Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 11, 2013
Virtual vehicle vibrations
A UI researcher has designed a computer program that allows engineers to accurately predict the role posture plays in transferring the stress of vehicle motion to bone and muscle in the head and neck.

A social networking approach to public health research raises hypoglycemia awareness
Hypoglycemia may be a much larger problem among patients with diabetes than is currently realized, according to a study of members of a diabetes-focused social network conducted by researchers in Boston Children's Hospital's Informatics Program.

NASA eyes the birth of Tropical Cyclone Haley
Tropical Cyclone Haley was forming quickly as NASA's Aqua satellite captured an image of the storm in the South Pacific Ocean.

Review: Few effective, evidence-based interventions for children exposed to traumatic events
About two of every three children will experience at least one traumatic event before they turn 18, but only a few psychotherapeutic treatments showed possible benefits for children exposed to trauma.

Mass. Eye and Ear researcher among winners of competition for Audacious ideas in research
Massachusetts Eye and Ear ophthalmologist and eye researcher Janey L.

Yearly rise in emergency admissions for kids in England since 2003
The number of children admitted to hospital as emergencies has steadily increased every year since 2003, with the largest rises seen among the under 5s, indicates research published online in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

Effective treatment for late infantile batten disease developed by MU, BioMarin researchers
Researchers from the University of Missouri College of Veterinary Medicine and School of Medicine, in collaboration with BioMarin Pharmaceutical Inc., have developed a treatment for Batten disease that has significantly delayed the onset and progression of symptoms in dogs with the disease.

Anxiety about relationships may lower immunity, increase vulnerability to illness
Concerns and anxieties about one's close relationships appear to function as a chronic stressor that can compromise immunity, according to new research.

Obesity, excess weight gain during pregnancy linked to heavier babies in African-American women
Epidemiologists at Boston University School of Public Health have found that pre-pregnancy obesity and excess weight gain during pregnancy in African-American women are associated with an increased risk of giving birth to an abnormally large baby.

Can computers save health care? IU research shows lower costs, better outcomes
New research from Indiana University has found that machine learning - the same computer science discipline that helped create voice recognition systems, self-driving cars, and credit card fraud detection systems - can drastically improve both the cost and quality of health care in the United States.

Sunlight stimulates release of climate-warming gas from melting Arctic permafrost
Ancient carbon trapped in Arctic permafrost is extremely sensitive to sunlight and, if exposed to the surface when long-frozen soils melt and collapse, can release climate-warming carbon dioxide gas into the atmosphere much faster than previously thought.

Johns Hopkins Medicine expands reach in Latin America
World-class standards for clinical outcomes and patient safety are at the core of a landmark affiliation agreement signed today between Johns Hopkins Medicine International and PacĂ­fico S.A.

ADHD symptoms persist for most young children despite treatment
Nine out of 10 young children with moderate to severe attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder continue to experience serious, often severe symptoms and impairment long after their original diagnoses and, in many cases, despite treatment, according to a federally funded multi-center study led by investigators at Johns Hopkins Children's Center.

University of Florida reports 2012 US shark attacks highest since 2000
Shark attacks in the US reached a decade high in 2012, while worldwide fatalities remained average, according to the University of Florida's International Shark Attack File report released today.

USC researchers find possible genetic clues to organ development, birth defects
Using cutting-edge time-lapse photography, University of Southern California researchers have discovered clues to the development of the head at the cellular level, which could point scientists to a better understanding of how organs and birth defects form in humans.

Differences in obstetric outcomes and care related to race and ethnicity
Racial and ethnic disparities exist for adverse obstetric outcomes.

Around-the-clock labor coverage associated with decrease in C-section
Findings suggest around-the-clock labor and delivery coverage decreased the odds of cesarean delivery.

Policy changes in elective delivery proven successful
Changes in elective delivery policy successful in reducing elective deliveries prior to 39 weeks.

Terris co-edits first textbook on thyroid surgery complications
Dr. David Terris, Chair of the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery at the Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University, is an editor of the first textbook on thyroid surgery complications.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone 15S form in So. Indian Ocean
The fifteenth tropical cyclone of the Southern Indian Ocean season strengthened into a tropical storm today, Feb.

Researchers identify genetic root to early-onset prostate cancer
Prostate cancer is often considered an elderly man's disease, and little is known about the approximately 2% of cases that arise in men who are aged 50 years or younger.

