Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 11, 2013
Less sleep leads to more eating and more weight gain, according to new CU-Boulder study
Sleeping just five hours a night over a workweek and having unlimited access to food caused participants in a new study led by the University of Colorado Boulder to gain nearly two pounds of weight.

Therapies for ALL and AML targeting MER receptor hold promise of more effect with less side-effect
Two University of Colorado Cancer Center studies show that the protein receptor Mer is overexpressed in many leukemias, and that inhibition of this Mer receptor results in the death of leukemia cells -- without affecting surrounding, healthy cells.

Gun retailers take a hard line on illegal firearm sales, UC Davis survey finds
A scientific survey of more than 9,700 gun retailers in the US has found that gun buyers frequently try to make illegal purchases and that gun retailers take a dim view of fellow sellers who engage in illegal activity -- regardless of whether they are actively breaking the law or simply looking the other way.

BGI Tech develops novel 'Ultra-Deep de novo' assembly solution for heterozygous genomes
BGI Tech develops novel

Pitt social work professor receives $3 million grant to test new treatment for schizophrenia
University of Pittsburgh Assistant Professor of Social Work Shaun M.

Carl Thunberg's Japanese plants to be digitized
In stiff competition the Museum of Evolution at Uppsala University, Sweden, has been granted funding for digitizing the Japanese parts of the Thunberg collection.

Need for culturally sensitive treatment for deaf patients with psychiatric disorders
Members of the Deaf community who suffer from mental health problems need culturally sensitive treatment to avoid misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatment, according to a report in the March Journal of Psychiatric Practice.

Clot-busting drug benefits intermediate-risk patients with pulmonary embolism
The clot-busting drug tenecteplase prevents death or circulatory collapse in a subgroup of patients with a blood clot in the lungs and appears to be especially useful in patients younger than 75, according to research presented today at the American College of Cardiology's 62nd Annual Scientific Session.

Tiny piece of RNA keeps 'clock' running in earliest stages of life
New research shows that a tiny piece of RNA has an essential role in ensuring that embryonic tissue segments form properly.

NASA's SDO observes Earth, lunar transits in same day
On March 11, 2013, NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory was treated to two transits.

Discovery may explain how prion diseases spread between different types of animals
Medical researchers at the University of Alberta have made a discovery that may explain how prion diseases, like chronic wasting disease and mad cow disease, adapt in order to spread between various types of animals.

EU funds research project on obesity and metabolic complications
Seven of 10 persons with obesity suffer from the serious metabolic complications.

Astronomers conduct first remote reconnaissance of another solar system
Researchers have conducted a remote reconnaissance of a distant solar system with a new telescope imaging system that sifts through the blinding light of stars.

Creating indestructible self-healing circuits
A team of engineers at the California Institute of Technology, for the first time ever, has developed self-healing integrated chips.

Older adults benefit from home-based DVD exercise program
A home-based DVD exercise program for people 65 and older offers clinically significant benefits known to be linked to the maintenance of independent living and the avoidance of disability.

Environmental change impacts on migratory shorebirds differ for males and females
Extensive shell fishing and sewerage discharge in river estuaries could have serious consequences for godwits.

Kids exposed to millions of tobacco images/messages every week on prime time UK TV
UK children are being exposed to millions of tobacco images/messages every week on prime time television, indicates research published online in Tobacco Control.

Protected areas successfully prevent deforestation in Amazon rainforest
Strictly protected areas such as national parks and biological reserves have been more effective at reducing deforestation in the Amazon rainforest than so-called sustainable-use areas that allow for controlled resource extraction, two University of Michigan researchers and their colleagues have found.

87 scientists elected to the American Academy of Microbiology
Eighty-seven microbiologists have been elected to Fellowship in the American Academy of Microbiology.

Sleep discovery could lead to therapies that improve memory
A team of sleep researchers led by UC Riverside psychologist Sara C.

