Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 28, 2013
NRC Research Press adds a new title to collection of scientific and technical journals
The Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems (JUVS) is a new quarterly, electronic-only publication that is now accepting papers; the inaugural issue is scheduled for release in the Fall of 2013.

Light may recast copper as chemical industry 'holy grail'
Wouldn't it be convenient if you could reverse the rusting of your car by shining a bright light on it?

Language used in immigration debates may be as important as the policies
The language activists and politicians use in immigration debates may be as important as the policies they are debating when it comes to long-term effects, according to the author of a new study in the Apr. issue of the American Sociological Review.

Mayo Clinic study: Physician spouses very satisfied in relationships
It appears that the majority of spouses/partners of physicians in the United States are happy with their relationships, according to Mayo Clinic research.

Look out squirrels: Leopards are new backyard wildlife
A new study led by WCS-India scientist Vidya Athreaya finds that certain landscapes of western India completely devoid of wilderness and with high human populations are crawling with a different kind of backyard wildlife: leopards.

NSF-supported Stampede opens the gates of advanced computation to thousands of research teams
A National Science Foundation-supported, world-class supercomputer called Stampede -- which has already enabled research teams to predict where and when earthquakes may strike, how much sea levels could rise and how fast brain tumors grow -- was officially dedicated today.

NJIT mathematician publishes 2013 Major League Baseball projections
It looks like 2013 will be a thrilling season for baseball fans as four of the six divisions can be expected to deliver tight races, says baseball guru NJIT Associate Professor and Associate Dean Bruce Bukiet.

Common -- but without a name
The most commonly occurring red alga in the Bangiales in New Zealand has at last received a formal scientific name.

Home hot water temperatures remain a burn hazard for young and elderly
Home hot water temperatures remain dangerously high for a significant proportion of homes, presenting a scald hazard for young children and the elderly.

UCLA study finds heart failure medications highly cost-effective
A UCLA study shows that heart failure medications recommended by national guidelines are highly cost effective in saving lives and may also provide savings to the health care system.

Declaring a truce with our microbiological frienemies
Managing bacteria and other microorganisms in the body, rather than just fighting them, may be lead to better health and a stronger immune system, according to a Penn State biologist.

Combinations of estrogen-mimicking chemicals found to strongly distort hormone action
What happens when -- as in the real world -- an individual is exposed to multiple estrogen-mimicking chemicals at the same time?

Common gene variants explain 42 percent of antidepressant response
Antidepressants are commonly prescribed for the treatment of depression, but many individuals do not experience symptom relief from treatment.

Parkinson's disease protein gums up garbage disposal system in cells
With a new neuron model system of Parkinson's disease pathologies Penn researchers have demonstrated that these aberrant clumps in cells resist degradation as well as impair the function of the macroautophagy system, one of the major garbage disposal systems within the cell.

NOvA neutrino detector records first 3-D particle tracks
The in-progress NOvA neutrino detector recorded its first cosmic ray particles in March.

HPV improves survival for African-Americans with throat cancer
Even though the human papillomavirus is a risk factor for certain head and neck cancers, its presence could make all the difference in terms of survival, especially for African-Americans with throat cancer, according to a newly published study from Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit.

Stanford survey: Americans back preparation for extreme weather and sea-level rise
The majority of Americans express support for stronger coastal development codes, according to a Stanford survey.

Study reveals how diabetes drug delays ageing in worms
A widely prescribed type 2 diabetes drug slows down the ageing process by mimicking the effects of dieting, according to a study from Wellcome Trust researchers using worms to investigate how the drug works.

Geoscientists to meet in Austin, Texas, to discuss groundwater, petroleum, and Texas geology
Geoscientists from the south-central US and beyond will convene in Austin, Texas, USA, on April 4-5 to celebrate GSA's 125th Anniversary and discuss new science, expand on existing science, and explore the unique geologic and historic features of the region.

Teens' struggles with peers forecast long-term adult problems
Teens' struggles to connect with their peers in early adolescence while not succumbing to negative peer influences predict their capacity to form strong friendships and avoid serious problems.

New American Chemical Society video explores the chemistry of egg dyeing
With millions of eggs about to have their annual encounter with red, green, blue and other dyes this holiday weekend, the American Chemical Society today released a new video that will egg people on in discovering the chemistry that underpins the process.

