Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 01, 2013
4 Rutgers professors elected members of the National Academy of Sciences
Four Rutgers professors are among 84 distinguished researchers elected to membership in the National Academy of Sciences this year, one of the highest honors an American scientist or engineer can achieve.

More food and greener farming with specialised transporters for plants
Of the present global population of seven billion people, almost one billion are undernourished.

Half of US plastic surgeons market their practice via social media
Half of US plastic surgeons are using Facebook, Twitter and other social media platforms in their professional practice, according to a survey in the May issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

Meeting: 'Experts Convene to Examine Impacts of Fukushima on the Ocean'
The Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution will convene international experts at a public colloquium to explore the impact of Fukushima on the ocean and human health.

Global networks must be redesigned
The increasing interdependencies between the world's technological, socio-economic, and environmental systems have the potential to create global catastrophic risks.

UCLA researchers awarded $11 million grant to develop stroke prevention interventions for minorites
UCLA researchers and their partners across Los Angeles County have been awarded an $11 million grant to fund research on community-based interventions to reduce the higher rates of stroke and death from stroke among disadvantaged populations.

ATS publishes clinical practice guidelines on exercise-induced bronchoconstriction
The American Thoracic Society has released new official clinical practice guidelines on the diagnosis and management of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction, the acute airway narrowing that occurs as a result of exercise.

Study finds key protein for firing up central nervous system inflammation
Scientists have identified an influential link in a chain of events that leads to autoimmune inflammation of the central nervous system in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis.

Health defects found in fish exposed to Deepwater Horizon oil spill
Three years after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, crude oil toxicity continues to sicken a sentinel Gulf Coast fish species, according to new findings from a research team that includes a University of California, Davis, scientist.

New evidence on how fluoride fights tooth decay
In an advance toward solving a 50-year-old mystery, scientists are reporting new evidence on how the fluoride in drinking water, toothpastes, mouth rinses and other oral-care products prevents tooth decay.

Wide-eyed fear expressions may help us -- and others -- to locate threats
Wide-eyed expressions that typically signal fear may enlarge our visual field and mutually enhance others' ability to locate threats, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Special focus of the Seismological Research Letters May/June issue
The growing network of GPS stations has transformed the study of earthquakes.

New plant protein discoveries could ease global food and fuel demands
New discoveries of the way plants transport important substances across their biological membranes to resist toxic metals and pests, increase salt and drought tolerance, control water loss and store sugar can have profound implications for increasing the supply of food and energy for our rapidly growing global population.

Genomics to reshape endometrial cancer treatment
The most in-depth look yet at endometrial cancer shows that adding genomics-based testing to the standard diagnostic workup could change the recommended course of treatment for some women.

NASA sees Cyclone Zane bearing down on Queensland, Australia
NASA's Aqua satellite captured an image of Cyclone Zane headed toward the northern Cape York Peninsula of Queensland where it is expected to make landfall by May 2 and cross into the Gulf of Carpentaria.

Traditional ranching practices enhance African savanna
That human land use destroys natural ecosystems is an oft-cited assumption in conservation, but ecologists have discovered that instead, traditional ranching techniques in the African savanna enhance the local abundance of wild, native animals.

People may welcome talking tissue boxes and other smart objects
Just as people have embraced computers and smart phones, they may also give their blessing to talking tissue boxes and other smart objects, according to Penn State researchers.

Self-collection of samples for HPV testing shows promise in detection of cervical cancer in Kenya
A study by researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill suggests that training women to self-collect genital samples to test for human papillomavirus, the causative agent of cervical cancer, can increase the coverage rates of cervical cancer screening.

University of Maryland School of Medicine researchers find potential novel treatment for influenza
An experimental drug has shown promise in treating influenza, preventing lung injury and death from the virus in preclinical studies, according to University of Maryland School of Medicine researchers publishing in the journal Nature.

Solar-powered nanofilters pump in antibiotics to clean contaminated water
Using the same devious mechanism that enables some bacteria to shrug off powerful antibiotics, scientists have developed solar-powered nanofilters that remove antibiotics from the water in lakes and rivers twice as efficiently as the best existing technology.

Genetic mutation linked with typical form of migraine
A research team led by a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator at the University of California, San Francisco has identified a genetic mutation that is strongly associated with a typical form of migraine.

