Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 15, 2013
LA BioMed researcher to receive national award for career achievements
The American Society for Investigative Pathology will present its highest honor, its Gold-Headed Cane Award, to Samuel W.

Study shows additional role for abiraterone in blocking tumor growth in CRPC
As part of an EU-supported IMI-PREDECT consortium, a Dutch study showed that anti-androgenic properties of the drug abiraterone may provide an additional mechanism of action in blocking tumor growth of castration resistant prostate cancer.

'Practice' makes a perfect lure for internet gambling
New research from the University of Adelaide has studied the behavior of young people lured into internet gambling through so-called 'free-play' or 'practice' modes.

St. Patrick's Day science: American Chemical Society video on the chemistry of alcohol and hangovers
Anyone who needs a reason not to overindulge on St.

Tau transmission model opens doors for new Alzheimer's, Parkinson's therapies
Injecting synthetic tau fibrils into animal models induces Alzheimer's-like tau tangles and imitates the spread of tau pathology, according to research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania being presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 65th Annual Meeting in San Diego March 16-23, 2013.

Improved detection of frontotemporal degeneration may aid clinical trial efforts
A series of studies demonstrate improved detection of the second most common form of dementia, providing diagnostic specificity that clears the way for refined clinical trials testing targeted treatments.

Mindfulness at school reduces likelihood of depression-related symptoms in adolescents
Secondary school students who follow an in-class mindfulness program report reduced indications of depression, anxiety and stress up to six months later.

New NIST microscope measures nanomagnet property vital to 'spintronics'
NIST researchers have developed a new microscope able to view and measure an important but elusive property of the nanoscale magnets used in an advanced, experimental form of digital memory.

ChemCam data abundant at Planetary Conference
Members of the Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity rover ChemCam team will present more than two dozen posters and talks next week during the 44th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference in The Woodlands, Texas.

CWRU spinoff ConservoCare gets licensing options to develop medical device for bladder control
ConservoCare, LLC, a spinoff of research at Case Western Reserve University, has obtained license options through the university's Technology Transfer Office to develop a medical device for bladder control.

Nature: Smallest vibration sensor in the quantum world
Carbon nanotubes and magnetic molecules are considered building blocks of future nanoelectronic systems.

Chile is latest to partner with NSF through GROW
National Science Foundation Director Subra Suresh and National Commission for Scientific and Technological Research President José Miguel Aguilera announced today a new research partnership with Chile through Graduate Research Opportunities Worldwide.

JCI early table of contents for Mar. 15, 2013
The following release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, Mar.

University of Houston psychology professor honored with Lifetime Distinguished Career Award
H. Julia Hannay, the John and Rebecca Moores Professor of Psychology at the University of Houston, received the Lifetime Distinguished Career Award from the International Neuropsychological Society at its 41st annual meeting in Waikoloa, Hawaii.

Surgery is superior to radiotherapy in men with localized PCa, says prize-winning Swedish study
Surgery offers better survival benefit for men with localized prostate cancer, according to a large observational study, conducted by a group of researchers in Sweden and the Netherlands.

Japanese P2 study shows potential of combined vaccine and steroid drug in castration-resistant PCa
Multi-peptide vaccination therapy combined with the low-dose steroid drug dexamethasone shows promise in treating chemotherapy-naive castration resistant prostate cancer patients.

Study offers new insights on invasive fly threatening US fruit crops
Humans aren't the only species with a sweet tooth. Research from North Carolina State University shows that the invasive spotted-wing vinegar fly (Drosophila suzukii) also prefers sweet, soft fruit -- giving us new insight into a species that has spread across the United States over the past four years and threatens to cause hundreds of millions of dollars in damage to US fruit crops.

Study uncovers new cells in the urethra which may detect hazardous substances
A recent study conducted by a group of German scientists revealed the presence of a previously unknown cell in the urethra of mice.

New study on UTIs suggests flagellin is key in stimulating body's natural defenses
A new study by British scientists reveals that motile Escherichia coli isolates demonstrated significant activation of NF-κB signaling suggesting that flagellin plays a key role in up-regulating the host innate defenses against urinary tract infections.

Sorting out fertility after childhood cancer
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Orwig and colleagues report the development of a multi-parameter sorting approach to separate spermatagonial stem cells from cancerous cells.

Earth-directed coronal mass ejection from the sun
The sun erupted with an Earth-directed coronal mass ejection, a solar phenomenon that can send billions of tons of solar particles into space and can reach Earth one to three days later and affect electronic systems in satellites and on the ground.

Mobile LIDAR technology expanding rapidly
A new report on the uses and current technology of mobile LIDAR has just been completed and will help more managers and experts understand, use and take advantage of this science that promises to change the way we see and record the world around us.

Telestroke program increases access to stroke care by 40 percent
Telestroke programs substantially improve access to life-saving stroke care, extending coverage to less populated areas in an effort to reduce disparities in stroke care access.

Hot careers in corrosion
When President Barack Obama cited the nation's 70,000 structurally deficient bridges in his State of the Union address last month, the University of Akron (UA) already had one solution to the problem: corrosion engineers.

PCa markers improve predictive performance of existing clinical variables
A genetic score based on PCa risk-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms is an independent predictor of prostate biopsy outcomes, suggest the results of a new study conducted by a group from the Department of Urology Huashan Hospital, Fudan University in Shanghai, China.

