Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 18, 2013
Blood levels of fat cell hormone may predict severity of migraines
In a small, preliminary study of regular migraine sufferers, scientists have found that measuring a fat-derived protein called adiponectin before and after migraine treatment can accurately reveal which headache victims felt pain relief.

Transistor in the fly antenna
Highly developed antennae containing different types of olfactory receptors allow insects to use minute amounts of odors for orientation.

Close-to-the-heart catheters safer for hospitalized children
Location, location, location. A new Johns Hopkins Children's Center study shows the real-estate mantra also holds true when it comes to choosing correct catheter placement in children.

Wireless charging soon available for devices smaller than mobile phones
Wireless charging will soon be available for more and more mobile phones.

Immortality gene mutation identifies brain tumors and other cancers
Newly identified mutations in a gene that makes cells immortal appear to play a pivotal role in three of the most common types of brain tumors, as well as cancers of the liver, tongue and urinary tract, according to research led by Duke Cancer Institute.

Handbook of Agricultural Entomology
Wiley is pleased to announce the publication of the Handbook of Agricultural Entomology, a reference and textbook for swift identification and information on all major insect pests and the damage they cause to crops.

AAN issues updated sports concussion guideline
With more than one million athletes now experiencing a concussion each year in the United States, the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) has released an evidence-based guideline for evaluating and managing athletes with concussion.

Solar storm near Earth caused by fast CME
On Mar. 17, 2013, at 1:28 a.m. EDT, the coronal mass ejection from Mar.

International effort to develop world's biggest telescope gains NSF as planning partner
The Thirty Meter Telescope, supported by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation and an international collaboration of research institutions and governments, gained support today from the National Science Foundation.

9 new wasp species of the genus Paramblynotus described from Africa and Madagascar
A detailed revision of the Afrotropical liopterid wasp subfamily Mayrellinae, published in the open access Journal of Hymenoptera Research, reveals nine new species in the genus Paramblynotus coming from Africa and a first time record in Madagascar.

Study examines outcomes of screening mammography for age, breast density, hormone therapy
A study that compared the benefits and harms of the frequency of screening mammography to age, breast density and postmenopausal use of hormone therapy suggests that woman ages 50 to 74 years who undergo biennial screenings have a similar risk of advanced-stage disease and a lower cumulative risk of false-positive results than those who get mammograms annually, according to a report published Online First by JAMA Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for March 19, 2013
Below is information about articles being published in the March 19 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine.

Cell on a chip reveals protein behavior
A simplified version of an artificial cell produces functional proteins and even sorts them.

Can online chat rooms and 'cyberhugs' help chronic pain sufferers cope?
The more than 100 million Americans living with chronic pain and daily suffering often have limited outlets to talk about their conditions with others who can understand and offer comfort.

Heart-healthy lifestyle also reduces cancer risk
Following the American Heart Association's Life's Simple 7 steps for a healthy heart also reduces cancer risk.

Male lions use ambush hunting strategy
It has long been believed that male lions are dependent on females when it comes to hunting.

Philip & Cheryl Milstein donate $20m for Medical and Graduate Education Building
Continuing their family's multigenerational connection to Columbia and support of its leadership in medicine, Philip (CC '71) and Cheryl Milstein (Barnard '82) have made a $20 million commitment to Columbia University Medical Center.

Queen Elizabeth Prize for the inventors of the Internet
This release is about a new prize for engineering -- analogon to Nobel Prize.

University of Maryland School of Medicine finds depression stems from miscommunication between brain cells
A new study from the University of Maryland School of Medicine suggests that depression results from a disturbance in the ability of brain cells to communicate with each other.

Petroleum use, greenhouse gas emissions of automobiles could drop 80 percent by 2050
A new National Research Council report finds that by the year 2050, the US may be able to reduce petroleum consumption and greenhouse gas emissions by 80 percent for light-duty vehicles -- cars and small trucks -- via a combination of more efficient vehicles; the use of alternative fuels like biofuels, electricity, and hydrogen; and strong government policies to overcome high costs and influence consumer choices.

