Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 08, 2013
Alcohol consumption has no impact on breast cancer survival
Although previous research has linked alcohol consumption to an increased risk of developing breast cancer, a new study has found that drinking before and after diagnosis does not impact survival from the disease.

Religious, nonreligious organizations may have similar impact on immigrants
Religious and nonreligious organizations may have a similar impact on the ability of immigrants to acclimate to life in the US, despite the organizations' different motivations for providing charitable services, according to new research from Rice University.

AACR honors Hagop Kantarjian for outstanding clinical research
Hagop Kantarjian, M.D., chair and professor in the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center's Department of Leukemia, will be honored for clinical research excellence at the AACR Annual Meeting 2013, April 6-10.

Recruiting engineered cells to work for warfighters
The Office of Naval Research today launched a collaborative initiative with university researchers focused on synthetic, or engineered, cells -- part of a larger effort to use the smallest units of life to help Sailors and Marines execute their missions.

Antibiotic brings some improvement in fragile X syndrome, reports JDBP
The antibiotic drug minocycline yields

Global solar photovoltaic industry is likely now a net energy producer
The construction of the photovoltaic power industry since 2000 has required an enormous amount of energy, mostly from fossil fuels.

Increased rates of hospitalization linked to elder abuse, Rush researchers find
Older adults who are subject to elder abuse, neglect and exploitation face a greater risk of being hospitalized than other seniors, according to the results of a study published in the April 8 issue of JAMA Internal Medicine.

'Artificial leaf' gains the ability to self-heal damage and produce energy from dirty water
Another innovative feature has been added to the world's first practical

Bird flu mutation study offers vaccine clue
Scientists have described small genetic changes that enable the H5N1 bird flu virus to replicate more easily in the noses of mammals.

Couch potatoes may be genetically predisposed to being lazy, MU study finds
Researchers from the University of Missouri were able to selectively breed rats that exhibited traits of either extreme activity or extreme laziness.

Birds find ways to avoid raising cuckoos' young
Some species of birds reproduce not by rearing their own young, but by handing that task on to other species' adults.

Shedding light on a gene mutation that causes signs of premature aging
Nathalie Bérubé, Ph.D., of Western University and Lawson Health Research Institute found mice developed without the ATRX gene had problems in in the forebrain, the part of the brain associated with learning and memory, and in the anterior pituitary which has a direct effect on body growth and metabolism.

Pre-pregnancy body fat, in-pregnancy weight gain, and gestational diabetes combine to increase risk of high birthweight babies to differing degrees in white, black, Hispanic, and Asian women
A new study shows that a woman's pre-pregnancy body fat (adiposity), in-pregnancy weight gain, and presence of gestational diabetes mellitus can all combine to steeply increase the risk of giving birth to large-for-gestational age babies to different degrees in white non-Hispanic, black non-Hispanic, White Hispanic, and Asian women, with the highest combined risk being in White non-Hispanic women.

Strict school meal standards associated with improved weight status among students
A study suggests that states with stricter school meal nutrition standards were associated with better weight status among students who received free or reduced-price lunches compared with students who did not eat school lunches, according to a report published Online First by JAMA Pediatrics, a JAMA Network publication.

Healthy doctors make healthy patients, study finds
Patients are more likely to follow preventive health practices like getting a flu shot or mammography if their doctors do likewise, researchers at the University of British Columbia and in Israel have discovered.

Personal preventive health practices of physicians can benefit patients
There is a direct, positive link between physicians' preventive health practices and those of their patients, found a study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

Exploring lincRNA's role in breast cancer
Once considered part of the

Posture provides clue for future disability
The shape of an individual's spinal column may predict his or her risk for nursing home admission or need of home assistance in old age, according to a new article published online in the Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences.

Nanowires have the power to revolutionize solar energy
Capture up to 12 times more light to produce more energy?

Human shadow cast over the Caribbean slows coral growth
Striking Caribbean sunsets occur when particles in the air scatter incoming sunlight.

Study finds key to calling back-up help when tumor-fighter p53 goes down
In a presentation at the AACR Annual Meeting 2013, scientists from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center demonstrate that tumor suppression can be restored in mice that lack p53 by knocking out the ∆N isoforms of p63 and p73 that interfere with tumor suppression.