Peer support shows promise in epilepsy fight
Peer support groups show promise for combating the debilitating stigma that surrounds epilepsy in much of the developing world, according to a new study led by a Michigan State University medical student.

Screenings, targeted care reduce heart failure in at-risk patients
For at-risk patients, a simple screening and management program can be effective in preventing heart failure, according to research presented today at the American College of Cardiology's 62nd Annual Scientific Session.

Drug may improve outcomes after heart attack
The prescription drug eplerenone appears to reduce the risk of cardiovascular mortality and heart failure after a heart attack by more than one-third, according to research presented today at the American College of Cardiology's 62nd Annual Scientific Session.

Epigenetics mechanism may help explain effects of mom's nutrition on her children's health
Pioneering studies by USDA-funded research molecular geneticist Robert A. Waterland are helping explain how the foods that soon-to-be-moms eat in the days and weeks around the time of conception--or what's known as periconceptional nutrition-may affect the way genes function in her children, and her children's health.

The household carbon emission per capita in Northwestern China is only 2.05 tons CO2 per year
Based on interview survey data, the status of household carbon emissions in Northwestern China and its driving factors were revealed which would be benefit for regional carbon emission reduction policy-making.

Unlikely partners create innovative product for college biology
In a sign of continuing evolution in the college textbook market, an unlikely partnership has been announced between Wiley, an industry leader, and Rice-based OpenStax College, a newcomer from the

Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute and Mayo Clinic extend collaborative agreement
Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute and Mayo Clinic signed a new collaborative agreement to build a therapeutic drug pipeline aimed at a variety of diseases with unmet medical needs.

Long-suspected cause of blindness from eye disease disproved
Vision scientists long have thought that lack of very long chain fatty acids in photoreceptor cells caused blindness in children with Stargardt type 3 retinal degeneration.

Mount Sinai awarded more than $5 million from NIH to study neurological voice disorder
Kristina Simonyan, M.D., Ph.D., from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, has received more than five million dollars from the National Institutes of Health to study spasmodic dysphonia, a neurological disorder characterized by vocal cord spasms.

Can energy drinks improve the physical and mental performance of cyclists?
The effects of pre-exercise caffeine consumption by trained cyclists on racing times and cognitive performance were measured and are reported in Journal of Caffeine Research.

Coffee and tea during pregnancy affect fetal growth
Drinking just two cups of coffee a day is associated with the risk of low birth weight.

Combination therapy for heart failure does not reduce risk of CV death or rehospitalization
Among patients hospitalized for heart failure (HF) with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF; a measure of how well the left ventricle of the heart pumps with each contraction), initiation of the medication aliskiren in addition to standard therapy did not reduce cardiovascular death or HF rehospitalization at 6 or 12 months after discharge, according to a study published online by JAMA.

Nonprofits a major source of employment growth globally
A new report from the Johns Hopkins Institute for Policy Studies reveals that nonprofit organizations are major employers and major sources of employment growth in countries throughout the world.

Biodiesel algae: Starvation diets damage health
The research shows that the commonly accepted method of depriving algae of key nutrients such as nitrogen in order to boost its oil content may be detrimental to overall oil yield in the long term.

Stroke risk in elderly treated with antipsychotics is newly linked to specific drug actions
Antipsychotic administration in the elderly is associated with an increased risk for cerebrovascular accident, more commonly known as stroke; a new study published in Biological Psychiatry provides additional insight into this important relationship.

Study shows how one insect got its wings
Scientists have delved deeper into the evolutionary history of the fruit fly than ever before to reveal the genetic activity that led to the development of wings -- a key to the insect's ability to survive.

Digital records could expose intimate details and personality traits of millions
Research shows that intimate personal attributes can be predicted with high levels of accuracy from

New WPI report shows how earthquake damage can impact building fire safety performance
Damage to building structural elements, elevators, stairs, and fire protection systems caused by the shaking from a major earthquake can play a critical role in the spread of fire, hamper the ability of occupants to evacuate, and impede fire departments in their emergency response operations.

