Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 20, 2013
USF researchers find far-reaching, microvascular damage in uninjured side of brain after stroke
An animal-model study led by researchers at the University of South Florida finds far-reaching microvascular damage in the uninjured side of the brain after a stroke.

Gym class reduces probability of obesity, study finds for first time
Little is known about the effect of physical education on child weight, but a new study from Cornell University finds that increasing the amount of time that elementary schoolchildren spent in gym class reduces the probability of obesity.

Leading explanations for whooping cough's resurgence don't stand up to scrutiny
Whooping cough has exploded in the United States and some other developed countries in recent decades, and many experts suspect ineffective childhood vaccines for the alarming resurgence.

Mediterranean diet seems to boost ageing brain power
A Mediterranean diet with added extra virgin olive oil or mixed nuts seems to improve the brain power of older people better than advising them to follow a low-fat diet, indicates research published online in the Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry.

Study suggests new source of kidneys for transplant
Nearly 20 percent of kidneys that are recovered from deceased donors in the US are refused for transplant due to factors ranging from scarring in small blood vessels of the kidney's filtering units to the organ going too long without blood or oxygen.

Team finds mechanism linking key inflammatory marker to cancer
In a new study described in the journal Oncogene, researchers reveal how a key player in cell growth, immunity and the inflammatory response can be transformed into a primary contributor to tumor growth.

Dr. Laurie Glimcher receives the Advancing Women in Science and Medicine Award
Dr. Laurie H. Glimcher, the Stephen and Suzanne Weiss Dean of Weill Cornell Medical College and provost for medical affairs of Cornell University, is the winner of a prestigious award from a group of female scientists from The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research dedicated to celebrating outstanding women in science and medicine.

Abundance and distribution of Hawaiian coral species predicted by model
Researchers from the University of Hawaii, Manoa School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology developed species distribution models of the six dominant Hawaiian coral species around the main Hawaiian Islands, including two species currently under consideration as threatened or endangered.

Stress test may help predict increased mortality risk in sleep apnea patients
Many studies have shown that men and women who suffer from obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) -- a disorder that causes breathing to halt intermittently during sleep -- have a higher mortality rate than those who do not have the disorder.

Penn engineers' nanoantennas improve infrared sensing
A team of University of Pennsylvania engineers has used a pattern of nanoantennas to develop a new way of turning infrared light into mechanical action, opening the door to more sensitive infrared cameras and more compact chemical-analysis techniques.

New GEOSPHERE science online covers Himalaya, Colorado River, McMurdo Sound, and more
New Geosphere postings online on 7 and 16 May include additions to two special issues: CRevolution 2: Origin and Evolution of the Colorado River System II and The ANDRILL McMurdo Ice Shelf and Southern McMurdo Sound Drilling Projects.

'The Biology of Cancer' by Robert A. Weinberg
Garland Science is proud to announce the publication of the much-anticipated Second Edition of The Biology of Cancer by Robert A.

Genetic screening could reveal hidden high risk for coronary heart disease
Researchers of the Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland, University of Helsinki, and Finnish National Institute for Health and Welfare have shown that genetic marker information can improve risk evaluation of coronary heart disease.

Music therapy reduces anxiety, use of sedatives for patients receiving ventilator support
Among intensive care unit patients receiving acute ventilatory support for respiratory failure, use of patient-preferred music resulted in greater reduction in anxiety and sedation frequency and intensity compared with usual care, according to a study published online by JAMA.

Iron-platinum alloys could be new-generation hard drives
UC Davis researchers have found a convenient way to make layered iron-platinum alloys and tailor their properties, a promising material for a potential new generation of data storage media.

Anabolic steroids may affect future mental health
There is a link between use of anabolic-androgenic steroids and reduced mental health later in life.

Study finds air pollution and noise pollution increase cardiovascular risk
Both fine-particle air pollution and noise pollution may increase a person's risk of developing cardiovascular disease, according to German researchers who have conducted a large population study, in which both factors were considered simultaneously.

Bronchodilators appear associated with increased risk of cardiovascular events
A study of older patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease suggests that new use of the long-acting bronchodilators ╬▓-agonists and anticholinergics was associated with similar increased risks of cardiovascular events, according to a study published Online First by JAMA Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.

