Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 25, 2013
Evolution inspires more efficient solar cell design
Using a mathematical model based on natural evolution, Northwestern University researchers have developed an organic solar cell design that could pave the way for more efficient, less expensive solar energy.

An important LINC in human hearing
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Karen Avraham and colleagues at Tel Aviv University identified a genetic mutation in two families with hereditary high frequency hearing loss.

NASA sees troublesome remnants of Cyclone Oswald still causing problems
Ex-tropical cyclone Oswald doesn't know when to stop causing problems for Queensland, Australia, and now teamed up with a low pressure area, it continues to bring heavy rainfall.

NIST biometric workshop studies voice, dental, oral standards
NIST will host a workshop to discuss proposed supplements to the biometric data format standard that support voice recognition, dental and oral data, disaster victim identification and special data needs for mobile ID applications.

BUSM study shows potential of differentiated iPS cells in cell therapy without immune rejection
A new study from Boston University School of Medicine shows that tissues derived from induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells in an experimental model were not rejected when transplanted back into genetically identical recipients.

Frontiers publishes systematic review on the effects of yoga on major psychiatric disorders
Yoga on our minds: the 5,000-year-old Indian practice may have positive effects on major psychiatric disorders, including depression, schizophrenia, ADHD and sleep complaints.

How to predict the future of technology?
Forget Moore's Law. USC Marshall, Emory University and University of Michigan researchers define new ways to evaluate new technologies.

Prostate cancer cells thrive on stress
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation George Kulik and colleagues at Wake Forest University examined the relationship between stress and cancer progression in a mouse model of prostate cancer.

New method identifies genes that can predict prognoses of cancer patients
Scientists report that a new algorithm can more accurately identify gene sets that could more closely predict prognoses of cancer patients.

Common anti-fever medications pose kidney injury risk for children
Sick children, especially those with some dehydration from flu or other illnesses, risk significant kidney injury if given drugs such as ibuprofen and naproxen, Indiana University School of Medicine researchers reported.

Fighting back against citrus greening
USDA scientists in Fort Pierce, Fla., are helping citrus growers and juice processors address the threat posed by Huanglongbing, a disease that is costing the citrus industry millions of dollars each year.

Altering eye cells may 1 day restore vision
Doctors may one day treat some forms of blindness by altering the genetic program of the light-sensing cells of the eye, according to scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

IET boosts China presence with EEFOCUS partnership
The Institution of Engineering and Technology and Chinese engineering portal EEFOCUS have announced a partnership that will see the IET's essential engineering intelligence made available to over one million researchers and academics throughout China.

Notre Dame study explores the potential benefits and threats of nanotechnology research
A new article in the journal Nanomedicine, born out of a Federal Bureau of Investigation workshop held at the University of Notre Dame in September 2012, tackles the complex

Multi-tasking micro-lights could spark a communications revolution
Tiny LED lights now being developed could deliver Wi-Fi-like internet communications, while simultaneously displaying information, and providing illumination for homes, offices and a whole host of other locations.

Cows fed flaxseed produce more nutritious dairy products
Dairy cows that are fed flaxseed produce more nutritious milk, with more omega-3 fatty acids and less saturated fat.

National Cancer Centre Singapore scientists discover p53 mutation hinders cancer treatment response
Scientists from the National Cancer Centre Singapore have discovered the workings of the gene that has been hindering treatment response in cancer patients.

Tumor cells engineer acidity to drive cell invasion, Moffitt Cancer Center researchers say
Researchers at Moffitt Cancer Center and colleagues at Wayne State University School of Medicine investigated the acidity in solid tumors to determine if pH levels play a role in cancer cell invasion in surrounding tissues.

Groundwater fate and climate change
Simon Fraser University earth scientist Diana Allen, a co-author on a new paper about climate changes' impacts on the world's ground water, says climate change may be exacerbating many countries' experience of water stress.

Dartmouth research offers new control strategies for bipolar bark beetles
Population explosions of destructive pine beetles may be prevented by boosting competitor and predator beetle populations, a new Dartmouth study suggests.

MD Anderson study finds qigong improves quality of life for breast cancer patients
Researchers from the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have found qigong, an ancient mind-body practice, reduces depressive symptoms and improves quality of life in women undergoing radiotherapy for breast cancer.