Analysis finds vitamin D potency varies widely in dietary supplements
Vitamin D supplement potency varies widely, and the amount of vitamin D in over-the counter and compounded supplements does not necessarily match the amount listed on the label, according to a research letter published in the journal JAMA Internal Medicine.

Carbon sponge could soak up coal emissions
Emissions from coal power stations could be drastically reduced by a new, energy-efficient material that adsorbs large amounts of carbon dioxide, then releases it when exposed to sunlight.

Stem cell breakthrough could lead to new bone repair therapies on nanoscale surfaces
Scientists at the University of Southampton have created a new method to generate bone cells which could lead to revolutionary bone repair therapies for people with bone fractures or those who need hip replacement surgery due to osteoporosis and osteoarthritis.

Study finds difficulty obtaining pricing, varying costs for total hip replacement
Researchers who sought to determine whether pricing information for a total hip replacement could be obtained from hospitals and physicians found getting such information was often difficult and that there were wide variations in the quoted prices, according to a report published Online First by JAMA Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.

New details on the molecular machinery of cancer
New details into the activation of a cell surface protein that has been strongly linked to a large number of cancers and is a major target of cancer therapies have been reported by Berkeley Lab researchers.

Gun violence prevention experts call for more physician involvement
A new commentary in the Annals of Internal Medicine from researchers with The Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Policy and Research and University of California, Davis, calls for more physician engagement in the current gun policy dialogue.

Refocusing important on and off the court, says recent study.
If an employee's performance drops in one area, does that mean they're slacking off?

Comprehensive maternal hemorrhage protocols improve patient safety
Findings suggest comprehensive maternal hemorrhage protocols reduce use of blood products, improve patient safety.

Tumor blood vessels prevent the spread of cancer cells
A lack of the protein endoglin in the blood vessels of tumor-bearing mice enables the spread of daughter tumors, according to researchers at Karolinska Institutet and Lund University, Sweden, in a study published in the scientific periodical The Journal of Experimental Medicine.

Online or off, bullying proves harmful
Children who are bullied online or by mobile phone are just as likely to skip school or consider suicide as kids who are physically bullied, according to a study led by a Michigan State University criminologist.

Infant gut microbiota influenced by cesarean section and breastfeeding practices
Method of birth and feeding practices influence the development of gut bacteria in newborns and thus may affect lifelong health, according to a new study in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

1 disease, 2 mechanisms
While prostate cancer is the most common cancer in elderly Western men it also, but more rarely, strikes patients aged between 35 and 50.

Cell circuits remember their history
MIT engineers have created genetic circuits in bacterial cells that not only perform logic functions, but also remember the results, which are encoded in the cell's DNA and passed on for dozens of generations.

First-in-man study demonstrates the therapeutic effect of RNAi gene silencing in cancer treatment
A study led by Dr Josep Tabernero, the Director of Clinical Research at the Vall d'Hebron Institute of Oncology and Head of the Medical Oncology Department at the Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, shows for the first time that ribonucleic acid interference is effective in the treatment of cancer patients.

Is lead poisoning behind some juvenile crime?
Summer Miller of Southern University Law Center in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, writing in the International Journal of Liability and Scientific Enquiry, points out that data from the US Center for Disease Control shows that six percent of all children ages one to two years and 11 percent of African-American (non-Hispanic) children ages one to five years have blood lead levels in the toxic range in the area a lead poisoning.

Study finds planned C-sections provide no advantage over planned vaginal birth of twins
Findings suggest planned birthing of twins at 32-38 weeks by cesarean section does not decrease perinatal or neonatal death compared to planned vaginal birth.

Northwestern Medicine researchers investigate stem cell therapy for stroke
Clinical trial seeks to enroll people with disabling effects of ischemic stroke.

Bisphenol A affects sex-specific reproductive behaviors in a monogamous animal species
A series of experiments by Cheryl Rosenfeld, associate professor of biomedical sciences in the University of Missouri's Bond Life Sciences Center, studied the effects of prenatal exposure to bisphenol A on later reproductive-associated behaviors using a socially and genetically monogamous rodent, the California mouse, which may better mirror most human societies than other rodents.

Newly identified natural protein blocks HIV, other deadly viruses
A team of UCLA-led researchers has identified a protein with broad virus-fighting properties that potentially could be used as a weapon against deadly human pathogenic viruses such as HIV, Ebola, Rift Valley Fever, Nipah and others designated

Multinational food and drink industries using similar strategies to tobacco industry to undermine public health policies and should be regulated
An international analysis of food, drink, and alcohol industry involvement in NCD policies shows that despite the common reliance on industry self-regulation and public-private partnerships to improve public health, there is no evidence to support either their effectiveness or safety.

