

NASA's IRIS spacecraft is fully integrated
NASA's next Small Explorer mission to study the little-understood lower levels of the sun's atmosphere has been fully integrated and final testing is underway.

Studying ancient Earth's geochemistry
Researchers still have much to learn about the volcanism that shaped our planet's early history.

Durham University academics win prestigious astronomy prizes
Two rising young stars in the world of astronomy research have been awarded prestigious prizes by the Royal Astronomical Society.

UGA researchers invent new material for warm-white LEDs
Light emitting diodes, more commonly called LEDs, are known for their energy efficiency and durability, but the bluish, cold light of current white LEDs has precluded their widespread use for indoor lighting.

Melt ponds cause the Artic sea ice to melt more rapidly
The Arctic sea ice has not only declined over the past decade but has also become distinctly thinner and younger.

Severity of emphysema predicts mortality
Severity of emphysema, as measured by computed tomography, is a strong independent predictor of all-cause, cardiovascular, and respiratory mortality in ever-smokers with or without chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, according to a study from researchers in Norway.

Reliable electric power supply for the energy turn-around
Getting the grid prepared for the increased use of renewable energy sources is the goal of the Helmholtz Energy Alliance

UC Riverside nanotechnologists help launch new national center devoted to microelectronics
Three faculty members at the University of California, Riverside are members of a new center devoted to microelectronics: the Center for Spintronic Materials, Interfaces, and Novel Architectures (C-SPIN).

Window on future ocean change
From Jan. to Jun. 2013, more than 60 European scientists will conduct a worldwide unique long-term experiment on ocean acidification at the west coast of Sweden.

They hunt, they kill, they cheat: Single-celled algae shed light on social lives of microbes
Cheating is rampant among microscopically small algae, University of Arizona biologists have discovered.

Exposure to COI policies during residency reduces rate of brand antidepressant prescriptions
Psychiatrists who are exposed to conflict-of-interest policies during their residency are less likely to prescribe brand-name antidepressants after graduation than those who trained in residency programs without such policies, according to a new study by researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Semen quality of young men in south-east Spain down by 38 percent in the last decade
The first comparative study on the evolution of sperm quality in young Spanish men over ten years, headed by researchers at the University of Murcia, reveals that spermatozoid concentration in men between 18 and 23 years in the regions of Murcia and Almeria has dropped by an annual average of two percent.

Unrestricted access to the details of deadly eruptions
Details of around 2,000 major volcanic eruptions which occurred over the last 1.8 million years have been made available in a new open access database, complied by scientists at the University of Bristol with colleagues from the UK, US, Colombia and Japan.

NJIT and Chinese Tech Institute join forces for 2013 Solar Decathlon in China
NJIT and Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT) have formed Team NJHA to compete jointly in the Solar Decathlon China competition to be held in Datong, China in August 2013.

Penn Vet study reveals a promising new target for Parkinson's disease therapies
With a new insight into a model of Parkinson's disease, researchers from the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine have identified a novel target for mitigating some of the disease's toll on the brain.

Indiana network for patient care helps officials track disease, warn of outbreaks
A 2012 Institute of Medicine report explored the potential for the integration of primary care and public health, such as the two-way flow of information that takes place in Indiana today, to improve the health of individuals, communities and entire populations.

The cell that isn't
This may look like yet another video of a dividing cell, but there's a catch.

Powerful people better at shaking off rebuffs, bonding with others
Employees often tiptoe around their bosses for fear of offending them.

Stroke survivors with PTSD more likely to avoid treatment
A new survey of stroke survivors has shown that those with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are less likely to adhere to treatment regimens that reduce the risk of an additional stroke.

Researchers find that simple blood test can help identify trauma patients at greatest risk of death
A simple, inexpensive blood test performed on trauma patients upon admission can help doctors easily identify patients at greatest risk of death, according to a new study by researchers at Intermountain Medical Center in Salt Lake City.

ARS scientists test improved stink bug trapping methods
Baited black traps in a pyramid shape attract significantly more brown marmorated stink bugs than other traps, according to USDA scientists.

Severe abuse at home linked to dating violence
Young urban black women who are exposed to severe abuse within their families are much more likely to be victims of dating violence, according to a study led by a Michigan State University researcher.

Complex spinal surgeries with 2 attending physicians, instead of 1, benefit patients
Two heads are better than one, as the saying goes -- and a new study by a duo at the University of California, San Francisco demonstrates how having two attending surgeons in the operating room during spinal surgeries can benefit patients in multiple ways.

Penn physicists help show math behind growth of 'coffee rings'
Last year, a team of University of Pennsylvania physicists showed how to undo the

Israel Prize awarded to Tel Aviv University scientist for water research
Professor Emeritus Gideon Dagan of Tel Aviv University's School of Mechanical Engineering is the recipient of the 2012 Israel Prize for Earth Science.

Cell: Protein folding via charge zippers
Membrane proteins are the

VTT's film surface modification technology goes global in the printed intelligence sector
A cost-effective, sustainable solution for producing flexible film with no metal, extra lacquers or lamination has been introduced by Iscent, a Finnish start-up company based on technology from VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland.

Which nutritional factors help preserve muscle mass, strength and performance in seniors?
The International Osteoporosis Foundation Nutrition Working Group has published a new review which identifies nutritional factors that contribute to sarcopenia (loss of muscle mass), or conversely, are beneficial to the maintenance of muscle mass.

NORC at the University of Chicago releases presidential election survey
2012 NORC Presidential Election Study: American's Views on Entitlement Reform and Health Care is from NORC at the University of Chicago.
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