Self-affirmation improves problem-solving under stress
If chronic stress is weighing down your problem-solving skills, self-affirmation may give your skills a boost, according to research published May 1 in the open access journal PLOS ONE by David Creswell and colleagues from Carnegie Mellon University.

Scripps Research Institute scientists find dissimilar proteins evolved similar 7-part shape
Solving the structure of a critical human molecule involved in cancer, scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have found what they call a good example of structural conservation -- dissimilar genes that keep very similar shapes.

Brain region may hold key to aging
While the search continues for the Fountain of Youth, researchers may have found the body's

Studying meteorites may reveal Mars' secrets of life
In an effort to determine if conditions were ever right on Mars to sustain life, a team of scientists, including a Michigan State University professor, has examined a meteorite that formed on the red planet more than a billion years ago.

Implanted device predicts epilepsy seizures in humans
For the first time, a small device implanted in the brain has accurately predicted the onset of seizures in some adults who have epilepsy that doesn't respond to drugs, according to a small proof-of-concept study published Online First in The Lancet Neurology.

PLOS announces Accelerating Science Award Program
The ASAP Program recognizes individuals who have used, applied or remixed scientific research -- published through Open Access -- to make a difference in science, medicine, business, technology or society as a whole.

The biology behind binge eating
Female rats are much more likely to binge eat than male rats, according to new research that provides some of the strongest evidence yet that biology plays a role in eating disorders.

New NIST measurement tool is on target for the fast-growing MEMS industry
As markets for miniature, hybrid machines known as MEMS grow and diversify, the National Institute of Standards and Technology has introduced a long-awaited measurement tool that will help growing numbers of device designers, manufacturers and customers to see eye to eye on eight dimensional and material property measurements that are key to device performance.

Baby knows best: Fetuses emit hormone crucial to preventing preeclampsia
In a study using mice, researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill found that a hormone, adrenomedullin, plays a crucial role in preventing the pregnancy complication preeclampsia.

World-first study predicts epilepsy seizures in humans
A small device implanted in the brain has accurately predicted epilepsy seizures in humans in a world-first study led by Professor Mark Cook, Chair of Medicine at the University of Melbourne and Director of Neurology at St.

Best of both worlds: Towards a quantum internet with combined optical and electrical technique
An Australian team led by researchers at the University of New South Wales has achieved a breakthrough in quantum science that brings the prospect of a network of ultra-powerful quantum computers -- connected via a quantum internet -- closer to reality.

Study identifies genes, pathways altered during relaxation response practice
A new study from investigators at the Benson-Henry Institute for Mind/Body Medicine at Massachusetts General Hospital and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center finds that elicitation of the relaxation response -- a physiologic state of deep rest induced by practices such as meditation, deep breathing and prayer -- produces immediate changes in the expression of genes involved in immune function, energy metabolism and insulin secretion.

CPR 'hands-only' guidelines may not be best for rural areas
Hands-only CPR (CPR without mouth-to-mouth resuscitation), may not be the best method for rural or remote areas or for anyone who has to wait more than a few minutes for an ambulance, a new study suggests.

The day NASA's Fermi dodged a 1.5-ton bullet
NASA scientists don't often learn that their spacecraft is at risk of crashing into another satellite.

2 faculty members at Albert Einstein College of Medicine elected to National Academy of Sciences
Two faculty members at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University have been elected to the National Academy of Sciences.

Bug's view inspires new digital camera's unique imaging capabilities
An insect-inspired device uses hemispherical, compound optics to capture wide, undistorted fields of view.

Rice U. professors share Lemelson-MIT award, donate prize money
Rice University bioengineering professors Rebecca Richards-Kortum and Maria Oden, the winners of the 2013 $100,000 Lemelson-MIT Award for Global Innovation, are dedicating their prize money toward the construction of a new neonatal nursery at the African hospital that has helped implement Rice's low-cost, student-designed health care technologies since 2007.

Scientists discover how brain's auditory center transmits information for decisions, actions
One of the primal mechanisms we depend on -- acting on the basis of information gathered by our sense of hearing -- is yielding its secrets.

Searching for therapeutic synergy in primary effusion lymphoma
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Juan Carlos Ramos and colleagues at the University of Miami used an immunocompromised mouse model of PEL to determine the efficacy of Bortezomib/Vorinostat combination therapy.

