Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 25, 2013
Small molecules in the blood might gauge radiation effects after exposure
Researchers have identified molecules in the blood that might gauge the likelihood of radiation illness after exposure to ionizing radiation.

Putting malaria on the SHELPH
Experts have disabled a unique member of the signalling proteins which are essential for the development of the malaria parasite.

Macroweather is what you expect
While short-term weather is notoriously volatile, climate is thought to represent a kind of average weather pattern over a long period.

Screening could avert 12,000 lung cancer deaths each year in the United States
Screening for lung cancer with low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) in all screening-eligible current and former smokers has the potential to avert approximately 12,000 lung cancer deaths each year in the United States.

Boys' lack of effort in school tied to college gender gap
When it comes to college education, men are falling behind by standing still.

University of Alberta researchers bake a better loaf of bread
University of Alberta researchers have found a way to replace artificial preservatives in bread, making it tastier.

Promoting poultry health through diet
Developing strategies to increase the amount of saleable product while reducing dietary inputs is a priority for animal scientists.

PCTRE meeting: 2-way communication between the bench and the clinic
On Jun. 27-28, 2013, the Swedish city of Malmö will host the second Meeting on Prostate Cancer Translational Research in Europe.

Research to pinpoint power-hungry appliances that could help cut home energy bills
New research by The University of Nottingham and energy company E.ON could help people to save money on their energy bills by identifying which of their household electrical appliances are using the most power.

Wasp transcriptome creates a buzz
Scientists have sequenced the active parts of the genome -- or transcriptome -- of primitively eusocial wasps to identify the part of the genome that makes you a queen or a worker.

Tweaking gene expression to repair lungs
A healthy lung has some capacity to regenerate itself like the liver.

4 new species of water-gliding rove beetles discovered in Ningxia, China
Four new species of Steninae were discovered during an expedition in the Liupan Shan Natural Reserve, Ningxia, China.

Prenatal DHA reduces early preterm birth, low birth weight
University of Kansas researchers have found that the infants of mothers who were given 600 milligrams of the omega-3 fatty acid DHA during pregnancy weighed more at birth and were less likely to be very low birth weight and born before 34 weeks gestation than infants of mothers who were given a placebo.

Ultrasound reveals autism risk at birth
Low-birth-weight babies with a particular brain abnormality are at greater risk for autism, according to a new study that could provide doctors a signpost for early detection of the still poorly understood disorder.

2 vortex trails with 1 stroke
As of today, the Wikipedia entry for the hummingbird explains that the bird's flight generates in its wake a single trail of vortices that helps the bird hover.

Most babies slow to grow catch up by early teens
New research from the Children of the 90s study at the University of Bristol shows that most babies who are slow to put on weight in the first nine months of life have caught up to within the normal range by the age of 13, but remain lighter and shorter than many of their peers.

Virus shows promise as prostate cancer treatment
A recombinant Newcastle disease virus kills all kinds of prostate cancer cells, including hormone resistant cells, but leaves normal cells unscathed, according to a paper published online ahead of print in the Journal of Virology.

WCS Adirondack Park study shows exurban residences impact bird communities up to 200 meters away
According to a study by the Wildlife Conservation Society, impacts to bird communities from a single rural,

Childhood blood lead levels rise and fall with exposure to airborne dust in urban areas
A new nine-year study of more than 367,000 children in Detroit supports the idea that a mysterious seasonal fluctuation in blood lead levels -- observed in urban areas throughout the United States and elsewhere in the northern hemisphere -- results from resuspended dust contaminated with lead.

Future evidence for extraterrestrial life might come from dying stars
Even dying stars could host planets with life - and if such life exists, we might be able to detect it within the next decade.

Higher levels of several toxic metals found in children with autism
Arizona State University researchers have found significantly higher levels of toxic metals in children with autism, compared to typical children.

Nottingham technology in heart development breakthrough
Technology developed at the University of Nottingham has been used in a breakthrough study aimed at developing the first comprehensive model of a fully functioning fetal heart.