High-risk screening and high rate of follow up -- patient navigators credited
Low-income and minority women screened for breast cancer at Capital Breast Cancer Center (CBCC) in Washington, DC, exceed national standards in their rate of medical follow-up after a positive mammogram, according to a small study presented at the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2013.

Developmental delays in children following prolonged seizures
Researchers from the UK determined that developmental delays are present in children within six weeks following convulsive status epilepticus (CSE) -- a seizure lasting longer than 30 minutes.

Particles changing angle: Unexpected orientation in capillaries
When small particles flow through thin capillaries, they display an unusual orientation behavior.

Without birds, will Guam's forests look like Swiss cheese?
Ecologists from Rice University and the University of Guam will begin an ambitious four-year study this summer to examine how the loss of birds on Guam may be thinning the island's forests.

Pathological gambling is associated with age
Researchers of the Psychiatry and Mental Health research group at the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute, in the Bellvitge University Hospital, have shown that patient age influences the onset of pathological gambling disorder and its clinical course.

UC Santa Barbara researchers uncover new pathways in bacterial intercellular competition
There's an epic battle taking place that's not on the national radar: intercellular competition.

Research demonstrates why going green is good chemistry
NSF-funded research on mechanochemistry will be presented at the American Chemical Society's annual meeting in New Orleans.

UCLA pediatrician receives grant to study behaviors that lead to pediatric obesity
UCLA's Dr. Alma Guerrero has been awarded a grant to research racial and ethnic disparities in dietary behaviors that lead to obesity among California children and examine the family and neighborhood factors associated with these dietary behaviors.

Cleveland Clinic research: Prior chest radiation grows risk of death after heart surgery
Patients who have open heart surgery for heart disease caused by radiation cancer treatment are nearly twice as likely to die in the years following their surgery compared to similar patients who did not undergo radiation treatment, according to new research from Cleveland Clinic published today in the American Heart Association journal Circulation.

Polluting plastic particles invade the Great Lakes
Floating plastic debris -- which helps populate the infamous

2013 Wiley Prize awarded for circadian rhythm research
Deborah E. Wiley, Chair of the Wiley Foundation, John Wiley & Sons Inc., today awarded the 2013 Wiley Prize in Biomedical Sciences to Dr.

Special American Chemical Society live broadcasts on cooking, weight loss and more
Cooking an egg may seem like the simplest of culinary arts, but this process remains the topic of a huge controversy among chefs and experts on the chemistry of cooking.

Rare primate's vocal lip-smacks share features of human speech
The vocal lip-smacks that geladas use in friendly encounters have surprising similarities to human speech, according to a study reported in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on April 8th.

Suzaku 'post-mortem' yields insight into Kepler's supernova
An exploding star observed in 1604 by the German astronomer Johannes Kepler held a greater fraction of heavy elements than the sun, according to an analysis of X-ray observations from the Japan-led Suzaku satellite.

A fly mutation suggests a new route for tackling ALS
A team of researchers at the University of Massachusetts Medical School have discovered a gene, dSarm, in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster that, when mutant, blocks the self-destruction of damaged axons, which could hold clues to treating motor neuron diseases, such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

ACMG releases statement on noninvasive prenatal screening
The new ACMG statement on

Rapid climate change and the role of the Southern Ocean
Scientists from Cardiff University and the University of Barcelona have discovered new clues about past rapid climate change.

Researchers design drug to restore cell suicide in HPV-related head and neck cancer
Researchers have discovered a new mechanism by which the human papilloma virus causes head and neck cancer, and they have designed a drug to block that mechanism.

Month of birth impacts on immune system development
Newborn babies' immune system development and levels of vitamin D have been found to vary according to their month of birth, according to new research.

Autism in black and white: NIH grant helps scientist study disorder in African Americans
The National Institutes of Health has awarded Daniel Geschwind, M.D., director of the UCLA Center for Autism Research and Treatment, a five-year, $10 million Network grant to expand and continue his current research in the genetic causes of autism spectrum disorders.

