Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 01, 2013
Mother Teresa: Anything but a saint...
The myth of altruism and generosity surrounding Mother Teresa is dispelled in a paper by Serge Larivee and Genevieve Chenard of University of Montreal's Department of Psychoeducation and Carole Senechal of the University of Ottawa's Faculty of Education.

P&G Beauty & Grooming to present advancements in skin aging & stress sweat at AAD Meeting
Research presented by P&G Beauty & Grooming scientists at the 71st Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Dermatology examines skin care science from multiple perspectives, offering insights into new ingredient formulations, skin care regimens and more.

JCI early table of contents for Mar. 1, 2013
The following release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, Mar.

Short algorithm, long-range consequences
A new technique for solving 'graph Laplacians' is drastically simpler than its predecessors, with implications for a huge range of practical problems.

A better bone marrow transplant: Preventing graft-versus-host disease
Bone marrow transplant is a key treatment for patients with leukemia, lymphoma, multiple myeloma and other blood disorders.

Scientists identify ancient micro-continent under the Indian Ocean
Scientists at the Universities of Liverpool have found evidence of an ancient micro-continent buried beneath the Indian Ocean.

Parkinson's disease: Parkin protects from neuronal cell death
Researchers from Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich identify a novel signal transduction pathway, which activates the parkin gene and prevents stress-induced neuronal cell death.

Videocast on legal issues related to field trips and field courses released on YouTube
The American Geosciences Institute (AGI) and American Geophysical Union (AGU) have released a recording of the latest AGU/AGI Heads and Chairs webinar.

Pharmaceutical companies: An $84 million marketing effort in the District of Columbia
Drug companies spent nearly $84 million marketing pharmaceuticals in the District of Columbia in 2011, including an outlay of nearly $19 million for gifts given to physicians, hospitals and other health care providers, according to a report by researchers at the George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services.

Turn trash into cash... and save energy
3D printing lets anyone make almost anything with a simple machine and a roll of plastic filament.

Study confirms safety of colonoscopy
Colon Cancer Awareness Month is about encouraging more people to get tested for colorectal cancer.

Cancer doesn't change young girls' desire to have children, Moffitt Cancer Center study shows
Researchers at Moffitt Cancer Center and colleagues have found that healthy adolescent females have predetermined expectations for becoming parents in the future, but have concerns about fertility and childbearing should they develop a life-threatening illness, such as cancer.

A coordinated response to cardiac stress
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Daniela Tirziu and researchers at Yale University identified a molecular mechanism by which the growth of new blood vessels (angiogenesis) and heart muscle growth are coordinated.

Illinois town provides a historical foundation for today's bee research
A study published in the journal Science reveals a decline in bee species since the late 1800s in West Central Illinois.

Wild pollinators increase crop fruit set regardless of honey bees
A recent study, published in Science, highlights the importance of the interaction between wild pollinators and production of animal-pollinated crops.

Physicist develops new type of silicone rubber
University of Virginia physicist Lou Bloomfield has developed a new type of silicone rubber that may have widespread applications, including shoes, prosthetics, sporting goods and toys.

Postmenopausal women who smoked are more likely to lose teeth due to periodontal disease
Postmenopausal women who have smoked are at much higher risk of losing their teeth than women who never smoked, according to a new study published and featured on the cover of the Journal of the American Dental Association by researchers at the University at Buffalo.

'Where you're treated matters' in terms of cancer survival
A study of older patients with advanced head and neck cancers has found that where they were treated significantly influenced their survival.

Disabled kids inspire musical instrument anyone can play
A Taos, N.M., musician, working with a Sandia National Laboratories scientist, has created a way for people to make music without the kind of physical skill it normally takes to play an instrument.

Towards more sustainable construction
Construction in Montreal is under a microscope. Now more than ever, municipal builders need to comply with long-term urban planning goals.

New guidelines for standardizing glucose reporting and optimizing clinical decision making in diabetes
A panel of experts in diabetes management and research met to explore the challenges of standardizing glucose reporting, and their conclusions and recommendations for how to improve care and optimize clinical decision-making are presented in a white paper in Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics.

Living through a tornado does not shake optimism
Even in the face of a disaster, we remain optimistic about our chances of injury compared to others, according to a new study.