Untangling life's origins
Researchers in the Evolutionary Bioinformatics Laboratory at the University of Illinois in collaboration with German scientists have been using bioinformatics techniques to probe the world of proteins for answers to questions about the origins of life.

Does winning an Emmy or an election mean you will live longer than those you beat?
Research has long linked high socioeconomic status with better health and lower mortality.

Grandad's hip fracture a risk factor for osteoporosis
Has your paternal or maternal grandfather broken their hip on any occasion?

No increase in risk of death for patients with well-controlled HIV, reports AIDS journal
For HIV-infected patients whose disease is well-controlled by modern treatment, the risk of death is not significantly higher than in the general population, according to a study published in AIDS, official journal of the International AIDS Society.

Logging debris gives newly planted Douglas-fir forests a leg-up
The downed limbs and other woody debris that are inevitable byproducts of timber harvest could be among the most important components of post-harvest landscapes, according to a new study led by the US Forest Service's Pacific Northwest Research Station

Angioplasty at hospitals without on-site cardiac surgery safe, effective
Non-emergency angioplasty performed at hospitals without on-site cardiac surgery capability is no less safe and effective than angioplasty performed at hospitals with cardiac surgery services, according to research presented today at the American College of Cardiology's 62nd Annual Scientific Session.

Digoxin reduces hospital admissions in older patients with chronic heart failure
Digoxin significantly reduces the likelihood of hospital admission due to all causes among ambulatory older patients with chronic heart failure and reduced ejection fraction, according to research presented today at the American College of Cardiology's 62nd Annual Scientific Session.

Trio of biomarkers may help identify kidney cancer in early stages
Biomarkers could help catch otherwise hard-to-detect cancer. Three-marker assay has high sensitivity and specificity.

Clot-busting drug as effective as angioplasty
A clot-busting therapy may benefit some heart attack patients who cannot have immediate angioplasty, according to research presented today at the American College of Cardiology's 62nd Annual Scientific Session.

Men in same-sex marriages are living longer, according to new study
The mortality rate for men in same-sex marriages has dropped markedly since the 1990s, according to a Danish study published online in the International Journal of Epidemiology.

Off-pump bypass better for high-risk patients
Bypass surgery done without a heart-lung machine, known as off-pump, may provide better post-operative outcomes than on-pump bypass surgery for high-risk patients, according to research presented today at the American College of Cardiology's 62nd Annual Scientific Session.

Aspirin may lower melanoma risk
A new study has found that women who take aspirin have a reduced risk of developing melanoma -- and that the longer they take it, the lower the risk.

Hope for threatened Tasmanian devils
New research paves the way for the development of a vaccine for the Tasmanian devil, currently on the brink of extinction because of a contagious cancer.

Erectile dysfunction drug fails for diastolic heart failure patients
Despite high expectations for a commonly used erectile dysfunction drug to treat patients with diastolic heart failure, no beneficial effects were found in a study presented today at the American College of Cardiology's 62nd Annual Scientific Session.

Study predicts lag in summer rains over parts of US and Mexico
A delay in the summer monsoon rains that fall over the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico is expected in the coming decades according to a new study in the Journal of Geophysical Research.

Mayo Clinic and Sanford-Burnham extend research agreement
To expand and speed the development of new drugs for its patients, Mayo Clinic has entered a formal collaboration with Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute.

Frustration may increase attraction to violent video games
The temptation to steal or cheat is sometimes great -- especially when the risk of being caught is low.

Sildenafil for heart failure does not result in significant improvement in exercise capacity
Among patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (a measure of heart function), administration of sildenafil (commercially known as Viagra) for 24 weeks, compared with placebo, did not result in significant improvement in exercise capacity or clinical status, according to a study published online by JAMA.