Handling big data and small data in a sustainable way
DFG has approved a new funding program for research data infrastructures.

Black bears: Here, gone, and back again
A new study from the Wildlife Conservation Society and the Nevada Department of Wildlife has pieced together the last 150 years of history for one of the state's most interesting denizens: The black bear.

Rise in CF patient infections explained
Whole genome sequencing has explained why infection by the multidrug resistant bacteria, This study, published in the Lancet, revealed that frequent transmission of the bacteria occurs between CF patients despite conventional cross-infection measures.

Creating inclusive child-care spaces
UAlberta researcher works with child-care providers to identify challenges in providing inclusive early learning environments.

Should I trust my intuition?
A study led by Zachary Mainen, Director of the Champalimaud Neuroscience Programme, and published March 28 in the scientific journal, Neuron, reports that when rats were challenged with a series of perceptual decision problems, their performance was just as good when they decided rapidly as when they took a much longer time to respond.

Researchers unveil large robotic jellyfish that one day could patrol oceans
Virginia Tech College of Engineering researchers have unveiled Cyro, a life-like, autonomous robotic jellyfish the size and weight of a grown man, five foot seven inches in length and weighing 170 pounds.

Kessler Foundation scientists receive Consortium of MS Centers grant to study emotional processing
Helen Genova, Ph.D., and Jean Lengenfelder, Ph.D., were awarded a $40,000 grant to study disorders of emotional processing in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS).

Beaumont doctors call for training to reduce sudden cardiac arrest fatalities in schools
One of the leading causes of death in the United States is sudden cardiac arrest, which claims the lives of more than 325,000 people each year.

What attracts people to violent movies?
Why are audiences attracted to bloodshed, gore and violence? A recent study from researchers at the University of Augsburg, Germany and the University of Wisconsin-Madison found that people are more likely to watch movies with gory scenes of violence if they felt there was meaning in confronting violent aspects of real life.

Innate immune system can kill HIV when a viral gene is deactivated
Human cells have an intrinsic capacity to destroy HIV. However, the virus has evolved to contain a gene that blocks this ability.

2013 ACMG Foundation/Signature Genomic, PerkinElmer Inc., Travel Award Winner announced
Caleb P. Bupp MD was honored as the 2013 recipient of the ACMG Foundation/Signature Genomics from PerkinElmer, Inc.

Head-on collisions between DNA-code reading machineries accelerate gene evolution
The bacteria Bacillus subtilis places some of their genes in prime collision paths for the moving molecular machineries that read the DNA code.

Picking apart photosynthesis
Chemists at the California Institute of Technology and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory believe they can now explain one of the remaining mysteries of photosynthesis.

Biological transistor enables computing within living cells, Stanford study says
A team of Stanford University bioengineers has taken computing beyond mechanics and electronics into the living realm of biology.

Brain scans might predict future criminal behavior
A portable MRI was used to assess anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) activity in 96 adult male inmates who were then followed for up to four years after their release from prison.

Swarming robots could be the servants of the future
Swarms of robots acting together to carry out jobs could provide new opportunities for humans to harness the power of machines.

In solving social dilemmas, vervet monkeys get by with a little patience
People could learn a lot from vervet monkeys. When vervets need to work together, they don't tell each other what to do or punish uncooperative behavior.

Mindfulness from meditation associated with lower stress hormone
Focusing on the present rather than letting the mind drift may help to lower levels of the stress hormone cortisol, suggests new research from the Shamatha Project at UC Davis.

Rice's Laura Segatori wins NSF CAREER Award
Some human cells forget to empty their trash bins, and when the garbage piles up, it can lead to Parkinson's disease and other genetic and age-related disorders.

Walt Reid to receive 2013 NatureServe Conservation Award
In recognition for his extraordinary and ongoing contributions to protecting and understanding the world's ecosystems, NatureServe will present Dr.

Low vitamin D linked with lower kidney function after transplantation
Low vitamin D levels measured at three months after kidney transplantation were linked with lower kidney function and increased kidney scarring at 12 months post-transplant.

Genome study reveals human-to-human spread of multidrug resistant mycobacterial infection
UK researchers have, for the first time, proven a long suspected concern -- that the increasingly common multidrug resistant non-tuberculous mycobacterium Mycobacterium abscessus can be spread from person to person.

Marital conflict causes stress in children, may affect cognitive development
Marital conflict is a significant source of environmental stress for children.

