Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 01, 2013
Trauma patients, community say they support exception from informed consent research
Traumatic injury is the leading cause of death for people younger than 40 in the US, but few medical interventions considered to be the standard of care for these injuries have been studied in clinical trials, because patients are typically unable to consent to participate.

New report: State action on Affordable Care Act's 2014 health insurance market reforms
Only 11 states and DC have passed laws or issued regulations to implement the Affordable Care Act's major reforms that go into effect in 2014 -- including bans on denying health insurance due to preexisting conditions, minimum benefit standards, and limits on out-of-pocket costs.

Type II diabetes and the Alzheimer's connection
A research team in Israel has devised a novel approach to identifying the molecular basis for designing a drug that might one day decrease the risk diabetes patients face of developing Alzheimer's disease.

Routes towards defect-free graphene
A new way of growing graphene without the defects that weaken it and prevent electrons from flowing freely within it could open the way to large-scale manufacturing of graphene-based devices with applications in fields such as electronics, energy, and healthcare.

Novel radiation therapy method shortens prostate cancer treatment time
According to a study in the Jan. issue of the Journal of the American College of Radiology, the use of volume-modulated arc therapy to deliver intensity-modulated radiation therapy to prostate cancer patients results in an overall reduction in treatment time of approximately 14 percent.

Prevention is better than cure. Also for Alzheimer's disease!
On Monday 4 Feb., Dennis J. Selkoe and five other

Outcomes of cartilage tympanoplasty in the pediatric population
Cartilage tympanoplasty can be performed successfully in 95 percent of young children when appropriate conditions exist, according to a study in the February 2013 issue of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery.

New methods for quantifying antisense drug delivery to target cells and tissues
Powerful antisense drugs that target disease-associated genes to block their expression can be used to treat a broad range of diseases.

University of Houston selected to receive support from National Park Service
The National Park Service is teaming up with the University of Houston and their community partners to improve hike and bike connections between three Southeast Houston neighborhood parks and the new 31-mile Brays Bayou trail.

Overdose education, bystander nasal naloxone rescue kits associated with decreased opioid overdose death
In a study of communities in Massachusetts with high numbers of opioid overdose deaths, the implementation of overdose education and naloxone distribution (OEND) was associated with a significant reduction in opioid overdose death rates.

Genetically modified tobacco plants produce antibodies to treat rabies
Smoking tobacco is bad for your health, but a genetically altered version of the plant might provide an inexpensive cure for the deadly rabies virus.

Humanitarian aid workers in Uganda show signs of stress, depression, and burnout
The high risk for mental health problems among staff working in humanitarian organizations in northern Uganda is due in large part to their work environment.

How do corals survive in the hottest reefs on the planet?
Coral reefs are predicted to decline under the pressure of global warming.

European investments in advanced computing systems deliver results
Results include first supercomputer-on-a-chip for embedded and industrial applications. Europe realigns research goals: focus on advanced computing systems and technologies.

Autism speaks through gene expression
Autism spectrum disorders affect nearly 1 in 88 children, with symptoms ranging from mild personality traits to severe intellectual disability and seizures.

Increases in extreme rainfall linked to global warming
A worldwide review of global rainfall data led by the University of Adelaide has found that the intensity of the most extreme rainfall events is increasing across the globe as temperatures rise.

Group Therapy: New approach to psychosis treatment could target multiple nervous system receptors
A new understanding of how the brain's G-protein receptors work may soon enable a way to better customize and target antipsychotic drugs to treat specific symptoms.

Nurses at forefront of genomics in health care
A special Genomics Issue, including an evidence review by researchers from the National Institutes of Health, published by Wiley in the Journal of Nursing Scholarship on behalf of the Honor Society of Nursing, Sigma Theta Tau International, addresses these genetic applications that are essential to advancing nursing knowledge and patient care.

Quantum dots deliver Vitamin D to tumors for possible inflammatory breast cancer treatment
Quantum dots can be used to rapidly move high concentrations of the active form of Vitamin D to targeted tumor sites where cancer cells accumulate.

Programming cells: The importance of the envelope
In a project that began with the retinal cells of nocturnal animals and has led to fundamental insights into the organization of genomic DNA, researchers from Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich show how the nuclear envelope affects nuclear architecture - and gene regulation.

Propping open the door to the blood brain barrier
A new approach to delivering therapeutics could lead to better treatment of central nervous system disorders.

New study sheds light on link between dairy intake and bone health
A study by researchers at the Institute for Aging Research at Hebrew SeniorLife, an affiliate of Harvard Medical School, has found that dairy intake -- specifically milk and yogurt -- is associated with higher bone mineral density in the hip, but not the spine.

VIB applies for second poplar field trial
VIB asked the federal government for a license to perform a second field trial with genetically modified poplars.

Finding out how today's teens tick
The Millennium Cohort Study will be conducting an age 14 survey after receiving funding of £3.5 million from the Economic and Social Research Council.

New NIH resources help growing number of Americans with vision loss
A 20-page large-print booklet and a series of videos to help people adapt to life with low vision are available from the National Eye Institute, a part of the National Institutes of Health.

The nanomechanical signature of breast cancer
Differences in the stiffness of cancerous versus healthy tissue may aid in diagnosis and therapy, researchers say.