Stem cell discovery gives insight into motor neurone disease
A discovery using stem cells from a patient with motor neurone disease could help research into treatments for the condition.

AGU Journal Highlights -- Feb. 11, 2013
Featured in this release are research papers on the following topics:

Preemptive treatment of severe morning sickness decreases suffering for moms-to-be
In a study to be presented on Feb. 14 between 1:15 p.m., and 3:30 p.m.

New American Chemical Society video highlights 5 of chocolate's sweet benefits
Just in time for Valentine's Day, the American Chemical Society (ACS), the world's largest scientific society, released a new Bytesize Science video today featuring five chemistry facts that highlight why chocolate, in moderation, may be good for you.

High blood pressure during pregnancy may signal later heart disease risk
Women who have high blood pressure during pregnancy may later face higher risk of developing heart disease, chronic kidney disease and diabetes.

Isotopic data show farming arrived in Europe with migrants
For decades, archaeologists have debated how farming spread to Stone Age Europe, setting the stage for the rise of Western civilization.

Visualizing biological networks in 4-D
Every great structure depends on specific mechanical properties to remain strong and reliable.

Chemistry trick kills climate controversy
Volcanoes are well known for cooling the climate. But just how much and when has been a bone of contention among historians, glaciologists and archeologists.

Gene today, gone tomorrow: Genes for autism and schizophrenia only active in developing brains
Genes linked to autism and schizophrenia are only switched on during the early stages of brain development, according to a study in mice led by researchers at the University of Oxford.

Study confirms recurrence of small-for-gestational-age pregnancies
Findings suggest women with babies SGA in first pregnancy have increased risk for SGA in second.

Presence of intra-amniotic debris a risk for early preterm birth in first pregnancy
Findings suggest increased risk of early preterm birth when intra-amniotic debris is present in women with short cervix.

Study finds increase in dance-related injuries in children and adolescents
A new study by researchers at the Center for Injury Research and Policy of The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital examined dance-related injuries among children and adolescents 3 to 19 years of age from 1991 to 2007.

Tree die-off triggered by hotter temperatures
A team of scientists, led by researchers at Carnegie's Department of Global Ecology, has determined that the recent widespread die-off of Colorado trembling aspen trees is a direct result of decreased precipitation exacerbated by high summer temperatures.

Mouse models fail to reproduce inflammatory genomic response to serious injuries
Existing mouse models do not appear to accurately reproduce the human genomic response to serious traumatic injury, including major burns, according to an article appearing in PNAS Early Edition.

Elsevier announces the launch of a new journal: Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, announces the launch of Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging, the official new journal of the International Society of Forensic Radiology and Imaging.

Implementing 3 cost-effective interventions could rapidly reduce NCD death and disability rates in all countries
In the second Series paper, researchers led by Professor Ruth Bonita from the University of Auckland in New Zealand outline how to implement measures to control tobacco use, reduce levels of salt intake (to reduce blood pressure) across the whole population, and provide appropriate drug treatment for all people who have had a heart attack or stroke or who are at high risk of one.

Vascular brain injury greater risk factor than amyloid plaques in cognitive aging
Vascular brain injury from conditions such as high blood pressure and stroke are greater risk factors for cognitive impairment among non-demented older people than is the deposition of the amyloid plaques in the brain that long have been implicated in conditions such as Alzheimer's disease, a study by researchers at the Alzheimer's Disease Research Center at UC Davis has found.

Better outcome for frozen embryo replacement vs IVF
Perinatal outcomes of frozen/thawed embryo replacement better compared to fresh IVF, but worse than non-IVF general population.

Price for hip replacement highly variable, hard to obtain
A University of Iowa study found that 40 percent of top-ranked and 36 percent of non-top-ranked hospitals were unable to provide a price estimate for a total hip replacement procedure.

Field Museum acquires important Martian meteorite
The Field Museum has acquired six pieces of an extremely important Martian meteorite that was hurled into space about 700,000 years ago when Mars collided with an asteroid.

NTU partners Israel's top university to boost satellite and space research
Two renowned universities, the Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore, and the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (Technion), Israel, have teamed up to collaborate in satellite and space research.

