Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 28, 2013
IU study: Unique omega-3 source effective at reducing exercise-induced asthma symptoms
An Indiana University study has found that a unique omega-3 supplement derived from the New Zealand green-lipped mussel significantly improved lung function and reduced airway inflammation in asthmatics who experience exercise-induced bronchoconstriction, also called exercise-induced asthma.

Doctor brands NHS profits from pregnancy 'unacceptable'
Trusted organizations, such as the NHS and some UK royal colleges, profit by selling commercial advertisers access to pregnant women through promotions such as Bounty bags.

Researchers provide rationale for use of targeted immunotherapy in sarcomatoid lung carcinomas
Researchers at the Yale School of Medicine measured the levels of the PD-L1 protein in sarcomatoid carcinomas.

Soda and illegal drugs cause similar damage to teeth
Addicted to soda? You may be shocked to learn that drinking large quantities of your favorite carbonated soda could be as damaging to your teeth as methamphetamine and crack cocaine use.

Hip-hip-Hadoop: Data mining for science
Hadoop is an open-source software framework that evolved from Google's MapReduce algorithm.

'Preferred retinal location' may aid rehabilitation in patients with central vision loss
Perceptual learning techniques may provide a useful new approach to rehabilitation in patients with central vision loss -- taking advantage of visual plasticity that persists even in old age, according to a special article in the June issue of Optometry and Vision Science, official journal of the American Academy of Optometry.

Dealing with 'crap' to improve water quality
To better understand how bacteria impact the environment a former University of California, Riverside graduate student spent nearly a year building a system that replicates a human colon, septic tank and groundwater and

Beer-pouring robot programmed to anticipate human actions
Understanding when and where to pour a beer or knowing when to offer assistance opening a refrigerator door can be difficult for a robot because of the many variables it encounters while assessing the situation.

Men, women lie about sex to match gender expectations
People will lie about their sexual behavior to match cultural expectations about how men or women should act -- even though they wouldn't distort other gender-related behaviors.

More deaths from surgery closer to the weekend
Patients undergoing planned surgery appear more likely to die if they have their operation at the end of the week, a study published in the British Medical Journal has found.

SAGE announces winner of early researcher bursary for EERA international conference
SAGE is delighted to announce the winner of the European Educational Research Association/SAGE conference travel award, which sponsors an early career researcher to attend the Emerging Researchers Conference , taking place this year between 9 and 10 September and the annual ECER 2013 conference , taking place this year between 10 to 13 September.

'Planet of the Apes and Philosophy: Great Apes Think Alike'
Socrates said the unexamined life is not worth living. Few movies have examined life, what it means to be human and our relation to other animals, more than

White Mountains hikers often underprepared
In a new study based on surveys of hikers in New Hampshire's White Mountain National Forest, Brown University researchers find that many people hit the trails without essential equipment, often because they don't think it's needed for short hikes.

The analysis of medical images is improved to facilitate the study of psychotic disorders
A team of researchers from the UPNA/NUP-Public University of Navarre has developed new superresolution and segmentation methods for magnetic resonance images so that they can be applied to the structural study of psychosis.

NASA sees developing tropical cyclone near southwestern Mexico
NASA's Aqua satellite captured an image of System 92E, a tropical low pressure area that is ripe for development into a tropical depression and tropical storm, as it continues to develop near to southwestern Mexico.

Researchers identify novel class of drugs for prostate cancers
A new study on prostate cancer describes a novel class of drugs developed by UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers that interrupts critical signaling needed for prostate cancer cells to grow.

Psychotherapy's benefits for depression
Treatments for depression that don't involve antidepressant drugs but rather focus on different forms of talking therapy (referred to as psychotherapeutic interventions) are all beneficial, with no one form of therapy being better than the others, according to a study by international researchers published in this week's PLOS Medicine.

Using 1 grant to tackle 2 diseases
Specialized cells, called

GOJO presents electronic hand hygiene compliance study at APIC conference
GOJO Industries, a leader in hand hygiene and skin health and inventors of PURELL hand sanitizer, will present its scientific research study,

Research highlights the increasing problem of prescription drug abuse among youth
A new study highlights how parents and peers can help curb the problem.

Preventing 'traffic jams' in brain cells
Each brain cell has an internal highway system for transporting essential materials between different parts of the cell.

Women donate less to charity than men in some contexts
Given the chance, women are more likely than men to dodge an opportunity to donate to charity, a group of economists have found.

