Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 18, 2013
Shedding new light on infant brain development
A new Columbia Engineering study finds that the infant brain does not control its blood flow the same way as the adult brain, that the control of brain blood flow develops with age.

Ugandan officials sign new Alliance with UK
A Ugandan-UK Healthcare Alliance, which will help improve health care for people living in the East African country, has been launchedafter being developed by a University of Manchester health professional.

HOMAGE -- Overcoming heart failure, an European challenge
The HOMAGE (Heart OMics in AGEing) project, coordinated by the French National Institute of Health and Medical Research, has been awarded a grant by the European Commission for a 6 year period.

Baby wash does not damage baby's skin barrier function, study finds
New research has found washing newborn babies in a specific baby wash is just as safe as using water alone in terms of maintaining healthy skin.

Could a computer on the police beat prevent violence?
As cities work to reduce violence in tight budget times, new research shows how they might be able to target their efforts and police attention on areas prone to violence -- with the help of high-powered computers and loads of data on crime, alcohol availability and drug markets.

Raw meat diet may not be enough for cats (or tigers)
Should your cat eat steak? Researchers from the University of Illinois and Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo and Aquarium report that raw meat diets can lack important nutrients.

Researchers coat spinal polymer implants with bioactive film to improve bonding with bone
Researchers from North Carolina State University have for the first time successfully coated polymer implants with a bioactive film.

New study on Hepatitis C drug treatment in vivo and in vitro
An interdisciplinary effort by mathematical modelers, clinicians and virologists has revealed that daclatasvir has two main modes of action against HCV and also yields a more accurate new estimate of the HCV half-life.

Blood is thicker than water -- and blood plasma is, too
A German-American research team has succeeded in demonstrating that blood plasma has a much greater effect on how blood flows than was previously thought.

Loyalty is trump
A skilful negotiator can save a lot of money when shopping in his favorite store.

National screening benchmarks for finding polyps during a colonoscopy might be too low
Current national guidelines provide benchmarks regarding the number of polyps physicians should detect, on average, during a colonoscopy.

New discoveries linking gut bacteria with cholesterol metabolism give hope for the future
Researchers at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden, show that cholesterol metabolism is regulated by bacteria in the small intestine.

It's off to work we go
In a paper recently published in The Journal of Transportation and Land Use, Zachary Patterson, an assistant professor in Concordia University's Department of Geography, Planning, and Environment, discovered that decisions about where to live and how to get from home to work happen simultaneously.

CWRU study examines family struggles with anger and forgiveness when relative is dying
Watching a loved one die tests some family members' relationships with God or the higher being of one's faith.

Eye movements reveal reading impairments in schizophrenia
A study of eye movements in schizophrenia patients provides new evidence of impaired reading fluency in individuals with the mental illness.

Variations within influenza strain may explain varying patient response
Researchers at the University of Louisville have found variations within H1N1 patients who were hospitalized during the 2009-10 pandemic and identified those that most impacted patients.

Hunt for distant planets intensifies
The search for exoplanets -- planets beyond our own solar system -- has taken off over the last decade, and is now a growing component of UChicago's research agenda in astronomy.

International space station plays host to innovative infectious disease research
Nickerson, a microbiologist at Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute, is using the ISS platform to pursue new research into the effects of microgravity on disease-causing organisms.

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for Feb. 19, 2013
Below is information about articles being published in the Feb.

Excessive TV in childhood linked to long-term antisocial behaviour
Children and adolescents who watch a lot of television are more likely to manifest antisocial and criminal behavior when they become adults, according to a new University of Otago, New Zealand, study published online in the US journal Pediatrics.

Study suggests women have higher risk of hip implant failure
Women appear to have a higher risk of implant failure than men following total hip replacement after considering patient-, surgery-, surgeon-, volume- and implant-specific risk factors, according to a report published Online First by JAMA Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.

Caffeine linked to low birth weight babies
Maternal nutrition is important to a developing embryo and to the health of the child later in life.

New iPad app for people with sight loss needs backing from publishers
Scientists from Royal Holloway University are launching a new iPad app to help people with macular disease, the most common cause of sight loss in the UK.

