Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 26, 2013
Physicists, biologists unite to expose how cancer spreads
A multi-institutional study including researchers from Princeton University's Physical Sciences-Oncology Center found that cancer cells that can break out of a tumor and invade other organs are more aggressive and nimble than nonmalignant cells.

Fish win fights on strength of personality
When predicting the outcome of a fight, the big guy doesn't always win suggests new research on fish.

Flu and bacteria: Better prognosis for this potentially fatal combination
Scientists from the Max F. Perutz Laboratories of the University of Vienna and the Medical University of Vienna have provided insights into how much harm bacteria can cause to the lung of people having the flu.

New 10-year risk predictors identified for liver related
A study presented today at the International Liver CongressTM 2013 -- which evaluated the relationship between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), early predictors of atherosclerosis and the 10-year Framingham risk score -- showed that NAFLD increases the risk of early atherosclerotic lesions independent of established cardiovascular risk factors.

New drug stimulates immune system to kill infected cells in animal model of hepatitis B infection
A novel drug developed by Gilead Sciences and tested in an animal model at the Texas Biomedical Research Institute in San Antonio suppresses hepatitis B virus infection by stimulating the immune system and inducing loss of infected cells.

Dark field imaging of rattle-type silica nanorattles coated gold nanoparticles in vitro and in vivo
Gold nanoparticle is a promising material due to its outstanding optical properties; however, potential toxicity limited its applications.

Researchers receive high honor from American Society of Plant Biologists
Two UC Riverside scientists have received high recognition from the American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB) for their contributions to the field of plant biology.

Civil Engineering Society honors NYU-Poly professor for service to students
The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) has awarded Jose Miguel Ulerio, an industry professor of civil and urban engineering at the Polytechnic Institute of New York University, a certificate of commendation from his outstanding work as the faculty advisor of NYU-Poly's ASCE Student Chapter.

New approaches in treating complicated childhood polycystic kidney disease
A collaborative team of physician-scientists at the Medical College of Wisconsin and Children's Hospital of Wisconsin Research Institute has developed a new evidence-based, clinical algorithm to help physicians treat complex patients with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease.

Sea surface temperatures reach highest level in 150 years
Sea surface temperatures in the Northeast Shelf Large Marine Ecosystem during 2012 were the highest recorded in 150 years, according to the latest Ecosystem Advisory issued by NOAA's Northeast Fisheries Science Center.

National survey highlights perceived importance of dietary protein to prevent weight gain
Atkins Diet, Zone Diet, South Beach Diet, etc., etc., etc.

Spotlight on Africa's life source -- first 'Soil Atlas of Africa'
The European Commission has today presented the first Soil Atlas of Africa, highlighting a vital natural resource which provides food, fodder, fuel wood, reduces flood risk and protects water supplies.

Protein shaped like a spider
The protein C4BP is similar to a spider in its spatial form with eight

Battery of tests on cancer cells shows them as 'squishy,' yet tactically strong
A team of student researchers and their professors from 20 laboratories around the country have gotten a new view of cancer cells.

Developments in TACE and SIRT treatment in patients
Data from a number of clinical trials presented today at the International Liver Congress™ 2013 shed new light on the use of TACE and SIRT in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma.

New excavations indicate use of fertilizers 5,000 years ago
Researchers from the University of Gothenburg have spent many years studying the remains of a Stone Age community in Karleby outside the town of Falköping, Sweden.

Core facilities: Widening access to research instrumentation
The German Research Foundation has approved funding for 10 additional core facilities to make existing research instrumentation more easily and efficiently accessible to researchers.

Huddersfield researchers publish a book exploring the link between evolution and criminal behavior
Dr. Jason Roach of the University of Huddersfield, with co-author Professor Ken Pease, has published a new book addressing the controversial issue of linking evolutionary theory to criminal behaviour.

Using mobile phone apps in weight-loss programs
Mobile phones using text messaging and monitoring have been shown to be useful additions to health programs.

American Academy of Arts and Sciences elects 3 UC San Diego professors
Three UC San Diego faculty members have been elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences: Neuroscientist Steven Allen Hillyard, linguist David M.