Blame your parents for bunion woes
A novel study reports that white men and women of European descent inherit common foot disorders, such as bunions (hallux valgus) and lesser toe deformities, including hammer or claw toe.

Prenatal exposure to traffic is associated with respiratory infection in young children
Living near a major roadway during the prenatal period is associated with an increased risk of respiratory infection developing in children by the age of 3, according to a new study from researchers in Boston.

Metabolic biomarkers can predict mortality in the ICU
A metabolic profile of intensive care unit patients based on biomarkers of four metabolites can be used to accurately predict mortality, according to a new study.

Researchers perform fastest measurements ever made of ion channel proteins
A team of researchers at Columbia Engineering has used miniaturized electronics to measure the activity of individual ion-channel proteins with temporal resolution as fine as one microsecond, producing the fastest recordings of single ion channels ever performed.

Coming into existence
A new experiment establishes a heralding efficiency that might allow loopholes to be eliminated in the validation of spooky action-at-a-distance in quantum reality.

Exposure to traffic pollution increases asthma severity in pregnant women
Air pollutants from traffic are associated with increased asthma severity levels in pregnant asthmatic women, according to a new study.

Opening doors to foldable electronics with inkjet-printed graphene
Imagine a bendable tablet computer or an electronic newspaper that could fold to fit in a pocket.

New in GEOLOGY: Gems, Darwin, Mars, Hemp, Snowball Earth, a Siberian Impact Crater, and More
New Geology articles posted online ahead of print May 9 and 16, 2013 cover a wide swath of geoscience subdisciplines, including minerals exploration, archaeology, planetary geology, tectonics, oceanography, geophysics, and paleobotany.

Study shows that women who smoke during pregnancy increase the risk of both obesity and gestational diabetes in their daughters
Women who smoke during pregnancy increase the risk of both obesity and gestational diabetes, in their daughters, concludes research published in Diabetologia, the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes.

Whole-cell vaccine was more effective than acellular vaccine during California pertussis outbreak
Whole-cell pertussis vaccines were more effective at protecting against pertussis than acellular pertussis vaccines during a large recent outbreak, according to a new Kaiser Permanente study published in Pediatrics.

Soft matter offers new ways to study how ordered materials arrange themselves
A fried breakfast food popular in Spain provided the inspiration for the development of doughnut-shaped droplets that may provide scientists with a new approach for studying fundamental issues in physics, mathematics and materials.

Unraveling the Napo's mystery
In the United States, rivers and their floodplains are well-documented and monitored.

1 in 10 teens using 'study drugs,' but parents aren't paying attention
As high schoolers prepare for final exams, teens nationwide may be tempted to use a

NTU student-built innovations to help improve and save lives
Nanyang Technological University students have developed new and practical life-saving innovations inspired from everyday problems, including improving the safety of cyclists on the roads and keeping the dengue menace in check.

New test better detects elephantiasis worm infection
A new diagnostic test for a worm infection that can lead to severe enlargement of the legs and genitals is far more sensitive than the currently used test, according to results of a field study in Liberia, in West Africa, where the infection is endemic.

Oceanographer Sylvia Earle kicks off Northeastern's Sustaining Coastal Cities Conference
Sylvia Earle, National Geographic Society Explorer in Residence will be speaking at Northeastern University on May 22, 2013.

Slow earthquakes: It's all in the rock mechanics
Earthquakes that last minutes rather than seconds are a relatively recent discovery, according to an international team of seismologists.

Human-like opponents lead to more aggression in video game players, UConn study finds
Video games that pit players against human-looking characters may be more likely to provoke violent thoughts and words than games where monstrous creatures are the enemy, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Connecticut and Wake Forest University.

Fossil brain teaser
A new study conducted at the University of Bristol and published online today in the Journal of Evolutionary Biology sheds light on how the brain and inner ear developed in dinosaurs.

Pharmaceutical advances offer new options for health outcomes
Research presented at Digestive Disease Week® explores pharmaceutical advances for treating irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea and hepatitis C.

Timing of cancer radiation therapy may minimize hair loss, researchers say
Discovering that mouse hair has a circadian clock -- a 24-hour cycle of growth followed by restorative repair -- researchers suspect that hair loss in humans from toxic cancer radiotherapy and chemotherapy might be minimized if these treatments are given late in the day.