Researchers identify new target for rheumatoid arthritis
Researchers at Hospital for Special Surgery have identified a potential new target for drugs to treat patients with rheumatoid arthritis, a protein known as IRHOM2.

Analysis of Greenland ice cores adds to historical record and provide glimpse into climate's future
A new study that provides surprising details on changes in Earth's climate from more than 100,000 years ago indicates that the last interglacial -- the period between

New tool for mining bacterial genome for novel drugs
Vanderbilt biochemists have discovered that the process bacteria undergo when they become drug resistant can act as a powerful tool for drug discovery.

NTU partners Holland's Wageningen University to ramp up research in food science and technology
Singapore's Nanyang Technological University is tying up with Wageningen University from the Netherlands to ramp up research in Food Science and Technology.

UAlberta researcher pinpoints prescription for successful Primary Care Networks
A newly-released study on early adoptees of the Primary Care Network initiative proposes that their success lies with three key elements: strong leadership, a redefined, inclusive workspace and allowance for creative discord.

VTT's expansion of the printed electronics production environment earns international award
VTT achieved recognition at the IDTechEx Printed Electronics USA 2012 Awards for its development of a pilot facility for large surface area component assembly and plastic-integrated electronics.

Gene mutation immortalizes malignant melanoma
Scientists from the German Cancer Research Center and from University Duisburg-Essen have discovered a previously unknown genetic cause of malignant melanoma: A gene mutation that leads to overactive telomerase, the so-called 'immortality enzyme.'

Daily antiseptic baths slash risk of bloodstream infections in critically ill children
Daily baths with an ordinary antibacterial cleanser can safely reduce the risk of dangerous bloodstream infections in critically ill children, according to a trial conducted in five pediatric hospitals and led by investigators at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center.

DNA and quantum dots: All that glitters is not gold
A NIST team has shown that by bringing gold nanoparticles close to the dots and using a DNA template to control the distances, the intensity of a quantum dot's fluorescence can be predictably increased or decreased.

Do non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs cause kidney failure in children?
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen and naproxen, are commonly used to treat pain and reduce fever in children.

Put me in, coach! How trained literacy coaches can improve student reading comprehension
The language and reading comprehension skills of low-income upper elementary-school students -- especially English-language learners -- can improve markedly if trained literacy coaches engage teachers in conducting interactive text discussions with students, according to a three-year University of Pittsburgh study.

Springer launches the 'Springer Book Archives'
Springer now offers online access to 37,000 historic, English-language eBooks with the launch of the Springer Book Archives (SBA) at the 2013 American Library Association's Midwinter Meeting.

Emotional stress reduces effectiveness of prostate cancer therapies in animal model
Not surprisingly, a cancer diagnosis creates stress. And patients with prostate cancer show higher levels of anxiety compared to other cancer patients.

NASA sees Cyclone Garry's strength peaking in South Pacific
NASA's Aqua satellite identified powerful thunderstorms around the center of Cyclone Garry as the storm continued to intensify over warm waters of the South Pacific Ocean.

Quantum communication: Each photon counts
Ultrafast, efficient, and reliable single-photon detectors are among the most sought-after components in photonics and quantum communication, which have not yet reached maturity for practical application.

Monitoring and robust induction of nephrogenic intermediate mesoderm from human iPSCs
The research group led by Associate Professor Kenji Osafune and his colleague Shin-ichi Mae has succeeded in developing a highly efficient method of inducing human induced pluripotent stem cells to differentiate into intermediate mesoderm, the precursor of kidney, gonad, and other cell lineages.

Temple research may lead to new strategies against sepsis
Scientists at Temple University School of Medicine are closer to solving a long-standing mystery in sepsis, a complex, often life-threatening condition.

NIST's 'nanotubes on a chip' may simplify optical power measurements
NIST has demonstrated a novel chip-scale instrument made of carbon nanotubes that may simplify absolute measurements of laser power, especially the light signals transmitted by optical fibers in telecommunications networks.

Virginia Woolf and Neuropsychiatry
Virginia Woolf and Neuropsychiatry, written by Maxwell Bennett, one of the leaders in the field of neurosciences, provides an explanation of the symptoms and untimely suicide of one of literature's greatest authors, Virginia Woolf.