UI Health among 10 percent of US hospitals with paperless patient records
The University of Illinois Hospital & Health Sciences System has been recognized for its advanced adoption of electronic medical records technology by the Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society, and is now among the 10 percent of US hospitals with paperless patient records.

Springer partners with the Italian Society of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Starting in 2013, Springer and the Italian Society of Gerontology and Geriatrics are collaborating to publish Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, the official journal of the society.

21st European Biomass Conference and Exhibition
The European Biomass Conference and Exhibition represents one of the key events in Europe and worldwide for companies and professionals operating at the top end of the biomass and bioenergy sector.

Colorado's new alga may be a source of biofuel production
A newly discovered strain of yellow-green algae has an ideal lipid profile for biofuel production.

University of Huddersfield awarded £93k award from the EPSRC
University of Huddersfield scientist Dr. Feng Gao has been awarded £93,668 for a research project to achieve new levels of efficiency and cost-saving for companies making advanced products using ultra-precise surfaces.

U of A medical researchers ID genetic marker for sporadic breast cancer
Medical researchers at the University of Alberta have pinpointed a genetic marker for sporadic breast cancer -- one of a handful identified to date in Caucasians.

Scientists find possible solution to an ancient enigma
The widespread disappearance of stromatolites, the earliest visible manifestation of life on Earth, may have been driven by single-celled organisms called foraminifera, study finds.

First-ever enterovirus 71 vaccine protects young children
The first enterovirus 71 (EV71) vaccine candidate to reach phase 3 clinical testing provides young Chinese children with significant protection against disease caused by EV71, a growing public-health threat which has caused over 6 million cases of hand, foot, and mouth disease and 2,000 deaths worldwide over the last decade, according new research published Online First in The Lancet.

Scientists pave the way for vaccine to combat devastating avian disease
Recent reduction in the use of antibiotic growth promoters in animal feeds has resulted in a dramatic increase in the severe poultry disease -- necrotic enteritis.

Marc Vanderhaeghen appointed Fellow of the American Physical Society
Professor Dr. Marc Vanderhaeghen has been appointed a Fellow of the American Physical Society (APS).

Simple 'frailty' test predicts death, hospitalization for kidney dialysis patients
Johns Hopkins scientists report that a 10-minute test for

Guatemala's jaguars: Capturing phantoms in photos
The Wildlife Conservation Society today released this photograph of a male jaguar taken by a remote camera trap in Guatemala's Maya Biosphere Reserve.

Study explores atmospheric impact of declining Arctic sea ice
New research explores the impact of ice free seas on the planet's atmospheric circulation.

Childhood bullying increases the propensity to self-harm during adolescence
A new study has proven that being bullied during childhood directly increases the likelihood of self- harm in late adolescence.

Disabled patients who can't afford their meds come to the ER more
Disabled Medicare patients under the age of 65 who don't take their prescription medications because of cost concerns are more likely to have at least one emergency department visit during a one-year period.

Penn-led research maps historic sea-level change on the New Jersey coastline
A new study led by the University of Pennsylvania's Benjamin P.

Research shows copper destroys norovirus
New research from the University of Southampton shows that copper and copper alloys will rapidly destroy norovirus -- the highly-infectious sickness bug.

UCLA receives award to study delivery of behavioral health services using telehealth
The Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute has approved a $1.6 million research award to the Children's Discovery and Innovation Institute at Mattel Children's Hospital UCLA to study the use of videoconferencing technology to deliver behavioral health services to pediatric patients in community primary care settings.

First clinical confirmation of H7N9 virus resistance to Tamiflu
New research published in The Lancet documents the first clinical cases of resistance to treatment with Tamiflu (oseltamivir) and similar drugs in people infected with the H7N9 influenza virus.

Advanced paper could be foundation for inexpensive biomedical and diagnostic devices
Paper is known for its ability to absorb liquids, making it ideal for products such as paper towels.

Operative death rates higher at weekend, warn researchers
There is a higher risk of death for patients who have elective surgery later in the week and at the weekend, compared with those earlier in the week, a paper published today on bmj.com suggests.

LSUHSC paper judged best of the year
The Journal of Registry Management, the official journal of the National Cancer Registrars Association, has selected an LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans paper as the Best Paper of the Year.

New book: Philosophy makes better mathematicians
Does mathematics consist of absolute truths, and are mathematical results always indisputable?

