Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 30, 2013
Stretchable, transparent graphene-metal nanowire electrode
A hybrid transparent and stretchable electrode could open the new way for flexible displays, solar cells, and even electronic devices fitted on a curvature substrate such as soft eye contact lenses, by the UNIST(Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology) research team.

Gemini Observatory captures Comet ISON hurtling toward uncertain destiny with the Sun
A new series of images from Gemini Observatory shows Comet C/2012 S1 racing toward an uncomfortably close rendezvous with the Sun.

Ketamine cousin rapidly lifts depression without side effects
GLYX-13, a molecular cousin to ketamine, induces similar antidepressant results without the street drug side effects, reported a study funded by the National Institute of Mental Health that was published last month in Neuropsychopharmacology.

Johns Hopkins surgeons among the first in the country to perform a robotic single-site hysterectomy
Two Johns Hopkins gynecologic surgeons are among the first in the nation to perform a robotic hysterectomy using a single, small incision.

Smithsonian scientists discover that rainforests take the heat
Rainforests thrived during previous global warming events, say paleontologists at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.

Twitter a popular source for vaccination information, debate
Twitter is a popular source for receiving and sharing new information about vaccines, and also a basically reliable one, according to a study published in the June issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official publication of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology.

When friends create enemies
Often revered for bringing people together, the mutual-friends feature on Facebook actually creates myriad security risks and privacy concerns according to a University of Pittsburgh study published in Computers & Security.

TCE exposure linked to increased risk of some cancers
Trichloroethylene (TCE) exposure has possible links to increased liver cancer risk, and the relationship between TCE exposure and risks of cancers of low incidence and those with confounding by lifestyle and other factors need further study, according to a study published May 30 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Good kidney health begins before birth
Researchers have found that conditions in the womb can affect kidney development and have serious health implications for the child not only immediately after birth, but decades later.

Jackson Laboratory wins AAAS award for computational biology educational module
A Jackson Laboratory Internet-based educational program in computational biology has won the Science Prize for Inquiry-Based Instruction from the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Markers in Cancer, a joint meeting by ASCO, EORTC & NCI, 7-9 Nov 2013 (diagnostic tutorial on 5-7)
Markers in Cancer, a joint meeting by ASCO, EORTC & NCI which will be held 7 - 9 November 2013 in Brussels.

Omega-3 fatty acids may help heal a broken heart
Bethesda, MD--Procedures like angioplasty, stenting and bypass surgery may save lives, but they also cause excessive inflammation and scarring, which ultimately can lead to permanent disability and even death.

Kessler Foundation's Elaine Katz presents at national summit on disability employment
Elaine Katz of Kessler Foundation will speak at

New mathematical model links space-time theories
Researchers at the University of Southampton have taken a significant step in a project to unravel the secrets of the structure of our Universe.

NASA's MMS team assembles final observatory
On May 20, 2013, the Magnetospheric Multiscale, or MMS, mission team at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., reached an unprecedented milestone.

Human activity echoes through Brazilian rainforest
The disappearance of large, fruit-eating birds from tropical forests in Brazil has caused the region's forest palms to produce smaller, less successful seeds over the past century, researchers say.

Farmland fires in Angola
The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer on NASA's Aqua satellite detected hundreds of fires burning in Angola on May 24, 2013.

Grant funds cardiac stem cell research for Duchenne muscular dystrophy-related heart disease
Each year, 20,000 boys are born with Duchenne muscular dystrophy, and many do not live into their 20s because of cardiac issues.

How the turtles got their shells
Through careful study of an ancient ancestor of modern turtles, researchers now have a clearer picture of how the turtles' most unusual shell came to be.

Sandia, SRI International sign pact to advance hydrogen and natural gas research for transportation
Sandia National Laboratories and SRI International, an independent research and innovation center, will join forces to explore, test and evaluate a broad range of hydrogen and natural gas fuel systems and components for transportation applications under a new agreement.

Ancient streambed found on surface of Mars
Rounded pebbles on Mars represent the first on-site evidence of sustained water flows on the red planet, according to a new study by a team of scientists from NASA's Curiosity rover mission, including a University of California, Davis, geologist.

Frontiers news briefs May 30
In this week's news briefs: When language switching has no apparent cost; The microbial diversity within the Columbia River; and Age-related similarities and differences in brain activity underlying reversal learning.

UGA research uncovers cost of resiliency in kids
Children living in poverty who appear to succeed socially may be failing biologically.