Team finds substances in honey that increase honey bee detox gene expression
A new study led by Illinois professor of entomology May Berenbaum shows that some components of the nectar and pollen grains bees collect to manufacture food increase expression of detoxification genes that help keep honey bees healthy.

New brain research shows 2 parents may be better than 1
A team of researchers at the University of Calgary's Hotchkiss Brain Institute have discovered that adult brain cell production might be determined, in part, by the early parental environment.

Finding Nematostella: An ancient sea creature
A study of tentacle-formation in a sea anemone shows how epithelial cells form elongated structures and puts the spotlight on a new model organism.

Killer entrance suspected in mystery of unusually large group of carnivores in ancient cave
An assortment of saber-toothed cats, hyenas, an extinct 'bear-dog', ancestors of the red panda and several other carnivores died under unusual circumstances in a Spanish cave near Madrid approximately 9-10 million years ago.

Beaumont receives national 'green' award
Beaumont has received the 2013

Shaking things up: NIST researchers propose new old way to purify carbon nanotubes
An old, somewhat passé, trick used to purify protein samples based on their affinity for water has found new fans at the National Institute of Standards and Technology, where materials scientists are using it to divvy up solutions of carbon nanotubes, separating the metallic nanotubes from semiconductors.

HPV leaves its mark in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Jochen Hess and colleagues identified a specific pattern of DNA modification that is dependent on the presence of HPV.

Scientists assemble genetic playbook for acute leukemia
team of researchers led by Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Contacts uncomfortable? Changing lens type or lens care product may help
If your contact lenses are causing you discomfort, simply switching to a different type of contact lens or lens care product may bring improvement, reports a study,

Large genomic study identifies endometrial cancer subtypes, treatment opportunities
An analysis of endometrial cancers reveals genetic information that should improve diagnosis and guide treatments for women with an aggressive form of the disease.

Want to slow mental decay? Play a video game
A University of Iowa study shows that older people can put off the aging of their minds by playing a simple game that primes their processing speed skills.

New guide details steps from A-to-Z for preserving biological evidence
A new handbook by the National Institute of Standards and Technology and the Department of Justice's National Institute of Justice provides forensic laboratories, law enforcement agencies and the judicial system with state-of-the-art guidelines and recommended best practices for preserving biological evidence so that it is available at any time to solve

Study: Amusement rides injure 4,400+ kids a year
On average, a child is treated in an emergency department every other hour in the US for injuries on amusement rides, according to the first national study to examine those types of accidents in depth.

Temple scientists weaken HIV infection in immune cells using synthetic agents
HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, is notorious for hiding within certain types of cells, where it reproduces at a slowed rate and eventually gives rise to chronic inflammation, despite drug therapy.

Endometrial and acute myeloid leukemia cancer genomes characterized
Two studies from the Cancer Genome Atlas program reveal details about the genomic landscapes of acute myeloid leukemia and endometrial cancer.

Study shows growing gap between teens' materialism and desire to work hard
Research by San Diego State University psychology professor Jean M.

What do Ob/Gyns in training learn about menopause? Not nearly enough, new study suggests
A small survey of US obstetrics and gynecology residents finds that fewer than one in five receives formal training in menopause medicine, and that seven in 10 would like to receive it.

Amphibians living close to farm fields are more resistant to common insecticides
Amphibian populations living close to agricultural fields have become more resistant to a common insecticide and are actually resistant to multiple common insecticides, according to two recent studies conducted at the University of Pittsburgh.

Tone-deaf female cowbirds change flock behavior, disrupt social networks
Female cowbirds incapable of recognizing high-quality male songs can alter the behavior of flock-mates of either sex and disrupt overall social structure, according to research published May 1 in the open access journal PLOS ONE by Sarah Maguire and colleagues from the University of Pennsylvania.

Outdoor recess time can reduce the risk of nearsightedness in children
A study conducted in Taiwan, the first to use an education policy intervention, finds that when children are required to spend recess time outdoors their risk of nearsightedness is reduced.