Moving cells with light holds medical promise
Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have shown they can coax cells to move toward a beam of light.

Finnish project to identify solutions for flooding in cities
Flooding causes problems in dense urban environments where the water often cannot penetrate into the ground and rainwater collection systems lack the capacity for large volumes of water.

American College of Physicians releases new prostate cancer screening guidance statement
Men between the ages of 50 and 69 should discuss the limited benefits and substantial harms of the prostate-specific antigen test with their doctor before undergoing screening for prostate cancer, according to new recommendations issued today by the American College of Physicians.

New approach to testing health, environmental effects of nanoparticles
Earlier efforts to determine the health and environmental effects of the nanoparticles that are finding use in consumer products may have produced misleading results by embracing traditional toxicology tests that do not take into account the unique properties of nanomaterials.

'Spooky action at a distance' aboard the ISS
Albert Einstein famously described quantum entanglement as

New 'transient electronics' disappear when no longer needed
Scientists today described key advances they have made toward practical uses of a new genre of tiny, biocompatible electronic devices that could be implanted into the body to relieve pain or battle infection for a specific period of time, and then dissolve harmlessly.

For breast cancer screening, 1 size doesn't fit all
Although mammography reduces breast cancer mortality, it has important limitations.

Ford named 2013 INFORMS Prize winner
The Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences today announced the award of its annual INFORMS Prize to Ford Motor Company, the automaker that has been using analytics throughout its organization to strengthen its position within the American automotive industry.

JCI early table of contents for April 8, 2013
The following release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, April 8, 2013, in the JCI: Protecting against aging at the molecular level; Researchers identify transcription factors that regulate retinal vascularization; and many more.

Seemingly small research funding cuts could hinder progress in nanotechnology
Cuts in federal funding of nanotechnology research threaten to hamper introduction of some of the field's greatest promises, including sustainable new energy sources that do not contribute to global warming, an international authority in the field cautioned here today.

UNC study finds that hot and cold senses interact
A study from the University of North Carolina School of Medicine offers new insights into how the nervous system processes hot and cold temperatures.

Surprising predictor of ecosystem chemistry
Carnegie scientists have found that the plant species making up an ecosystem are better predictors of ecosystem chemistry than environmental conditions such as terrain, geology, or altitude.

IU study: Higher mercury levels in humans associated with increased risk for diabetes
A new study found that higher levels of mercury exposure in young adults increased their risks for type 2 diabetes later in life by 65 percent.

Environmental change triggers rapid evolution
Environmental change can drive hard-wired evolutionary changes in animal species in a matter of generations.

Reframing stress: Stage fright can be your friend
Fear of public speaking tops death and spiders as the nation's number one phobia.

Natural soil bacteria pump new life into exhausted oil wells
Technology that enlists natural soil bacteria as 21st century roughnecks now is commercially available and poised to recover precious oil remaining in thousands of exhausted oil wells, according to a scientist who spoke here today.

Thinking you're old and frail
Older adults who categorize themselves as old and frail encourage attitudinal and behavioral confirmation of that identity.

New Feil Family Brain and Mind Research Institute established at Weill Cornell Medical College
Weill Cornell Medical College has established the new Feil Family Brain and Mind Research Institute, a unique, multidisciplinary translational neuroscience research hub.

Adding intestinal enzyme to diets of mice appears to prevent, treat metabolic syndrome
Feeding an intestinal enzyme to mice kept on a high-fat diet appears to prevent the development of metabolic syndrome -- a group of symptoms associated with type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and fatty liver -- and to reduce symptoms in mice that already had the condition.

Global leaders of $3.5 trillion enterprise gathering for 2 days of talks
Top leaders in chemistry -- a $760 billion annual enterprise in the United States and $3.5 trillion worldwide -- are gathering here today to consider a formula for ensuring the future success of the scientists whose work touches 96 percent of the world's manufactured goods.

'Pharmaceutical' approach boosts oil production from algae
Taking an approach similar to that used for discovering new therapeutic drugs, chemists at UC Davis have found several compounds that can boost oil production by green microscopic algae, a potential source of biodiesel and other

EARTH: Widely used index may have overestimated drought
For decades, scientists have used sophisticated instruments and computer models to predict the nature of droughts.

