Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 29, 2013
DNA: How to unravel the tangle
A chromosome is rarely found in the shape we are used to seeing in biology books, that is to say the typical double rod shape (the X pattern, to put it simply).

New metabolite-based diagnostic test could help detect pancreatic cancer early
A new diagnostic test that uses a scientific technique known as metabolomic analysis may be a safe and easy screening method that could improve the prognosis of patients with pancreatic cancer through earlier detection.

NASA's Swift sizes up comet ISON
Astronomers from the University of Maryland at College Park and Lowell Observatory have used NASA's Swift satellite to check out comet C/2012 S1 (ISON), which may become one of the most dazzling in decades when it rounds the sun later this year.

2013 Wiley Prize to be awarded at Apr. 5 event
Deborah E. Wiley, Chair of The Wiley Foundation, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. will present the 2013 Wiley Prize in Biomedical Sciences to Dr.

Smoking immediately upon waking may increase risk of lung and oral cancer
The sooner a person smokes a cigarette upon waking in the morning, the more likely he or she is to acquire lung or oral cancer, according to Penn State researchers.

Sensory helmet could mean firefighters are not left in the dark
A specially-adapted

Making do with more: Joint BioEnergy Institute researchers engineer plant cell walls to boost sugar yields for biofuels
Using the tools of synthetic biology, JBEI researchers are engineering healthy plants whose lignocellulosic biomass can more easily be broken down into simple sugars for the production of clean, green and renewable advanced biofuels.

Monounsaturated fats reduce metabolic syndrome risk
Canola oil and high-oleic canola oils can lower abdominal fat when used in place of other selected oil blends, according to a team of American and Canadian researchers.

Multi-toxin biotech crops not silver bullets, scientists warn
The widely used strategy of endowing crops with redundant toxins to fend off pests rests on flawed assumptions, UA researchers have discovered.

Female students just as successful as males in math and science, Asian-Americans outperform all
While compared to men, women continue to be underrepresented in math and science courses and careers.

What advances are driving clinical applications of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine?
Explosive growth in the field of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine has led to innovative and promising applications and techniques, many of which are now being tested in human clinical trials.

Children with sleep apnea have higher risk of behavioral, adaptive and learning problems
A new study found that obstructive sleep apnea, a common form of sleep-disordered breathing, is associated with increased rates of ADHD-like behavioral problems in children as well as other adaptive and learning problems.

UGA researchers track down gene responsible for short stature of dwarf pearl millet
Recently, plant geneticists at the University of Georgia successfully isolated the gene that creates dwarfed varieties of pearl millet.

MARC travel awards announced for 2013 GSA Drosophila Research Conference
FASEB Maximizing Access to Research Careers Program has announced the travel award recipients for the Genetics Society of America Drosophila Research Conference in Washington, DC from Apr.

A new mathematical model for how society becomes polarized
Engineering researchers at Stanford University have devised a mathematical model that helps demonstrate what's behind the growing rift in American society.

MARC travel awards announced for EB 2013
FASEB Maximizing Access to Research Careers Program has announced the travel award recipients for the Experimental Biology 2013 (EB 2013) meeting in Boston, MA from Apr.

Author of new breast cancer study comments on its findings of increased risk
Dr. Rowan Chlebowski, M.D., Ph.D., Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute lead researcher and author of a new study in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, issued the following statement regarding the latest findings from the Women's Health Initiative.

Estrogen plus progestin use linked with increased breast cancer incidence and mortality
Estrogen plus progestin use is linked with increased breast cancer incidence.

The risk of autism is not increased by 'too many vaccines too soon'
Nearly one in 10 parents refuse or delay vaccinations because they believe it is safer than following the CDC's schedule.

Texas physician breaks ground in robotic cervical surgery
Dr. Sami Kilic, chief of minimally invasive gynecology and research at UTMB, is the first surgeon in the world reported to have used robotically assisted, ultrasound-guided laparoscopic surgery to successfully tighten a pregnant patient's incompetent cervix.

The splendid Skadar Lake (Montenegro and Albania), surprises with new species of snails
The Skadar Lake system at the border of Montenegro and Albania is a well-known hotspot of freshwater biodiversity and harbors a highly diverse mollusc fauna.

Teachers' gestures boost math learning
Students perform better when their instructors use hand gestures -- a simple teaching tool that could yield benefits in higher-level math such as algebra.

LITHOSPHERE covers Canada, California, the Alps, and the Scandinavian Caledonides
The Apr. 2013 issue of Lithosphere is now available. Four classic research papers cover the Saint Elias Mountains of Yukon and British Columbia, Canada; the Nacimiento fault near San Simeon, California, USA; the western Alps; and the Caledonides in Scandinavia.

KAIST develops a low-power 60 GHz radio frequency chip for mobile devices
Professor Chul Soon Park from the Department of Electrical Engineering at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology and his research team recently developed a low-power version of the 60 GHz radio frequency integrated circuit (RFIC).

SIAM announces class of 2013 fellows
The Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics today named 33 members of its community to the 2013 Class of SIAM Fellows.

Ronald DePinho, M.D., selected for prestigious Agilent Technologies Thought Leader Award
Pancreatic cancer is one the deadliest and hardest to treat cancers.
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