ACS podcast: Many people still lack access to flush toilets, adequate sanitation
The latest episode in the American Chemical Society's award-winning Global Challenges/Chemistry Solutions podcast series describes research concluding that the number of people without access to flush toilets or other adequate sanitation is almost double the previous estimate.

Latest sleep research to be presented June 2 - 5 at annual meeting in Baltimore
Sleep clinicians and scientists from around the world will discuss current practices in sleep medicine and the latest findings in sleep research at SLEEP 2013, the 27th Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies LLC, which will be held June 2-5 at the Baltimore Convention Center.

New York City successfully locates HIV-positive patients 'lost to follow-up'
Public health officials in New York City have launched a successful program to locate HIV-positive patients who have been

Gender, race, and HIV therapy: Insights from the GRACE study
For women of color it is even lower. Why women, and especially women of color, are so poorly represented in HIV drug trials is the focus of an important article in AIDS Patient Care and STDs.

Astronomer John Hawley wins 2013 Shaw Prize in Astronomy
The University of Virginia astronomer John Hawley and former colleague Steven Balbus are winners of this year's $1 million Shaw Prize in Astronomy.

Atom by atom, bond by bond, a chemical reaction caught in the act
Scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the University of California at Berkeley have produced remarkable images of carbon atoms and the bonds among them.

No benefit of double dose antiviral drug for severe influenza
There are no virological or clinical benefits of giving double doses of the antiviral drug oseltamivir (Tamiflu) to patients admitted to hospital with severe influenza, finds a large study from South East Asia published on bmj.com today.

Fast-food restaurants near schools affect black and Hispanic students more than white and Asian ones
When their schools are near fast-food restaurants, black and Hispanic adolescents are more likely to be overweight and receive less benefit from exercise than Asian or white students, according to a study published in the current issue of Journal of Public Policy & Marketing.

Minority children drink more sugary fruit juice than their white peers
While there has been a steep decline in kids' consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages in California, African-American and Latino children may be replacing soda with 100 percent fruit juice while their white peers are not, according to a new study from UC San Francisco.

Landsat 8 satellite begins watch
NASA transferred operational control Thursday of the Landsat 8 satellite to the US Geological Survey in a ceremony in Sioux Falls, S.D.

Is enough being done to make drinking water safe?
There is a lack of evidence regarding the effectiveness of technologies used to reduce arsenic contamination finds research in BioMed Central's open access journal Environmental Evidence.

New gene delivery method: magnetic nanoparticles
Stent angioplasty saves lives, but comes with complications. Research in The FASEB Journal, discusses a new nanoparticle gene delivery method, hopefully overcoming limitations of gene therapy vectors and preventing complications associated with stenting.

Quitting smoking: Licensed medications are effective
Nicotine replacement therapy and other licensed drugs can help people quit smoking, according to a new systematic review published in The Cochrane Library.

New therapy is tolerable in lung cancer
A promising new therapy for the most common form of lung cancer appears to produce largely manageable side effects, and an ongoing clinical trial is determining whether the compound treats tumors more effectively than what's on the market, according research that scientists at Fox Chase Cancer Center will present at the 49th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology on Saturday, June 1.

UCLA-led team may have found key to cause of Cushing disease
UCLA researchers and their colleagues have found that testicular orphan nuclear receptor 4 (TR4) is overexpressed in pituitary tumors that spark the excess production of adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH).

New technique alleviates painful bone metastases
A high-dose of ultrasound targeted to painful bone metastases appears to quickly bring patients relief, and with largely tolerable side effects, according to new research presented by Fox Chase Cancer Center scientists at the 49th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology on Monday, June 3.

Nano-engineering boosts efficiency of materials that convert waste heat to electrical energy
High-performance thermoelectric materials that convert waste heat to electricity could one day be a source of more sustainable power.

Researchers investigate a less toxic radiation treatment for HPV-Positive oropharynx cancer
Researchers from Fox Chase Cancer Center and other institutions have completed a phase II clinical trial that may help identify those patients with HPV-positive oropharyngeal cancer who do not require the full radiation dose given in a standard regimen of Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy.

Getting better without antibiotics
Given the option, many women with symptoms of urinary tract infections are choosing to avoid antibiotics and give their bodies a chance to heal naturally, finds research in BioMed Central's open access journal BMC Family Practice.

Cruise to Mars illuminates radiation risk to future astronauts
Once the stuff of science fiction, a human mission to Mars may be becoming more feasible, and a new report in the May 31, 2013, issue of Science provides insight into the relevant radiation hazards.