Carbon's role in planetary atmosphere formation
A new study in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences suggests that the way carbon moves from within a planet to the surface plays a big role in the evolution of a planet's atmosphere.

Tin nanocrystals for the battery of the future
More powerful batteries could help electric cars achieve a considerably larger range and thus a breakthrough on the market.

Arrhythmia drug may increase cancer risk
One of the most widely used medications to treat arrhythmias may increase the risk of developing cancer, especially in men and people exposed to high amounts of the drug.

Understanding climate science: A scientist's responsibility to communicate with the public
With global climate change and the prospect of another record-hot summer on the minds of millions of people, experts have gathered here today to encourage scientists to take a more active role in communicating the topic to the public, policy makers and others.

CO2 released from burning fuel today goes back into new fuels tomorrow
The search for ways to use megatons of carbon dioxide that may be removed from industrial smokestacks during efforts to curb global warming has led to a process for converting that major greenhouse gas back into the fuel that released it in the first place.

Newly discovered blood protein solves 60-year-old riddle
Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have discovered a new protein that controls the presence of the Vel blood group antigen on our red blood cells.

Link between obesity and polycystic ovary syndrome may be exaggerated
The relationship between obesity and polycystic ovary syndrome may be exaggerated, likely because the women who actively seek care for the condition tend to be heavier than those identified through screening of the general population, researchers report.

AACR news: Autophagy-addicted breast cancers killed by anti-malaria drug, chloroquine
Research presented at the AACR Annual Meeting 2013 shows that some breast cancer subtypes depend on autophagy more than others -- and that inhibiting autophagy in breast cancers that depend on it may be enough alone to kill the disease.

A protein's well-known cousin sheds light on its gout-linked relative
Johns Hopkins scientists have found out how a gout-linked genetic mutation contributes to the disease: By causing a breakdown in a cellular pump that clears an acidic waste product from the bloodstream.

No map, no problems for monarchs
Monarch butterflies have long been admired for their sense of direction, as they migrate from Canada and the United States to Mexico.

Tortuous paths hamper ion transport
ETH-Zurich researchers use X-ray tomography to screen lithium ion battery electrodes and can reconstruct the microstructure in high resolution.

New evidence dinosaurs were strong swimmers
A University of Alberta researcher has identified some of the strongest evidence ever found that dinosaurs could paddle long distances.

RI Hospital: Traumatic brain injury worsens outcomes for those with nonepileptic seizures
A new study by a Rhode Island Hospital researcher has found that traumatic brain injury can significantly increase the odds of having major depression, personality impulsivity and post-traumatic stress disorder in patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures.

Canada loses out on drug pricing: UBC study
Health systems worldwide are increasingly negotiating secret price rebates from pharmaceutical companies and Canadians risk losing out on the deal.

UPV/EHU researchers propose a new mechanism for cell membrane fission
A study led by the Membrane Nanomechanics group of the Biophysics Unit of the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country has made it possible to characterize the functioning of a protein responsible for cell membrane splitting.

Using social networks for mobilization has its limits
Mobilization by social networks is fast but has certain limits.

Diabetes patients need to be consulted to improve treatment
Patients with type 2 diabetes who tailor their own treatment in cooperation with their doctor can reduce their risk of complications such as heart attack by up to 20 percent.

Currently approved drugs found effective in laboratory mice against bioterror threats
In the most extensive screen of its kind, Texas Biomed scientists in San Antonio have demonstrated the feasibility of repurposing already-approved drugs for use against highly pathogenic bacteria and viruses.

New report on the next generation of electronics
Smartphones that fold and unfold like a paper map. Artificial skin with tactile sensations for use on prosthetic limbs.

American Cancer Society awards new research and training grants
The American Cancer Society, the largest non-government, not-for-profit funding source of cancer research in the United States, has awarded 175 national research and training grants totaling $79,073,250 for fiscal year 2013.

Migraine triggers tricky to pinpoint
A new study from Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center found that it is nearly impossible for patients to determine the true cause of their migraine episodes without undergoing formal experiments.

