Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 28, 2013
Space race under way to create quantum satellite
In this month's special edition of Physics World, focusing on quantum physics, Thomas Jennewein and Brendon Higgins from the Institute for Quantum Computing at the University of Waterloo, Canada, describe how a quantum space race is under way to create the world's first global quantum-communication network.

Twin CU-Boulder instruments reveal a third radiation belt can wrap around Earth
With the flip of a switch, a pair of instruments designed and built by the University of Colorado Boulder and flying onboard twin NASA space probes have forced the revision of a 50-year-old theory about the structure of the radiation belts that wrap around the Earth just a few thousand miles above our heads.

Deworming important for children's health, has limited impact on infection in wider communities
Although they have an important impact on children's health and education, school-based deworming programs have a limited impact on the level of infection in the wider community, according to a mathematical modeling study conducted by researchers at Imperial College London.

Bioliq pilot plant: Successful operation of high-pressure entrained flow gasification
On the way to the production of environment-friendly fuels from biomass residue, the Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, or KIT for short, in cooperation with the technology partner Air Liquide Global E&C Solutions has realized another important milestone: the second process stage of the bioliq pilot plant is ready -- today, the complex high-pressure entrained flow gasifier bioliq II was handed over for operation.

ACC/HRS release appropriate use criteria for ICDs and CRT
The American College of Cardiology and the Heart Rhythm Society, along with key specialty societies, today released appropriate use criteria for implantable cardioverter-defibrillators and cardiac resynchronization therapy.

Thyroid hormones reduce damage and improve heart function after myocardial infarction in rats
A new study published by NYIT researchers in the Journal of Translational Medicine shows that thyroid hormones administered to rats at the time of a heart attack improved their heart function and significantly reduced their loss of heart muscle cells.

Neiker-Tecnalia tests whether biomass ash is a suitable fertilizer for Pinus radiata
Ash produced by the burning of tree biomass appears to be a suitable fertilizer for radiata pine plantations, according to a piece of research carried out by Neiker-Tecnalia, the Basque Institute for Agricultural Research and Development.

Progesterone may be why pregnant women are more vulnerable to certain infections
Women who are pregnant or using synthetic progesterone birth control injections have a vulnerability to infections including malaria, Listeria, HIV, and herpes simplex virus.

Mayo Clinic finds steroids may shorten hospital stay for pneumonia patients
Patients with pneumonia may spend fewer days in the hospital if they are given steroids along with antibiotics and supportive care.

Loss of wild insects hurts crops around the world
Researchers studying data from 600 fields in 20 countries have found that managed honey bees are not as successful at pollinating crops as wild insects, primarily wild bees, suggesting the continuing loss of wild insects in many agricultural landscapes has negative consequences for crop harvests.

American Thoracic Society relaunches Annals of the American Thoracic Society
In Feb. 2013, The American Thoracic Society relaunched Annals of the American Thoracic Society (formerly Proceedings of the American Thoracic Society) as a bi-monthly, online, clinician-oriented journal.

Lost in translation: HMO enrollees with poor health have hardest time communicating with doctors
In the nation's most diverse state, some of the sickest Californians often have the hardest time communicating with their doctors.

Society of Interventional Radiology: Pioneering specialty reaches out
Online meeting registration is open for the Society of Interventional Radiology's Annual Scientific Meeting April 13-18 at the Ernest N.

CETS offers new method to help simplify the study of brain pathologies
A study in the March 2013 issue of Epigenetics titled

British Columbia traffic deaths could be cut in half
A study by a Simon Fraser University researcher shows British Columbia has much higher traffic death rates than most northern European countries.

Pixels guide the way for the visually impaired
Images have been transformed into pixels and projected onto a headset to help the visually impaired in everyday tasks such as navigation, route-planning and object finding.

Kessler researchers link left-sided brain injury with greater risk for hospital-acquired infections
The March 2013 issue of Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation features an article by Kessler researchers Pasquale Frisina, PhD, Ann Kutlik, BA, and A.M.

