Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 06, 2013
May 2013 story tips from Oak Ridge National Laboratory
The following are story ideas from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory for May 2013.

Monell scientists identify critical link in mammalian odor detection
Researchers at the Monell Center have identified a protein that is critical to the ability of mammals to smell.

Stanford researchers develop new technique to track cell interactions in living bodies
Researchers at Stanford University School of Medicine have developed a new technique to see how different types of cells interact in a living mouse.

Low-dose anticoagulation therapy used with new design mechanical heart valve lowers bleeding risk
Investigators show that lower dose anticoagulation therapy, combined with low-dose aspirin, resulted in a reduction of 55 to 60 percent of the incidence of adverse bleeding events without significant increases in stroke, transient ischemic attack or total neurological events when used in conjunction with the On-X mechanical aortic valve.

Competing antibodies may have limited the protection achieved in HIV vaccine trial in Thailand
Continuing analysis of an HIV vaccine trial undertaken in Thailand is yielding additional information about how immune responses were triggered and why the vaccine did not protect more people.

University of Illinois professor elected Fellow of the Royal Society
University of Illinois Gutgsell Endowed Professor of Crop Sciences and Plant Biology and Institute for Genomic Biology faculty member Stephen P.

Millions pass up free health subsidy
Low-income Medicare beneficiaries with poorer cognitive abilities are less likely to enroll in the Low Income Subsidy program, which provides nearly free prescription drug coverage for low-income adults.

Reversal of the black widow myth
The Black Widow spider gets its name from the popular belief that female spiders eat their male suitors after mating.

Wip1 could be new target for cancer treatment
Researchers have uncovered mutations in the phosphatase Wip1 that enable cancer cells to foil the tumor suppressor p53, according to a study in The Journal of Cell Biology.

Medical innovation/quality improvement platform featured in Health Affairs
A quality improvement platform developed at Boston Children's Hospital could help health care provider groups continuously improve their medical practice, curbing costs and improving patient outcomes.

Short-term food deprivation appears linked to high-calorie food options
A research letter by Brian Wansink, Ph.D., and Aner Tal, Ph.D., of Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, suggests that hungry grocery shoppers tend to buy higher-calorie products.

Flame retardants may be toxic to children
Chemicals called polybrominated diphenyl ethers have been used for decades to reduce fires in everyday products such as baby strollers, carpeting and electronics.

Ubiquitous engineered nanomaterials cause lung inflammation, study finds
A consortium of scientists from across the country has found that breathing ultrafine particles from a large family of materials that increasingly are found in a host of household and commercial products, from sunscreens to the ink in copy machines to super-strong but lightweight sporting equipment, can cause lung inflammation and damage.

Do-it-yourself invisibility with 3-D printing
Seven years ago, Duke University engineers demonstrated the first working invisibility cloak in complex laboratory experiments.

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for May 7, 2013
Below is information about articles being published in the May 7 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine.

EARTH: Lofted by hurricanes, bacteria live the high life
With cold temperatures, low humidity and high levels of ultraviolet radiation, conditions 10 kilometers above Earth's surface may seem inhospitable.

Traumatized moms avoid tough talks with kids, Notre Dame study shows
Mothers who have experienced childhood abuse, neglect or other traumatic experiences show an unwillingness to talk with their children about the child's emotional experiences, a new study from the University of Notre Dame shows.

Boosting 'cellular garbage disposal' can delay the aging process, UCLA biologists report
UCLA biologists have identified a gene, previously implicated in Parkinson's disease, that can delay the onset of aging and extend the healthy life span of fruit flies.

National study of nanomaterial toxicity sets stage for policies to address health risks
For the first time, researchers from institutions around the country have conducted an identical series of toxicology tests evaluating lung-related health impacts associated with widely used engineered nanomaterials (ENMs).

Schools may help close gap to mental health services for adolescents with mental disorders
A study published in the May 2013 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry found that mental health resources provided by schools are significantly associated with whether adolescents with mental disorders receive needed mental health services.

Penn study shows national movement against non-medically indicated deliveries prior to 39 weeks
A national movement to eliminate non-medically indicated delivery before 39 weeks has prompted nearly two-thirds of all US hospitals handling non-emergency births to adopt specific policies against the practice, according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Occupational data in medical billing records could prevent workplace injuries
A subtle change to hospital data collection policies could make a big difference in preventing occupational health and safety hazards, according to workplace safety researchers at the Drexel University School of Public Health.