Skimmed/semi-skimmed milk does not curb excess toddler weight gain
Switching to skimmed milk in a bid to curb excess toddler weight gain doesn't seem to work, indicates research published online in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

Cross-cultural parenting: Reflections on autonomy and interdependence
Boston Medical Center pediatricians Laura Johnson, MD, MPH, Jenny Radesky, MD, and Barry Zuckerman, MD, the Joel and Barbara Alpert Professor of Pediatrics at Boston University School of Medicine, have published a paper in the current issue of the journal Pediatrics that addresses how understanding the origins and goals of parenting behaviors can help pediatricians strengthen relationships with families, demonstrate cultural sensitivity, and more effectively offer guidance on the challenges of childrearing.

Third-party blood stem cell transplantation as a factor to impact on poor graft function
Poor graft function (PGF) is a potentially life-threatening condition when it leads to graft vs. host disease following cell transplantation.

UT Arlington engineer to search for bad algal blooms
A University of Texas at Arlington environmental engineer has received a three-year, $561,730 grant to identify harmful algal blooms in fresh and salt water so that water providers can take action to contain and curb the blooms.

Difficulty in recognizing faces in autism linked to performance in a group of neurons
Neuroscientists at Georgetown University Medical Center have discovered a brain anomaly that explains why some people diagnosed with autism cannot easily recognize faces -- a deficit linked to the impairments in social interactions considered to be the hallmark of the disorder.

Toyota's management practices may improve the quality of hospital care
A study led by Oregon Health & Science University health economist K.

Oregon researchers synthesize negative-charge carrying molecular structures
University of Oregon chemists have synthesized organic molecular structures that move both positive and negative electrical charges -- a highly desired but often difficult combination to achieve in current efforts to create highly flexible electronic devices and other new-age technologies.

New nanomedicine resolves inflammation, promotes tissue healing
Researchers have developed biodegradable nanoparticles that are capable of delivering inflammation-resolving drugs to sites of tissue injury.

University of California's unofficial favorite sea slug poised to make a comeback
After almost four decades of absence from local waters, a special sea slug appears to be making a comeback, and marine scientists at UC Santa Barbara are eagerly anticipating its return.

New 'Handbook of Turfgrass Insects,' second edition
The highly anticipated second edition of this best-selling Handbook of Turfgrass Insects contains the most current, thorough, and practical information covering all aspects of turfgrass insect management in a streamlined format.

Clearing up inflammation with pro-resolving nanomedicines
A new study from researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital, Columbia University Medical Center, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, and Massachusetts Institute of Technology presents the development of tiny nanomedicines in the sub 100 nm range (100,000 times smaller than the diameter of a human hair strand) that are capable of encapsulating and releasing an inflammation-resolving peptide drug.

NASA sees leaping lunar dust
Electrically charged lunar dust near shadowed craters can get lofted above the surface and jump over the shadowed region, bouncing back and forth between sunlit areas on opposite sides, according to new calculations by NASA scientists.

Scientists investigate potential markers for a response to sunitinib in patients with metastatic RCC
Markers such as CA9, CD31, CD34 and VEGFR1/2 in the primary tumours might serve as predictors of a good response to a sunitinib treatment in patients with metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma, according to a new study to be presented at the 28th Annual EAU Congress currently on-going in Milan.

Study finds that maternal vitamin D levels in pregnancy do not affect children's bone health
A study of nearly 4,000 pairs of mothers and their children in the Children of the '90s study at the University of Bristol has shown that maternal vitamin D levels during pregnancy are not associated with the child's bone health in later life.

Causing collapse
Weizmann Institute researchers suggest one can affect an atom's spin just by adjusting the way it is measured.

Food memories can help with weight loss
Research led by a psychologist at the University of Liverpool has found that using memories of recent meals reduces the amount of food eaten later on.

