Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 17, 2013
Underrepresented minority students receive fellowships in digestive disease and nutrition research
Illustrating a commitment to the support of underrepresented minority researchers, the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) Research Foundation has announced the inaugural AGA Investing in the Future Student Research Fellowship Award recipients.

Control of heart disease risk factors varies among outpatient practices
Controlling heart disease risk factors -- like high cholesterol, high blood pressure and smoking -- varies widely among outpatient practices.

New study pinpoints biochemical mechanism underlying fibrosis following glaucoma surgery
The most common cause of glaucoma surgery failure is scarring at the surgical site.Previous work had suggested that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibition results in reduced scar formation and better surgical results.

New malaria test kit gives a boost to elimination efforts worldwide
A new, highly sensitive blood test that quickly detects even the lowest levels of malaria parasites in the body could make a dramatic difference in efforts to tackle the disease in the UK and across the world, according to new research.

Moffitt Cancer Center researchers analyze how Spanish smoking relapse booklets are distributed
Researchers from Moffitt Cancer Center and the University of South Florida have evaluated how Florida health care and social service agencies distribute

Beer-industry advertising guidelines: Rating panels may help industry assess itself
The alcohol industry has developed and regulates its own guidelines regarding advertising.

Youth who have their first drink during puberty have higher levels of later drinking
The earlier the age at which youth take their first alcoholic drink, the greater the risk of later alcohol problems.

Cracking the ice code
UWM geologist John Isbell reads rock, looking for the natural rules that govern the Earth's climate in the absence of human activity.

AGA presents cutting-edge research and new learning opportunities at DDW® 2013
Clinicians, researchers and scientists from around the world will gather for Digestive Disease Week® 2013, the largest and most prestigious gastroenterology meeting, from May 18 to 21, 2013, at the Orange County Convention Center in Orlando, FL.

GPS solution provides 3-minute tsunami alerts
Researchers have shown that, by using global positioning systems (GPS) to measure ground deformation caused by a large underwater earthquake, they can provide accurate warning of the resulting tsunami in just a few minutes after the earthquake onset.

The genome sequence of Tibetan antelope sheds new light on high-altitude adaptation
The genome sequence of Tibetan antelope sheds new light on high-altitude adaptation.

Corruption influences migration of skilled workers
Countries that have higher levels of corruption struggle to attract and retain skilled workers report the authors of a new study published in EMBO reports.

Women's reproductive ability may be related to immune system status
Illinois anthropology professor Kathryn Clancy and her research team at the Laboratory for Evolutionary Endocrinology showed that a woman's reproductive function may be tied to her immune system's status.

Now we know why old scizophrenia medicine works on antibiotics-resistant bacteria
An old medicine for schizophrenia is effective at treating something completely different than it was designed for: antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

NASA's STEREO detects a CME from the sun
On 5:24 a.m. EDT on May 17, 2013, the sun erupted with an Earth-directed coronal mass ejection or CME, a solar phenomenon that can send billions of tons of solar particles into space that can reach Earth one to three days later and affect electronic systems in satellites and on the ground.

SUMO wrestling cells reveal new protective mechanism target for stroke
Scientists investigating the interaction of a group of proteins in the brain responsible for protecting nerve cells from damage have identified a new target that could increase cell survival.

Physical & emotional impairments common, often untreated in people with cancer
A new review finds cancer survivors suffer a diverse and complex set of impairments, affecting virtually every organ system.

New formula invented for microscope viewing, substitutes for federally controlled drug
In the May issue of Applications in Plant Sciences, researchers introduce Visikol, a proprietary new formulation that effectively clears organisms for viewing under microscopes.

Front-row seats to climate change
Increasingly erratic rainfall patterns can lead to declines in southeastern frog and salamander populations, but protecting ponds can improve their plight.

Earth's iron core is surprisingly weak, Stanford researchers say
The researchers used a diamond anvil cell to squeeze iron at pressures as high as 3 million times that felt at sea level to recreate conditions at the center of Earth.

Study identifies new approach to improving treatment for MS and other conditions
Working with lab mice models of multiple sclerosis (MS), UC Davis scientists have detected a novel molecular target for the design of drugs that could be safer and more effective than current FDA-approved medications against MS.