Researchers develop new metric to measure destructive potential of hurricanes
Researchers at Florida State University have developed a new metric to measure seasonal Atlantic tropical cyclone activity that focuses on the size of storms in addition to the duration and intensity, a measure that may prove important when considering a hurricane's potential for death and destruction.

Learning disabilities affect up to 10 percent of children and co-occur at higher than expected rates
Up to 10 percent of the population is affected by specific learning disabilities, such as dyslexia, dyscalculia and autism, translating to two or three pupils in every classroom, a new study has found.

University of Houston bestows Farfel Award to Mike Harold
Mike Harold, the M.D. Anderson Professor of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering and chair of chemical and biomolecular engineering, has been awarded the University of Houston 2013 Esther Farfel Award.

Movement of pyrrole molecules defy 'classical' physics
Quantum laws loom ever larger in physical world as new research finds quantum phenomena in effect on a molecular level.

ESC guide on new oral anticoagulant drugs
This is integrated guidance on 4 drugs with practical advice for clinicians.

Computer scientists suggest new spin on origins of evolvability
Scientists have long observed that species seem to have become increasingly capable of evolving in response to changes in the environment.

Innate immunity system of sheep and goat herds against viral infections clarified
Biology and Biochemistry graduate, Paula Jáuregui Onieva, has undertaken research for her PhD thesis on the factors of restriction of innate immunity present in sheep and goats.

Forthcoming study explores use of intermittent fasting in diabetes as cardiovascular disease
Intermittent fasting is all the rage, but scientific evidence showing how such regimes affect human health is not always clear cut.

Thomas J. Coates receives 2013 Elizabeth Fries Health Education Award
Thomas J. Coates, director of the UCLA Center for World Health and a member of the UCLA AIDS Institute, was presented with the 2013 Elizabeth Fries Health Education Award for his pioneering research on HIV-related volunteer testing and counseling.

Novel screening tests for liver cancer
New data from two clinical trials presented today at the International Liver Congress™ 2013 demonstrate substantial improvements in the detection of both hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma using diagnostic urine tests.

Cardio could hold key to cancer cure
Regular exercise has been proven to reduce the chance of developing liver cancer in a world-first mice study that carries hope for patients at risk from hepatocellular carcinoma.

Federally funded research & development centers employed more than 3,000 postdoctoral researchers
According to a recent report released by the National Science Foundation, 22 of the nation's 39 federally funded research and development centers employed 3,011 postdocs in 2010, the year the latest data are available.

Rutgers physicist elected to American Academy of Arts and Sciences
Rutgers University physicist Karin Rabe has been elected to membership in the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, one of the nation's most prestigious honorary societies and a leading center for independent policy research.

BIOMARGIN -- Increasing the life span of grafted kidneys
The BIOMARGIN (BIOMArkers of Renal Graft INjuries in kidney allograft recipients) research project, coordinated by INSERM, has just received financing from the

Changing cellulose-forming process may tap plants' biofuel potential
Changing the way a plant forms cellulose may lead to more efficient, less expensive biofuel production, according to Penn State engineers.

Developmental neurobiology: How the brain folds to fit
During fetal development of the mammalian brain, the cerebral cortex undergoes a marked expansion in surface area in some species, which is accommodated by folding of the tissue in species with most expanded neuron numbers and surface area.

New health insurance survey: 84 million people were uninsured for a time or underinsured in 2012
84 million people -- nearly half of working-age US adults -- went without health insurance for a time last year or had out-of-pocket costs that were so high relative to income they were considered underinsured.

Hitting 'reset' in protein synthesis restores myelination
A potential new treatment strategy for patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is on the horizon, thanks to research by neuroscientists now at the University at Buffalo's Hunter James Kelly Research Institute and their colleagues in Italy and England.

GW Cancer Institute publishes research on challenges faced by adolescent cancer survivors
New research out of the George Washington University Cancer Institute focuses on the difficulties of transitioning to adulthood while dealing with the long-term and late effects of cancer and its treatment.

Exploring art at a stroke
Newcastle and Northumbria University scientists, UK, have developed an app which allows you to explore the artists' creative process by rubbing away the layers of a painting right back to the first pencil lines and the blank canvas.
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