Oral drops can give kids needle-free relief from asthma, allergies
Allergy shots are commonly used to treat children with severe environmental allergies and asthma, but under-the-tongue drops may offer yet another beneficial -- and stick-free -- option for pediatric allergy sufferers, according to a Johns Hopkins Children's Center review of existing scientific evidence.

MARC travel awards announced for the 2013 60th Annual ACSM Meeting & 4th World Congress
The FASEB MARC Program has announced the travel award recipients for the 2013 American College of Sports Medicine 60th Annual Meeting & 4th World Congress on Exercise is MedicineTM in Indianapolis, IN from May 28 - June 1, 2013.

Major international TEDDY study finds no link between viral infection and rapidly developing Type 1 diabetes in young children
Some of the earliest results from the Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study - a major Europe-USA consortium exploring the causes of Type 1 diabetes in children -- has found no evidence for viral infection as a cause of the rapid-onset form of the condition.

A giant leap to commercialization of polymer solar cell
Researchers from Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology demonstrated high-performance polymer solar cells (PSCs) with power conversion efficiency of 8.92 percent which is the highest values reported to date for plasmonic PSCs using metal nanoparticles.

Curbing Medicare costs could drive some seniors out of program, study finds
With Medicare spending projected to account for one-fourth of all federal spending by 2037, discussion has intensified about how to find ways to lower the program's costs.

Solid-state controllable light filter may protect preterm infants from disturbing light
Researchers describe a proof-of-concept mirror that switches between reflective and red-transparent states when a small voltage is applied.

Effects of stress on brain cells offer clues to new anti-depressant drugs
Research from King's College London reveals the detailed mechanism behind how stress hormones reduce the number of new brain cells -- a process considered to be linked to depression.

Scaling up gyroscopes: From navigation to measuring the Earth's rotation
Researchers discuss

Minimal dose CT superior to chest X-ray for detection of recurrent lung cancer
In this study presented at the 93rd AATS Annual Meeting, investigators from the University of Toronto departments of Thoracic Surgery and Diagnostic Radiology show that minimal dose computed tomography of the thorax offers much greater sensitivity at detecting new or recurrent lung cancer, with equivalent amount of radiation, compared to conventional chest X-rays.

Study raises concerns that teen athletes continue to play with concussion symptoms
Despite knowing the risk of serious injury from playing football with a concussion, half of high school football players would continue to play if they had a headache stemming from an injury sustained on the field.

Understanding a heart patients' quality of life can improve outcomes
The American Heart Association urges health-care providers to use feedback from patient surveys to personalize care.

Landsat thermal sensor lights up from volcano's heat
As the Landsat Data Continuity Mission satellite flew over Indonesia's Flores Sea April 29, it captured an image of Paluweh volcano spewing ash into the air.

Physical exercise in the fight against osteoporosis
Montserrat Otero, PhD holder in Physical Activity and Sports Sciences of the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country, has designed a physical exercise program which is based on very basic, rudimentary materials and which significantly improves upper and lower limb strength as well as static and dynamic balance in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis.

Weight gain linked with personality trait changes
People who gain weight are more likely to give in to temptations but also are more thoughtful about their actions, according to a new study published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

High school athletes say concussions won't sideline them
Many high school football players say it's OK to play with a concussion even though they know they are at risk of serious injury, according to a study to be presented Monday, May 6, at the Pediatric Academic Societies annual meeting in Washington, DC.

The Finnish hydrogen roadmap: Hydrogen to join electricity in ending traffic pollution
Global expectations for hydrogen are currently sky-high. Transport applications stand at the threshold of commercialization, while ahead lies an investment boom in the hydrogen distribution network.

Researchers develop unique method for creating uniform nanoparticles
University of Illinois researchers have developed unique approach for the synthesis of highly uniform icosahedral nanoparticles made of platinum.

New class of drug targets skin cancer
A new class of drug targeting skin cancer's genetic material has been successfully tested in humans for the first time, opening the way to new treatments for a range of conditions from skin cancers to eye diseases.