SwRI, University of New Hampshire collaborate on new Space Science Department
Southwest Research Institute and the University of New Hampshire have signed a research collaboration agreement enabling the organizations to augment their areas of expertise and seek opportunities in astrophysics, Earth and ocean science, and larger and more complex space science missions.

Remote clouds responsible for climate models' glitch in tropical rainfall
New research shows that cloud biases over the Southern Ocean are the primary contributor to the double-rain band problem that exists in most modern climate models.

Lunar impacts created seas of molten rock, research shows
The impact that formed the Moon's Orientale basin created a sea of melted rock 220 miles across and 6 miles deep, according to an analysis by researchers from Brown University.

Marking anniversary of Fukushima HPS publishes special paper on nuclear radiation
Marking the anniversary of the Mar. 2011 Japan tsunami and resulting damage to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear facility, the Health Physics Society has published Radiation and Risk: Expert Perspectives online, the first of a series of special publications on radiation and its effects on human and environmental health.

66 titles join Wiley's journal portfolio in 2013
Sixty-six journals will join John Wiley & Sons, Inc., a global provider of content-enabled solutions in areas of scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly research; professional development; and education, in 2013.

Analysis of ASCO's QOPI® data finds significant improvement in performance on metrics for quality oncology care
This is a summary of a study being published online March 11, 2013, in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, analyzing self-reported data from 156 outpatient oncology practices participating in the American Society of Clinical Oncology's Quality Oncology Practice Initiative showing significant improvements in performance on certain measures for quality oncology cancer care over a four-year period.

Study: 'Virtual' house calls comparable to in-person care for people with Parkinson's disease
A small study of 20 people with Parkinson's disease suggests that

Researchers find alternative cholesterol-lowering drug for patients who can't tolerate statins
Heart patients who can't tolerate the side effects of cholesterol-lowering drugs may have a new option, according to a new study by researchers from the Intermountain Heart Institute at Intermountain Medical Center in Salt Lake City.

Lyncean Technologies, Inc. receives $1.1M grant from DOE to develop the Compact Light Source
Lyncean Technologies, Inc. has received a Fast-Track SBIR grant of $1.1M from the Department of Energy to further develop their flagship product, the Compact Light Source, a miniature synchrotron that produces tunable, high-quality X-rays for broad scientific and industrial use.

New add-on drug may improve memory in people with moderate Alzheimer's disease
A new drug may improve memory problems in people with moderate Alzheimer's disease, according to a phase IIa study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 65th Annual Meeting in San Diego, March 16 to 23, 2013.

Evolution in the antibody factory
B cells play a crucial role in the defense of pathogens; they produce antibodies that help to combat intruders.

EARTH: Well-healed faults produce high-frequency earthquake waves
Much like our voices create sound waves with a variety of pitches, or frequencies, earthquakes produce seismic waves over a broad spectrum.

Nerve damage may underlie widespread, unexplained chronic pain in children
Massachusetts General Hospital investigators have described what may be a newly identified disease that appears to explain some cases of widespread chronic pain and other symptoms in children and young adults.

University of Maryland School of Medicine discovers adaptations to explain strategies for survival on Mars
University of Maryland School of Medicine research has revealed key features in proteins needed for life to function on Mars and other extreme environments.

Midterm stroke, death rates comparable for TAVR, standard surgery
All-cause and cardiovascular mortality were similar for transaortic valve replacement compared to open-heart surgery in high-risk older patients at three years with no increased risk of stroke after 30 days, according to results from the PARTNER study presented today at the American College of Cardiology's 62nd Annual Scientific Session.

No good evidence that mouthguards and helmets ward off concussion
Mouthguards and helmets can help ward off other serious head and facial injuries, but there is no good evidence that they can help prevent concussion, and paradoxically, they may even encourage players to take greater risks.

