Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 19, 2013
Knee bracing can 'significantly' reduce pain of kneecap osteoarthritis
Wearing a knee brace has been shown to

Water-pipe smoking may not be a safe alternative to cigarette smoking
Water-pipe smoking led to exposure to agents that may cause cardiovascular diseases and leukemia.

Alternative medicine use by MS patients now mapped
A major Nordic research project involving researchers from the University of Copenhagen has, for the first time ever, mapped the use of alternative treatment among multiple sclerosis patients -- knowledge which is important for patients with chronic disease and the way in which society meets them.

Same protein that fires up cancer-promoting Erk also blocks its activation
A protein which is intimately involved in cancer-promoting cell signaling also keeps a key component of the signaling pathway tied down and inactive, a team led by scientists from the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center reports this week in Nature Structural Molecular Biology.

Nitrogen has key role in estimating CO2 emissions from land use change
A new global-scale modeling study that takes into account nitrogen -- a key nutrient for plants -- estimates that carbon emissions from human activities on land were 40 percent higher in the 1990s than in studies that did not account for nitrogen.

Penn receives prestigious national award for breakthrough in gene therapy
A gene therapy study focused on finding a cure for a rare congenital blinding disease has been recognized as one of the ten most outstanding clinical research projects of the year by the Clinical Research Forum.

A fresh take on the Horsehead Nebula
To celebrate its 23rd year in orbit, the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope has released a stunning new image of one of the most distinctive objects in our skies: the Horsehead Nebula.

Teen moms at greater risk for later obesity, U-M study finds
Women who give birth as teenagers more likely to become overweight or obese later in life.

2 views are better than 1 in 3-D breast screening
One-view 3-D breast screening (tomosynthesis) means less radiation dose and about five seconds less compression, but a study from Yale University, New Haven, Conn., found that obtaining both views is necessary to help ensure that a cancer won't be missed.

Swedish study suggests reduced risk of dementia
A new Swedish study published in the journal Neurology shows that the risk of developing dementia may have declined over the past 20 years, in direct contrast to what many previously assumed.

Sickle cell project named among 'Top 10' Clinical Research Achievements for 2012
Pioneering research led by Johns Hopkins scientists on the use of partially matched bone marrow transplants to wipe out sickle cell disease has been selected as one of the Top 10 Clinical Research Achievements of 2012 by the Clinical Research Forum.

Kessler Foundation participates in multi-site NIH study to develop caregiver TBI-CareQOL
Kessler Foundation is one four sites participating in

Measuring the hazards of global aftershock
The entire world becomes an aftershock zone after a massive magnitude (M) 7 or larger earthquake -- but what hazard does this pose around the planet?

Early cognitive behavioral therapy reduces risk of psychosis
Young people seeking help who are at high risk of developing psychosis could significantly reduce their chances of going on to develop a full-blown psychotic illness by getting early access to cognitive behavioral therapy, new research shows.

New Think Elephants International research reveals how elephants 'see' the world
Think Elephants International, a not-for-profit organization that strives to promote elephant conservation through scientific research, education programming and international collaborations, today announced its latest study,

Muscle repair after injury helped by fat-forming cells
UC San Francisco scientists have discovered that muscle repair requires the action of two types of cells better known for causing inflammation and forming fat. 

A surprising new function for small RNAs in evolution
An international research team in including Christian Schlötterer and Alistair McGregor of the Vetmeduni Vienna has discovered a completely new mechanism by which evolution can change the appearance of an organism.

Revolutionary new device joins world of smart electronics
Smart electronics are taking the world by storm. From techno-textiles to transparent electronic displays, the world of intelligent technology is growing fast and a revolutionary new device has just been added to its ranks.

UCLA study finds scientific basis for cognitive complaints of breast cancer patients
UCLA Researchers at the Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center have shown a statistically significant association between neuropsychological (NP) test performance and memory complaints in post-treatment, early stage breast cancer patients.

Grains of sand from ancient supernova found in meteorites
Scientists working at Washington University in St. Louis have discovered two tiny grains of silica (SiO2; the most common constituent of sand) in meteorites that fell to earth in Antarctica.

2 venous punctures not always needed for intravascular ultrasound-guided
One venous puncture, rather than two, is a safe and effective approach to intravascular ultrasound-guided inferior vena cava filter placement in critically-ill patients, a new study shows.

Freedom of assembly
Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have, for the first time, captured movies of nanoparticle self-assembly, giving researchers a new glimpse of an unusual material property.

Massive amounts of charcoal enter the worlds' oceans
Wild fire residue is washed out of the soil and transported to the sea by rivers.

Painkillers taken before marathons linked to potentially serious side effects
Attempts to ward off pain in marathons and other endurance sports by taking over the counter painkillers may be ill advised, because these drugs may cause serious side effects in these circumstances, suggests research published in the online journal BMJ Open.

Intense, specialized training in young athletes linked to serious overuse injuries
Young athletes who specialize in one sport and train intensively have a significantly higher risk of stress fractures and other severe overuse injuries, according to the largest clinical study of its kind.

AIG study shows hospital C-Suite and Risk Managers struggle with maintaining patient safety
A recent AIG study shows that hospital C-Suite and Risk Managers struggle with maintaining patient safety.