Domestic violence and perinatal mental health
Women who have mental health disorders around the time of birth are more likely to have previously experienced domestic violence, according to a study by UK researchers published in this week's PLOS Medicine.

Family studies suggest rare genetic mutations team up to cause schizophrenia
Using a novel method of analyzing genetic variations in families, researchers at Johns Hopkins have found that individually harmless genetic variations affecting related biochemical processes may team up to increase the risk of schizophrenia.

Engineered stem cell advance points toward treatment for ALS
Transplantation of human stem cells in an experiment conducted at the University of Wisconsin-Madison improved survival and muscle function in rats used to model ALS, a nerve disease that destroys nerve control of muscles, causing death by respiratory failure.

Just how secure is quantum cryptography?
Unlike classical encryption, quantum communication systems are known to offer the promise of virtually unbreakable encryption.

Unique US-Chinese lab to head off H7N9 outbreak and future threats
The Center for Infection and Immunity at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health and the National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention within the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention will open a Joint Research Laboratory for Pathogen Discovery to conduct surveillance, identify new infectious microbes, establish novel platforms for diagnostics, and develop drugs and vaccines to treat diseases in humans and animals.

Key hydrogen report now available on OpenEnergyInfo wiki site
As part of the Open Government initiative launched by the Obama Administration, Sandia National Laboratories' Technical Reference on Hydrogen Compatibility of Materials has made its debut on the Energy Dataset of OpenEnergyInfo, or OpenEI.

New ruthenium complexes target cancer cells without typical side effects
Pre-clinical tests conducted at UT Arlington and published in Molecular Cancer Therapeutics found two ruthenium polypyridyl complexes, or RPCs, yielded results comparable to cisplatin against human non-small cell lung cancer cells and were generally cleared from the body unchanged, without noticeable effects on metabolism or kidney function.

More sustainable way to brew beer
Is it possible to increase the energy efficiency of brewing?

Small molecule could have big impact on cancer
Dr. Jung-Mo Ahn, associate professor of chemistry at The University of Texas at Dallas, has designed and synthesized a novel small molecule that might become a large weapon in the fight against prostate cancer.

Tobacco companies are not public health stakeholders
When assessing information presented by the tobacco industry, the US regulator, the Food and Drug Administration and regulatory bodies in other countries, should be aware that they are dealing with companies with a long history of intentionally misleading the public.

New diagnostic technology may lead to individualized treatments for prostate cancer
A research team jointly led by scientists from Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and the University of California, Los Angeles, have enhanced a device they developed to identify and

Bees tell birds to buzz off
A new study highlights the 'parasitism by theft' of bumblebees that invade birds' nests and claim them as their own.

Rare species perform unique roles, even in diverse ecosystems
A new study reveals the potential importance of rare species in the functioning of highly diverse ecosystems.

New approach may allow faster spinal anesthesia for cancer patients at end of life
For patients with uncontrolled pain from terminal cancer, a new approach to calculating initial dosage may allow a quicker start of spinal analgesia -- and less time in the hospital, according to a study in the June issue of Anesthesia & Analgesia, official journal of the International Anesthesia Research Society.

OHSU scientists advance understanding of brain receptor; may help fight neurological disorders
Researchers at Oregon Health & Science University have discovered important new properties in a common brain receptor that has been implicated in a wide range of neurological disorders.

Fast-sinking jellyfish could boost the oceans' uptake of carbon dioxide
Increasing numbers of gelatinous plankton might help in mitigating the CO2 problem.

Malaria protection in chimpanzees
Researchers found that adult wild chimpanzees have developed a certain immunity against malaria parasites.

Study explores 100 year increase in forestry diseases
New study places ash dieback disease into its historical context.

Findings may help overcome hurdle to successful bone marrow transplantation
Blood diseases such as leukemia, multiple myeloma, and myelodysplasia can develop from abnormal bone marrow cells and a dysfunctional bone marrow microenvironment that surrounds these cells.

For pundits, it's better to be confident than correct
Two Washington State University economics graduate students have demonstrated that it simply doesn't pay as much for a pundit to be accurate as it does to be confident.

The relationship between place names and surnames in the German language
The German Surname Atlas documents the spatial distribution of German surnames in 2005 in a six-volume work containing some 2,000 annotated maps.

Cold climate wind energy showing huge potential
Wind energy capacity is growing rapidly in the cold climates of the world.

