Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 24, 2013
Understanding the past and predicting the future by looking across space and time
In a new paper published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and elsewhere validate a fundamental assumption at the very heart of a popular way to predict relationships between complex variables.

Feasibility trial reports deployment of new device for TAVI in aortic insufficiency
A small feasibility study shows successful delivery and deployment of the investigational Helio System for the Sapien XT Transcatheter Heart Valve in high-risk patients with aortic insufficiency.

Death highest in heart failure patients admitted in January, on Friday, and overnight
Mortality and length of stay are highest in heart failure patients admitted in January, on Friday, and overnight, according to research presented today at the Heart Failure Congress 2013.

Astronomers measure the elusive extragalactic background light
Measuring the extragalactic background light (EBL) is no simple task, complicated by the fact that Earth is lodged inside a bright solar system and a bright Milky Way.

Going live -- immune cell activation in multiple sclerosis
Scientists from the Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology in Martinsried have now presented not one, but two studies introducing new indicator molecules which can visualize the activation of T cells.

Azti-Tecnalia and KFUPM collaborate to guarantee sustainability of fishing in the Arabian Gulf
Azti-Tecnalia, a Technological Research Centre specialized in marine and food research, collaborates with King Fahd University for Petroleum & Minerals, in a study that will provide the scientific and technical basis to manage fishing sustainably in the Arabian Gulf waters.

Diagnostic coronary angiography: Functional flow reserve changes decisions in 25 percent of cases
Assessing ischaemia by measuring functional flow reserve significantly changes management decisions in one in four patients being assessed by coronary angiography for chest pain.

Researchers identify first drug targets in childhood genetic tumor disorder
Two mutations central to the development of infantile myofibromatosis -- a disorder characterized by multiple tumors involving the skin, bone, and soft tissue -- may provide new therapeutic targets, according to researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai.

Registry confirms TAVI efficacy and safety in Asian patients
Early experience shows a high rate of procedural success and a low rate of major adverse cardiovascular events with TAVI in a diverse Asian population.

Frontiers launches new open-access journal in physics
Frontiers in Physics is the latest journal to be launched as part of Frontiers' drive to bring its publishing model and research networking platform to all academic communities Frontiers in Physics is the latest journal to be launched as part of Frontiers' drive to bring its publishing model and research networking platform to all academic communities.

A new strategy required in the search for Alzheimer's drugs?
In the search for medication against Alzheimer's disease, scientists focused -- among other factors -- on drugs that can break down Amyloid beta (A-beta).

New neuron formation could increase capacity for new learning, at the expense of old memories
New research presented today shows that formation of new neurons in the hippocampus -- a brain region known for its importance in learning and remembering -- could cause forgetting of old memories by causing a reorganization of existing brain circuits.

Hormone replacement therapy -- clarity at last!
The British Menopause Society and Women's Health Concern have today released updated guidelines on Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) to provide clarity around the role of HRT, the benefits and the risks.

New research shows that potatoes provide one of the best nutritional values per penny
A new study,

Modulating the immune system to combat metastatic cancer
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, researchers led by Ronald Levy at Stanford University found that regulatory T cells that infiltrate tumors express proteins that can be targeted with therapeutic antibodies.

Please do try this at home
After studying noise in one French Quarter neighborhood of New Orleans to determine whether or not noise levels exceeded municipal ordinances, Annette Hurley, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Audiology at LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans, and Eric Arriaga, a third-year LSUHSC doctor of audiology student, recommend that people use today's technology to protect their own hearing health.

A majority on Earth face severe self-inflicted water woes within 2 generations: Scientists
A conference of 500 leading water scientists from around the world today issued a stark warning that, without major reforms,

Finance professor Martin Lettau nonored with 2013 AQR Insight Award
Berkeley-Haas finance professor Martin Lettau has received the 2013 AQR Insight Award for his research about how an extension of the widely taught capital asset pricing model can explain returns of equity, commodity, sovereign bonds, and currencies and offer a unified risk view of these investments.

Proteins in migration
Scientists at the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases in Bonn have developed a new animal model that provides important clues on the mechanisms of Parkinson's disease.

Research effort deep underground could sort out cosmic-scale mysteries
The Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory has begun delivery of germanium-76 detectors to an underground laboratory in South Dakota in a team research effort that might explain the puzzling imbalance between matter and antimatter generated by the Big Bang.