Closer personal relationships could help teens overcome learning disabilities
A new study from a Tel Aviv University researcher says that children with learning disabilities develop less secure attachments with mothers and teachers, and that closer and more secure relationships with parents and adults may help them overcome these disabilities.

New model could lead to improved treatment for early stage Alzheimer's
Researchers at the University of Florida and The Johns Hopkins University have developed a line of genetically altered mice that model the earliest stages of Alzheimer's disease.

Mineral diversity clue to early Earth chemistry
Mineral evolution is a new way to look at our planet's history.

Replacing soybean meal in pig diets
Canola, cottonseed, and sunflower products can replace soybean meal in diets fed to pigs, but they contain less protein and energy.

Wars on editing Wikipedia articles, uncovered
An international study, in which the Spanish National Research Council has participated, has developed a mathematical model that describes the dynamics of editing conflicts over Wikipedia articles.

UGA researchers identify brain pathway triggering impulsive eating
New research from the University of Georgia has identified the neural pathways in an insect brain tied to eating for pleasure, a discovery that sheds light on mirror impulsive eating pathways in the human brain.

Problems with identifying meat? The answer is to check the barcode
Want to know what you are eating? DNA barcodes can be used to identify even very closely related species, finds an article published in BioMed Central's open access journal Investigative Genetics.

Study shows need for improved empathic communication between hospice teams and caregivers
A new study authored by University of Kentucky researcher Elaine Wittenberg-Lyles shows that more empathic communication is needed between caregivers and hospice team members.

Research: Brain can't cope with making a left-hand turn and talking on hands-free cell phone
Most serious traffic accidents occur when drivers are making a left-hand turn at a busy intersection.

Winner of Physics Journalism Prize announced
Anil Ananthaswamy has won the inaugural Physics Journalism Prize - a prize designed to inspire the next generation of physicists by encouraging journalists to grapple with often complex topics and help spread excitement about the subject.

Physical activity does not protect against in situ breast cancer
Non-invasive, or in situ breast cancer, is characterized by the fact that it does not invade or does not multiply in other cells.

£21 million for new Centres for Innovative Manufacturing
Four new research centers, that will develop new ways of manufacturing in the fields of electronics, laser use in production processes, medical devices and food production, have been awarded a total of £21 million Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council grant funding as part of a £45 million package of investments in manufacturing research announced today by David Willetts, Minister for Universities and Science.

Is nanosilver toxic?
According to Finnish-Estonian joint research with data obtained on two crustacean species, there is apparently no reason to consider silver nanoparticles more dangerous for aquatic ecosystems than silver ions.

Zeroing in on heart disease
Studies screening the genome of hundreds of thousands of individuals have linked more than 100 regions in the genome to the risk of developing cardiovascular disease.

Brown unveils novel wireless brain sensor
In a significant advance for brain-computer interfaces, engineers at Brown University have developed a novel wireless, broadband, rechargeable, fully implantable brain sensor that has performed well in animal models for more than a year.

The giant cockroach genus Pseudophoraspis expands to the north with 3 new species
Three new species of the giant cockroach genus Pseudophoraspis have been discovered in the Hainan, Yunnan and Guangxi provinces of China.

Trackable drug-filled nanoparticles -- a potential weapon against cancer
Tiny particles filled with a drug could be a new tool for treating cancer in the future.

Strains of antibiotic-resistant 'Staph' bacteria show seasonal preference; children at higher risk in summer
Strains of potentially deadly, antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteria show seasonal infection preferences, putting children at greater risk in summer and seniors at greater risk in winter, according to results of a new nationwide study led by a Johns Hopkins researcher.

About 15 percent of patients with Wolfram syndrome do not meet current diagnostic criteria
Researchers at IDIBELL and CIBERER Virginia Nunes and Miguel López de Heredia have collected data from 400 patients with Wolfram syndrome published worldwide in the last 15 years to better understand the natural history of disease.