'Slippery slope' fears for legal euthanasia of very sick newborns unfounded
Fears that legalizing euthanasia for very sick newborns would prompt the start of a

Breast augmentation patients report high satisfaction rates, says study
98 percent of women undergoing breast augmentation surgery say the results met or exceeded their expectations, according to a prospective outcome study published in the May issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

Ferring to present safety analysis for FIRMAGON® (degarelix) at the AUA Annual Meeting
A safety analysis for FIRMAGON® (degarelix) will be presented at the annual meeting of the American Urology Association in San Diego, CA.

Early intervention found cost effective through school years
The Early Start Denver Model, a comprehensive behavioral early intervention program that is appropriate for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as young as 12 months, has been found to reduce the need for ASD therapies and special education services through the school years following their early intervention compared to early intervention services typically available in the community.

Odor and environmental concerns of communities living near waste disposal facilities
A recent study involving the University of Southampton has investigated public perception of how waste disposal sites affect residents living nearby.

'Traffic' in our cells works both for and against us
A mechanism that permits essential substances to enter our cells while at the same time removing from them harmful components also has a

Inflammatory bowel disease detection enhanced with PET/CT
Inflammatory bowel diseases, such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, may be detected and monitored more effectively in the future with positron emission tomography/computed tomography, according to research published in the May issue of The Journal of Nuclear Medicine.

Opening leadership's 'black box'
A Wake Forest University researcher and four colleagues have determined that measurements of activity in the prefrontal cortex of the brain can help to assess a person's potential for leadership.

Insect-inspired camera captures wide field of view with no distortion, according to CU-Boulder study
To create the innovative camera, which also allows for a practically infinite depth of field, the scientists used stretchable electronics and a pliable sheet of microlenses made from a material similar to that used for contact lenses.

Storm study reveals a sting in the tail
Meteorologists have gained a better understanding of how storms like the one that battered Britain in 1987 develop, making them easier to predict.

Do students judge professors based on their Facebook profiles?
More than 800 million people worldwide use the social networking site Facebook, and 93 percent of college students have an active Facebook account, according to a recent estimate.

Researchers look to mathematics, nature, to understand the immune system and its role in cancer
Can patterns in tree branches or the meandering bends in a river provide clues that could lead to better cancer therapies?

Archimedes collaborates with HHS and CMS to provide unprecedented access to health data
Archimedes will collaborate with the Department of Health and Human Services and Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) to provide unprecedented access to synthetic CMS claims data.

New federal investment could save millions of lives
Thanks to new federal funding, low-cost, easily accessible technology invented by a Simon Fraser University engineering professor and his graduate students is closer to helping to save millions of infant lives.

Reflections on chevaline
Horse meat as time-honored European cuisine, its detection when mixed into meatballs and other food and the angst over consumption of chevaline in the United States, is food for a thoughtful installment of the popular Newscripts column in the current edition of Chemical & Engineering News.

'Dirty dozen' invasive species threaten UK
Parts of the UK are at greater risk of invasion by non-native aquatic species than previously thought, according to new research.

Expanding Medicaid -- mental and financial health improve, but no improvement shown in physical health
New findings from the Oregon Health Insurance Experiment show that Medicaid coverage had no detectable effect on the prevalence of diabetes, high cholesterol, or high blood pressure, but substantially reduced depression, nearly eliminated catastrophic out-of-pocket expenditures, and increased the diagnosis of diabetes and the use of diabetes medication among low-income adults.

Taking cholesterol-lowering drugs may also reduce the risk of dying from prostate cancer: Study
Men with prostate cancer who take cholesterol-lowering drugs called statins are significantly less likely to die from their cancer than men who don't take such medication, according to study led by researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center.

Gentle touch and the bionic eye
Normal vision is essentially a spatial sense that often relies upon touch and movement during and after development.

Breast milk protein complex helps reverse antibiotic resistance
A protein complex found in human breast milk can help reverse the antibiotic resistance of bacterial species that cause dangerous pneumonia and staph infections, according to new University at Buffalo research.

Regional anesthesia technique significantly improves outcomes of hip and knee replacement
A highly underutilized anesthesia technique called neuraxial anesthesia, also known as spinal or epidural anesthesia, improves outcomes in patients undergoing hip or knee replacement, according to a new study by researchers at Hospital for Special Surgery.

Heart-healthy diet helps men lower bad cholesterol, regardless of weight loss
A heart-healthy diet helped men at high risk for heart disease reduce their bad cholesterol, regardless of whether they lost weight, in a study presented at the American Heart Association's Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 2013 Scientific Sessions.