New Mayo software identifies and stratifies risk posed by lung nodules
A multidisciplinary team of researchers at Mayo Clinic has developed a new software tool to noninvasively characterize pulmonary adenocarcinoma, a common type of cancerous nodule in the lungs.

Embargoed news from Annals of Internal Medicine
Below is information about articles being published in the Apr.

Heart surgery increases death risk for cancer survivors who had radiation
Cancer survivors who had chest radiation therapy are nearly twice as likely to die in the years following major heart surgery than patients with similar heart problems but no radiation.

Penn study finds increased sleep could reduce rate of adolescent obesity
Increasing the number of hours of sleep adolescents get each night may reduce the prevalence of adolescent obesity, according to a new study by researchers from Penn Medicine.

Gulf of Mexico has greater-than-believed ability to self-cleanse oil spills
The Gulf of Mexico may have a much greater natural ability to self-clean oil spills than previously believed, an expert in bioremediation said here today at the 245th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society.

A hijacking of healthy cellular circuits
In the current issue of Cancer Discovery, a team led by Paul Mischel at the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research and Steven Bensinger at the University of California, Los Angeles, identifies a unique mechanism by which glioblastoma cells develop resistance to drugs that target EGFR signaling.

Researchers find avian virus may be harmful to cancer cells
Researchers have discovered that a genetically engineered Newcastle disease virus, which harms chickens but not humans, kills prostate cancer cells of all kinds, including hormone-resistant cancer cells.

Debunking a myth: IUDs proven safe birth control for teenagers
Intrauterine devices are as safe for teenagers -- including those who have never given birth -- as they are for adults, according to research from the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston.

Roadmap to 25 percent reduction in premature deaths From RHD in the under 25s by 2025 published
The World Heart Federation has published a new position statement outlining the five key strategic targets required to meet its strategic goal for rheumatic heart disease (RHD) -- a 25 percent reduction in premature deaths from rheumatic fever and RHD among individuals aged under 25 years by the year 2025.

Possible predictive biomarker for patients who may respond to autophagy inhibitors
A team from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania will present findings (Presentation #1679A) during the AACR Annual Meeting 2013 showing that colon cancer and lung cancer cell lines which expressed a gene known as helicase-like transcription factor tended to be impervious to the effects of the autophagy inhibition drug hydroxycholoroquine, a drug originally used as an antimalarial agent.

Non-invasive mapping helps to localize language centers before brain surgery
A new functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) technique may provide neurosurgeons with a non-invasive tool to help in mapping critical areas of the brain before surgery, reports a study in the Apr. issue of Neurosurgery, official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons.

Smoking may negatively impact kidney function among adolescents
New research finds the effects of tobacco smoke on kidney function begin in childhood.

High salt levels in Saharan groundwater endanger oases farming
For more than 40 years, snowmelt and runoff from Morocco's High Atlas Mountains has been dammed and redirected hundreds of kilometers to the south to irrigate oases farms in the arid, sub-Saharan Draa Basin.

Dutch Delta Program Commissioner wins 2013 INFORMS Edelman Award
The Dutch Delta Program Commissioner, whose work to prevent flooding created notice in the wake of Hurricane Sandy, won the 2013 Franz Edelman Award for Achievement in Operations Research and the Management Sciences at a banquet sponsored by the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences in San Antonio tonight.

Research examines corporate communications in the 'gilded age' of free speech
New research finds

Technique finds software bugs in surgical robots and helps developers fix flaws, ensure safety
Surgical robots could make some types of surgery safer and more effective, but proving that the software controlling these machines works as intended is problematic.

DNDi welcomes the Global Health Innovative Technology Fund (GHIT)
The Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative (DNDi), based in Geneva, Switzerland, and DNDi Japan, based in Tokyo, welcome the launch of the Global Health Innovative Technology Fund, an initiative supported by the Japanese government, several Japanese pharmaceutical companies, and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

Tsai wins innovator award for plan to map molecular path to skin cancer
A proposal to examine the cellular journey from normal skin, to precancerous lesion to skin cancer earned Kenneth Tsai, M.D., Ph.D., the Sixth Annual Landon Foundation-AACR INNOVATOR Award for Cancer Prevention Research at the AACR Annual Meeting 2013 in Washington, DC, April 6-10.