New fluorescent tools for cancer diagnosis
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Thomas Tuschl and colleagues at Rockefeller University developed a multicolor fluorescence labeling method that can be used to visualize miRNAs in tissue sections, such as those recovered from biopsies.

Heart failure accelerates male 'menopause'
Heart failure accelerates the aging process and brings on early andropausal syndrome, according to research to be presented today at the Heart Failure Congress 2013.

How do cold ions slide?
One of the challenges faced by those who study friction is finding a connection between the phenomena observed within the macroworld and those in the nanoworld.

Youth with type 2 diabetes at much higher risk for heart, kidney disease
The news about youth and diabetes keeps getting worse. The latest data shows that children with type 2 diabetes are at high risk to develop heart, kidney and eye problems faster and at a higher rate than adults with diabetes.

June 2013 LITHOSPHERE now online
New papers published in the June issue of Lithosphere cover the geology of Western Europe; the Osa Peninsula of Costa Rica; the Norwegian Caledonides; the Central Asian Orogenic Belt; the Karakoram shear zone and Greater Himalaya Sequence, NW India; the Garlock fault and the southern Sierra Nevada-eastern Tehachapi Mountains, USA; and the Chinese Altai.

How sustainable is Switzerland?
The vision of a society in which each inhabitant of the earth manages to consume only 2,000 watts has already been around for 15 years.

Facial-recognition technology proves its mettle
In a study that evaluated some of the latest in automatic facial recognition technology, researchers at Michigan State University were able to quickly identify one of the Boston Marathon bombing suspects from law enforcement video, an experiment that demonstrated the value of such technology.

Are there atheists in foxholes? Cornell/Virginia Wesleyan study says they're the minority
Two studies analyze whether there were atheists in WWII foxholes.

Help at hand for schizophrenics
Researchers from the Bergen fMRI Group at the University of Bergen are working on how to help schizophrenics, who hear voices.

The ascent of man: Why our early ancestors took to 2 feet
A new study by archaeologists at the University of York challenges evolutionary theories behind the development of our earliest ancestors from tree dwelling quadrupeds to upright bipeds capable of walking and scrambling.

Driving and hands-free talking lead to spike in errors: UAlberta study
University of Alberta pilot study shows driving while talking on a hands-free cellular device leads to more driving errors than driving alone.

ACP issues recommendations for management of high blood glucose in hospitalized patients
High blood glucose is associated with poor outcomes in hospitalized patients, and use of intensive insulin therapy (IIT) to control hyperglycemia is a common practice in hospitals.

Detection of the cosmic gamma ray horizon: Measures all the light in the universe since the Big Bang
Radiation from all galaxies that ever existed suffuses the Universe with a diffuse extragalactic background light (EBL).

Young children who miss well-child visits are more likely to be hospitalized
Young children who missed more than half of recommended well-child visits had up to twice the risk of hospitalization compared to children who attended most of their visits, according to a study published today in the American Journal of Managed Care.

Hormone levels may provide key to understanding psychological disorders in women
Women at a particular stage in their monthly menstrual cycle may be more vulnerable to some of the psychological side-effects associated with stressful experiences, according to a study from UCL.

First drug to improve heart failure mortality in over a decade
Coenzyme Q10 decreases all cause mortality by half, according to the results of a multicenter randomized double blind trial presented today at Heart Failure 2013 congress.

OHSU research highlights promising strategy to help vaccines outsmart HIV
A new discovery at Oregon Health and Science University highlights an ingenious method to ensure the body effectively reacts when infected with the highly-evasive HIV virus that causes AIDS.

New analysis yields improvements in a classic 3-D imaging technique
The first major image quality improvements in the history of a widely used century-old 3-D printing technique have been enabled by research at Curtin University, the team has reported in the journal Optical Engineering published by SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics.

JCI early table of contents for May 24, 2013
The following release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, May 24, 2013, in the JCI: Modulating the immune system to combat metastatic cancer; new fluorescent tools for cancer diagnosis; malnutrition exacerbates Giardia infection in mice; and many more.

Impacts conference on climate change effects
Droughts. Floods. Health risks. Crop failures. Climate change impacts of today and tomorrow appear in the public debate with a raft of buzz words.
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