Lack of energy an enemy to antibiotic-resistant microbes
Rice University researchers

Invisible tool enables new quantum experiments
Physicists around Philipp Haslinger and Markus Arndt at the University of Vienna have now succeeded in constructing a novel matter wave interferometer which enables new quantum studies with a broad class of particles, including atoms, molecules and nanoparticles.

Study suggests genetic predisposition to brain injury after preterm birth is sex-specific
Variation in gene, involved in inflammation, associated with developmental problems after preterm birth in females, but not males.

Strokes associated with surgery can be devastating
Strokes that occur during or shortly after surgery can be devastating, resulting in longer hospital stays and increased risks of death or long-term disability, but prompt identification and treatment of such strokes can improve neurologic outcomes.

Noisy classroom simulation aids comprehension in hearing-impaired children
Training the brain to filter out background noise and thus understand spoken words could help the academic performance and quality of life for children who struggle to hear, but there's been little evidence that such noise training works in youngsters.

Humans and robots work better together following cross-training
Spending a day in someone else's shoes can help us to learn what makes them tick.

NIH grant funds Boston College research into illnesses afflicting people living with HIV
Boston College biologist Ken Williams has been awarded a five-year, $2.7 million NIH grant to probe potential drug therapies to limit the role of immunological cells connected to several debilitating illnesses that strike people living with HIV.

Studying bed bug actions for new management tactics
Learning more about the behavior of bed bugs is one approach being used by USDA scientists to identify compounds to help control these pests.

INRS researchers at the Global Young Academy
Professor and director Federico Rosei and researchers Marco Peccianti and Alberto Vomiero from the Centre Energie Materiaux Telecommunications of INRS were recently elected as members of the Global Young Academy.

TB infection rates set to 'turn clock back to 1930s'
Tuberculosis looks set to defy concerted efforts to treat it successfully with powerful drugs, turning the clock back to the 1930s, warn the editors of Thorax in a special themed issue of the journal to mark World TB day on March 24, and published today.

Study shows progesterone shots do not reduce preterm delivery in twin pregnancies
Findings suggest 17P not effective in preventing preterm birth in twin pregnancies -- possibly harmful.

Mouse model improves understanding of clear cell sarcoma
Geneticists led by University of Utah Nobel Prize Laureate Mario R.

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for Feb. 12, 2013
Below is information about an article being published in the Feb.

Artificial atoms allow for magnetic resonance on individual cells
Researchers from Institute of Photonic Sciences, collaborating with CSIC and Macquarie University, have developed a technique similar to the MRI but has higher resolution and sensitivity, which has the ability to scan individual cells.

High prevalence of drug-resistant MRSA found in nursing homes
While most infection control measures are focused on hospitals, a new study points to the need for more targeted interventions to prevent the spread of drug-resistant bugs in nursing homes as community-associated strains of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus are on the rise in these facilities.

Exercise linked with reduced prostate cancer risk in Caucasians but not African-Americans
A new study suggests that exercise may reduce Caucasian men's risk of developing prostate cancer.

Potential treatment prevents damage from prolonged seizures
Researchers have found a new anti-inflammatory compound that can reduce mortality when given to mice after drug-induced seizures.

EAU to release policy statement on live surgery ethics
During the final day of the 28th Annual EAU Congress, which will take place on March 15-19 2013 in Milan, the European Association of Urology will release its official policy statement on live surgery ethics.

Large, ancient landslides delivered preferred upstream habitats for coho salmon
A study of the Umpqua River basin in the Oregon Coast Range helps explain natural processes behind the width of valleys and provides potentially useful details for river restoration efforts designed to improve habitats for coho salmon.

Study prompts rethink of how ovaries develop
New research from the University of Adelaide will rewrite the textbooks on how an ovary is formed, as well as providing new insights into women's health and fertility.

Courts mostly ignore immigration status in lawsuits, study says
Most courts disregard the immigration status of workers who file suit against former employers, says a study from Michael LeRoy, a professor of law and of labor and employment relations at Illinois.

Underage youth drinking concentrated among small number of brands
Researchers publish first national study to identify the alcohol brands consumed by underage youth.

Researchers find Asian needle ants displacing other aggressive invaders
Researchers have found that one of the most aggressive invasive ant species in the United States -- the Argentine ant -- appears to have met its match in the Asian needle ant.

Scientists create automated 'time machine' to reconstruct ancient languages
Ancient languages hold a treasure trove of information about the culture, politics and commerce of millennia past.

Obstructive sleep apnea and cardiac symptoms have 31 percent incidence of cardiac dysfunction
Women with obstructive sleep apnea and cardiac symptoms have a 31 percent incidence of cardiac dysfunction.