Aggressive advertising may make for aggressive men
Does advertising influence society, or is it merely a reflection of society's pre-existing norms?

Old records, new bees result in 'Science' paper for MSU ecologist
Montana State University ecologist Laura Burkle has published her findings about bees and flowering plants in

Study finds diabetes does not increase risk of total knee surgical complications
Patients with diabetes who undergo total knee replacement surgery do not have increased risk of surgical complications compared to those patients without diabetes, according to a Kaiser Permanente study published today in The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery.

Scientists call for legal trade in rhino horn
Four leading environmental scientists today urged the international community to install a legal trade in rhino horn - in a last ditch effort to save the imperiled animals from extinction.

Third radiation belt discovered with UNH-led instrument suite
Although scientists involved in NASA's Van Allen Probes mission were confident they would eventually be able to rewrite the textbook on Earth's twin radiation belts, getting material for the new edition just two days after launch was surprising, momentous, and gratifying.

'Crazy-busy' Canadians under pressure on the job
Having more control in the workplace can have negative consequences for individuals, but it depends on the form of job control.

Mutation location is the key to prognosis
The three most important factors in real estate are location, location, location, and the same might be said for mutations in the gene MECP2, said researchers at Baylor College of Medicine and the Jan and Dan Duncan Neurological Research Institute at Texas Children's Hospital in a report in the journal Cell.

Exploring the inner world of carnivorous plants
Professor Enrico Coen from the John Innes Centre has been awarded €2.5M EU funding to explore the growth and evolution of carnivorous plants.

Portuguese student exhibits prototype at MIT media lab
Vasco Portugal, a Sustainable Energy Systems Ph.D. student under the MIT Portugal Program, co-developed with the MIT student Jason Gao a prototype of a built-in sidewalk charger for the CityCar - the MIT Media Lab electric car.

LSU researchers find new information about 'Snowball Earth' period
Huiming Bao, Charles L. Jones Professor in Geology & Geophysics at LSU, and LSU graduate students Bryan Killingsworth and Justin Hayles, together with Chuanming Zhou, a colleague at Chinese Academy of Sciences, had an article published on Feb.

Round or 'shaped,' implants yield good results in breast reconstruction
For women undergoing breast reconstruction using implants, most patient-reported outcomes are similar with two different shapes of silicone gel-filled implants, reports a study in the March issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

Animas' development of a first-generation closed loop insulin delivery system progresses
Animas Corporation announced today positive results from the second phase of human clinical trials of a first-generation, closed-loop insulin delivery system in development, designed to predict a rise or fall in blood glucose and correspondingly increase, decrease, suspend and resume insulin delivery.

Modified bacteria turn waste into fat for fuel
Genetically engineered E. coli bacteria developed at Rice University turn biomass from plant waste into fatty acids in a project sponsored by the United States Department of Agriculture.

Global tipping point not backed by science: Study
A group of international ecological scientists led by the University of Adelaide have rejected a doomsday-like scenario of sudden, irreversible change to the Earth's ecology.

Ultrasound to detect lung congestion in dialysis patients may help save lives
Lung ultrasound can detect asymptomatic lung congestion in dialysis patients and can predict their risk of dying prematurely or experiencing heart attacks or other cardiac events.

Pour, shake and stir
A diagnostic

DNA's twisted communication
Gene expression needs to be finely controlled during embryo development.

Toxic oceans may have delayed spread of complex life
A new model suggests that inhospitable hydrodgen-sulphide rich waters could have delayed the spread of complex life forms in ancient oceans.

How common is 'sexting' among urban minority youth?
Sexting, the use of technology to send or receive sexually explicit messages, photos, or videos, is a relatively new trend and, in many cases, has legal implications.

UCLA study could explain why some people get zits and others don't
The bacteria that cause acne live on everyone's skin, yet one in five people is lucky enough to develop only an occasional pimple over a lifetime.