Skulls of early humans carry telltale signs of inbreeding, study suggests
Buried for 100,000 years at Xujiayao in the Nihewan Basin of northern China, the recovered skull pieces of an early human exhibit a now-rare congenital deformation that indicates inbreeding might well have been common among our ancestors, new research from the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Washington University in St.

FDR neither scourge nor savior for the Jews
Accounts of Franklin Delano Roosevelt's response to the suffering and slaughter of Jews in Nazi-occupied Europe have painted him as villain or hero, scourge or savior.

Study shows rising rate of propofol abuse by health care professionals
Abuse of the anesthesia drug propofol is a

A*STAR's antibody technology bags regional award
VeriStem Technologies, a spin-off from A*STAR's Bioprocessing Technology Institute, has been awarded the Biospectrum Asia-Pacific Emerging Companies of the Year Award 2013.

Blood protein able to detect higher risk of cardiovascular events
Higher levels of pregnancy-associated plasma protein A were associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events in people with cardiac chest pain that developed as a result of heart disease/coronary artery disease, according to a study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

Only one-third of parents follow doctors' orders for kids all of the time
One in 10 say they follow pediatricians' advice 'only occasionally;' most likely to ignore guidance on discipline, sleep, watching TV -- U-M's National Poll on Children's Health.

Engaging the US astronomy community -- NSF awards partnership-planning grant to TMT
Today the National Science Foundation (NSF) awarded a cooperative agreement to the Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT) Observatory Corporation to explore a potential partnership between the organizations.

Tourist-fed stingrays change their ways
Researchers from Nova Southeastern University's Guy Harvey Research Institute and the University of Rhode Island studied the southern stingray population of Stingray City -- a sandbar in the Cayman Islands that draws nearly a million visitors each year to feed, pet and swim with its stingrays -- to assess how the intensive eco-tourism has affected the animals' behavior.

Small particles with a bright future
Phosphors form the basis of many applications in our daily life.

Suggestions for a middle ground between unlogged forest and intensively managed lands
In the world's forested regions, two management systems -- retention forestry and agroforestry -- are being used to alleviate conflicts between preserving biodiversity and addressing human needs in production landscapes.

Astrocyte signaling sheds light on stroke research
New research published in The Journal of Neuroscience suggests that modifying signals sent by astrocytes, our star-shaped brain cells, may help to limit the spread of damage after an ischemic brain stroke.

Six Nations Rugby Union: Were the gloves off?
As the Six Nations Cup reached its patriotic climax, two University of Sheffield engineers were keeping a closely scientific eye on the ball.

Pregnant women's likelihood of cesarean delivery in Massachusetts linked to choice of hospitals
A new study by researchers from Harvard School of Public Health and the Massachusetts Department of Public Health provides the strongest evidence to date that it's not just medical need that determines who has a cesarean section, but also something at the hospital level -- in other words, the same woman would have a different chance of undergoing a c-section based on the hospital she chooses.

Oral estrogen hormone therapy linked to increased risk of gallbladder surgery in menopausal women
Oral estrogen therapy for menopausal women is associated with an increased risk of gallbladder surgery, according to a large-scale study of more than 70 000 women in France published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

Computer models show how deep carbon could return to Earth's surface
Computer simulations of water under extreme pressure are helping geochemists understand how carbon might be recycled from hundreds of miles below the Earth's surface.

Nurse understaffing increases infection risk in VLBW babies
Very low birth weight infants, those weighing less than 3.25 pounds, account for half of infant deaths in the United States each year, yet a new study released in today's issue of JAMA-Pediatrics documents that these critically ill infants do not receive optimal nursing care, which can lead to hospital-acquired infections that double their death rate and may result in long-term developmental issues affecting the quality of their lives as adults.

March/April 2013 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
This tip sheet offers synopses of original research and opinion articles appearing in the March/April 2013 issue of Annals of Family Medicine.

Study confirms difference in radical prostatectomy outcomes between surgeons
New evidence from Sweden confirms previous studies which suggest that functional outcomes after radical prostatectomy may vary between surgeons, especially in relation to continence.