UCI's iMedEd Initiative named a 2012-13 Apple Distinguished Program
The iMedEd Initiative -- UC Irvine's innovative medical education program based on iPad tablet computing -- has been chosen as a 2012-13 Apple Distinguished Program.

Unchecked antibiotic use in animals may affect global human health
The increasing production and use of antibiotics, about half of which is used in animal production, is mirrored by the growing number of antibiotic resistance genes, or ARGs, effectively reducing antibiotics' ability to fend off diseases -- in animals and humans.

Researchers discover 'Achilles' heel' for lymphoid leukemia
An international research team coordinated at the IRCM in Montreal found a possible alternative treatment for lymphoid leukemia.

A new Harvard report probes security risks of extreme weather and climate change
A new study, conducted specifically to explore the forces driving extreme weather events and their implications for national security planning over the next decade, finds that the early ramifications of climate extremes resulting from climate change are already upon us and will continue to be felt over the next decade, directly impacting US national security interests.

NCDs must play a central role in world's next development goals
In the first Series paper, researchers led by Sir George Alleyne, Emeritus Director of the Pan American Health Organization, Washington, US outline the case for making NCDs central to the post-2015 development agenda and the new development goals being devised over the next two years by governments and the United Nations.

Study examines Medicaid drug selection committees, potential conflicts of interest
An analysis of policy documents from Medicaid programs, suggests that current policies to manage conflicts of interest of members of Medicaid drug selection committees are not transparent and vary widely, according to a report published Online First by JAMA Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.

US Supreme Court under the microscope
Although the current Supreme Court has been criticized for its lack of diversity on the bench, the Court is actually more diverse overall today than ever in history, according to a new study that borrows statistical methods from ecology to reveal a more precise picture of diversity.

CWRU study suggests interacting with avatars may reduce depressive symptoms in young adults
A new preliminary study by researchers at Case Western Reserve University suggests that depression symptoms may be significantly reduced when 18- to 25-year-olds interact with computerized avatars -- virtual 3D images of a healthcare provider like a nurse practitioner or physician -- as a way to rehearse office visits ahead of time and learn self-management skills.

Reducing sodium in US may save hundreds of thousands of lives over 10 years
Reducing sodium consumption could save 280,000 to 500,000 lives in the United States over 10 years.

Abnormal brain development in fetuses of obese women
Study suggests maternal obesity effects fetal brain development.

Caloric restriction, exercise help prevent weight gain, other complications in obese women
Exercise, lifestyle changes can prevent excessive weight gain in obese pregnant women, help avoid preterm delivery, hypertension, gestational diabetes.

Lessons learned from HIV/AIDS and TB could aid fight against NCDs
Building on the knowledge and investment gained and the partnerships forged from the global response to HIV and tuberculosis could help in the fight against the emerging NCD epidemic.

FASEB SRC announces conference registration open for: Melatonin Biology: Actions & Therapeutics
The Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB) announces the opening of registration for the Science Research Conference (SRC): Melatonin Biology: Actions & Therapeutics.

International study suggests improved treatment alternative for lymphoid leukemia
Discovering what they call the

Parents of teen girls more accepting of birth control pills than other contraceptive methods
Parents are more accepting of their teenage daughters using birth control pills than any other form of contraception, including condoms, according to a recent study from UC San Francisco.

Stage at diagnosis only partly explains wide international variation in lung cancer survival
Stage at diagnosis only partly explains the wide variation in lung cancer survival rates among different developed countries, indicates a large study of nearly 60,000 patients, published online in Thorax.

Prostate-specific antigen screening: Values and techniques shape decisions
An international team of scientists led by the University of North Carolina has published a study evaluating different ways of helping men consider their values about PSA screening.

Deep genomic analysis identifies a micro RNA opponent for ovarian cancer
Researchers employed an extensive analysis of genomic information to identify a new, high-risk cohort of ovarian cancer patients, characterize their tumors, find a potential treatment and test it in mouse models of the disease.

'Laborist' obstetrical care improves pregnancy outcomes
Shifting from traditional model of obstetrical care to laborist model improves pregnancy outcomes.

Earth-directed CME released by long duration solar flare
On Feb. 9, 2013 at 2:30 a.m. EST, the sun erupted with an Earth-directed coronal mass ejection or CME, associated with a long duration C2.4-class flare.