Wolf in sheep's clothing: Uncovering how deadly bacteria trick the immune system
A new UCLA study demonstrates how bacteria can pretend to be a virus and trick the immune system into sending out the wrong type of defense.

FAPESP and JSPS organize Japan-Brazil Symposium
The Japan-Brazil symposium is jointly organized by the São Paulo Research Foundation and the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science at Rikkyo University in Tokyo, March 15-16, 2013.

Groundbreaking UK study shows key enzyme missing from aggressive form of breast cancer
A groundbreaking new study led by the University of Kentucky Markey Cancer Center's Dr.

Double-jointed adolescents at risk for joint pain
A prospective study by U.K. researchers found that adolescents who are double-jointed -- medically termed joint hypermobility -- are at greater risk for developing musculoskeletal pain as they get older, particularly in the shoulders, knees, ankles and feet.

Fighting GM crop vandalism with a government-protected research site
Genetically modified (GM) crops have been a source of great controversy -- particularly in Europe -- but acts of vandalism and associated security costs have made scientific evidence about the health and ecological impacts of those crops hard to come by.

Brain-to-brain interface allows transmission of tactile and motor information between rats
Researchers have electronically linked the brains of pairs of rats for the first time, enabling them to communicate directly to solve simple behavioral puzzles.

Atoms with quantum memory
A newly discovered state between order and chaos turns out to be a fundamental property of quantum physics.

Study identifies growth factor essential to the most common malignant pediatric brain tumor
A multi-institutional team has identified a molecular pathway that appears to be essential for the growth and spread of medulloblastoma, the most common malignant brain tumor in children.

The safer sex? For a little-known primate, a new understanding of why females outlive males
Researchers studying aging in an endangered lemur known as the Milne-Edwards' sifaka report that in old age, females are the safer sex.

Clogged heart arteries can foreshadow stroke
Blockages in the heart arteries caused by coronary artery calcification (CAC) can show stroke risk.

Research supports promise of cell therapy for bowel disease
Researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center and colleagues have identified a special population of adult stem cells in bone marrow that have the natural ability to migrate to the intestine and produce intestinal cells, suggesting their potential to restore healthy tissue in patients with inflammatory bowel disease.

Helping dementia patients remember to eat well improves physical and mental health
A new analysis has found that a combination of methods that help patients with dementia to remember proper eating habits can improve their physical health and lessen symptoms of depression.

New marine species discovered in Pacific Ocean
Nova Southeastern U. Professor Jim Thomas leads international expedition in Papua New Guinea that finds new species of sea slugs, feather stars and amphipods, a shrimp-like animal.

Growing talent -- schools to provide vital knowledge for food security
Sixth form pupils will help the world's leading plant scientists with research to be peer reviewed and published.

Mutation altering stability of surface molecule in acid enables H5N1 infection of mammals
A single mutation in the H5N1 avian influenza virus that affects the pH at which the hemagglutinin surface protein is activated simultaneously reduces its capacity to infect ducks and enhances its capacity to grow in mice according to research published ahead of print today in the Journal of Virology.

11th International Congress on Targeted Anticancer Therapies
A range of new and promising targeted drugs currently under development for improved cancer therapy will be presented during the 11th International Congress on Targeted Anticancer Therapies, Paris, March 4-6 2013.

NOAA and NASA's next generation weather satellite may provide earlier warnings
A new satellite that will detect the lightning inside storm clouds may lead to valuable improvements in tornado detection.

Action video games boost reading skills
Much to the chagrin of parents who think their kids should spend less time playing video games and more time studying, time spent playing action video games can actually make dyslexic children read better.

Wolters Kluwer Health named publisher of the Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
Wolters Kluwer Health and the American Academy of Physician Assistants announced today an agreement to publish its official journal effective with the June 2013 issue.

Researchers show that lipid nanoparticles are ideal for delivering genes and drugs
At the Faculty of Pharmacy of the Basque Public University the Pharmacokinetics, Nanotechnology and Gene Therapy research team is using nanotechnology to develop new formulations that can be applied to drugs and gene therapy.