Collaboration to establish new computational resources for metabolomics
University of Birmingham, BGI and GigaScience receive funding from NERC for a UK-China collaboration in environmental metabolomics.

UTSW researchers identify new potential target for cancer therapy
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found that alternative splicing -- a process that allows a single gene to code for multiple proteins -- appears to be a new potential target for anti-telomerase cancer therapy.

'Black carbon' flowing from soil to oceans
A smaller proportion of black carbon created during combustion will remain in soil than have been estimated before.

An IRB study contributes to the understanding and prevention of the side effects caused by drugs
The scientists Miquel Duran and Patrick Aloy provide a description of the molecular processes responsible for more than 1,000 secondary effects.

Research harnesses solar-powered proteins to filter harmful antibiotics from water
UC research just published in the journal, Nano Letters, details how solar-powered proteins can be used to filter antibiotics and other harmful compounds from rivers and lakes at a significantly higher rate than present treatment standards.

Ultrafast technique unlocks design principles of quantum biology
University of Chicago researchers have created a synthetic compound that mimics the complex quantum dynamics observed in photosynthesis and may enable fundamentally new routes to creating solar-energy technologies.

Mine disaster: Hundreds of aftershocks
A new University of Utah study has identified hundreds of previously unrecognized small aftershocks that happened after Utah's deadly Crandall Canyon mine collapse in 2007.

Illinois-based OSF HealthCare joins Mayo Clinic Care Network
Mayo Clinic today announced that OSF HealthCare passed Mayo's rigorous review process to become the newest member of the Mayo Clinic Care Network.

Novel monoclonal antibody inhibits tumor growth in breast cancer and angiosarcoma
A monoclonal antibody targeting a protein known as SFPR2 has been shown by researchers at the University of North Carolina to inhibit tumor growth in pre-clinical models of breast cancer and angiosarcoma.

Breast pain issue for 1 in 3 female marathon runners
One in three female marathon runners is likely to suffer breast pain (mastalgia) during the course of the event, suggests research published online in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

A global murmur, then unusual silence
In the global aftershock zone that followed the major April 2012 Indian Ocean earthquake, seismologists noticed an unusual pattern -- period of quiet, without a large quake.

Mathematical models out-perform doctors in predicting cancer patients' responses to treatment
Mathematical prediction models are better than doctors at predicting the outcomes and responses of lung cancer patients to treatment, according to new research presented on Saturday at the 2nd Forum of the European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology.

Something's fishy in the tree of life
A team of scientists led by Richard Broughton, associate professor of biology at the University of Oklahoma, published two studies that dramatically increase understanding of fish evolution and their relationships.

Mammogram rate did not decline after controversial USPSTF recommendations
More than three years after the United States Preventive Services Task Force recommended against routine mammogram screening for women between the ages of 40 and 49, a study from Brigham and Women's Hospital finds that mammogram rates in the United States have not declined in that age group, or any other.

Feinstein Institute Researcher provides insight into osteoarthritis
To better understand the onset and progression of osteoarthritis, Nadeen Chahine, Ph.D., and collaborators at other institutions looked at cells from articular cartilage using atomic force microscopy.

Genome study suggests new strategies for understanding and treating pulmonary fibrosis
A new genome-wide association study of more than 6,000 people has identified seven new genetic regions associated with pulmonary fibrosis.

NASA's Hubble sees a Horsehead of a different color
Astronomers have used NASA's Hubble Space Telescope to photograph the iconic Horsehead Nebula in a new, infrared light to mark the 23rd anniversary of the famous observatory's launch aboard the space shuttle Discovery on April 24, 1990.

Calculating tsunami risk for the US East Coast
The greatest threat of a tsunami for the US East Coast from a nearby offshore earthquake stretches from the coast of New England to New Jersey, according to John Ebel of Boston College, who presented his findings today at the Seismological Society of America 2013 Annual Meeting.

Ocean acidification as a hearing aid for fish?
In a new study published in the PNAS, University of Miami and NOAA scientists report stunning new insight into the potential effects of acidification on the sensory function of larval cobia.

Quest for edible malarial vaccine leads to other potential medical uses for algae
Can scientists rid malaria from the Third World by simply feeding algae genetically engineered with a vaccine?

From blank round to a potently active substance?
A long-forgotten candidate for antiviral therapy is undergoing a renaissance: Since the 1970s, the small molecule CMA has been considered a potent agent against viral infections, yet it was never approved for clinical use.

Tomosynthesis increases breast cancer detection rate
Two-dimensional plus 3-D breast imaging increases cancer detection rates by 11 percent, and could be particularly useful in detecting cancer in women with dense breasts, a new study suggests.

Unprecedented licensing agreement to spark economic growth and discovery in health IT
The Regenstrief Institute Inc., an international leader in electronic medical records and health information exchange research, development and operations, is licensing its Indiana Network for Patient Care and DOCS4DOCS clinical results delivery software to a subsidiary of the Indiana Health Information Exchange.

Random walks on DNA
Scientists have revealed how a bacterial enzyme has evolved an energy-efficient method to move long distances along DNA.

Stress is good thing for parents, babies in squirrel world
Stressed-out mothers raise stronger, heartier offspring -- at least among squirrels.
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