Scientists develop CO2 sequestration technique
Lawrence Livermore scientists have discovered and demonstrated a new technique to remove and store atmospheric carbon dioxide while generating carbon-negative hydrogen and producing alkalinity, which can be used to offset ocean acidification.

Picking up a second language is predicted by ability to learn patterns
Some people seem to pick up a second language with relative ease, while others have a much more difficult time.

Changing gut bacteria through diet affects brain function, UCLA study shows
UCLA researchers now have the first evidence that bacteria ingested in food can affect brain function in humans.

Saturated fats do not yield better bacon
Researchers at the University of Illinois have found that adding saturated fats to a pig's diet does not change pork firmness.

Aspirin triggered resolvin protects against cognitive decline after surgery
Resolvins are molecules naturally produced by the body from omega-3 fatty acids -- a process that can be jump-started by common aspirin.

UNC scientists identify possible KRAS downstream target for pancreatic cancer therapy
A University of North Carolina School of Medicine team offers first evidence of the role of a protein called GSK-3 alpha in promoting oncogenic KRAS function.

Shape-shifting nanoparticles flip from sphere to net in response to tumor signal
Tiny spherical particles float easily through the bloodstream after injection, then assemble into a durable scaffold within diseased tissue.

African-Americans experience longer delays between diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer
Among men with prostate cancer, African-Americans experience longer treatment delays after being diagnosed than Caucasians.

Decoding the genome of the camel
By sequencing the genome of a Bactrian camel, researchers at the Vetmeduni Vienna have made a significant contribution to population genetic research on camels.

Striking green-eyed butterfly discovered in the United States
Striking olive-green eye colour allows scientists to distinguish a new butterfly species, which was confirmed using Smithsonian entomology collections.

Evolution in the blink of an eye
A novel disease in songbirds has rapidly evolved to become more harmful to its host on at least two separate occasions in just two decades, according to a new study.

Art appreciation is measureable
Neuroscientists believe that biological processes that take place in the brain decide whether one likes a work of art or not.

Digital chest tomosynthesis possible lung cancer screening tool
Digital chest tomosynthesis, a tomographic technique, may offer an alternative to CT screening.

Scientific societies unite to announce National Photonics Initiative
The American Physical Society, IEEE Photonics Society, Laser Institute of America, the Optical Society, and SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics, today announced the launch of the National Photonics Initiative, a collaborative alliance seeking to unite industry, academia and government experts to identify and advance areas of photonics critical to maintaining US competitiveness and national security.

Diamonds, nanotubes find common ground in graphene
What may be the ultimate heat sink is only possible because of yet another astounding capability of graphene.

LA BioMed researchers honored for their excellence in clinical and classroom teaching
LA BioMed researchers, Drs. Carol Berkowitz and Mallory D. Witt, have received an award for their teaching.

Children of long-lived parents less likely to get cancer
The offspring of parents who live to a ripe old age are more likely to live longer themselves, and less prone to cancer and other common diseases associated with ageing, a study has revealed.

IUPUI's latest NSF CAREER Award winner explores how brains form from single cells
An assistant professor of computer science at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis has earned the prestigious CAREER Award from the National Science Foundation for research to identify the patterns by which neurons develop and connect to form a brain.

New alliance for European excellence and competitiveness in life sciences
Tomorrow, at the Centre for Genomic Regulation, in Barcelona, directors and staff from ten top European research institutes will kick off a new alliance, called EU-LIFE, that will promote European research.

Roy J. Carver Charitable Trust funds new research focus at Institute for Genomic Biology
The Roy J. Carver Charitable Trust has awarded a $2 million grant to the Institute for Genomic Biology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

$15 million to develop mobile device data collection system to monitor family planning initiatives
The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health was awarded a $15 million five-year grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to implement a mobile device-based data collection system to monitor progress in family planning access and quality of care in some of the poorest countries in the developing world.

Long-term benefits of selective dorsal rhizotomy in children with spastic cerebral palsy
Selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) is a surgical procedure used to treat spasticity in some children with spastic cerebral palsy.

Einstein's 'spooky action' common in large quantum systems
A mathematician at Case Western Reserve University and two of his recent PhD graduates show entanglement -- what Einstein termed

Microplastic pollution prevalent in lakes too
EPFL researchers have detected microplastic pollution in one of Western Europe's largest lakes, Lake Geneva, in large enough quantities to raise concern.
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