New projections of 'uneven' global sea-level rise
Sophisticated computer modelling has shown how sea-level rise over the coming century could affect some regions far more than others.

Study examines effect of entrepreneurial rhetoric on microlending
Entrepreneurs who obtain money through microlending -- a way for entrepreneurs to raise money in the form of small loans from many people, often via the Internet -- use many of the same rhetorical strategies used by politicians, according to a study conducted by University of Oklahoma Price College of Business researchers.

When selecting a child's doctor, families prefer grapevine over online ratings
However, younger parents are more likely to say online scores for physicians are very important, according to U-M's National Poll on Children's Health

Gene linked to worse outcomes for melanoma
Scientists at Queen Mary, University of London have identified a gene present in some melanoma which appears to make the tumour cells more resistant to treatment, according to research published today in the Journal of Experimental Medicine.

'Quality of life' therapy improves health during cancer treatment, Mayo Clinic finds
Therapy to ease stress, fatigue and other quality of life issues significantly improves patients' sense of well-being during cancer treatment, new Mayo Clinic research shows.

Stem cell-based bioartificial tissues and organs
Surgeon Paolo Macchiarini has made his name by successfully transplanting bioengineered stem cell-based trachea, composed of both artificial and biological material.

The role of goop: Research shows pollution doesn't change the rate of droplet formation
When it comes to forming the droplets that make up clouds, a little oily and viscous organic material apparently doesn't matter that much.

Data on novel IL-1 inhibitor protein for topical treatment of dry eye disease published
Preclinical data showing beneficial effects of EBI-005, the first rationally-designed topically administered IL-1 protein for the treatment of ocular diseases, were published in PNAS.

Molecules generated that can halt metastasis of colon cancer
A Basque research consortium has managed to halt the progress of colon cancer and its metastasis in the liver in an experimental model with mice.

ASU professors study the social dynamics of scientific collaborations
Society currently faces profound social and environmental challenges that must be met to secure a sustainable future.

A solution to sinusitis from the sea
A team of scientists and surgeons from Newcastle are developing a new nasal spray from a marine microbe originally being investigated to clear the hulls of ships in order to help clear chronic sinusitis.

Solar sponge' soaks up CO₂ emissions
CSIRO scientists have created a 'solar sponge' which captures and then releases carbon dioxide using the power of natural sunlight.

Johns Hopkins Medicine and Fundación Santa Fe de Bogotá collaboration to focus on research, nursing
An expansion of collaborative projects involving Fundacion Santa Fe de Bogota (FSFB), one of Colombia's premier health care institutions, and Johns Hopkins Medicine International (JHI) will continue for another 10 years under an agreement signed Feb.

Patagonia founder Yvon Chouinard selected to receive 2013 Inamori Ethics Prize from CWRU
Case Western Reserve University will award the Inamori Ethics Prize to the founder of the premier outdoor gear and clothing company, Patagonia Inc., Yvon Chouinard.

Atherosclerosis -- Monocyte migrations
LMU researchers led by Christian Weber have, for the first time, elucidated how cells that promote the development of atherosclerosis find their way to the blood vessel wall, where they stimulate the formation of obstructive deposits.

University of Houston chemist devises effective methods for creating useful compounds
The Welch Foundation named Olafs Daugulis, associate professor of chemistry at the University of Houston, as the 2013 recipient of the Norman Hackerman Award in Chemical Research.

Study: p38beta MAPK not critical to brain inflammation
A study by a leading Alzheimer's researcher at the University of Kentucky provides new evidence that will help researchers home in on the molecular mechanisms involved in inflammation of the central nervous system and aid drug-development strategies for treating inflammatory neurological diseases.

New evidence for link between depression and heart disease
Interleukin-6, an inflammatory biomarker associated with cardiovascular disease, is significantly higher in patients with major depression, a study has found.

Lake-effect snow sometimes needs mountains
University of Utah researchers ran computer simulations to show that the snow-producing

Doctors fail to communicate impact of heart devices with patients, SLU study finds
Patients need information to make wise decisions about implanting ICDs, researchers say.