Puerto Rico, Haiti, Florida & the Caribbean: GSA's 2013 Southeastern Section Meeting
Geoscientists from across the southeastern U.S., Puerto Rico, and beyond will convene in San Juan, Puerto Rico, on 20-21 March to discuss infrastructure, earthquakes, sustainability, waste-water management and sanitation, and coastal vulnerability and take time to explore the area's stunning geology and history.

Common erectile dysfunction drug not helpful for heart failure patients, study finds
A commonly used erectile dysfunction drug, sildenafil, doesn't help patients who have heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, a condition in which the heart's lower chambers are stiff and cannot relax and fill fully between beats.

Researchers solve riddle of what has been holding 2 unlikely materials together
Researchers have solved a mystery that has puzzled materials scientists for decades.

NASA pinpoints causes of 2011 Arctic ozone hole
A combination of extreme cold temperatures, man-made chemicals and a stagnant atmosphere were behind what became known as the Arctic ozone hole of 2011, a new NASA study finds.

Drug reduces chest pain in patients with diabetes
A commonly used anti-anginal drug reduces chest pain in patients with type 2 diabetes and appears to have a more pronounced effect in those with poorer glucose control, according to research presented today at the American College of Cardiology's 62nd Annual Scientific Session.

NUS graphene researchers create 'superheated' water that can corrode diamonds
A team of researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) led by Professor Loh Kian Ping, Head of the Department of Chemistry at the NUS Faculty of Science, has successfully altered the properties of water, making it corrosive enough to etch diamonds.

Glaciers contribute significant iron to North Atlantic Ocean
A new study by biogeochemists at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution identifies a large, unexpected source of iron to the North Atlantic - meltwater from glaciers and ice sheets, which may stimulate plankton growth during spring and summer.

Amplified greenhouse effect shifts north's growing seasons
Vegetation growth at Earth's northern latitudes increasingly resembles lusher latitudes to the south, according to a NASA-funded study based on a 30-year record of land surface and newly improved satellite data sets.

Children who avoid scary situations likelier to have anxiety, Mayo Clinic research finds
Children who avoid situations they find scary are likely to have anxiety a Mayo Clinic study of more than 800 children ages seven to 18 found.

International conference to tackle climate-change threats to agriculture
Scientists and policymakers from around the world will gather March 20-22 at the University of California, Davis, to grapple with the threats of climate change for global agriculture and recommend science-based actions to slow its effects while meeting the world's need for food, livelihood and sustainability.

Common MS drugs taken together do not reduce relapse risk
A recent clinical trial found that interferonβ-1a and glatiramer acetate, two of the most commonly prescribed drugs for multiple sclerosis (MS), provide no additional clinical benefit when taken together.

Folic acid lowers risk of autism
Women who take a vitamin B9 supplement during the beginning weeks of their pregnancy can cut the risk of having a child with autism in half.

Similar outcomes in older patients with on- or off-pump bypass
Older patients did as well after undergoing coronary bypass surgery off-pump as they did with the more costly

The dynamic of Spain's population follows the maximum entropy principle
A team of Spanish and Argentinean researchers have verified that the distribution of the inhabitants in each Spanish province evolves in accordance with the maximum entropy principle in the field of physics.

Global consensus on concussion in sport
An international panel of concussion experts has provided new guidelines on evaluating and treating concussions during sporting events and in clinical settings.

More than 230 million women worldwide projected to have an unmet need for modern contraceptive methods by 2015
New research on contraceptive prevalence and unmet need for contraception in married or co-habiting women of reproductive age (15 - 49 years), based on data from 194 countries, suggests that although the proportion of women in this group using contraception has risen in the last two decades, and unmet need has fallen, 233 million married or co-habiting women are projected to have an unmet need for modern contraceptive methods by 2015.

Antibiotic resistance 'has the potential to undermine modern health systems'
Antibiotic resistance

Stanford's GCEP to award $6.6 million for novel energy research
New awards totaling $6.6 million from Stanford University's Global Climate and Energy Project will advance research on clean-burning fuels and technologies for capturing carbon dioxide emissions.