Weather extremes provoked by trapping of giant waves in the atmosphere
The world has suffered from severe regional weather extremes in recent years, such as the heat wave in the United States in 2011.

Signalling pathways meeting targeting the HER/EGFR family: Focus on breast, lung and colorectal cancers
The ESMO symposium

Doing good is good for you: Volunteer adolescents enjoy healthier hearts
Giving back through volunteering is good for your heart, even at a young age, according to University of British Columbia researchers.

Some family physicians' offices discriminate against people with low socio-economic status
Some family physicians' offices discriminate against people of low socio-economic status, even when there is no economic incentive to do so under Canada's system of publicly funded universal health insurance, new research has shown.

Cell scaffolding protein fascin-1 is hijacked by cancer
A protein involved in the internal cell scaffold is associated with increased risk of metastasis and mortality in a range of common cancers finds a meta-analysis published in Biomed Central's open access journal BMC Medicine.

Pregnant mother's blood pressure may affect future health of children
Up to 10 percent of all women experience some form of elevated blood pressure during pregnancy.

Lincoln Park Zoo awarded $3 million leadership gift for education
This week, Lincoln Park Zoo rolls out several new educational initiatives designed by the newly created Hurvis Center for Learning Innovation and Collaboration.

Protecting health care workers
Health care workers who consistently wear special fitted face masks while on duty are much less likely to get clinical respiratory and bacterial infections, according to new research led by University of New South Wales academics.

Colonoscopy cost sharing eliminated for privately insured patients
This press release on an important clarification regarding preventive screening benefits under the Affordable Care Act is issued on behalf of the American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network, American College of Gastroenterology, American Gastroenterological Association, American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy and Fight Colorectal Cancer.

Antioxidant improves donated liver survival rate to more than 90 percent
Researchers from Italy have found that the antioxidant, N-acetylcysteine (NAC), when injected prior to harvesting of the liver, significantly improves graft survival following transplantation.

Breast cancer patients' fear of developing lymphedema far exceeds risk
A new study published in the March issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons suggests that the vast majority of women who undergo breast cancer operations worry about developing lymphedema, but their fear far exceeds their actual risk of developing the condition.

Clinical trial evaluates intervention to reduce pregnancy risk among adolescent girls
More consistent use of condoms, oral contraception or both was reported by a group of teenage girls who took part in a youth development intervention aimed at reducing pregnancy risk in high-risk adolescents, according to a report of a randomized controlled trial published Online First by JAMA Pediatrics, a JAMA Network publication.

RWJF awards $1.9 million grant to PatientsLikeMe to create open research platform
PatientsLikeMe has been awarded a $1.9 million grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation to create the world's first open-participation research platform for the development of patient-centered health outcome measures.

March of the pathogens: Parasite metabolism can foretell disease ranges under climate change
Princeton University researchers developed a model that can help determine the future range of nearly any disease-causing parasite under climate change, even if little is known about the organism.

Intense acupuncture can improve muscle recovery in patients with Bell palsy
Patients with Bell palsy who received acupuncture that achieves de qi, a type of intense stimulation, had improved facial muscle recovery, reduced disability and better quality of life, according to a randomized controlled trial published in CMAJ.

NASA spots active Southern Indian Ocean's Tropical Storm 18S
The eighteenth tropical cyclone of the Southern Indian Ocean season formed over the weekend of Feb.

BPA may affect the developing brain by disrupting gene regulation
Environmental exposure to bisphenol A (BPA), a widespread chemical found in plastics and resins, may suppress a gene vital to nerve cell function and to the development of the central nervous system, according to a study led by researchers at Duke Medicine.

Global surveys show environmental concerns rank low among public concerns
A newly released international study reveals that the issue of climate change is not a priority for people in the United States and around the world.

A new look at high-temperature superconductors
A new method allows direct detection of rapid fluctuations that may help to explain how high-temperature superconducting materials work.

Temperament plays key role in cattle health
USDA and university scientists have found that cattle temperament influences how animals should be handled, how they perform and how they respond to disease.