Improved synchronicity: Preventive care for the power grid
As the national power-grid network becomes larger and more complex, achieving reliability across the network is increasingly difficult.

Adaptable software, tools aim to help rheumatoid arthritis patients
UT Arlington researchers are creating individualized, patient-centered rehabilitation software systems that will promote and support physical therapy for people with rheumatoid arthritis.

Dartmouth neuroscientist finds free will has neural basis
A new theory of brain function by a Dartmouth College cognitive neuroscientist suggests that free will is real and has a biophysical basis in the microscopic workings of our brain cells.

Experts to calculate potential of Greenlandic mineral wealth
A joint Greenlandic and Danish university committee will seek to identify how best to use Greenland's geological resources in order to develop the country and its relationship with Denmark.

Automated testing of complex Web 2.0 applications prevents security vulnerabilities
So far there are no methods to test complex web 2.0 applications systematically and at low cost for malfunctions and security vulnerabilities.

BPA raises risk for childhood asthma
Researchers at the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health at the Mailman School of Public Health are the first to report an association between early childhood exposure to the chemical bisphenol A (BPA) and an elevated risk for asthma in young children.

Volcanic aerosols, not pollutants, tamped down recent Earth warming, says CU-Boulder study
A team led by the University of Colorado Boulder looking for clues about why Earth did not warm as much as scientists expected between 2000 and 2010 now thinks the culprits are hiding in plain sight -- dozens of volcanoes spewing sulfur dioxide.

US may face inevitable nuclear power exit
In the third and final issue in a series focused on nuclear exits, the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, published by SAGE, turns its attention to the United States and looks at whether the country's business-as-usual approach may yet lead to a nuclear phase-out for economic reasons.

How do bacteria clog medical devices? Very quickly
A new study demonstrates that bacteria can quickly and catastrophically clog medical devices by forming slimy ribbons that tangle and trap other cells.

The patient satisfaction chasm
New research from Brigham and Women's Hospital, published in the Mar. edition of British Medical Journal Quality and Safety finds insufficient support from hospital management to improve the patient experience by engaging physicians and nurses in the process.

A nanogel-based treatment for lupus
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Tarek Fahmy and colleagues at Yale University report the development of a nanogel-based delivery system that targets an immunosuppressive drug (mycophenolic acid) directly to tissues associated with immune cells.

Big data: Searching in large amounts of data quickly and efficiently
Not only scientific institutes but also companies harvest an amazing amount of data.

Misplaced molecules: New insights into the causes of dementia
A team of German and Belgian researchers has succeeded in gaining new insights into the causes of certain movement disorders and forms of dementia.

Tumors deliberately create conditions that inhibit body's best immune response
New research in the Journal of Clinical Investigation reveals that tumors in melanoma patients deliberately create conditions that knock out the body's 'premier' immune defense and instead attract a weaker immune response unable to kill off the tumor's cancerous cells.

New chemical probe provides tool to investigate role of malignant brain tumor domains
UNC researchers announce the discovery of a chemical probe that can be used to investigate the L3MBTL3 methyl-lysine reader domain.

Pregnancy permanently changes foot size
A University of Iowa study of women's feet during and after pregnancy shows that arch height and arch rigidity decrease significantly from early pregnancy to five months after childbirth, causing corresponding increases in foot length that appear to be permanent.

New study reveals how sensitive US East Coast regions may be to ocean acidification
A continental-scale chemical survey in the waters of the eastern US and Gulf of Mexico is helping researchers determine how distinct bodies of water will resist changes in acidity.

CeBIT: IT for operation, care, and translation
The computer is increasingly used to help in complex situations.

Fish migrate to safer environments
Research now reveals that fish can migrate to avoid the threat of being eaten.

Mechanisms regulating inflammation associated with type 2 diabetes, cancer identified
A study led by researchers at Boston University School of Medicine has identified epigenetic mechanisms that connect a variety of diseases associated with inflammation.

Report spotlights Sandia's impact on economy
Sandia National Laboratories spent roughly $900 million on goods and services in fiscal year 2012 and New Mexico businesses were awarded more than $400 million, or 45 percent, of the total, according to the labs' latest economic impact report.

Malign environmental combination favors schizophrenia
The interplay between an infection during pregnancy and stress in puberty plays a key role in the development of schizophrenia, as behaviorists from ETH Zurich demonstrate in a mouse model.
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