'Extracellular vesicles' may open new opportunities for brain cancer diagnosis and treatment
The recent discovery of circulating

How stepdads can avoid missteps
A new study found three factors that contribute to feelings of closeness in stepfamilies: the couple keeps arguments to a minimum; mothers help children feel comfortable sharing their frustrations; and the stepfather and mother agree on how to parent.

NTU launches the Centre for Optical and Laser Engineering to boost competitiveness of local firms
Singapore's Nanyang Technological University has launched a new research center to help local companies sharpen their edge in optical and laser engineering in the face of global competition.

New study finds plant proteins control chronic disease in Toxoplasma infections
A new discovery about the malaria-related parasite Toxoplasma gondii -- which can threaten babies, AIDS patients, the elderly and others with weakened immune systems -- may help solve the mystery of how this single-celled parasite establishes life-long infections in people.

Surface diffusion plays a key role in defining the shapes of catalytic nanoparticles
Controlling the shapes of nanometer-sized catalytic and electrocatalytic particles made from noble metals such as platinum and palladium may be more complicated than previously thought.

Undergraduate travel grant awardees present research at fly conference
Nine students received the Victoria Finnerty Undergraduate Travel Awards, which enabled them to attend and present posters at the 54th Annual Drosophila Research Conference in Washington, D.C., April 3-7, 2013.

Fatheads: How neurons protect themselves against excess fat
In a recent study in mice, researchers at Johns Hopkins pinpointed an enzyme that keeps neurons' fat levels under control, and may be implicated in human neurological diseases.

Byrd came oh-so-close, but probably didn't reach North Pole
When renowned explorer Richard E. Byrd returned from the first-ever flight to the North Pole in 1926, he sparked a controversy that remains today.

Marriages benefit when fathers share household, parenting responsibilities, MU researcher says
Although no exact formula for marital bliss exists, a University of Missouri researcher has found that husbands and wives are happier when they share household and child-rearing responsibilities.

Stillbirth rates have increased significantly, although spontaneous stillbirth rates have not
The rate of stillbirths in British Columbia, Canada, increased by 31 percent over a decade, although the rate of spontaneous stillbirths did not increase, according to a study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

University of Tennessee professor's research shows Gulf of Mexico resilient after spill
The Gulf of Mexico may have a much greater natural ability to self-clean oil spills than previously believed, according to Terry Hazen, University of Tennessee-Oak Ridge National Laboratory Governor's Chair for Environmental Biotechnology.

Computer scientists develop video game that teaches how to program in Java
Computer scientists at the University of California, San Diego, have developed an immersive, first-person player video game designed to teach students in elementary to high school how to program in Java, one of the most common programming languages in use today.

ASH awards first Bridge Grants to sustain critical hematology research
The American Society of Hematology, the world's largest professional organization dedicated to the causes and treatment of blood disorders, today announced the first recipients of the ASH Bridge Grants.

Older patients have higher expectations and are more satisfied with healthcare
New research on patients' experiences of health services and how these relate to their expectations and satisfaction, published by the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, reveals that older people have higher expectations of their care and that they believe that their expectations are being met.

Research advances therapy to protect against dengue virus
Now a therapy to protect people from the dengue virus could finally be a step closer, thanks to a team at MIT.

Minocycline, an antibiotic, improves behavior for children with fragile X syndrome
Minocycline, an older, broad-spectrum antibiotic in the tetracycline family, provides meaningful improvements as a therapeutic for children with fragile X syndrome, a study by researchers at the UC Davis MIND Institute has found.

Premier issue of New Space journal launched at 29th National Space Symposium in Colorado Springs
New Space, the groundbreaking, peer-reviewed journal published by Mary Ann Liebert Inc. publishers, launched its inaugural issue at the 29th National Space Symposium being held April 8-11 at the Broadmoor Hotel in Colorado Springs, Colo.

Collaborations between cooks and chemists push the boundaries of taste
After walking hand-in-hand as partners for centuries, cooking and chemistry now are sprinting ahead in a collaboration that is producing new taste sensations and unimaginable delights for the palate.