$5 million awarded in Sixth Starr Cancer Consortium Grant Competition
Cancer research teams from Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, the Rockefeller University and Weill Cornell Medical College, the New York City based members of the Starr Cancer Consortium, are winners of five million dollars in grant awards from the Starr Foundation's Sixth Starr Cancer Consortium Grant Competition to fund five novel cancer research projects.

Cats and humans suffer from similar forms of epilepsy
Epilepsy arises when the brain is temporarily swamped by uncoordinated signals from nerve cells.

Virginia Tech adjunct and colleagues refute a study on 'racial bias' report in NIH awards
Ge Wang, adjunct professor of biomedical engineering at the Virginia Tech -- Wake Forest University School of Biomedical Engineering and Sciences, and his colleagues based their study on a controversy that began with a report,

JCI early table of contents for Feb. 1, 2013
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, Feb.

Mental health parity reduces out of pocket expenses for patients
In a study examining the impact of a parity policy for mental health insurance benefits, researchers have concluded that parity had a different impact on spending and service utilization for enrollees with illnesses that are more severe and chronic.

Physics researchers join effort to finally complete quantum theory
For more than 100 years, researchers have attempted to prove the completeness of quantum mechanics.

New protocol recommendations for measuring soil organic carbon sequestration
University of Illinois professor of soil science Kenneth Olson has used data collected over a 20-year period at Dixon Springs, Ill., to develop a new protocol for more accurately measuring the carbon removed from the atmosphere and subsequently sequestered in the soil as soil organic carbon.

Gap geometry grasped
Moumita Maiti and colleagues at the Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research in Bangalore, India, have implemented an algorithm for analyzing void space in sphere packing, where the spheres need not all be the same size.

Needless abdominal CT scans can be avoided in children, study says
A study of more than 12,000 children from emergency departments throughout the country in the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network has identified seven factors that can help physicians determine the need for a computed tomography scan following blunt trauma to the abdomen.

Moffitt Cancer Center researchers develop automated breast density test linked to cancer risk
Researchers at Moffitt Cancer Center and colleagues at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., have developed a novel computer algorithm to easily quantify a major risk factor for breast cancer based on analysis of a screening mammogram.

Bioelectric signals can be used to detect early cancer
Biologists at Tufts University have discovered a bioelectric signal that can identify cells that are likely to develop into tumors.

Can plants be altruistic? You bet, says new CU-Boulder-led study
We've all heard examples of animal altruism: Dogs caring for orphaned kittens, chimps sharing food or dolphins nudging injured mates to the surface.

Listening to cells: Scientists probe human cells with high-frequency sound
Researchers have developed a new non-contact, non-invasive tool to measure the mechanical properties of cells at the sub-cell scale.

A gut feeling about neural stem cells
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Heather Young and colleagues at the University of Melbourne, isolated neural stem cells from mice, cultured them to promote the formation of neural precursor cells, and implanted them into the muscle in the colons of recipient mice.

Study: Infection preventionists know safe care
There is general agreement among hospital infection preventionists with respect to which practices have weak or strong evidence supporting their use to prevent healthcare-associated infection, according to a new study published in the February issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official publication of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology.

Caring friends can save the world
New research published in the Journal of Youth and Adolescence shows that caring in friendships stands between apathy and activism, and is directly related to a teen's concern with making a difference.

Aarhus University builds research station in North Greenland
Researchers are now making a start on setting up an ultra-modern research station right up in the northernmost part of Greenland.

If you are impulsive, take modafinil and count to 10
Poor impulse control contributes to one's inability to control the consumption of rewarding substances, like food, alcohol, and other drugs.

Inaugural issue of the NYU College of Dentistry's JADE online now
An online-only, open-access journal, JADE is the publications component of the NYU Academy of Distinguished Educators.

Imaging unveils temperature distribution inside living cells
A new breakthrough marks the first time anyone has been able to show the actual temperature distribution inside living cells.

Conference Programme Committees selected for the 20th International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2014)
Preparation is under way for the 20th International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2014) which will take place in Melbourne, Australia, from 20 to 25 Jul.

Medical societies to launch large-scale study on vein filter use
The Society of Interventional Radiology and Society for Vascular Surgery jointly will launch PRESERVE -- the first large-scale, multispecialty prospective study to evaluate the use of inferior vena cava filters and related follow-up treatment.

ASU spin-off launches world's first portable metabolism tracker
Breezing, a new startup based on technology developed by researchers at Arizona State University, is offering the world's first portable device that can track an individual's metabolism and use that information to provide diet and exercise recommendations for maintaining or reaching a healthy weight.

Majority of primary care physicians prefer delivering radiology test results to patients themselves
According to a study in the February issue of the Journal of the American College of Radiology, primary care physicians prefer to deliver the results of radiology examinations themselves and feel medico-legally obligated by recommendations within radiology reports.

Tracking the evolution of antibiotic resistance
An automated device is yielding a new understanding of how antibiotic resistance evolves at the genetic level.

Cooperators can coexist with cheaters, as long as there is room to grow
When a population is a mixture of exploiters and exploited, the natural outcome is perpetual war.
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