Researchers trap light, improve laser potential of MEH-PPV polymer
Researchers from North Carolina State University have come up with a low-cost way to enhance a polymer called MEH-PPV's ability to confine light, advancing efforts to use the material to convert electricity into laser light for use in photonic devices.

Squashed loft insulation 50 percent less effective
Research from the National Physical Laboratory has shown that by squashing down loft insulation, for example under storage boxes, homeowners almost halve its performance.

More hurricane surges in the future
How much worse will the frequency of extreme storm surges get as temperatures rise in the future?

Similar neuro outcomes in preterm infants with low-grade brain bleeding as infants with no bleeding
A new study from researchers at UH Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital and other centers suggests that preterm infants with a low-grade bleeding in the brain may have similar neurodevelopmental outcomes as infants with no bleeding.

Research find links between lifestyle and developing rheumatoid arthritis
Researchers in Manchester have found a link between several lifestyle factors and pre-existing conditions, including smoking cigarettes and diabetes, and an increased risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis.

Millions of people in Asia potentially exposed to health risks of popular herbal medicines
Scientists from King's College London are warning that millions of people in Asia may be exposed to risk of developing kidney failure and bladder cancer by taking herbal medicines that are widely available in Asia.

New Evaluation of the Heart Truth® Professional Education Materials Released
A study in the March 2013 Women's Health Issues evaluates the Heart Truth campaign on provider knowledge of heart disease as it affects women.

How some prostate tumors resist treatment -- and how it might be fixed
In a March 18 Cancer Cell study, researchers at Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute discovered that the protein Siah2 keeps a portion of androgen receptors constantly active, allowing prostate cancer cells to resist treatment.

Significant contribution of Greenland's peripheral glaciers to sea-level rise
Glaciers at the edge of Greenland which are not connected to its huge ice sheet, or can be clearly separated from it, are contributing to sea-level rise much more than previously thought.

It's in the cards: Human evolution influences gamblers' decisions, study shows
New research from an international team of scientists suggests evolution, or basic survival techniques adapted by early humans, influences the decisions gamblers make when placing bets.

UM researcher revolutionizing scientific communication, one tweet at a time
David Shiffman was invited to tweet updates in real-time, at the International Congress of Conservation Biology, New Zealand, 2011.

'Responding to the Threat of Violent Extremism'
Huddersfield researcher questions the successes of the Prevent initiative.

Nottingham leads £2.6m international clinical trial into new stroke treatment
Scientists in Nottingham, UK, are leading an international study to investigate the effectiveness of a new treatment on a devastating type of stroke.

Leading Canadian health researchers honored
The Canadian Institutes of Health Research and the Canadian Medical Association Journal today honored five outstanding Canadian individuals and teams.

Study: Widespread 'test-and-treat' HIV policies could increase dangerous drug resistance
One of the most widely advocated strategies for dealing with HIV/AIDS could double the number of multi-drug-resistant HIV cases in the population of men who have sex with men in LA County over the next 10 years, cautions a new study.

Elite athletes also excel at some cognitive tasks
New research suggests that elite athletes -- Olympic medalists in volleyball, for example -- perform better than the rest of us in yet another way.

Study shows community approach effective in fight against diabetes
New research from Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center shows that a diabetes prevention program led by community health workers is effective at reducing blood glucose and potentially reducing diabetes over the long term.

Where, oh where, has the road kill gone?
Millions of birds die in the US each year as they collide with moving vehicles, but things have been looking up, at least in the case of cliff swallows.

Sleep study reveals how the adolescent brain makes the transition to mature thinking
A new study conducted by monitoring the brain waves of sleeping adolescents has found that remarkable changes occur in the brain as it prunes away neuronal connections and makes the major transition from childhood to adulthood.

Earth's interior cycles contributor to long-term sea-level & climate change, scientists conclude
Ancient rises in sea levels and global warming are partially attributable to cyclical activity below the earth's surface, researchers from New York University and Ottawa's Carleton University have concluded in an analysis of geological studies.