Molecular trigger for Alzheimer's disease identified
Researchers have pinpointed a catalytic trigger for the onset of Alzheimer's disease -- when the fundamental structure of a protein molecule changes to cause a chain reaction that leads to the death of neurons in the brain.

Hospital emergency departments gaining in importance, study finds
While often targeted as the most expensive place to get medical care, hospital emergency departments play a growing role in the US health care system.

Year 1 status of the AGI Center for Geoscience Education and Public Understanding
Royal Dutch Shell plc (Shell) has awarded a significant five-year grant to the American Geosciences Institute to aid in the implementation of the new Center for Geoscience Education and Public Understanding.

Protein study suggests drug side effects are inevitable
A new study of both computer-created and natural proteins suggests that the number of unique pockets -- sites where small molecule pharmaceutical compounds can bind to proteins -- is surprisingly small, meaning drug side effects may be impossible to avoid.

Breakup of physician, drug company relationship could improve health care, cut cost
A new report suggests that improved health care and significant reductions in drug costs might be attained by breaking up the age-old relationship between physicians and drug company representatives who promote the newest, more costly and often unnecessary prescription drugs.

Mayo Clinic: Inflammatory bowel disease raises risk of melanoma
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease are at higher risk of melanoma, a form of skin cancer, report researchers at Mayo Clinic.

UC Davis startup changes listening experience
Fifteen years of research at UC Davis is being turned into commercial products by Dysonics, a startup company based in San Francisco that aims to reproduce a natural sound experience with sound delivered through headphones.

Wolters Kluwer Health receives 13 awards from the ASHPE
Wolters Kluwer Health is pleased to announce that its Lippincott Williams & Wilkins published journals won 13 ASHPE awards in 10 categories.

NASA builds unusual testbed for analyzing X-ray navigation technologies
Pulsars have a number of unusual qualities. Like zombies, they shine even though they're technically dead, and they rotate rapidly, emitting powerful and regular beams of radiation that are seen as flashes of light, blinking on and off at intervals from seconds to milliseconds.

CosmosID unveils new tool for faster, specific and accurate testing of probiotics products
The FDA and CosmosID have conducted a side-by-side analysis of commercially available probiotics to compare the identity of species and strains present in the products to what was stated on their respective labels.

U of M researchers develop model for better testing, targeting of MPNST
Researchers from the Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota, and the University's Brain Tumor Program, have developed a new mouse model of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST) that allow them to discover new genes and gene pathways driving this type of cancer.

New American Chemical Society video: Why toothpaste + orange juice = yuk!
What is it about toothpaste that transforms the sweet flavor of orange juice into something so bitter?

Tiny, implantable coil promises hope for emphysema patients
A small, easily implantable device called the Lung Volume Reduction Coil may play a key role in the treatment of two types of emphysema, according to a study conducted in Europe.

May/June 2013 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
Much of the May/June 2013 issue of Annals of Family Medicine and the entirety of an accompanying supplement published in partnership with the US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality are about changing primary care practice.

UCSB study shows where scene context happens in our brain
In a remote fishing community in Venezuela, a lone fisherman sits on a cliff overlooking the southern Caribbean Sea.

Media registration for the European Cancer Congress
Media can register now for Europe's premier cancer congress: The European Cancer Congress in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Friday, September 27 to Tuesday, October 1, 2013.

Leading researchers report on the elusive search for biomarkers in Huntington's disease
The success of HD research depends upon the identification of reliable and sensitive biomarkers to track disease and evaluate therapies, and these biomarkers may eventually be used as outcome measures in clinical trials.

Less sleep associated with increased risk of crashes for young drivers
A study by Alexandra L. C. Martiniuk, M.Sc, Ph.D., of The George Institute for Global Health, Sydney, Australia, and colleagues suggests less sleep per night is associated with a significant increase in the risk for motor vehicle crashes for young drivers.

Source of infection affects hospital mortality in septic shock patients in the ICU
In ICU patients who have septic shock, the anatomic source of infection has a strong effect on the chances of survival, according to a new study from researchers in Canada.

Entrepreneurs need to balance risk of persisting with payoff of succeeding
In a new business, sometimes the better part of wisdom is knowing when to quit, a new study concludes.