New agent inhibits HCV replication in mouse models -- No resistance seen
Treatments against hepatitis C virus have only been partially successful.

New speakers announced for AGU Science Policy Conference, June 24-26
The American Geophysical Union has added several new speakers to the schedule for its second annual Science Policy Conference, which will take place in Washington, DC on 24 - 26 June 2013 at the Walter E.

Climate change threatens extinction for 82 percent of California native fish
Of 121 native fish species in California, researchers predict 82 percent are likely to be driven to extinction or very low numbers as climate change speeds the decline of already depleted populations.

Labor union decline, not computerization, main cause of rising corporate profits
A new study suggests that the decline of labor unions, partly as an outcome of computerization, is the main reason why US corporate profits have surged as a share of national income while workers' wages and other compensation have declined.

A newly discovered hormone makes ovaries grow
A newly discovered hormone produced by the eggs of human females may improve the effectiveness of current fertility treatments for women and possibly lead to entirely new treatments altogether.

Rounded stones on Mars evidence of flowing water
Observations by NASA's Mars rover Curiosity have revealed areas with gravel and pebbles that are characteristic of a former riverbed.

Rheumatoid arthritis patients not taking their medications as prescribed
A new study conducted in an ethnically diverse and predominantly low income population found that only one-fifth of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients had an overall adherence rate to prescribed oral medications at 80 percent or greater.

New single virus detection techniques for faster disease diagnosis
Two independent teams have developed new optics-based methods for determining the exact viral load of a sample by counting individual virus particles.

Poor sleep linked to PTSD after heart attack
The more heart attack-induced PTSD symptoms a patient has, the worse their sleep likely was in the month following their heart attack.

O'Keeffe Foundation donates $250,000 to fund Scripps Florida neuroscience training program
The Esther B. O'Keeffe Charitable Foundation has made a $250,000 donation to the Scripps Research Institute to fund neuroscience training and public outreach on the Florida campus.

Android antiviral products easily evaded, Northwestern study says
Think your antivirus product is keeping your Android safe? Think again.

Soccer training improves heart health of men with type 2 diabetes
A new study from the Copenhagen Centre for Team Sport and Health at the University of Copenhagen, Denmark, demonstrates that soccer training improves heart function, reduces blood pressure and elevates exercise capacity in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Ancient Egyptians accessorized with meteorites
Researchers at The Open University and The University of Manchester have found conclusive proof that Ancient Egyptians used meteorites to make symbolic accessories.

Many solid tumors carry genetic changes targeted by existing compounds
Nearly two-thirds of solid tumors carry at least one mutation that may be targeted, or medicated, by an existing compound, according to new findings from researchers Fox Chase Cancer Center that will be presented at the 49th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology on June 3.

Science magazine prize goes to computational biology course
Because of the effectiveness that the Quantitative Trait Mapping course module has shown, it has been chosen to win the Science Prize for Inquiry-Based Instruction (IBI).

Mars curiosity rover provides strong evidence for flowing water
Despite satellite images that show vast networks of channels, past Mars rover missions have shown limited evidence for flowing water on Mars.

Sleep deprived men over perceive women's sexual interest and intent
A new study suggests that one night of sleep deprivation leads to an increase in men's perceptions of both women's interest in and intent to have sex.

Microbiologist at the Desert Research Institute makes his mark in Death Valley
Dr. Duane Moser, Environmental Microbiologist at the Desert Research Institute was recently awarded the 2013 Devils Hole Pupfish recognition for his ongoing research on the habitat of the Devils Hole pupfish.

Water-rock reaction may provide enough hydrogen 'food' to sustain life in ocean's crust or on Mars
A chemical reaction between iron-containing minerals and water may produce enough hydrogen

Multi-national study identifies links between genetic variants and educational attainment
A multi-national team of researchers has identified genetic markers that predict educational attainment by pooling data from more than 125,000 individuals in the United States, Australia, and 13 western European countries.

Mystery solved: Why people on dialysis have increased risk of heart attack
Patients with advanced kidney disease who are undergoing hemodialysis are known to be highly susceptible to heart attacks and other cardiovascular complications, and now scientists likely know why.

Alios BioPharma initiates Phase 1 clinical trial for respiratory syncytial virus infection
Alios BioPharma has begun oral dosing of ALS-8176, a structurally novel, anti-respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) nucleoside analog, in a Phase 1 clinical trial.

Biologists take snapshot of fleeting protein process
Structural biologists from Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine have captured the first three-dimensional crystalline snapshot of a critical but fleeting process that takes place thousands of times per second in every human cell.