Bug's eye inspires hemispherical digital camera
Inspired by the complex fly eye, a University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Northwestern University research team has developed a hemispherical digital camera with nearly 200 tiny lenses, delivering exceptionally wide-angle field of view and sharp images.

Fossil of great ape sheds light on evolution
A University of Missouri integrative anatomy expert says the shape of an 11.8-million-year-old specimen's pelvis indicates that it lived near the beginning of the great ape evolution, after the lesser apes had started to develop separately but before the great ape species began to diversify.

Scientists gather amid rich geologic history of the Gunnison Valley
Western State Colorado University in Gunnison, Colo., USA, will host a meeting of geoscientists from the Rocky Mountain region and beyond on May 15-17 to celebrate GSA's 125th anniversary and discuss new science, expand on existing science, and explore the unique geologic and historic features of the region.

New molecule heralds hope for muscular dystrophy treatment
There's hope for patients with myotonic dystrophy, the most common form of muscular dystrophy in adults.

PTSD research: Distinct gene activity patterns from childhood abuse
A study of adult civilians with PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) has shown that individuals with a history of childhood abuse have distinct, profound changes in gene activity patterns, compared to adults with PTSD but without a history of child abuse.

1 bad gene: Mutation that causes rare sleep disorder linked to migraines
A gene mutation associated with a rare sleep disorder surprisingly also contributes to debilitating migraines.

New genetic clues to breast and ovarian cancer
A major international study involving a Simon Fraser University scientist has found that sequence differences in a gene crucial to the maintenance of our chromosomes' integrity predispose us to certain cancers.

NIST issues major revision of core computer security guide: SP 800-53
The National Institute of Standards and Technology has published the fourth revision of the government's foundational computer security guide, Security and Privacy Controls for Federal information Systems and Organizations.

A paradigm shift in endometrial cancer
Results from the Cancer Genome Atlas Research Network may change the way endometrial cancers are classified and provide opportunities to test new treatment protocols for patients with this cancer.

Proper cleat choice gives turf injuries the boot
Injury on the playing field often is caused by the interaction between the athlete's shoe and the field surface.

NASA rover prototype set to explore Greenland ice sheet
NASA's newest scientific rover is set for testing May 3 through June 8 in the highest part of Greenland.

Loyola's Gamelli honored by American Burn Association
Richard L. Gamelli, M.D., FACS, senior vice president and provost of the Health Sciences Division at Loyola University Chicago, has been awarded the President's Leadership Award from the American Burn Association.

No link between anesthesia, dementia in elderly, Mayo Clinic Study finds
Elderly patients who receive anesthesia are no more likely to develop long-term dementia or Alzheimer's disease than other seniors, according to new Mayo Clinic research.

BUSM study shows positive impact of mind-body course on well-being of medical students
A Boston University School of Medicine study shows a mind-body class elective for medical students helps increase their self-compassion and ability to manage thoughts and tasks more effectively.

JCI early table of contents for May 1, 2013
The following release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, May 1, 2013, in the JCI.

New research shows weekend binge drinking could leave lasting liver damage
Long after a hangover, a night of bad decisions might take a bigger toll on the body than previously understood.

Riders take load off horses
Horses experience back pain so riders do their best to minimise the loads exerted on horses' backs, but how much of a difference do the different trotting techniques make to the loads horses experience?

Genetic cause for migraines found
The 12 percent of Americans who suffer from migraines -- three-fourths of whom are women -- are a step closer to relief thanks to a new study that pinpoints an inherited genetic mutation that causes common migraines.

Bird fossil sheds light on how swift and hummingbird flight came to be
A tiny bird fossil discovered in Wyoming offers clues to the precursors of swift and hummingbird wings.

Adderall abuse as finals study aid 'trending' on East Coast
A growing number of college students are abusing the ADHD medication Adderall to give them an academic edge and they're tweeting about it.

New scientific studies reveal Midwestern frogs decline, mammal populations altered by invasive plant
Researchers at Lincoln Park Zoo and Northern Illinois University have discovered a new culprit contributing to amphibian decline and altered mammal distribution throughout the Midwest region -- the invasive plant European buckthorn.