Notre Dame researcher is studying role small dams play in pollution control
A new Notre Dame study notes that there is a crucial need to gain a better understanding of what small dams mean for our water quality before they crumble and disappear.

New research on the effects of traumatic brain injury
Considerable opportunity exists to improve interventions and outcomes of traumatic brain injury in older adults, according to three studies published in the recent online issue of NeuroRehabilitation by researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai.

Multiple moves found harmful to poor young children
Poor children who move three or more times before age five have more behavior problems than their peers, according to a longitudinal, representative study of children born in 20 large US cities between 1998 and 2000.

15 minutes of fame? Study finds true fame isn't fleeting
True fame isn't fleeting. That's what a team of researchers led by McGill University's Eran Shor and Stony Brook University's Arnout van de Rijt conclude in a new study that appears in the April issue of the American Sociological Review.

Many doctors do not provide tobacco cessation assistance to lung cancer patients
Physicians who care for lung cancer patients recognize the importance of tobacco cessation, but often do not provide cessation assistance to their patients according to a recent study published in the Journal of Thoracic Oncology.

Discovery opens door to efficiently storing and reusing renewable energy
Two University of Calgary researchers have developed a ground-breaking way to make new affordable and efficient catalysts for converting electricity into chemical energy.

HIV antibodies that are worth the wait
A study published by Cell Press on March 28 in the journal Cell reveals surprising mutations in these antibodies that are crucial for strong protection against HIV-1.

Protective prion keeps yeast cells from going it alone
Now a team of Whitehead Institute and University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center scientists has added markedly to the job description of prions as agents of change, identifying a prion capable of triggering a transition in yeast from its conventional single-celled form to a cooperative, multicellular structure.

Surgical menopause may prime brain for stroke, Alzheimer's
Removing the ovaries before menopause, appears to leave more of the brain vulnerable to stroke and increase the risk of Alzheimer's disease, researchers report.

Eating more fiber may lower risk of first-time stroke
Eating foods with more fiber was linked to a lower risk of first-time stroke.

A social network for young Londoners on the buses
Free bus travel has improved the social lives and independence of 12- to 18-year-olds in London, according to researchers at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.

SAGE and the Urban Affairs Association announce the winner of the UAA-SAGE Activist Scholar Award
SAGE and the Urban Affairs Association (UAA) are pleased to announce that Dr.

Mate choice in mice is heavily influenced by paternal cues
Hybrid offspring of different house mice populations show a preference for mating with individuals from their father's original population.

Hubble observes the hidden depths of Messier 77
The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope has captured this vivid image of spiral galaxy Messier 77, one of the most famous and well-studied galaxies in the sky.

Help on the home front: Addressing the well-being of National Guard and Reserve families
Researchers, clinicians, military leaders and policy makers will come together next month at the University of Michigan for the National Research Summit on Reserve Component Military Families, a first-of-its-kind national conference focused on the unique and often unaddressed mental health and wellbeing needs of National Guard and Reserve military families.

Science magazine prize goes to undergrad course that incorporates faculty research
A Stanford biology class that involves undergraduates in their instructors' research and has been shown to engage students much more effectively than standard lab classes has been awarded the Science Prize for Inquiry-Based Instruction.

Children of deployed parents at higher risk for alcohol, drug use
A statewide survey of sixth-, eighth-, and 11th-grade Iowa students found that children of deployed or recently returned military parents had an increased risk for alcohol use, binge drinking, and using marijuana, compared to children in non-military families.

Cell reprogramming during liver regeneration
Researchers have been able to reprogram cells experimentally, but few have shown that cells can change their identities under normal physiological conditions in the body, particularly in mammals.

Opposites attract: How cells and cell fragments move in electric fields
Like tiny crawling compass needles, whole living cells and cell fragments orient and move in response to electric fields -- but in opposite directions, scientists at UC Davis have found.

Scientists propose revolutionary laser system to produce the next LHC
An international team of physicists has proposed a revolutionary laser system, inspired by the telecommunications technology, to produce the next generation of particle accelerators, such as the Large Hadron Collider.

UMMS scientists tie dietary influences to changes in gene expression and physiology
Sometimes you just can't resist a tiny piece of chocolate cake.

New study aims to prevent sports-related brain injury in youngsters
Ice hockey accounts for nearly half of all traumatic brain injuries among children and youth participating in organized sports who required a trip to an emergency department in Canada, according to a new study out of St.