Space weather research to look at energy distribution
A University of Texas at Arlington physicist has been awarded more than $400,000 in NASA funding to develop a 3D look at how electrodynamic energy from solar winds enters and moves throughout the Earth's upper atmosphere.

Ground-level ozone falling faster than model predicted
While dangerous ozone levels have fallen with reductions in emissions from vehicles and industry, a new study suggests a model widely used to predict the impact of remediation efforts has been too conservative.

Pittsburgh's leaky faucet: How aging sewers are impacting urban watersheds
Aging sewer systems are spilling a considerable amount of nitrogen into urban watersheds, diminishing both the quality of water and ecosystems' habitats.

KU Leuven lab coordinates €9m effort to find new deep-sea drugs
KU Leuven scientist Camila Esguerra and the Laboratory for Molecular Biodiscovery (headed by Prof.

Why people put themselves under the knife
In a long-term study, Prof. Dr. Jürgen Margraf from the Ruhr-Universität Bochum investigated the psychological effects of plastic surgery on approximately 550 patients in cooperation with colleagues from the University of Basel.

University of Miami geologists to address the mystery of an evolution gap in reef corals
National Science Foundation funds UM project to study the evolution of corals along the southern coast of the Dominican Republic.

Changes needed to improve in-hospital cardiac arrest care, survival
Improving the readiness of hospitals and healthcare providers to deliver science-based, high quality care can improve survival from in-hospital cardiac arrest.

Regenstrief and IU study investigates older adults' views on cancer screening
A study from the Regenstrief Institute and the Indiana University Center for Aging Research has found that many older adults are hesitant to halt cancer screenings even when the screenings may no longer be beneficial or may even be potentially harmful.

Life Sciences Discovery Fund makes grant awards to commercialize promising technologies
The Life Sciences Discovery Fund (LSDF) announced nearly $750,000 in Proof of Concept grants to three Washington organizations to support transition of promising health-related technologies from concept to commercial product.

The closest star system found in a century
A pair of newly discovered stars is the third-closest star system to the Sun and the closest discovered since 1916.

Combination therapy provides similar clinical benefit as single drug treatment in MS
People with multiple sclerosis (MS) who were treated with combination therapy did not see significant clinical benefit over those treated with single drug therapy, but combination therapy did reduce the development of new lesions, according to an international research team led by the Mount Sinai Medical Center.

Magnet ingestion by young children serious and growing problem
Physicians and parents must be aware of the growing danger of magnet ingestion by children because magnets can adhere to each other and cause life-threatening problems such as bowel perforations, a new case study illustrates in CMAJ.

Renewed Harvard-BASF initiative to advance functional materials
BASF SE, Harvard University, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the University of Massachusetts Amherst have established a research initiative called the

New checklist brings information about Cucurbitaceae up to date
More than 30 years since the last study was conducted, German and Indian botanists cataloged the important plant family Cucurbitaceae, among which are vital parts of our diet such as pumpkins, melon, cucumber and watermelon.

New study explores link between status and health
Research has long linked high socioeconomic status with better health and lower mortality.

Elsevier and Hacettepe University launch event on research performance and evaluation in Turkey
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, has announced the meeting: Turkey and Turkish University's Research Outputs in the Context of International Trends in Science and Collaboration Opportunities, which will take place on 12 March at the Congress Center of Hacettepe University, Sihhiye Campus in Ankara, Turkey.

Investigational drug reduces heart damage during angioplasty
A single dose of an investigational anti-inflammatory drug, inclacumab, reduced damage to heart tissue during angioplasty in a study presented today at the American College of Cardiology's 62nd Annual Scientific Session.

Fluoride in drinking water cuts tooth decay in adults
A new study conducted by researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and the University of Adelaide, Australia, has produced the strongest evidence yet that fluoride in drinking water provides dental health benefits to adults, even those who had not received fluoridated drinking water as children.