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics, 2nd edition -- 6 volume set
The 2nd Edition of the Encyclopedia of Environmetrics published by Wiley in print and online is an expanded and revised reference work intended for use in university libraries, research laboratories, government institutions and consultancies concerned with the environmental sciences.

From grains of volcanic glass to continental rifting: New Geosphere articles now online
New Geosphere articles posted online 11 Jan. and 5 Feb.

Cancer risk for African-American women with benign breast disease factors Wayne State finds
A Wayne State University researcher has identified characteristics in benign breast disease associated with future cancer risk in African-American women.

How you treat others may depend on whether you're single or attached
With Valentine's Day looming, many married couples will wish marital bliss for their single friends.

Can simple measures of labile soil organic matter predict corn performance?
A team of researchers from Michigan are characterizing simple, cheap measurements of labile soil organic matter that could predict the performance of corn crops and help farmers optimize their cropping systems.

Study suggests tightening up of criteria for definition of intrauterine growth restriction
Using arbitrary Estimated Fetal Weight less than 10th centile not an efficient practice for defining true Intrauterine Growth Restriction.

Innovative semiconductor device researcher at NJIT to receive professional award
For innovative research on semiconductor devices, NJIT Professor Durgamadhab Misra, the associate chair for graduate programs in the Newark College of Engineering Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, will receive two Division Awards next May, the 2013 Electronic and Photonic Division Award and the 2013 Thomas D.

Synthetic circuit allows dialing gene expression up or down in human cells
Scientists who built a synthetic gene circuit that allowed for the precise tuning of a gene's expression in yeast have now refined this new research tool to work in human cells, according to research published online in Nature Communications.

Carnegie Mellon analysis shows online songwriters seek collaborators with complementary skills
A musical collaboration, be it Rodgers and Hammerstein or Robert Plant and Alison Krauss, requires a mix of shared and complementary traits that is not always obvious.

Computerized 'Rosetta Stone' reconstructs ancient languages
University of British Columbia and Berkeley researchers have used a sophisticated new computer system to quickly reconstruct protolanguages -- the rudimentary ancient tongues from which modern languages evolved.

1-2 punch strategy against bacteria and cancer
Rice University scientists are suggesting a new

Geoscience Currents #69: US female geoscience enrollment and degree rate is mixed in 2011-2012
Geoscience Currents #69 explores how female geoscience enrollments and degrees changed in the 2011-2012 academic year.

Researchers strain to improve electrical material and it's worth it
Like turning coal to diamond, adding pressure to an electrical material enhances its properties.

Rice University lab shows how blood vessels regroup after stroke
Rice scientists simulate

Protein 'filmed' while unfolding at atomic resolution
When proteins get

Addressing social and economic inequalities among disadvantaged groups vital to tackling NCDs
In the third Series paper, an international team led by Professor Majid Ezzati from Imperial College London, UK show that efforts to tackle NCDs will only succeed with a focus on both the health of the most disadvantaged people within societies, who disproportionately contribute to the overall burden of NCDs, and the poorest nations where deaths from NCDs and many NCD risk factors are highest.

Large study shows substance abuse rates higher in teenagers with ADHD
A new study in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry revealed a significantly higher prevalence of substance abuse and cigarette use by adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) histories than in those without ADHD.

Sanford-Burnham and Florida Hospital renew research partnership with Takeda
Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute and Florida Hospital announced today that they have renewed a research agreement with Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited to extend their collaboration to discover and evaluate new therapeutic approaches to obesity.

Community health workers help type 2 diabetes care
Researchers who conducted a clinical trial in American Samoa to test whether community health workers could help adults with type 2 diabetes found that the patients who received the intervention were twice as likely to make a clinically meaningful improvement as those who remained with care only in the clinic.

Landsat 5 sets Guinness World Record for 'longest operating earth observation satellite'
Landsat 5 successfully set the new Guinness World Records title for

CSHL scientists identify a new strategy for interfering with a potent cancer-causing gene
About five-ten percent of cases of acute myeloid leukemia, an aggressive blood cancer that is currently incurable in 70 percent of patients, are characterized by the rearrangement of a gene called MLL (Mixed-Lineage Leukemia).

Most NCDs could be treated with small number of cheap generic drugs and within existing budgets
Most NCDs could be treated with a small range of inexpensive, off-patent medicines, and substantial improvements in availability of life-saving drugs in poorer nations could be achieved within existing budgets by more careful selection and sourcing of generic versions, and better targeting of people at highest risk.
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