More than one-third of Texas women still receive unnecessary breast biopsy surgery
Many women in Texas who are found to have an abnormality on routine mammogram or discover a lump in one of their breasts end up having an old-fashioned surgical biopsy to find out whether the breast abnormality is malignant.

The Lancet: Women Deliver special issue
The Lancet today [Friday 17 May, 2013] publishes a special theme issue ahead of the 2013 Women Deliver conference, to be held May 28 - 30 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Individuals who drink heavily and smoke may show 'early aging' of the brain
Alcohol treatment interventions work best when patients understand and are actively involved in the process.

UCSB assistant professor Michelle O'Malley receives 2013 DOE Early Career Award
Michelle O'Malley, an assistant professor in UC Santa Barbara's Department of Chemical Engineering, has received a 2013 Early Career Award by the US Department of Energy's Office of Science.

American Psychiatric Association releases DSM-5
The American Psychiatric Association today announced the release of the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.

Promising doped zirconia
Materials belonging to the family of dilute magnetic oxides are good candidates for spintronics applications.

First Atlanta Science Festival set for 2014
Atlanta residents of all ages will celebrate the science and technology of the region and its impact on our daily lives during the inaugural Atlanta Science Festival, March 22-29, 2014.

Psychiatrist suggests that DSM-5 has some positives but a lot of negatives.
The Intelligent Clinician's Guide to the DSM-5® explores all revisions to the latest version of the Diagnostic and Statistics Manual, and shows clinicians how they can best apply the strong points and shortcomings of psychiatry's most contentious resource.

Study of 'screen time' on mood, memory, and cognition wins top NIH Addiction Science Award
An exploration of electronic

Diagnosing heart attacks: There's an app for that
An experimental, inexpensive iPhone app transmitted ECGs faster and more reliably than traditional emailed photo transmission.

Study: Peer-referral programs can increase HIV-testing in emergency departments
Researchers at the University of Cincinnati have found that incorporating a peer-referral program for HIV testing into emergency departments can reach new groups of high-risk patients and brings more patients into the health care system for testing.

Satellite sees Tropical Storm Alvin's life end quickly
The first tropical storm of the Eastern Pacific hurricane season was short-lived.

New study recommends using active videogaming ('exergaming') to improve children's health
Levels of physical inactivity and obesity are very high in children, with fewer than 50 percent of primary school-aged boys and fewer than 28 percent of girls meeting the minimum levels of physical activity required to maintain health.

Attacking MRSA with metals from antibacterial clays
Shelley Haydel, a researcher at Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute has a new approach to developing effective, topical antibacterial agents -- one that draws on a naturally occurring substance recognized since antiquity for its medicinal properties: clay.

Study: Patient openness to research can depend on race and sex of study personnel
Researchers at the University of Cincinnati have found that the race and sex of study personnel can influence a patient's decision on whether or not to participate in clinical research.

Stroke patients respond similarly to after-stroke care, despite age difference
Age has little to do with how patients should be treated after suffering a stroke, according to new research from the University of Georgia.

New logistics services that will cut energy consumption and CO2 emissions
The iCargo project (Intelligent Cargo in Efficient and Sustainable Global Logistics Operations) is aiming to cut CO2 emissions, thanks to an improvement in the efficiency of intermodal loading systems and the boosting of intelligent systems that assist decision making.

New research suggests possible direction for treatment of autism
In the first successful experiment with humans using a treatment known as sensory-motor or environmental enrichment, researchers documented marked improvement in young autistic boys when compared to boys treated with traditional behavioral therapies, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

New discovery of ancient diet shatters conventional ideas of how agriculture emerged
The use of new analysis techniques provides food for thought about how people lived 5,000 years ago.

Study suggests new role for ECMO in treating patients with cardiac arrest and profound shock
ECMO, traditionally used during cardiac surgeries and in the ICU, has also been used to resuscitate cardiac arrest victims in Asia.

Clinical support for patient self-management is rhetoric rather than reality
The processes to allow people to self-manage their own illness are not being used appropriately by health professionals to the benefit of their patients, new research suggests.

NASA sees Cyclone Mahasen hit Bangladesh
NASA's Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission satellite known as TRMM measured Cyclone Mahasen's rainfall rates from space as it made landfall on May 16.

College women exceed NIAAA drinking guidelines more frequently than college men
In 1990, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism issued guidelines that define low-risk drinking, which differ for men and women.
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