DNA barcoding alone sufficient to detect fraudulent deer products
Food scams have become a daily bread for many European consumers.

High-dose oral vitamins, minerals do not reduce recurrent cardiac events in heart attack patients
Heart attack patients given a combination of high-dose oral vitamins and minerals do not exhibit a significant reduction in recurrent cardiac events, according to research presented today at the American College of Cardiology's 62nd Annual Scientific Session.

No benefit found from BP drug in treatment of recently hospitalized heart failure patients
Despite high hopes that a blood pressure-lowering medication called aliskiren would help people following hospitalization for heart failure, no beneficial effects were found, according to research presented today at the American College of Cardiology's 62nd Annual Scientific Session.

Sleep loss precedes Alzheimer's symptoms
Sleep is disrupted in people who likely have early Alzheimer's disease but do not yet have the memory loss or other cognitive problems characteristic of full-blown disease, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

UAB and EPCOS sign an agreement to develop new technologies for 4G smartphones
Researchers at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona have made a private finance agreement with the German company ECOS AG, of the TDK-EPC group, to further the deployment of the new LTE-4G mobile telephone bands

Running on tempo
Music gives runners their mojo, and can be the key to creating a productive, enjoyable run, according to a team of Michigan State University seniors whose fitness app, TempoRun, took first place at the national Student Startup Madness Tournament March 9.

Study shows on-pump bypass comparable to off-pump at year mark
Patients who underwent heart bypass surgery without a heart- lung machine did as well one year later as patients whose hearts were connected to a pump during surgery in a study presented today at the American College of Cardiology's 62nd Annual Scientific Session.

Protein abundant in cancerous cells causes DNA 'supercoiling'
An overabundance of MCM in a cell may allow certain genes to be over-expressed causing the cell to grow out of control and become cancerous.

Symptoms and care of irregular heartbeats differ by gender
Women with atrial fibrilation have more symptoms and lower quality of life than men with the same heart condition, according to an analysis of patients in a large national registry compiled by the Duke Clinical Research Institute.

Denied the chance to cheat or steal, people turn to violent video games
When people are denied the chance to cheat or steal, they get frustrated -- and turn to violent video games for release.

An Internet for robots
Researchers of five European universities have developed a cloud-computing platform for robots.

Neck injuries linked to high costs for patients and spouses, reports study in Spine
Patients with neck injuries incur increased health and social costs -- which also affect their spouses and may begin years before the initial injury, reports a study in the Mar.

Research on the use of robots in the pediatric ward of an oncological hospital
Introducing a fleet of social robots in a hospital, so that they can interact with children affected by cancer, will be the final outcome of a new international research project that Universidad Carlos III of Madrid is participating in.

Monsoon failure key to long droughts in Southwest
Long-term droughts in the Southwestern North America often mean failure of both summer and winter rains, according to new tree-ring research from a University of Arizona-led team.

Study: Antibiotics are unique assassins
In recent years, the notion that there is a single mechanism by which antibiotics wipe out bacteria has permeated the field of microbiology.

Designing interlocking building blocks to create complex tissues
Researchers at Columbia Engineering have developed a new

Oxford's Gero Miesenböck is awarded The Brain Prize 2013 for his pioneering work on optogenetics
Professor Gero Miesenböck, Director of the Centre for Neural Circuits and Behaviour at the University of Oxford, has been awarded The Brain Prize 2013

Exercise during gestation might affect future fertility
Researchers from North Dakota State University have found that exercising pregnant sows could affect ovarian development in their fetuses.

Study finds fat and bone mass are genetically linked
Gregory Livshits of Tel Aviv University has uncovered a clear genetic link between fat and bone mass.

New program available to reduce stress among teenagers
Families with a child completing elementary school this year are now preparing their registration for high school, a transition that is often stressful for children.

Study points to essential role of IL-22 in lung repair after the flu
Once the initial episode of influenza has passed, the chronic effects tend to be overlooked. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to