Hot topics in translational bone research at IOF-ESCEO 3rd Pre-Clinical Symposium
Investigators with an interest in pre-clinical and translational musculoskeletal research are invited to attend the 3rd IOF-ESCEO Pre-Clinical Symposium to be held on April 18, in Rome, Italy.

Switzerland is latest to partner with NSF through GROW
National Science Foundation Director Subra Suresh and Swiss State Secretary for Education, Research and Innovation Mauro Dell'Ambrogio announced today a new research partnership with Switzerland through Graduate Research Opportunities Worldwide.

Wayne State embarks on study to improve identification of women at high risk of stroke
A team of Wayne State University School of Medicine physicians will seek to develop methods to better identify women at increased risk for stroke using a new type of professional education grant.

Subodh Verma wins Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada Gold Medal in Surgery
Dr. Subodh Verma, a cardiac surgeon at St. Michael's Hospital, is this year's recipient of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada Gold Medal in Surgery.

Black silicon can take efficiency of solar cells to new levels
Scientists at Aalto University, Finland, have demonstrated results that show a huge improvement in the light absorption and the surface passivation on highly absorbing silicon nanostructures.

Method patent issued for investigational new class of pain medication
The US Patent and Trademark Office recently issued a patent to the US Department of Health and Human Services involving resiniferatoxin, or RTX, an experimental compound that represents a potential new class of drugs to alleviate the intractable pain that can occur in people with advanced cancer, severe arthritis, and other extremely chronic conditions.

Grant to fund development of drug candidates for rheumatoid arthritis, neurodegenerative disorders
Scientists from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute have been awarded approximately $1.2 million from the National Institute of General Medical Sciences of the National Institutes of Health to identify, test and develop a series of drug candidates for a number of diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, heart disease and several neurodegenerative disorders.

Frontiers announces launch of new open-access journal, Frontiers in Chemistry
Frontiers is pleased to announce the launch of its new online, open-access journal in Chemistry: Frontiers in Chemistry.

More than 1 brain behind E=mc2
Two American physicists outline the role played by Austrian physicist Friedrich Hasenöhrl in establishing the proportionality between the energy (E) of a quantity of matter with its mass (m) in a cavity filled with radiation.

INRS develops a nanohybrid with remarkable properties using a new laser-plasma process
By achieving the synthesis of a novel nanohybrid structure by means of the pulsed laser ablation technique, Professor My Ali El Khakani and his team paved the way for a new generation of optoelectronic materials.

Guyana government and Panthera sign historic jaguar conservation agreement
The jaguars of Guyana gained significant ground yesterday with the establishment of the country's first official jaguar-focused agreement by the government of Guyana and wild cat conservation organization, Panthera.

'Live burns' in Spartanburg, S.C., will benefit research and firefighter training
NIST fire researchers and colleagues from other organizations, will turn abandoned wood-frame houses near the site of an old Spartanburg, S.C., textile mill into a proving and training ground for new science-driven fire-fighting techniques this week.

JCI early table of contents for Jan. 25, 2013
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, January 25, 2013, in the JCI: Prostate cancer cells thrive on stress; An important LINC in human hearing; Green tea and Vardenafil: a killer chemotherapy combo; Researchers explain how coal tar treats eczema; iRHOM2: the newest gadget in rheumatoid arthritis; and many more.

UK study shows abuse may affect cancer-related well-being in female patients
A new study by University of Kentucky researchers shows evidence that certain forms of abuse negatively influence women cancer patients' quality of life.

At least 1 in 5 were infected in flu pandemic, international study suggests
At least one in five people in countries for which data are available were infected with influenza during the first year of the 2009 H1N1 pandemic, according to a new study.

Diet, parental behavior, and preschool can boost children's IQ
Supplementing children's diets with fish oil, enrolling them in quality preschool, and engaging them in interactive reading all turn out to be effective ways to raise a young child's intelligence, according to a new report published in Perspectives on Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Female thin bodies like men more than women
When women with bulimia nervosa see their own body they react as if it was a phobic stimulus.

Global warming less extreme than feared?
Policymakers are attempting to contain global warming at less than two degrees Celsius.

Virginia Tech's Jeff Reed garners international award for work in wireless communications
Jeff Reed, director of Wireless@Virginia Tech, a research center that is part of the University's Institute for Critical Technology and Applied Science, was cited for his leading role, along with his colleagues, in the further development of software designed radio and cognitive radio, winning the 2012 Forum International Achievement Award. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to