Top 10 ways biotechnology could improve our everyday life
The Global Agenda Council on Biotechnology, one of the global networks under the World Economic Forum, which is composed of the world's leading experts in the field of biotechnology, announced today that the council has identified

Giving a voice to kids with Down syndrome
University of Alberta case study shows children with Down syndrome can benefit from conventional stuttering treatment.

Extremely high estrogen levels may underlie complications of single-birth IVF pregnancies
Massachusetts General Hospital researchers have identified what may be a major factor behind the increased risk of two adverse outcomes in pregnancies conceived through IVF.

Higher income earners more likely to get doctors' appointments than lower income people
People of high socioeconomic status are more likely to be able to access primary care than those of low socioeconomic status, even within a universal health care system in which physicians are reimbursed equally for each patient, found an article published in CMAJ.

Can qigong reduce cocaine cravings in early addiction recovery?
Promising results from a study of qigong therapy for cocaine addiction recovery and its ability to help control cravings and withdrawal symptoms are published in The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine.

Researchers at the UH Cancer Center discover protein that may control the spread of cancer
Background: RSK2 alters cell migration and metastasis, but the mechanism is incompletely understood.

NIH awards $12.4 million grant to fund Henry Ford Hospital hypertension research
A senior staff scientist and his team at Henry Ford Hospital have been awarded a five-year, $12.4 million grant by the National Institutes of Health for their research into the damaging effects of high blood pressure on various organs in the body.

Spiderman's webbing would be strong enough to stop a moving train, say physics students
University of Leicester physics students calculate that the strength of Spiderman's webbing is proportional to that of real spiders.

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for Feb. 26, 2013
Below is information about articles being published in the Feb.

NASA sees Cyclone Rusty threatening Western Australia
Tropical Cyclone Rusty formed on Feb. 24 and has already caused warnings up for the residents of northwestern West Australia, including Port Hedland.

NRL scientists produce densest artificial ionospheric plasma clouds using HAARP
Glow discharges in the upper atmosphere were generated to explore ionospheric phenomena and its impact on communications and space weather.

Researchers explore PKC role in lung disease
New research examines the role of PKC in airway smooth muscle contraction and raises the possibility that this enzyme could be a therapeutic target for treating asthma, COPD, and other lung diseases.

Majority of Missouri tan salons allow pre-teens
A survey of tanning salon operators in Missouri shows that 65 percent would allow children as young as 10 to 12 years old to use tanning beds.

EAU Patient Information now available in Spanish and Greek
Greek and Spanish-speaking patients with kidney or ureteral stones can now read EAU Patient Information in their native language.

Scientists create new maps depicting potential worldwide coral bleaching by 2056
New maps by scientists with NOAA's Cooperative Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Studies show how rising sea temperatures are likely to affect all coral reefs in the form of annual coral bleaching events under different emission scenarios.

Scientists' findings disclose a new and much needed test for river blindness infection
Scientists at the Scripps Research Institute have found a telltale molecular marker for onchocerciasis or

Study reveals stem cells in a human parasite
The parasitic flatworm Schistosoma mansoni hatches in feces-tainted water, grows into a larva in the body of a snail and then burrows through human skin to take up residence in the veins.

Stanford scientists help shed light on key component of China's pollution problem
Study reveals scale of nitrogen's effect on people and ecosystems.

NYU Langone Medical Center receives $17 million gift from the Steven A. and Alexandra M. Cohen Foundation
Funded by what is believed to be the largest private donation to post-traumatic stress research, NYU Langone Medical Center is establishing a new veterans' mental health research center to study post-traumatic stress and traumatic brain injury and conduct biomarker research necessary to accurately diagnose these conditions.

Study finds maize in diets of people in coastal Peru dates to 5,000 years ago
A team of scientists led by Dr. Jonathan Haas of Chicago's Field Museum has concluded that during the Late Archaic, maize (corn) was a primary component in the diet of people living in the Norte Chico region of Peru, an area of remarkable cultural florescence in 3rd millennium B.C.