International team targets innovations in STEM learning
Students in Finland have a reputation for doing well on international assessments in science and mathematics, an accomplishment that's long been of interest to educators and policy makers here in the US.

Shimadzu Scientific Instruments donates record $7.5 million to UT Arlington
Shimadzu Scientific Instruments, the U.S. subsidiary of international scientific equipment manufacturer Shimadzu Corp., will donate $7.5 million to The University of Texas at Arlington.

Reading, writing, arithmetic, and aerobics -- Evaluating the new 'R' in academic performance
Although the long-term consequences of childhood obesity are well documented, some school districts have reduced physical education classes to devote more time to the three Rs in education -- reading, writing, and arithmetic.

Reducing numbers of 1 carnivore species indirectly leads to extinction of others
Previous studies have shown that carnivores can have indirect positive effects on each other, which means that when one species is lost, others could soon follow.

Facebook 'Likes' a good indicator of quality hospital care
While those active on social media aren't shy about expressing opinions on their Facebook pages, how much do their

Creating your own animated 3D characters and scenes for the web
To show spatial animations on websites, developers so far have had only two options: to use special software or to implement it from scratch.

Human trials for Streptococcus A vaccine
Griffith University's Institute for Glycomics has launched human trials for a vaccine against Streptococcus A, the germ that causes rheumatic fever.

Elephants are vanishing from DRC's best-run reserve
Democratic Republic of Congo's largest remaining forest elephant population, located in the Okapi Faunal Reserve, has declined by 37 percent in the last five years, with only 1,700 elephants now remaining, according to wildlife surveys by WCS and DRC officials.

New grant launches initiative to shift how LGBTQ sexuality is discussed in schools
A new initiative to help high school communities discuss LGBTQ sexuality goes beyond the usual anti-bullying messages.

How did early primordial cells evolve?
New research on bacteria examines how primordial cells could have evolved without protein machinery or cell walls.

Stroud launches Watershed Restoration Group to ensure water quality
Stroud™ Water Research Center has launched the Watershed Restoration Group to utilize the Center's groundbreaking freshwater science to develop, research, implement, and monitor restoration projects throughout Pennsylvania and beyond.

Walking in the footsteps of 19th and 20th century naturalists
Two biologists at Washington University in St. Louis were delighted to discover a meticulous dataset on a plant-pollinator network recorded by Illinois naturalist Charles Robertson between 1884 and 1916.

Study provides insights into plant evolution
New research has uncovered a mechanism that regulates the reproduction of plants, providing a possible tool for engineering higher yielding crops.

Nearly 1 in 4 women newly diagnosed with breast cancer
A study by researchers found that nearly one in four women (23 percent) newly diagnosed with breast cancer reported symptoms consistent with post-traumatic stress disorder shortly after diagnosis, with increased risk among black and Asian women.

New study could explain why some people get zits and others don't
Researchers have discovered that acne bacteria contain

MIMR researchers find a protein link to STI susceptibility
Monash Institute of Medical Research scientists have found a protein in the female reproductive tract that protects against sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia and herpes simplex virus.

NASA's Van Allen Probes discover a surprise circling Earth
After most NASA science spacecraft launches, researchers wait patiently for months as instruments on board are turned on one at a time, slowly ramped up to full power, and tested to make sure they work at full capacity.

Clouds, crowds and games improve UK manufacturing
Six research projects that will help improve manufacturing competitiveness in the UK by using the latest ICT developments have been awarded £12 million Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council grant funding as part of a £45 million package of investments in manufacturing research announced today by David Willetts, Minister for Universities and Science.

Discoveries suggest icy cosmic start for amino acids and DNA ingredients
Using new technology at the telescope and in laboratories, researchers have discovered an important pair of prebiotic molecules in interstellar space.