Population boom poses interconnected challenges of energy, food, water
Mention great challenges in feeding a soaring world population, and thoughts turn to providing a bare subsistence diet for poverty-stricken people in developing countries.

AACR news: XL-184 (Cabozantinib) goes 12-for-12 in colorectal cancer explants
The novel c-MET and VEGFR2 inhibitor, XL-184 (Cabozantinib), resulted in a significant decrease in tumor growth in 12 out of 12 colorectal cancer patient-derived explants, with 8 of the explants exhibiting stable disease.

Ocean explorers want to get to the bottom of Galicia
Rice University will lead an NSF-funded expedition to the Atlantic Ocean offshore Galicia, Spain, this summer to study how continents break apart to form new oceans.

Egyptian wedding certificate key to authenticating controversial Biblical text
A scientist who helped verify authenticity of the fabled Gospel of Judas today revealed how an ancient Egyptian marriage certificate played a pivotal role in confirming the veracity of inks used in the controversial text.

Adding cetuximab to chemotherapy enables select patients with advanced colorectal cancer and liver metastasis to undergo surgery, extending survival by several months
This is a summary of a study being published online April 8, 2013 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, reports that adding cetuximab (Erbitux) to chemotherapy enabled previously inoperable patients to undergo surgery, tripling the rates of successful surgery for liver metastasis.

Legislation can curb discrimination against gays and lesbians in employment situations
Anti-discrimination laws can have a significant positive impact on how gays and lesbians are treated in employment situations, according to new research from Rice University.

Stanford seeks sea urchin's secret to surviving ocean acidification
Ocean research reveals rapid evolutionary adaptations to a changing climate.

Researchers identify transcription factors that regulate retinal vascularization
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Alfred Nordheim and colleagues at Tuebingen University in Tuebingen, Germany, identified the DNA transcription factor SRF and its cofactors MRTF-A and MRTF-B as critical regulators of vascularization in the postnatal mouse eye.

Nearly half of breast cancer patients at risk of having BRCA mutations not sent for genetic testing
Only 53 percent of newly diagnosed breast cancer patients who were at high risk of carrying a BRCA 1 or BRCA 2 mutation -- based on age, diagnosis, and family history of breast or ovarian cancer -- reported that their doctors urged them to be tested for the genes, according to a research team from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Children with autism leave 'silly' out
When a child with autism copies the actions of an adult, he or she is likely to omit anything

Certain breast cancer patients may benefit from combined HER2 targeted therapy without chemotherapy
In a report that appears online today in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, the researchers have shown that a subset of breast cancer patients who have tumors overexpressing a protein called the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 may benefit from a combination of targeted treatments that zero in on the breast cancer cells themselves.

Sustained stress heightens risk of miscarriage
Researchers at Tel Aviv University have discovered that pregnant women living under continuous political and military stress have a 59 percent increased risk of miscarriage.

Copying is social phenomenon, not just learning, say scientists
Mimicking the behavior of mom and dad has long been considered a vital way in which children learn about the world around them.

Cry me a river of possibility: Scientists design new adaptive material inspired by tears
Imagine highly precise, self-adjusting contact lenses that also clean themselves.

Alexander Levitzki of Hebrew University chosen for cancer research award
The American Association for Cancer Research has chosen professor Alexander Levitzki of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem as the winner of its 2013 Award for Outstanding Achievement in Chemistry in Cancer Research.

Guillermina 'Gigi' Lozano, Ph.D., awarded AACR Charlotte Friend Memorial Lectureship

Fewer unnecessary early deliveries seen in multistate, hospital-based study
A hospital-based quality improvement program showed an 83 percent decline in the rate of elective early term deliveries (inductions of labor and cesarean sections without a medical reason) among of 25 hospitals that implemented of a toolkit called

Transcendental Meditation significantly reduces posttraumatic stress in African refugees
The Transcendental Meditation technique has been shown to lower posttraumatic stress in veterans of Vietnam and Iraq/Afghanistan wars.

Protecting against aging at the molecular level
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, researchers led by Nathalie Bérubé at the University of Western Ontario report on the effects of Atrx deficiency in mice. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to