Pneumonia patients nearly twice as likely to suffer from depression, impairments
Long-term cognitive and functional impairments that follow pneumonia hospitalization are comparable to the negative health effects of heart disease.

Antarctica's first whale skeleton found with 9 new deep-sea species
Marine biologists have, for the first time, found a whale skeleton on the ocean floor near Antarctica, giving new insights into life in the sea depths.

Electrons are not enough: Cuprate superconductors defy convention
To engineers, it's a tale as old as time: Electrical current is carried through materials by flowing electrons.

Digital rectal exam remains important part of prostate screening
The digital rectal exam is an important screening test that can discover prostate cancer that a prostate-specific antigen or PSA test may not, despite the higher sensitivity of the PSA test, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers.

Soldiers and families can suffer negative effects from modern communication technologies
Cell phones and the internet allow deployed soldiers and their families to communicate instantly.

Intermountain team develops world's first real-time, electronic tool to enhance diagnosis of pneumonia
Researchers at Intermountain Medical Center in Salt Lake City have developed and implemented the first real-time electronic screening tool to identify patients with pneumonia to speed up diagnosis and treatment and improve outcomes.

New database to speed genetic discoveries
A new online database combining symptoms, family history and genetic sequencing information is speeding the search for diseases caused by a single rogue gene.

Human microbe study provides insight into health, disease
Microbes from the human mouth are telling Oak Ridge National Laboratory scientists something about periodontitis and more after they cracked the genetic code of bacteria linked to the condition.

Blind flies without recycling
In the fruit fly Drosophila, the functions of the three enzymes Tan, Ebony and Black are closely intertwined -- among other things they are involved in neurotransmitter recycling for the visual process.

Does Greek coffee hold the key to a longer life?
The answer to longevity may be far simpler than we imagine; it may in fact be right under our noses in the form of a morning caffeine kick.

Study tracks variation between hospitals in vena cava filter use
The frequency of vena cava filter use to prevent the migration of blood clots to the lungs in patients with acute venous thromboembolism appears to vary widely and be associated with which hospital provides the patient care, according to a study of California hospitals published Online First by JAMA Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.

Researchers propose a novel prognostic model for disease-specific survival in BCa patients
A new study from Japan investigated various prognostic indicators, including clinico-pathological and pre-operative hematological factors to develop a novel prognostic factors-based risk stratification model for disease-specific survival in bladder cancer patients treated with radical cystectomy.

Harvard's Wyss Institute and Sony DADC announce collaboration on Organs-on-Chips
Today the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University and Sony DADC announced a collaboration that will harness Sony DADC's global manufacturing expertise to further advance the Institute's Organs-on-Chips technologies.

BU School of Medicine launches safe opioid prescribing education program for health care providers
Awarded the first of its kind funding to provide FDA-mandated opioid prescribing education, Boston University School of Medicine has launched a program to train health care providers how to safely and effectively manage patients with chronic pain using opioid analgesics.

Programmed destruction
Weizmann Institute lab results show the same signaling enzymes can trigger two different processes in the cell, sounding a warning to biomedical researchers.

Physicists use 3-D printing to test complex qualities of shapes made via computer
University of Chicago physicists study jamming and the structural properties of shapes.

An oxygen-poor 'boring' ocean challenged evolution of early life
A team led by UC Riverside biogeochemists has filled in a billion-year gap in our understanding of conditions in the early ocean during a critical time in life's history on Earth.

NASA sees remnants of Cyclone Tim fading near southeastern Queensland
Infrared satellite imagery tells the temperature of the cloud tops within a tropical cyclone as well as the sea surface temperatures around the storms.

Tiny minotaurs and mini-Casanovas: Ancient pigmy moths reveal secrets of their diversity
Strange thickened antennae like bulls' horns and mustache-like scent scales are amongst the romantic armory of males of Australia's tiniest moths, as revealed in a new study of their diversity and evolution.