Having a nighttime critical care physician in the ICU doesn't improve patient outcomes
Having a nighttime intensivist had no clear benefit on length of stay or mortality for critical care patients, not even patients admitted at night or those with the most critical illnesses at the time of admission, according to new findings from Penn Medicine researchers published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Diabetes drug tested in Parkinson's disease patients
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Dr.

Bed sharing leads to fivefold increase in risk of cot death for babies whose parents do not smoke
Parents who share a bed with their breastfed baby could face a fivefold increase in the risk of cot death, even if the parents do not smoke, according to a new study.

IMRT may not be more effective than older radiation techniques after prostatectomy
Intensity-modulated radiation therapy has become the most commonly used type of radiation in prostate cancer, but research from the University of North Carolina School of Medicine suggests that the therapy may not be more effective than older, less expensive forms of radiation therapy in patients who have had a prostatectomy.

Association between in-hospital cardiac arrest survival rates, prevention of cardiac arrests
Hospitals with higher rates of survival among patients who experience in-hospital cardiac arrest also appear to have a lower incidence of in-hospital cardiac arrest, according to a study published Online First by JAMA Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.

Not just blowing in the wind: Compressing air for renewable energy storage
A comprehensive study into the potential for compressed air energy storage in the Pacific Northwest has identified two locations in Washington state that could store enough wind energy to power about 85,000 homes each month.

Disney researchers develop fast, economical method for high-definition video compositing
Video compositing to create special effects, replace backgrounds or combine multiple takes of an actor's performance is an integral, but highly labor-intensive, part of modern film making.

Embargoed news from Annals of Internal Medicine
Below is information about articles being published in the May 21 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine.

WCS informs discussion of responses to a changing Arctic
In two critical reports released at the Arctic Council Ministerial Meeting in Kiruna, Sweden on May 15th, the scientific expertise of the Wildlife Conservation Society helped inform an international body of senior government officials about changing conditions in the Arctic, and potential responses to those changes.

AGA Student Research Fellowships enable 30 young investigators to further their research careers
The American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) Research Foundation has announced the 2013 Student Research Fellowship Award recipients.

Penn research makes advance in nanotech gene sequencing technique
The allure of personalized medicine has made new, more efficient ways of sequencing genes a top research priority.

ER docs are key to reducing health care costs
Emergency physicians are key decisionmakers for nearly half of all hospital admissions, highlighting a critical role they can play in reducing health care costs, according to a new report from the RAND Corporation.

Robots learn to take a proper handoff by following digitized human examples
A humanoid robot can receive an object handed to it by a person with something approaching natural, human-like motion thanks to a new method developed by scientists at Disney Research, Pittsburgh in a project partially funded by the International Center for Advanced Communication Technologies at Carnegie Mellon University and Karlsruhe Institute of Technology.

International Communication Association to hold Annual Conference in London, UK
The International Communication Association will hold its annual conference June 17-21 in London, United Kingdom.

Latest social science research booklet produced
The Campaign will launch its latest Making the Case for the Social Science booklet next month, on the theme of longitudinal reseach into areas such as education and health.

Food laboratory accuracy remains a concern
Food microbiology laboratories continue to submit false negative results and false positive results on a routine basis.

The mammoth's lament: UC research shows how cosmic impact sparked devastating climate change
Research published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences finds evidence of a major cosmic event near the end of the Ice Age.

New study identifies risk factors for depression among COPD patients
Patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) typically suffer from depression more frequently than those without COPD, resulting in higher levels of disability and illness and increasing the overall healthcare burden for the COPD population.

New study finds blind people have the potential to use their 'inner bat' to locate objects
New research from the University of Southampton has shown that blind and visually impaired people have the potential to use echolocation, similar to that used by bats and dolphins, to determine the location of an object.

Buckley receives American Psychiatric Association commendation
Dr. Peter F. Buckley, a psychiatrist and Dean of the Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University, has received the American Psychiatric Association Special Presidential Commendation in recognition of his exemplary leadership and substantial contributions to psychiatry and US academic medicine.

First long-term study reveals link between childhood ADHD and obesity
A new study conducted by researchers at the Child Study Center at NYU Langone Medical Center found men diagnosed as children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder were twice as likely to be obese in a 33-year follow-up study compared to men who were not diagnosed with the condition.