Cell movement explained by molecular recycling
Scientists at the University of Manchester have identified the method by which cells control the recycling of molecules, a process that is essential for them to move.

Study led by NUS researchers proves the existence of 3 overstretched DNA structures
Novel discovery brings a close to a 17-year-old scientific debate about the impact of mechanical stretching on the structure of DNA.

Improving climate protection in the agricultural sector
Agriculture is responsible for around 10 to 12 percent of all greenhouse gases attributable to human activities.

Metal ions regulate terpenoid metabolism in insects
Max Planck scientists have discovered an unusual regulation of enzymes that catalyze chain elongation in the terpenoid pathway.

'Defective' virus surprisingly plays major role in spread of disease, UCLA life scientists report
Defective viruses, thought for decades to be essentially garbage unrelated to the transmission of a virus, now appear able to play a much more important role in the spread of disease, new research by UCLA biologists indicates.

Developmental biologist Arthur Lander named Donald Bren Professor
Arthur Lander, a recognized leader in the emerging field of systems biology whose research has helped identify underlying causes for some cancers and birth defects, has been named the Donald Bren Professor of Developmental & Cell Biology at UC Irvine.

Saharan and Asian dust, biological particles end global journey in California
UCSD, NOAA study is the first to show that dust and other aerosols from one side of the world influence rainfall in the Sierra Nevada.

Sequester will have a devastating impact on America's research enterprise
The 200-plus research universities that make up ScienceWorksForU.S. today again called on Congress to stop sequestration and prevent the across-the-board cuts to discretionary spending that will result in drastic reductions in funding for basic scientific research.

Adult sleepwalking is serious condition that impacts health-related quality of life
A new study found that adult sleepwalking is a potentially serious condition that may induce violent behaviors and affect health-related quality of life.

Antibody response linked with rejection in pediatric kidney transplant recipients
Pediatric kidney transplant recipients who have antibodies directed against their new organ are more likely to experience kidney injury and rejection than patients without these antibodies.

Research to make UK manufacturing flexible and adaptable
Factories that use networks of light-based measurement systems for accurate measurement of products and real time control of machines; precise metal forming processes that can deliver small batches high value components and products; assembly lines that evolve and adapt quickly to new demands and use interchangeable components.

After the human genome project: The human microbiome project
A complex ecosystem exists within our bodies -- communities of microbes affecting the behavior of human host cells.

Sea lamprey genome mapped with help from scientists at OU
Two scientists from University of Oklahoma help map genome of sea lamprey

US and French long-term ecological research networks agree to share knowledge and skills
During the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding committing the US and French Long Term Ecological Research networks to work together, the two networks agree to share knowledge and skills through collaboration among sites and scientists.

The birth of a giant planet?
Astronomers using ESO's Very Large Telescope have obtained what is likely the first direct observation of a forming planet still embedded in a thick disc of gas and dust.

Grape seed and skin extract - a weapon in the fight against kidney disease caused by high-fat diets
New insight into grape seed extract as a therapeutic and preventative measure to fight obesity-induced kidney damage is presented in a new study.

Eating junk food while pregnant may make your child a junk food addict
A healthy diet during pregnancy is critical to the future health of your children.

Secondary facelift achieves good results, reports plastic and reconstructive surgery
Performed an average of a decade after initial facelift surgery, a

Automatic test procedures for apps on smartphones and tablets
For many so-called apps, developers and companies have not adequately ensured that the mini-programs are actually working the way they should.

Research unearths new dinosaur species
A South Dakota School of Mines & Technology paleontologist and his team have discovered a new species of herbivorous dinosaur and published the first fossil evidence of prehistoric crocodyliforms feeding on small dinosaurs.

Where the wild things go... when there's nowhere else
The presence of endangered cats and primates in swamp forests might be seriously overlooked.

New method for researching understudied malaria-spreading mosquitoes
Researchers have developed a new method for studying the complex molecular workings of Anopheles albimanus, an important but less studied spreader of human malaria.
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