Possible treatment for serious blood cancer
A single antibody could be the key to treating multiple myeloma, or cancer of the blood, currently without cure or long-term treatment.

Single, high-dose erythropoietin given 2 days pre-op reduces need for transfused blood
Anemia increases operative mortality and morbidity in non-cardiac and cardiac surgical procedures.

New Canadian guidelines for treating fibromyalgia
Physicians from the McGill University Health Centre and the University of Calgary have published a review article in the CMAJ to help family doctors diagnose and treat fibromyalgia.

ER visits for urinary tract infections add almost $4 billion a year in unnecessary costs
Giving patients better access to primary health care could save nearly $4 billion a year in unnecessary emergency room visits for a single common complaint -- urinary tract infections -- according to a study by the Vattikuti Urology Institute at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit.

Zeal to ensure clean leafy greens takes bite out of riverside habitat in California
As consumers, we like to hear that produce growers and distributors go above and beyond food safety mandates to ensure that healthy fresh fruits and vegetables do not carry bacteria or viruses that can make us sick.

Flu vaccine safe for children with IBD: Study
Influenza immunization rates in children with inflammatory bowel disease are low despite its safety -- new research finding.

New perspective needed for role of major Alzheimer's gene
Scientists' picture of how a gene strongly linked to Alzheimer's disease harms the brain may have to be revised, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Researchers reveal new more precise method of performing electroconvulsive therapy
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is the most effective acute treatment for severe major depression.

Nearly 20 percent of suicidal youths have guns in their home
Nearly one in five children and teens found to be at risk for suicide report that there are guns in their homes, and 15 percent of those at risk for suicide with guns in the home know how to access both the guns and the bullets, according to a study to be presented Monday, May 6, at the Pediatric Academic Societies annual meeting in Washington, DC.

Breast milk ingredient could prevent deadly intestinal problem in preemies
An ingredient that naturally occurs in breast milk might be used to prevent premature babies from developing a deadly intestinal condition that currently is largely incurable, according to researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC in this week's online early edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

AAAS leverages innovative technique to confirm oil slicks in Turkmenistan
Analysis by the nonprofit American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) confirms the release of oil into the waters of the Caspian Sea off Turkmenistan, and demonstrates an innovative new use of publicly available imaging technology.

Saving money on medical costs
A slowdown in the growth of US health care costs could mean that Americans could save as much as $770 billion on Medicare spending over the next decade, Harvard economists say.

Local laws key to reducing dangers of lead poisoning
A new study appearing this week in the Journal of Health Politics, Policy, and Law catalogs community-based efforts to develop strategies and policies that -- by targeting high risk housing -- may hold the key to reducing lead hazards in children's homes.

Kidney disease in Canada: 12.5 percent of adults afflicted, yet many unaware
An estimated 12.5 percent of Canadians in Canada have evidence of chronic kidney disease, including people without risk factors such as high blood pressure and diabetes, according to a study published in CMAJ.

Professor Federico Rosei of INRS to receive 2013 Herzberg Medal
Professor Federico Rosei, who is also the director of the INRS Énergie Matériaux Télécommunications Research Centre, has been awarded the Canadian Association of Physicists' 2013 Herzberg Medal.

Satellite animation shows smoke from California's Springs fire
On May 3, 2013, the NOAA GOES infrared and visible imagery were combined to create an animation that showed the plume of smoke from California's Springs fire.

Satellite captures night-time image of California's Springs fire
From its orbit around the Earth, the NASA-NOAA Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership satellite or Suomi NPP satellite, captured a night-time image of California's Springs fire.

Proposed 'Medicare Essential' plan estimated to save $180 billion over 10 years
Combining Medicare's hospital, physician, and prescription drug coverage with commonly purchased private supplemental coverage into one health plan could produce national savings of $180 billion over a decade while improving care for beneficiaries, according to a new study by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and The Commonwealth Fund published today in the May edition of Health Affairs.

Entomologist names new wasp species after UC Riverside
An entomologist at the University of California, Riverside discovered a new wasp species in Russia and named it after the university, commonly abbreviated as UCR.

Study shows so-called cougars, sugar daddies more myth than reality
Despite the popular image of the rich older man or woman supporting an attractive younger spouse, a new study shows those married to younger or older mates have on average lower earnings, lower cognitive abilities, are less educated and less attractive than couples of similar ages.