Academy of Natural Sciences to guide coordinated region-wide watershed protection
The Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University has received a major grant from the William Penn Foundation to support watershed protection and restoration in the Delaware watershed that is intended to coordinate and demonstrate a region-wide impact on improving water quality.

Atherosclerotic disease heredity mapped in nationwide study
Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have mapped the significance of heredity for common forms of atherosclerotic disease.

2 radiotherapy treatments show similar morbidity, cancer control after prostatectomy
Use of the newer, more expensive intensity-modulated radiotherapy and use of the older conformal radiotherapy after surgical removal of all or part of the prostate gland were associated with similar morbidity and cancer control outcomes, according to a study published Online First by JAMA Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.

Intestinal bacteria protect against E. coli O157:H7
A cocktail of non-pathogenic bacteria naturally occurring in the digestive tract of healthy humans can protect against a potentially lethal E. coli infection in animal models according to research presented today at the 113th General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology.

Imaging technique shows premature birth interrupts vital brain development processes leading to reduced cognitive abilities in infants
Researchers from King's College London have for the first time used a novel form of MRI to identify crucial developmental processes in the brain that are vulnerable to the effects of premature birth.

Do salamanders hold the solution to regeneration?
Salamanders' immune systems are key to their remarkable ability to regrow limbs, and could also underpin their ability to regenerate spinal cords, brain tissue and even parts of their hearts, scientists have found.

UC Davis engineers create on-wetting fabric drains sweat
Waterproof fabrics that whisk away sweat could be the latest application of microfluidic technology developed by bioengineers at UC Davis.

Korean Society of Occupational and Environmental Medicine partners with BioMed Central
BioMed Central, the open access publisher, is pleased to announce that Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, the official academic journal of The Korean Society of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, has moved to BioMed Central's open access publishing platform.

NSF approves planning grant for Center for Advanced Research in Drying
A National Science Foundation planning grant will help establish the Center for Advanced Research in Drying, a joint program of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Worcester Polytechnic Institute in Worcester, Mass.

Study of young Israelis emphasizes need for avoidance of sun exposure
A new study conducted using extensive medical records of over one million Israeli adolescents before military service shows clearly how exposure to the Israeli sun of young, light-skinned children increases substantially the risk of cutaneous melanoma (a serious form of skin cancer).

Early childhood respiratory infections may explain link between analgesics and asthma
A new study conducted by Boston researchers reports that the link between asthma and early childhood use of acetaminophen or ibuprofen may be driven by underlying respiratory infections that prompt the use of these analgesics, rather than the drugs themselves.

Study shows how bilinguals switch between languages
Individuals who learn two languages at an early age seem to switch back and forth between separate

Pain, pain, go away
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston researchers have been awarded a five-year, $1.8 million grant by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke to apply the techniques of gene therapy to the problem of neuropathic pain -- that is, pain that arises from a malfunction in the nervous system.

Early IV nutrition for certain patients does improve survival or reduce ICU length of stay
The early (within 24 hours of intensive care unit [ICU] admission) provision of intravenous nutrition among critically ill patients with contraindications (a condition that makes a particular procedure potentially inadvisable) to early use of enteral nutrition (such as through a feeding tube) did not result in significant differences in 60 day mortality or shorter ICU or hospital length of stay, compared with standard care, according to a study in the May 22/29 issue of JAMA.

Older prostate cancer patients should think twice before undergoing treatment
Older prostate cancer patients with other underlying health conditions should think twice before committing to surgery or radiation therapy for their cancer.

Practice makes perfect? Not so much
Turns out, that old

New compendium offers freely available standards to help ensure quality of herbal ingredients
With herbal medicines relied upon by consumers worldwide, a new online resource available from the US Pharmacopeial Convention will provide freely available public standards to help ensure the quality of the herbal ingredients used in these products.

The compound in the Mediterranean diet that makes cancer cells 'mortal'
New research suggests that a compound abundant in the Mediterranean diet takes away cancer cells'

New study suggests candy consumption frequency not linked to obesity or heart disease
According to a recent data analysis published in the April 30th issue of Nutrition Journal, adults who consume candy at least every other day are no more likely to be overweight nor have greater risk factors for cardiovascular disease than moderate consumers (about once a week) or even less frequent candy eaters (less than 3 times per month).