Targeting CPR education in high-risk neighborhoods could save more lives
Targeting CPR education in high-risk neighborhoods could improve cardiac arrest survival rates.

Carnegie Mellon Startup, Neon, named Edison Award finalist
Carnegie Mellon University startup Neon has been named a 2013 finalist by the internationally renowned Edison Awards.

Rethinking wind power
Research by Harvard professor David Keith suggests that the global capacity for energy generation from wind power has been overestimated, and that geophysical / climate effects of turbines will reduce the benefits of large-scale power installations.

Unique study highlights importance of universal newborn screening for lethal genetic disorder
Contrary to current belief, routine newborn screening improves the detection of the lethal form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) in girls as well as boys, saving lives in both sexes, according to a unique study of CAH during the last 100 years published Online First in The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology.

Catfight? Workplace conflicts between women get bad rap
A new study from the University of British Columbia's Sauder School of Business suggests troubling perceptions exist when it comes to women involved in disputes at work.

Infrared NASA data shows Cyclone Haruna being blown away
Ex-cyclone Haruna is expected to dissipate in the Southern Indian Ocean under increasing wind shear in the next day or two.

Cleveland Clinic researcher receives grant to fund autism research
The National Institute of Mental Health has awarded $1.97 million for innovative autism research to Bruce Trapp, Ph.D., Chairman of Neurosciences at Cleveland Clinic's Lerner Research Institute.

OHSU scientists first to grow liver stem cells in culture, demonstrate therapeutic benefit
For decades scientists around the world have attempted to regenerate primary liver cells known as hepatocytes because of their numerous biomedical applications, including hepatitis research, drug metabolism and toxicity studies, as well as transplantation for cirrhosis and other chronic liver conditions.

Bhatia honored by Southern Society for Pediatric Research
Dr. Jatinder Bhatia, Chief of the Section of Neonatology in the Department of Pediatrics at the Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University, received the Founder's Award for his research achievements and contributions to the Southern Society for Pediatric Research.

Entrepreneurs really do matter as study shows 60 percent sales drop after founders die
The death of a founding entrepreneur wipes out on average 60 percent of a firm's sales and cuts jobs by around 17 percent, according to a new study.

Clues to climate cycles dug from south pole snow pit
Particles from the upper atmosphere trapped in a deep pile of Antarctic snow hold clear chemical traces of global meteorological events, a team from the University of California, San Diego and a colleague from France have found.

Efforts to connect African research turns to accelerating technical training
A $3.19 million grant from Google.org to the University of Oregon-based Network Startup Resource Center will allow the non-profit center to step up efforts to spread infrastructure and technical training across much of the southern half of Africa, connecting more universities to research-and-education networks.

Memory strategy may help depressed people remember the good times
New research highlights a memory strategy that may help people who suffer from depression in recalling positive day-to-day experiences.

Electronic health communications often unavilable to lower income patients
Lower-income patients want to communicate electronically with their doctors, but the revolution in health care technology often is not accessible to them, due to inadequate health information services within the health care clinics they frequent, according to a survey by UC San Francisco researchers.

Cortisone can increase risk of acute pancreatitis
A new study from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden shows that cortisone -- a hormone used in certain medicines -- increases the risk of acute pancreatitis.

Johns Hopkins study: Risk of pancreatitis doubles for those taking new class of diabetes drugs
People who take the newest class of diabetes drugs to control blood sugar are twice as likely as those on other forms of sugar-control medication to be hospitalized with pancreatitis, Johns Hopkins researchers report.

Gender gap disappears in school math competitions, study shows
The idea that boys are better at math and in competitions has persisted for a long time -- primarily because of the competition format.

Research analyzes the role of TVE during the Spanish Transition
Spanish National Television was not only a witness to the Transition, but also an actor that played a crucial role in the country's democratization process, according to research carried out by a professor at Universidad Carlos III of Madrid.

Research to probe deep within a solar cell
Engineers and scientists from the University of Sheffield have pioneered a new technique to analyze PCBM, a material used in polymer photovoltaic cells, obtaining details of the structure of the material which will be vital to improving the cell's efficiency.
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