Study examines spiritual support for patients with advanced cancer
A study by Tracy A. Balboni, M.D., M.P.H., of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, and colleagues suggests that spiritual care and end-of-life discussions by the medical team may be associated with reduced aggressive treatment.

We almost always buy in the same shops
Consumers are a lot more predictable than they seem. This is the main discovery of an international scientific study, in which the Universidad Carlos III of Madrid has participated, which reveals how to predict people's shopping patterns.

New device can extract human DNA with full genetic data in minutes
University of Washington engineers and NanoFacture, a Bellevue, Wash., company, have created a device that can extract human DNA from fluid samples in a simpler, more efficient and environmentally friendly way than conventional methods.

Duke scientists build a living patch for damaged hearts
Duke University biomedical engineers have grown three-dimensional human heart muscle that acts just like natural tissue.

New analysis suggests wind, not water, formed mound on Mars
Researchers based at Princeton University, the California Institute of Technology and Ashima Research suggest that Mars' roughly 3.5-mile high Mount Sharp most likely emerged as strong winds carried dust and sand into Gale Crater where the mound sits.

Summer sees a spike in chemical injuries in kids
A new study from the Center for Injury Research and Policy at Nationwide Children's Hospital shows that more than 100,000 injuries were reported in children due to hydrocarbons between 2000-2009.

John Searle at the University of Cologne
John Searle is one of the most important philosophers of language of our time.

Helping kids with severe respiratory failure survive until lung transplantation
Adults with end-stage respiratory failure and pulmonary hypertension requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation have been

Boston College professor's book offers intimate look at the immigrant student
Boston College professor of education Lisa Patel spent six years immersed in a Boston high school.

Commands from the matrix
Environment molds behavior -- and not just that of people in society, but also at the microscopic level.

Traumatic brain injury poses complex diagnostic, management and treatment challenges in older people
Each year more than 1.7 million people in the United States sustain a traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Anti-depressant link to Clostridium difficile infection
Certain types of anti-depressants have been linked to an increase in the risk of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) finds a study in BioMed Central's open access journal BMC Medicine.

LCSB discovers endogenous antibiotic in the brain
Scientists from the Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) of the University of Luxembourg have discovered that immune cells in the brain can produce a substance that prevents bacterial growth: namely itaconic acid.

Foster care a sound choice for some maltreated children
Newspaper articles, TV shows and books are filled with horror stories of children placed in foster care.

No evidence for theory humans wiped out megafauna
Most species of gigantic animals that once roamed Australia had disappeared by the time people arrived, a major review of the available evidence has concluded.

MS may not be as rare as thought in African-Americans
Contrary to a widely accepted belief, African-Americans may have a higher rather than lower risk of developing multiple sclerosis than Caucasians, according to a new study in the May 7, 2013, print issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

American Chemical Society resource connects scientists, discoveries, chemistry & biology interface
The American Chemical Society's (ACS') Publications Division has introduced a new website, populated with survey data provided by over 4,000 scientists, to showcase connections among research subdisciplines at the interface of chemistry and biology.

Plants 'talk' to plants to help them grow
Having a neighborly chat improves seed germination, finds research in BioMed Central's open access journal BMC Ecology.

Research supports laws that require bicyclists to wear helmets
Bicycle helmets save lives and their use should be required by law.

Children living near toxic waste sites experience higher blood lead levels resulting in lower IQ
Children living near toxic waste sites in lower and middle income countries such as India, Philippines and Indonesia may experience higher blood lead levels, resulting in a loss of IQ points and a higher incidence of mental retardation, according to a study presented today by Kevin Chatham-Stephens, M.D., Pediatric Environmental Health Fellow at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, at the Pediatric Academic Societies annual meeting on May 6 in Washington, DC.

Study examines cognitive impairment in families with exceptional longevity
A study by Stephanie Cosentino, Ph.D., of Columbia University, New York, and colleagues examines the relationship between families with exceptional longevity and cognitive impairment consistent with Alzheimer's disease.

Progerin's 'discrimination' may contribute to fatal disease HGPS
A mutant protein responsible for Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria syndrome bars large proteins from entering the nucleus, according to a study in The Journal of Cell Biology.