AHRQ-funded journal supplement offers lessons on primary care practice transformation
Amid emerging evidence that transformation toward the patient-centered medical home model offers a viable solution in today's health care environment, the US Department of Health and Human Services' Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality funded 14 studies to learn more about the processes and determinants of successful change from practices that had already demonstrated successful transformational activities and improved outcomes.

Amazon River exhales virtually all carbon taken up by rain forest
A study published this week in Nature Geoscience shows that woody plant matter is almost completely digested by bacteria living in the Amazon River, and that this tough stuff plays a major part in fueling the river's breath.

Germ-fighting vaccine system makes great strides in delivery
A novel vaccine study from South Dakota State University will headline the groundbreaking research that will be unveiled at the American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists' National Biotechnology Conference.

Principles of locomotion in confined spaces could help robot teams work underground
Future teams of subterranean search and rescue robots may owe their success to the lowly fire ant, a much-despised insect whose painful bites and extensive networks of underground tunnels are all-too-familiar to people living in the southern United States.

Combined wood and tobacco smoke exposure increases risk and symptoms of COPD
People who are consistently exposed to both wood smoke and tobacco smoke are at a greater risk for developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and for experiencing more frequent and severe symptoms of the disease, as well as more severe airflow obstruction, than those who are exposed to only one type of smoke, according to the results of a new population-based study conducted by researchers in Colombia.

Discovery of a novel medicine for the treatment of chronic wounds
Every 20 seconds, a limb is lost as a consequence of a diabetic foot ulcer that does not heal.

Bed sharing with parents increases risk of cot death fivefold
Bed sharing with parents is linked to a fivefold increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome, even when the parents are non-smokers and the mother has not been drinking alcohol and does not use illegal drugs, according to a large analysis published online in BMJ Open.

Predicting infectious influenza
A new computer model could help scientists predict when a particular strain of avian influenza might become infectious from bird to human, according to a report to be published in the International Journal of Data Mining and Bioinformatics.

Effect of fluid and sodium restrictions on weight loss among patients with heart failure
A clinical trial of 75 patients hospitalized with acute decompensated heart failure suggests that aggressive fluid and sodium restriction has no effect on weight loss or clinical stability at three days but was associated with an increase in perceived thirst, according to a study published Online First by JAMA Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.

May research highlights from American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
These are AJTMH Top-line research highlights: 1) New Rapid Diagnostic Test for Worm Infection Provides Substantial Improvement Over Current Standard According to New African Field Study.

Parasitic wasps use calcium pump to block fruit fly immunity
Parasitic wasps switch off the immune systems of fruit flies by draining calcium from the flies' blood cells, a finding that offers new insight into how pathogens break through a host's defenses.

Hospitals' cardiac arrest incidence and survival rates go hand in hand
Hospitals' cardiac arrest rates tend to be linked to survival rates of cases.

Listening to favorite music lowers anxiety, sedation in ICU patients on ventilators
New research suggests that for some hospitalized ICU patients on mechanical ventilators, using headphones to listen to their favorite types of music could lower anxiety and reduce their need for sedative medications.

Genetic diversity within tumors predicts outcome in head and neck cancer
A new measure of the heterogeneity -- the variety of genetic mutations -- of cells within a tumor appears to predict treatment outcomes of patients with the most common type of head and neck cancer better than most traditional risk factors.

The incidence of eating disorders is increasing in the UK
More people are being diagnosed with eating disorders every year and the most common type is not either of the two most well known -- bulimia or anorexia -- but eating disorders not otherwise specified (eating disorders that don't quite reach the threshold to be defined as anorexia or bulimia), shows a study published online in BMJ Open.

Women with severe injuries are less likely than men to be treated in a trauma center
Women are less likely than men to receive care in a trauma center after severe injury, according to a new study of almost 100,000 Canadian patients.

Which women should be screened for high cholesterol?
More than half of younger women and 74.2 percent of older women in this study were at-risk for high cholesterol as defined by US Preventive Services Task Force guidelines.

72 percent of pregnant women experience constipation and other bowel problems
Nearly three out of four pregnant women experience constipation, diarrhea or other bowel disorders during their pregnancies, a Loyola University Medical Center study has found.

Study supports 'aggressive' treatment for posterior fossa hematoma in newborns
Posterior fossa subdural hematoma (PFSDH) is a serious and rare condition in newborns, generally occurring after difficult deliveries.
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