Study helps explain growing education gap in mortality among US white women
Less-educated white women were increasingly more likely to die than their better-educated peers from the mid-1990s through the mid-2000s, according to a new study, which found that growing disparities in economic circumstances and health behaviors -- particularly employment status and smoking habits -- across education levels accounted for an important part of the widening mortality gap.

Low doses of THC can halt brain damage
Medical cannabis is often used by sufferers of chronic ailments, including cancer and post-traumatic stress disorder, to combat pain and other symptoms.

Double dose of antiviral drug offers no added benefit in severe influenza
Giving double doses of the antiviral drug oseltamivir, or Tamiflu, offers no clinical or virological advantages over a standard dose for patients admitted to hospital with severe influenza infection, according to a randomized trial published today and funded by the Wellcome Trust, US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and the Singapore National Medical Research Council.

Brain makes its own version of Valium, Stanford scientists discover
Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have found that a naturally occurring protein secreted only in discrete areas of the mammalian brain may act as a Valium-like brake on certain types of epileptic seizures.

Bright light therapy may improve sleep and promote recovery in patients with mild TBI
A new study suggests that bright light therapy may improve sleep, cognition, emotion and brain function following mild traumatic brain injury.

Study: Pedometer program helps motivate participants to sit less, move more
Indiana University researchers found that a simple program that uses pedometers to monitor how much people move throughout the day was effective at increasing physical activity, decreasing sitting time, a particular problem for office workers, and helping participants drop some pounds.

Studies link fatigue and sleep to MLB performance and career longevity
Two new studies show that fatigue may impair strike-zone judgment during the 162 game Major League Baseball season, and a MLB player's sleepiness can predict his longevity in the league.

Researchers gain insight into key protein linked to cancers, neurodegenerative disorders
Virginia Commonwealth University researchers studying a key molecular player called Hsp70 that is responsible for protein homeostasis have uncovered how it binds together with another molecule responsible for intracellular energy transfer to enhance its overall activity and efficiency -- details that have previously not been well understood.

Researchers discover new weapon in fight against cervical cancer
Scientists at the University of Leeds have found a way to target and destroy a key protein associated with the development of cervical and other cancers.

SwRI-led team calculates the radiation exposure associated with a trip Mars
An SwRI-led team publishes a paper in Science about the energetic particle radiation measured by the Mars Science Laboratory en route to the Red Planet.

Going home
For a better protection of marine turtles, scientists try to understand why they return to their birthplace in order to reproduce after rather long distance migrations.

Probiotics prevent diarrhoea related to antibiotic use
Probiotic supplements have the potential to prevent diarrhoea caused by antibiotics, according to a new Cochrane systematic review.

NSF and NICT of Japan announce partnership in next-generation networking
Principals from the National Science Foundation and the National Institute of Information and Communications Technology of Japan today signed a memorandum of understanding, facilitating a partnership on research in networking technology and systems enabling future Internet/new-generation networks.

Global warming caused by CFCs, not carbon dioxide, study says
Chlorofluorocarbons are to blame for global warming since the 1970s and not carbon dioxide, according to new research from the University of Waterloo published in the International Journal of Modern Physics B this week.

Worldwide lecture tour touts point-of-care health care
NJIT Distinguished Professor and electrical engineer Atam Dhawan hits the lecture trail again this summer as a distinguished speaker for an IEEE life sciences lecture series.

Young people are overwhelmingly the victims of sexual assaults
Sexual assault has almost as much to do with age as it does with gender, according to Penn State criminologists.

Epigenetic biomarkers may predict if a specific diet and exercise regimen will work
Would you try a diet and exercise regimen knowing in advance it would actually help you lose weight?

Computer simulations help scientists understand HIV-1 infection
Scientists have long been unable to fully explain how infections attack the body, but now a team of researchers, including one from the University of Central Florida, has taken a step closer to understanding how the process works in HIV-1.

No need to battle with cattle
A new study by the Wildlife Conservation Society's Animal & Human Health for the Environment And Development Program, World Wildlife Fund, and regional partners finds that a new approach to beef production in southern Africa could positively transform livelihoods for farmers and pastoralists, while helping to secure a future for wildlife and wildlife-based tourism opportunities.

Why animals compare the present with the past
Humans, like other animals, compare things. We care not only how well off we are, but whether we are better or worse off than others around us, or than we were last year.

Report shows billions worldwide suffer from major tooth decay
Billions of people across the globe are suffering from major untreated dental problems, according to a new report led by Professor Wagner Marcenes of Queen Mary, University of London, published in the Journal of Dental Research.