'Simplified' brain lets the iCub robot learn language
The iCub humanoid robot on which the team directed by Peter Ford Dominey, CNRS Director of Research at Inserm Unit 846 known as the

Young malaria parasites refuse to take their medicine, may explain emerging drug resistance
New research has revealed that immature malaria parasites are more resistant to treatment with key antimalarial drugs than older parasites, a finding that could lead to more effective treatments for a disease that kills one person every minute and is developing resistance to drugs at an alarming rate.

Sitting time associated with increased risk of chronic diseases
Those who sat for more than four hours per day were significantly more likely to report having a chronic disease such as cancer, diabetes, heart disease and high blood pressure.

The criteria for weight-loss surgery need to be changed
Weight-loss surgery is currently only offered to patients who exceed a certain BMI.

Bone marrow cells used in bladder regeneration
A new approach to bladder regeneration uses bone marrow cells to recreate the organ's smooth muscle, vasculature and nerve tissue.

Some cheeses exceed contaminant levels recommended by EU
Researchers at the University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain) have analysed more than 60 brands of cheese commonly available in supermarkets.

Lunar water findings challenge prevailing theory
Traces of water have been detected within the crystalline structure of mineral samples from the lunar highland upper crust obtained during the Apollo missions, according to a University of Michigan researcher and his colleagues.

Ancient fossilized sea creatures yield oldest biomolecules isolated directly from a fossil
Though scientists have long believed that complex organic molecules couldn't survive fossilization, some 350-million-year-old remains of aquatic sea creatures uncovered in Ohio, Indiana, and Iowa have challenged that assumption.

When it comes to genetic code, researchers prove optimum isn't always best
Imagine two steel springs identical in look and composition but that perform differently because each was tempered at a different rate.

Not just cars, but living organisms need antifreeze to survive
If you thought antifreeze was only something that was necessary to keep your car from freezing up in the winter, think again.

Researchers guardians of trust in biobank research
Do we trust biobank researchers? In a doctoral thesis from Uppsala University, medical doctor and bioethicist Linus Johnsson claims that we do: At least in Sweden.

In fight against cancer, a closer look at nuclear blebbing
Misshapen cell nuclei are frequently observed in the cells of people with cancer and other diseases, but what causes the abnormality -- and why it is associated with certain disorders -- has remained unclear.

New insight into dogs fear responses to noise
A study has gained new insight into domestic dogs' fear responses to noises.

Reduced sea ice disturbs balance of greenhouse gases
The widespread reduction in Arctic sea ice is causing significant changes to the balance of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

Researchers in Manchester find genetic key to preventing spine tumors
Genetic medicine experts from Manchester Biomedical Research Centre at Saint Mary's Hospital and The University of Manchester have identified a new gene responsible for causing an inherited form of tumor, known as spinal meningioma.

New supercomputer to aid genomics research
The National Center for Supercomputing Applications has gifted the Institute for Genomic Biology a highly parallel shared memory supercomputer named Ember.

Subordinate animals as guinea pigs
Subordinate animals must face higher risks than dominant ones. Dominant meerkat females yield to their subaltern group members when faced with a dangerous obstacle: as a group of these animals reaches a road, a

History of stroke and coronary heart disease -- a fatal combination
The cardiology service team at the Hôpital Bichat and the Mixed INSERM Unit 698 (AP-HP, Université Paris Diderot), in collaboration with international teams of researchers, studied a cohort of patients suffering from coronary disease.

Study suggests reduced lung function in infancy associated with wheeze later
A study in Australia suggests that reduced lung function in infancy was associated with wheezing beyond childhood at 18 years of age, according to a report published Online First by JAMA Pediatrics, a JAMA Network publication.

Pathway controlling cell growth revealed
A Melbourne-based research team has discovered a genetic defect that can halt cell growth and force cells into a death-evading survival state.

Cushion plants help other plants survive
Alpine cushion plants help other plants in harsh mountain environments to survive.

Nesting site protection 'key to save turtles from climate change'
International marine scientists today warned it will be vital to protect key marine turtle nesting grounds and areas that may be suitable for turtle nesting in the future to ensure that the marine reptiles have a better chance of withstanding climate change.
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