Depression in kids linked to cardiac risks in teens
Teens who were depressed as children are far more likely than their peers to be obese, smoke cigarettes and lead sedentary lives, even if they no longer suffer from depression.

'Dirty blizzard' in Gulf may account for missing Deepwater Horizon oil
Oil from the 2010 Deepwater Horizon spill acted as a catalyst for plankton and other surface materials to clump together and fall to the sea floor in a massive sedimentation event that researchers are calling a

Cytoskeletal dysregulation underlies Buruli ulcer formation
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, researchers led by Caroline Demangel at the Pasteur Institute in Paris investigated the molecular actions of mycolactone and found that it dysregulates the cellular skeleton (cytoskeleton) through activation of a protein known as N-WASP.

Lost frog DNA revived: Lazarus Project
As part of a

NASA's Webb Telescope gets its wings
A massive backplane that will hold the primary mirror of NASA's James Webb Space Telescope nearly motionless while it peers into space is another step closer to completion with the recent assembly of the support structure's wings.

Internal Medicine residency match results encouraging for adults needing primary care
The number of US senior medical students choosing categorical internal medicine residencies increased for the fourth consecutive year.

ASCO to honor CHOP expert Garrett Brodeur with Pediatric Oncology Award and Lecture
The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) today announced it will confer one of its highest awards on pediatric oncologist Garrett M.

Sex differences in the normal composition of the heart may explain unique gender outcomes
New findings add to the understanding of the many ways in which Women and Men Differ in Cardiac Pathophysiology, leading to differences in heart disease outcomes.

Stem cells transplantation technique has high potential as a novel therapeutic strategy for ED
Transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells cultivated on the surface of nanofibrous meshes could be a novel therapeutic strategy against post-prostatectomy erectile dysfunction, conclude the authors of a study which is to be presented at the 28th Annual EAU Congress later this week.

Columbia University Medical Center/NY-Presbyterian experts at AAN
The following research from Columbia University Medical Center and NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital is being presented at the 65th annual meeting of the American Academy of Neurology, March 16-23, 2013, in San Diego.

Swarm intelligence
Swarming is the spontaneous organized motion of a large number of individuals.

MS patients did not benefit from CCSVI intervention
The first controlled clinical trial to test the safety and efficacy of interventional endovascular therapy on the symptoms and progression of multiple sclerosis has found that the intervention, sometimes called the

New research paper says we are still at risk of the plague
This study, published in Infection, Genetics and Evolution, analyzed the Great Plague of Marseille, which caused 100,000 deaths between 1720 and 1723.

Drug-resistant MRSA bacteria -- here to stay in both hospital and community
The drug-resistant bac­te­ria known as MRSA, once con­fined to hos­pi­tals but now wide­spread in com­mu­ni­ties, will likely con­tinue to exist in both set­tings as sep­a­rate strains, accord­ing to a new study.

Discovery could yield treatment for cocaine addicts
Scientists have discovered a molecular process in the brain triggered by cocaine use that could provide a target for treatments to prevent or reverse addiction to the drug.

Inspired by deep sea sponges: Creating flexible minerals
Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz and the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research in Germany have created a new synthetic hybrid material with a mineral content of almost 90 percent, yet extremely flexible.

Dating in middle school leads to higher dropout, drug-use rates
Students who date in middle school have significantly worse study skills, are four times more likely to drop out of school and report twice as much alcohol, tobacco and marijuana use than their single classmates, according to new research from the University of Georgia.

NSF funded telescopes in Antarctica/Chile discover bursts of star formation in the early universe
Distant, dust-filled galaxies were bursting with newborn stars much earlier in cosmic history than previously thought, according to newly published research.

NASA's Swift, Chandra explore a youthful 'star wreck'
While performing an extensive X-ray survey of our galaxy's central regions, NASA's Swift satellite has uncovered the previously unknown remains of a shattered star.

Report: Communications technology among tools needed to aid miner safety
A new National Academy of Sciences report identifies tools that would help miners devise their own means of escape when trapped underground.

Unhealthy eating can make a bad mood worse
Taking part in unhealthy eating behaviors may cause women who are concerned about their diet and self-image to experience a worsening of their moods, according to Penn State researchers.

Pediatric cardiac surgeon honored with Gibbon Award and scientific journal tribute
Richard A. Jonas, MD, Chief of Cardiac Surgery and Co-Director of the Children's National Heart Institute at Children's National Medical Center, has received the prestigious Gibbon Award from the American Society of Extra-Corporeal Technology.

New study: Incidence and mortality of PCa after termination of PSA-based screening
Men who participate in biennial PSA based screening have a lower risk of being diagnosed as well as dying from prostate cancer up to 9 years after their last PSA test, according to the results of a new study to be presented at the 28th Annual EAU Congress in Milan.

Kessler Foundation researchers share findings in rehabilitation research at AAN meeting in San Diego
Kessler Foundation scientists and their colleagues will discuss their progress in rehabilitation research in multiple sclerosis and stroke at the upcoming 65th Annual American Academy of Neurology Conference at the San Diego Convention Center in San Diego, CA, March 16 - 23.
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