Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 10, 2013
Cancer drug prevents build-up of toxic brain protein
Researchers have used tiny doses of a leukemia drug to halt accumulation of toxic proteins in the brains of mice.

Research reveals possible reason for cholesterol-drug side effects
University of Arizona researchers have identified a clue to explain the reversible memory loss sometimes caused by the use of statins, one of the most widely prescribed medications.

Future hospitalization and increased health service use may be linked to insomnia
A new study finds that insomnia may be an important indicator of future hospitalization among middle-aged and older adults.

Allergic disease worsens respiratory symptoms and exacerbations in COPD
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who also have allergic disease have higher levels of respiratory symptoms and are at higher risk for COPD exacerbations, according to a new study from researchers at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore.

Background noise in the operating room can impair surgical team communication
To assess the effects of ambient noise on communication in the operating room, investigators at the University of Kentucky Medical Center created a noise environment similar to that of an OR and tested 15 surgeons with one to 30 years of operating experience.

Markets erode moral values
Many people express objections against child labor, exploitation of the workforce or meat production involving cruelty against animals.

Cocaine vaccine passes key testing hurdle
Researchers at Weill Cornell Medical College have successfully tested their novel anti-cocaine vaccine in primates, bringing them closer to launching human clinical trials.

Secret streets of Britain's Atlantis are revealed
A University of Southampton professor has carried out the most detailed analysis ever of the archaeological remains of the lost medieval town of Dunwich, dubbed 'Britain's Atlantis.'

NRL shatters endurance record for small electric UAV
Using liquid hydrogen fuel stored in a new NRL-developed cryogenic fuel storage tank, the flight shatters the previous 26-hour record set by the UAV in 2009.

UC Riverside entomologist receives $566,000 grant to study ant parasitoids
Entomologist John Heraty at the University of California, Riverside has received a three-year $566,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to study a group of wasps that specialize as parasitoids of ants.

BioMed Central announces new partnership with the Japanese Society of Intensive Care Medicine
Open access publisher BioMed Central is proud to announce a new partnership with The Japanese Society of Intensive Care Medicine, to launch the new journal entitled Journal of Intensive Care.

NYU-Poly's Oded Nov maps the silicon brain
The National Academies Keck Futures Initiative announced it will fund research by a team led by Oded Nov, an assistant professor of technology management and innovation at the Polytechnic Institute of New York University, into what Nov calls

Potential flu pandemic lurks
An MIT study identifies influenza viruses circulating in pigs and birds that could pose a risk to humans.

Study finds gaps in 'decision aids' designed to help determine right cancer screening option
Can decision aids help patients and doctors determine best time and method of cancer screening?

Not all cytokine-producing cells start out the same way
Not all IL17-producing cells are the same, and the rules regarding how particular cell types are instructed to produce this important mediator differ.

CU study suggests link between tumor suppressors and starvation survival
A particular tumor suppressor gene that fights cancer cells does more than clamp down on unabated cell division -- the hallmark of the disease -- it also can help make cells more fit by allowing them to fend off stress, says a University of Colorado Boulder study.

Perfectly doped quantum dots yield colors to dye for
This focuses on an ultra-precise method for doping the tiny semiconductors produces vivid hues.

Pharmacist-directed anticoagulation service can impact patient satisfaction
As hospitals look for ways to improve patient satisfaction and boost their Medicare reimbursement, a Henry Ford Hospital study found that an inpatient pharmacist-directed anticoagulation service (PDAS) might be an unexpected opportunity.

Private insurers' Medicare Advantage plans cost Medicare an extra $34.1 billion in 2012
Private insurance companies that participate in Medicare under the Medicare Advantage program and its predecessors have cost the publicly funded program for the elderly and disabled an extra $282.6 billion since 1985, most of it over the past eight years.

Wildfires in Siberia
The Aqua satellite provided this satellite image showing a series of hotspots found in the Siberian region of Russia.

Revealing hidden fungal species using DNA: The importance of recognizing cryptic diversity
In contrast to traditional approaches using morphological characters to delimit species, five new lichen-forming fungal species were described from what was traditionally considered a single species using genetic data exclusively.

New, essential Guidelines for decision-making on treatment and end-of-life care
Oxford University Press publishes a revised and expanded Hastings Center Guidelines for Decisions on Life-Sustaining Treatment and Care.

GBIF enables global forecast of climate impacts on species
Climate change could dramatically reduce the geographic ranges of thousands of common plant and animal species during this century, according to research using data made freely available online through the Global Biodiversity Information Facility.

NPL to help bring innovative, new environmental technologies to market across Europe
The Centre for Carbon Measurement at the National Physical Laboratory has been unveiled as one of the first verification bodies of the EU Environmental Technology Verification Pilot Programme with specific remit for the independent verification of Energy Technologies under the scheme.

UCLA stem cell researchers move toward treatment for rare genetic nerve disease
UCLA researchers at the Eli and Edythe Broad Center of Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research have used induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) to advance disease-in-a-dish modeling of a rare genetic disorder, ataxia telangiectasia.

The Elephant's Tomb in Carmona may have been a temple to the god Mithras
The so-called Elephant's Tomb in the Roman necropolis of Carmona (Seville, Spain) was not always used for burials.

Scientists sequence genome of 'sacred lotus,' which likely holds anti-aging secrets
A team of 70 scientists today reports having sequenced the genome of the 'sacred' lotus plant, which is believed to have a powerful genetic system that repairs defects, and may hold secrets about aging successfully.

NASA sees 2 tropical cyclones competing in the Indian Ocean
The Indian Ocean is alive with tropical activity today, May 10, as there's a tropical storm in both the northern and southern oceans.

New magnetic graphene may revolutionize electronics
Researchers from IMDEA-Nanociencia Institute and from Autonoma and Complutense Universities of Madrid have managed to give graphene magnetic properties.

Baylor University researcher finds earliest evidence of human ancestors hunting & scavenging
A recent Baylor University research study has shed new light on the diet and food acquisition strategies of some the earliest human ancestors in Africa.

Young women hold the key to success of 'sunless tanning' products, Baylor researcher finds
Sunless tanning -- whether with lotions, bronzers or tanning pills -- has been promoted as an effective substitute to dodge the health risks of ultraviolet rays, but if the products don't provide the perfect tan, young women likely will not use them, according to a Baylor University researcher.

Scientists confirm that the Justinianic Plague was caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis
The results of ancient DNA analyses carried out on the early medieval cemetery of Aschheim in Bavaria, Germany, confirmed unambiguously that Y. pestis was the causing agent of the first pandemic, the so-called Justinianic Plague.

A cautionary tale on genome-sequencing diagnostics for rare diseases
Sanford-Burnham researchers discover that several children born with rare diseases called congenital disorders of glycosylation don't contain the mutation in every cell type -- raising new questions about inheritance, genomic sequencing, and diagnostics.

Exercise for patients with major depression -- What kind, how intense, how often?
Exercise has been shown to be an effective treatment for major depressive disorder, both when used alone and in combination with other treatments.

Sacred lotus genome sequence enlightens scientists
The sacred lotus is a symbol of spiritual purity and longevity.
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