Expanding Medicaid in Pennsylvania would increase federal revenue to the state, study finds
Study finds expanding Medicaid in Pennsylvania under the Affordable Care Act would boost federal revenue to the state by more than $2 billion annually and provide 340,000 residents with health insurance.

Penn researchers show stem cell fate depends on 'grip'
A team of researchers from the University of Pennsylvania has generated new insight on how a stem cell's environment influences what type of cell a stem cell will become.

Wilderness therapy programs less risky than daily life, UNH research finds
Adolescents participating in wilderness and adventure therapy programs are at significantly less risk of injury than those playing football and are three times less likely to visit the emergency room for an injury than if they were at home, a new study by University of New Hampshire researchers finds.

Boston Public Schools' prekindergarten program boosts children's skills
Boston Public Schools' prekindergarten program is substantially improving children's readiness to start kindergarten, according to a new study of more than 2,000 children enrolled there.

Scientists identify brain's 'molecular memory switch'
Common fruit fly key to discovery as to how memories are written into brain cells.

Even graphene has weak spots
Less-than-perfect sheets of atom-thick graphene show unexpected weakness, according to researchers at Rice and Tsinghua universities.

Study documents decimation of critically endangered forest elephant
African forest elephants are being poached out of existence. A study just published in the online journal PLOS ONE and supported in part by San Diego Zoo Global shows that a staggering 62 percent of all forest elephants have been killed across their range in central Africa, for their ivory over the past decade.

Sustainable fishing practices produce local rewards
Communities that act locally to limit their fish catches will reap the rewards of their action, as will their neighbors.

A new era in sports science journals: The launch of BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Open access publisher BioMed Central is proud to announce the launch of BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, another addition to the BMC-series portfolio.

Theory and practice key to optimized broadband, low-loss optical metamaterials
The union of theory and practice makes broadband, low-loss optical devices practical, which is why two groups of Penn State engineers collaborated to design optical metamaterials that have custom applications that are easily manufactured.

Hispanics live longest, whites shortest among dialysis patients
Among dialysis patients, Hispanics tend to live the longer than blacks, who in turn live longer than whites.

New vaccine-design approach targets HIV and other fast-mutating viruses
A team led by scientists from The Scripps Research Institute and the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative has unveiled a new technique for vaccine design that could be particularly useful against HIV and other fast-changing viruses.

Gene discovery may yield lettuce that will sprout in hot weather
A team of researchers, led by a University of California, Davis, plant scientist, has identified a lettuce gene and related enzyme that put the brakes on germination during hot weather -- a discovery that could lead to lettuces that can sprout year-round, even at high temperatures.

Springer and Chemical Abstracts Service collaborate to accelerate chemistry research
Springer and Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) will collaborate to include thousands of new experimental procedures for chemical reactions reported in Springer journals in the CAS databases.

Robot ants successfully mimic real colony behavior
Scientists have successfully replicated the behavior of a colony of ants on the move with the use of miniature robots, as reported in the journal PLOS Computational Biology.

Study: 'Waste heat' may economize CO2 capture
In some of the first results from a federally funded initiative to find new ways of capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) from coal-fired power plants, Rice University scientists have found it may be possible to use

New book questions preferential legal treatment of religious liberty
The Western democratic practice of singling out religious liberty for special treatment under the law is not in sync with the world we live in today, argues University of Chicago Law School professor Brian Leiter in his new book, Why Tolerate Religion?

Notre Dame researchers are using new technologies to combat invasive species
A new research paper by a team of researchers from the University of Notre Dame's Environmental Change Initiative demonstrates how two cutting-edge technologies can provide a sensitive and real-time solution to screening real-world water samples for invasive species before they get into our country or before they cause significant damage.

Obesity leads to decreased physical activity over time
Obesity leads to a decrease in physical activity over time, researchers at BYU have confirmed.

Proximity to coal-tar-sealed pavement raises risk of cancer, study finds
People living near asphalt pavement sealed with coal tar have an elevated risk of cancer, according to a study in the journal Environmental Science and Technology.

2013-14 Genzyme/ACMG Foundation Training Award in Clinical Biochemical Genetics announced
Lindsay C. Burrage, M.D., Ph.D., of Baylor College of Medicine/Texas Children's Hospital and Shane C.
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