Uncontrolled hypertension could bring increased risk for Alzheimer's disease
A study in the JAMA Neurology suggests that controlling or preventing risk factors such as hypertension earlier in life may limit or delay the brain changes associated with Alzheimer's disease and other age-related neurological deterioration.

Researchers find better management needed for use of IVC filters
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine have found that the use of Inferior Vena Cava filters for the prevention and treatment of venous thrombotic events may result in poor outcomes due to mechanical filter complications--largely due to low filter retrieval rates and inconsistent use of anticoagulants--and high rates of venous thromboembolism.

Training program developed by U of A medical researchers leads to police using less force
Researchers with the Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry designed a one-day training program for the Edmonton Police Service that resulted in officers being more likely to quickly identify mental health issues during a call, and less likely to use physical force or a weapon in those situations.

CSTARS awarded $16.5 million over 3 years by Office of Naval Research
The University of Miami's Center for Southeastern Tropical Advanced Remote Sensing has been awarded a $16.5 million contract by the Office of Naval Research to continue collecting, processing and disseminating data from global Synthetic Aperture Radar satellite systems.

Astronomer gets grant to better measure mysterious black holes
Black holes, the high-gravity phenomena of galaxies from which no light can escape, will be better measured thanks to a $862,769 National Science Foundation grant to a Georgia State University astronomer.

Slabs of ancient tectonic plate still lodged under California, researchers find
The Isabella anomaly -- the seismic signal of a large mass of cool, dehydrated material about 100 kilometers beneath central California -- is in fact a surviving slab of the Farallon oceanic plate, according to research led by Brown University geophysicists.

Researchers create map of 'shortcuts' between all human genes
Researchers have generated the full set of distances, routes and degrees of separation between any two human genes, creating a map of gene

More parents say they won't vaccinate daughters against HPV, researchers find
A rising percentage of parents say they won't have their teen daughters vaccinated to protect against the human papilloma virus, even though physicians are increasingly recommending adolescent vaccinations, a study by Mayo Clinic and others shows.

Las Cumbres Observatory: First light at Saao for third 1-meter node of global telescope
The first truly global telescope came a significant step closer to completion this month with the installation and first light on three new 1-meter telescopes at the South Africa Astronomical Observatory near Sutherland, South Africa.

Putting the clock in 'cock-a-doodle-doo'
Of course, roosters crow with the dawn. But are they simply reacting to the environment, or do they really know what time of day it is?

Gone but not forgotten: Yearning for lost loved ones linked to altered thinking about the future
People suffering from complicated grief may have difficulty recalling specific events from their past or imagining specific events in the future, but not when those events involve the partner they lost, according to a new study published in Clinical Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Less than 1 month to start of European Congress on Osteoporosis & Osteoarthritis in Rome
Attend the European Congress on Osteoporosis & Osteoarthritis Rome, Italy from April 17-20, 2013 and earn up to 19 European Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education credits.

Springer launches new water platform to mark World Water Day
The 20th anniversary of the first World Water Day is Mar.

Chemical trickery explored to help contain potato pest
If left unchecked, the pale cyst nematode burrows into potato roots to feed, obstructing nutrients and causing stunted growth, wilted leaves and other symptoms that can eventually kill the plant.

CDC and AGA join forces to bring colorectal cancer screening to the uninsured
Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths among men and women nationwide.

Study of dragonfly prey detection wins PNAS Cozzarelli Prize
Paloma T. Gonzalez-Bellido, who is now a postdoctoral scientist at the Marine Biological Laboratory, and colleagues from Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Minnesota, and Union College have been awarded a 2012 Cozzarelli Prize by the editorial board of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Self-assembled nanostructures enable a low-power phase-change memory for mobile electronic devices
A team of Professors Keon Jae Lee and Yeon Sik Jung in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at KAIST has developed phase-change memory with low power consumption (below 1/20th of its present level) by employing self-assembled block copolymer silica nanostructures.
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