Study finds survival from cardiac arrest highest in the operating room or post-anesthesia care unit
A University of Michigan study found cardiac arrest was associated with improved survival when it occurred in the operating room or post-anesthesia care unit compared to other hospital locations.

NIST demonstrates transfer of ultraprecise time signals over a wireless optical channel
By bouncing eye-safe laser pulses off a mirror on a hillside, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology have transferred ultra-precise time signals through open air with unprecedented precision equivalent to the

ASPB members elected to National Academy of Sciences
Several distinguished plant scientists -- most of them members of the American Society of Plant Biologists -- have been elected as members or foreign associates of the US National Academy of Sciences in recognition of their distinguished and continuing achievements in original research.

Computer algorithms help find cancer connections
Using powerful algorithms developed by computer scientists at Brown University, medical researchers have assembled the most complete genetic profile yet of acute myeloid leukemia, an aggressive form of blood cancer.

Investigating devastating childhood diseases just got easier
Induced pluripotent stem cells from the skin of patients with Dravet syndrome show Dravet-like functional impairment when they are converted into neurons, finds research in BioMed Central's open access journal Molecular Brain.

Potential of best practice to reduce impacts from oil and gas projects in the Amazon
Hydrocarbon exploration and production continues to press into the most remote corners of the western Amazon, one of the most biologically and culturally diverse zones on Earth.

Use of laser light yields versatile manipulation of a quantum bit
By using light, researchers at UC Santa Barbara have manipulated the quantum state of a single atomic-sized defect in diamond -- the nitrogen-vacancy center -- in a method that not only allows for more unified control than conventional processes, but is more versatile, and opens up the possibility of exploring new solid-state quantum systems.

UEA research reveals consequences of a lifetime of sexual competition
Males that spend all their time reacting to their rivals die earlier and are less able to mate later in life according to new research from the University of East Anglia.

Gastric bypass findings could lead to diabetes treatment
A Lund University research team has shed new light on why gastric bypass often sends diabetes into remission rapidly, opening the door to developing treatment with the same effect.

It slices, it dices, it silences: ADAR1 as gene-silencing modular RNA multitool
RNA, once considered a bit player in the grand scheme by which genes encode protein, is increasingly seen to have a major role in human genetics.

Mayo Clinic discovers why some don't respond to rubella vaccine
Using advanced genetic sequencing technology and analysis, Mayo Clinic vaccine researchers have identified 27 genes that respond in very different ways to the standard rubella vaccine, making the vaccine less effective for a portion of the population.

Fire in Cape Cod
According to the Cape Cod Times of April 30, 2013:

NIH awards $40 million in grants to reduce stroke disparities in the US
Four research centers will develop high-impact culturally tailored interventions aimed at lowering stroke risk among racial and ethnic minorities in the United States.

Origin and diversity of novel avian influenza A H7N9 viruses causing human infection
The Lancet today publishes new research from scientists based in China, providing the first comprehensive genetic analysis of the H7N9 virus, and revealing further details of the virus's origin and evolutionary history.

Progress in introducing cleaner cook stoves for billions of people worldwide
It may be the 21st century, but nearly half the world's population still cooks and heats with open fires or primitive stoves that burn wood, animal dung, charcoal and other polluting solid fuels.

Vitamin D: More may not be better
In recent years, healthy people have been bombarded by stories in the media and on health websites warning about the dangers of too-low vitamin D levels, and urging high doses of supplements to protect against everything from hypertension to hardening of the arteries to diabetes.

Diet, 'anti-aging' supplements may help reverse blood vessel abnormality
A diet low in grains, beans and certain vegetables -- combined with

Seahorse's armor gives engineers insight into robotics designs
The tail of a seahorse can be compressed to about half its size before permanent damage occurs, engineers at the University of California, San Diego, have found.

Printable 'bionic' ear melds electronics and biology
Scientists at Princeton University used off-the-shelf printing tools to create a functional ear that can

3 Illinois professors elected to National Academy of Sciences
Three faculty members at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have been elected 2013 fellows of the National Academy of Sciences.

2 new papers on dabigatran etexilate (Pradaxa) and intracranial hemorrhage
The Journal of Neurosurgery Publishing Group is pleased to announce publication of two new studies on dabigatran etexilate (Pradaxa) and intracranial hemorrhage: one in the Journal of Neurosurgery ( is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to