Increase in medical treatment caused greatest increase in US health care costs
The increasing proportion of the population that received treatment for a specific medical condition - called

Skipping meals and shopping sabotages diets
People skip meals for all sorts of reasons -- dieting, fasting, insane schedules that make you forget to eat.

Conference: Cosmology in the Planck era
Two months after the release of results from the Planck telescope, observers and theorists are gathering at UC Davis to try to make sense of the implications for cosmology and fundamental physics.

Breaking the silence of suicide
Yehudit Silverman, a professor in Concordia University's Department of Creative Arts Therapies, has focused much of her career on the issue of suicide.

The Black Sea is a goldmine of ancient genetic data
When Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution marine paleoecologist Marco Coolen was mining through vast amounts of genetic data from the Black Sea sediment record, he was amazed about the variety of past plankton species that left behind their genetic makeup (i.e., the plankton paleome).

Minimally-invasive failed biological aortic valve replacement successful in high risk patients
When a biologic aortic valve prosthesis fails, the patient often faces a high risk valve replacement through repeat open heart surgery.

Columbia engineers manipulate a buckyball by inserting a single water molecule
Columbia Engineering researchers have developed a technique to isolate a single water molecule inside a buckyball and drive motion of the

Activity of cancer inducing genes can be controlled by the cell's skeleton
In the latest issue of the journal Oncogene, Florence Janody and her team at the Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência, identified a novel mechanism by which the activity of Src is limited by the cell's skeleton, limiting the development of tumors.

Research finds new cause for common lung problem
New research has found that in cases of lung edema, or fluid in the lungs, not only do the lungs fail to keep water out as previously believed, but they are also allowing water to pump in.

The nocebo effect: Media reports may trigger symptoms of a disease
Media reports about substances that are supposedly hazardous to health may cause suggestible people to develop symptoms of a disease even though there is no objective reason for doing so.

Wits researcher names juvenile specimen of a new species of dinosaur in Western China
A new species of theropod, or meat-eating dinosaur, an ancient ancestor of today's birds, has been named by newly appointed Wits Evolutionary Studies Institute Senior Researcher Dr.

A KAIST research team developed in vivo flexible large scale integrated circuits
A team led by Professor Keon Jae Lee from the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at KAIST has developed in vivo silicon-based flexible large scale integrated circuits for bio-medical wireless communication.

New antiviral treatment could significantly reduce global burden of hepatitis C
Around 150 million people globally are chronically infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) -- a major cause of liver disease and the fastest growing cause of liver transplantation and liver cancer.

Managing fibromyalgia: A guide for physicians
Fibromyalgia, now recognized as a true health syndrome with origins in the central nervous system, has seen many recent evolutions regarding its diagnosis and management which should instil new approaches, states a review article published in CMAJ.

Preclinical study shows heroin vaccine blocks relapse
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have reported successful preclinical tests of a new vaccine against heroin.

Neiker-Tecnalia and FARMARABA produce Omega 3 using marine plant micro-organisms
Neiker-Tecnalia, the Basque Institute for Agricultural Research and Development, and the company FARMARABA S.L. are working together on a Project designed to produce Omega 3 using marine plant micro-organisms.

Many parents multi-task while driving kids
Many parents are putting their precious cargo at risk while driving, according to survey results that will be presented May 5 and 6 at the Pediatric Academic Societies annual meeting in Washington, DC.

More than a good eye: Carnegie Mellon robot uses arms, location and more to discover objects
A robot can struggle to discover objects in its surroundings when it relies on computer vision alone.

Teen girls who exercise are less likely to be violent
Regular exercise is touted as an antidote for many ills, including stress, depression and obesity.

Bats use blood to reshape tongue for feeding
Brown University scientists have found that a species of bat uses blood flow to reshape its tongue while feeding.

Study finds black women have higher incidence of multiple sclerosis than white women
Multiple sclerosis is more common in black women than in white women, according to a Kaiser Permanente study published today in the journal Neurology.

NYSCF scientists create personalized bone substitutes from skin cells
A team of New York Stem Cell Foundation Research Institute scientists report today the generation of patient-specific bone substitutes from skin cells for repair of large bone defects.
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