Scientists capture first images of molecules before and after reaction
Using atomic force microscopy, chemists for the first time can capture images of molecules before and after they react, which will allow them to better tune reactions to get the products they want.

Researchers identify novel approach to create red blood cells, platelets in vitro
A study led by Boston University School of Medicine has identified a novel approach to create an unlimited number of human red blood cells and platelets in vitro.

Virginia's 'hybrid' surveillance strategy aided response to contaminated steroid outbreak
An innovative

NTU invention allows clear photos in dim light
Cameras fitted with a new revolutionary sensor will soon be able to take clear and sharp photos in dim conditions, thanks to a new image sensor invented at Nanyang Technological University.

Interleukin-22 protects against post-influenza bacterial superinfection
Researchers from the Pasteur Institute, Lille, France have shown in a mouse model that interleukin-22 protects against bacterial superinfections that can arise following influenza.

Young breast cancer patients often opt for mastectomy
A new study of young women with breast cancer has found that most chose to have a mastectomy rather than a surgical procedure that would conserve the breast, researchers will report at the 49th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, May 31-June 4, in Chicago.

Healthy lifestyle choices mean fewer memory complaints, poll by UCLA and Gallup finds
To examine the impact of these lifestyle choices on memory throughout adult life, UCLA researchers and the Gallup organization collaborated on a nationwide poll of more than 18,500 individuals between the ages of 18 and 99.

Japan to help fight diseases by screening massive drug compound 'libraries' for treatments
The Global Health Innovative Technology Fund, a new public-private partnership that's bringing Japanese research and development to the global fight against infectious disease, will announce at the 5th Tokyo International Conference on African Development a series of historic agreements to screen compound libraries at Japanese pharmaceutical companies and research institutes for new treatments for malaria, tuberculosis, and other afflictions that prey mainly on the poorest of the poor.

Immune system to fight brain tumors
Research at Lund University in Sweden gives hope that one of the most serious types of brain tumor, glioblastoma multiforme, could be fought by the patients' own immune system.

NASA sees Hurricane Barbara quickly weaken to a depression
Tropical Storm Barbara strengthened into a hurricane just before it made landfall late on May 29, and after landfall it weakened into a tropical depression.

Team solves one of the moon's mysteries
A mystery of the moon that imperiled astronauts and spacecraft on lunar missions has been solved by a team of scientists as part of NASA's GRAIL mission.

New discovery permits rapid diagnosis and treatment of sepsis
Despite advances in treating infections and disease, effective treatments for sepsis remain elusive.

Parent input ignored in school closings
Officials who close neighborhood schools in poor, urban areas often ignore parents' input, which only reinforces the 'institutionalized racism that plagues U.S. schools,' a Michigan State University scholar argues.

Columbia nursing study finds women less at risk than men for health-care-associated infections
A new study from Columbia University School of Nursing supports a growing body of evidence that women are less likely to contract bloodstream or surgical site infections than their male counterparts.

Big feet preference in rural Indonesia defies one-size-fits-all theory of attractiveness
People in most cultures view women with small feet as attractive and a sign of a potential mate's youth and fertility.

Researchers narrow the search for biomarkers of drug resistance in head and neck cancer patients
Researchers from Fox Chase Cancer Center will present data at the 49th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology on Saturday, June 1, which shows the discovery of potential biomarkers that may be used to identify patients with head and neck cancer whose tumors are unlikely to respond to treatment by the targeted therapy cetuximab--a type of monoclonal antibody.

The Lancet series on global kidney disease
Series highlights include:

Beaumont study: Nerve stimulation helps with overactive bladder
Beaumont Health System research finds that symptoms of overactive bladder, or OAB, were reduced in those who received tibial nerve stimulation.

Sharks worth more in the ocean than on the menu
Sharks are worth more in the ocean than in a bowl of soup, according to researchers from the University of British Columbia.

Huddersfield duo publish 5th edition of Practical Psychiatry of Old Age
Professor John Wattis and Professor Steven Curran, of the University of Huddersfield, have published the latest edition of this key text on psychiatric conditions in old age.

Scientists discover that turtles began living in shells much earlier than once thought
Unique among Earth's creatures, turtles are the only animals to form a shell on the outside of their bodies through a fusion of modified ribs, vertebrae and shoulder girdle bones.

93 percent of homicides of US law enforcement officers result from firearms
While occupational homicides continue to decline in the US, law enforcement remains one of the deadliest jobs in America.
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