Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 04, 2013
Bringing cheaper, 'greener' lighting to market with inkjet-printed hybrid quantum dot LEDs
It's not easy going green. For home lighting applications, organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) hold the promise of being both environmentally friendly and versatile.

Personality is the result of nurture, not nature, suggests study on birds
Personality is not inherited from birth parents says new research on zebra finches.

Zebrafish help identify mutant gene in rare muscle disease
Zebrafish with very weak muscles helped scientists decode the elusive genetic mutation responsible for Native American myopathy, a rare, hereditary muscle disease that afflicts Native Americans in North Carolina.

Study finds disincentives to energy efficiency can be fixed
A new study finds that utilities aren't rewarded for adopting energy efficiency programs, and that reforms are needed to make energy efficiency as attractive as renewables.

National Psoriasis Foundation awards $450,000 in research grants
Six of the top scientists studying psoriasis -- the most common autoimmune disease in the country, affecting 7.5 million Americans -- and psoriatic arthritis, an inflammatory joint and tendon disease affecting up to 30 percent of people with psoriasis, received National Psoriasis Foundation research grants totaling $450,000 for projects that aim to discover new treatments and a cure for these chronic diseases.

UI researcher and colleagues discover new species of ancient Asian lizard
A University of Iowa paleoanthropologist and his colleagues have published a paper in the June 5 issue of the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B that announces the discovery of a new species of lizard that lived in Southeast Asia about 40 million years ago and has been named for rock and roll legend Jim Morrison.

Jury still out on bariatric surgery for patients with moderate obesity and diabetes
Weight-loss surgery is now a common treatment for patients who are severely obese.

Bladder cancer recurrence and mortality could decline with better treatment compliance
This is the first study to examine the natural history of bladder cancer from a population standpoint, revealing that the burden of bladder cancer on the population is greater than thought, and, more intense surveillance and treatment according to guidelines in the first two years after diagnosis could reduce recurrence and mortality of the disease.

National review: Non-adherence among teenage heart transplant recipients is widespread, often fatal
After receiving an organ transplant, patients must follow a regimented medication routine to maintain the health of their graft.

ASTRO awards 3 distinguished physicians and researchers with Society's highest honor
The American Society for Radiation Oncology will award Amato J.

NASA's IRIS mission to launch in June
Lying just above the sun's surface is an enigmatic region of the solar atmosphere called the interface region.

What role does sleep play in memory and learning?
A research team led by Maxim Bazhenov, a neuroscientist at UC Riverside, has been awarded a nearly $7.5 million grant from the Department of Defense to investigate the role of sleep in memory and learning.

Innate immunity
When DNA turns up in the wrong place in mammalian cells, the innate immune system reacts by secreting interferons.

A reduction in BMI improves insulin sensitivity in obese teens
Obese teenagers who reduced their body mass index by eight percent or more had improvements in insulin sensitivity, an important metabolic factor related to the later development of type 2 diabetes.

Australian lake untouched by climate change
Researchers at the University of Adelaide have found that a lake on an island off the coast of Queensland, Australia, has been relatively untouched by changes in climate for the past 7,000 years, and has so far also resisted the impact of humans.

Can genetic analysis of breast milk help identify ways to improve a newborn's diet?
The composition of breast milk varies from mother to mother, and genetic factors may affect the levels of protective components in breast milk that could influence a newborn's outcomes.

Biomarker could help scientists choose the right cell line when conducting stem cell experiments
According to researchers at Boston Children's Hospital, stem cells that strongly express a gene called WNT3 are biased to develop into cells and tissues including pancreas, liver and bladder.

Candidate drug provides benefit in SMA animal models
The drug RG3039 demonstrates that it can extend survival and improve function in two spinal muscular atrophy mouse models.

Hubble maps 3-D structure of ejected material around erupting star
A flash of light from a stellar outburst has provided a rare look at the 3-D structure of material ejected by an erupting nova.

IUPUI neuroscience research collaboration examines neural synchronization patterns during addiction
A cross-disciplinary collaboration of researchers in the School of Science at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis explores the neural synchrony between circuits in the brain and their behavior under simulated drug addiction.

New study explains cognitive ability differences among the elderly
A new study shows compelling evidence that associations between cognitive ability and cortical grey matter in old age can largely be accounted for by cognitive ability in childhood.

Monarch Labs and BTER Foundation collaborate to develop fecal transplantion products
Monarch Labs intends to supply two fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) products: A processing and banking service for autologous FMT transplantation, and a GMP controlled FMT product for allograft transplantation, called Medical Microbiota(TM).

'Lizard King' fossil shows giant reptiles coexisted with mammals during globally warm past
At nearly six feet long and weighing upwards of 60 pounds,

SPIE on global team proposing 'International Year of Light' at United Nations
Global optics and photonics leaders including SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics, last month presented a proposal for the International Year of Light to representatives from United Nations Member States and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) at the UN Headquarters in New York.

Stanford scientists create novel silicon electrodes that improve lithium-ion batteries
Stanford University scientists have dramatically improved the performance of lithium-ion batteries by creating novel electrodes made of silicon and conducting polymer hydrogel, a spongy material similar to that used in contact lenses and other household products.

California's Powerhouse Fire at night
From its orbit around the Earth, the NASA-NOAA Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership satellite or Suomi NPP satellite, captured a night-time image of California's Powerhouse Fire.

UM Center for Advanced Supply Chain Management studies Trinidad and Tobago logistics performance
The results of the study were reported to Honorable Minister Vasant Bharat on May 28, 2013, in Port of Spain.

Study examines use of bariatric surgical procedures for non-morbidly obese adults with diabetes
A review of more than 50 studies found limited evidence supporting the use of bariatric surgical procedures for non-morbidly obese adults (body mass index [BMI] 30-35) with diabetes or impaired glucose intolerance, according to a study in the June 5 issue of JAMA.

Study unearths genetic variation that alters response to warfarin in African Americans
Scientists have identified a common genetic variation that can influence the therapeutic dose of the blood-thinning drug warfarin in African Americans.

Weather conditions do not affect fibromyalgia pain or fatigue
Dutch researchers report that weather conditions including temperature, sunshine, and precipitation have no impact on fibromyalgia symptoms in female patients.

Early career award supports physicist's quest for a top quark partner
A Kansas State University physicist has received the prestigious Department of Energy Early Career Research Award for his collaborative research involving the Large Hadron Collider.

Cancer survivors and their partners at greater risk of anxiety than depression in long term
Contrary to popular belief, long-term cancer survivors are not at substantially increased risk of depression compared with their healthy counterparts, but are about a quarter more likely to experience anxiety, new research published Online First in The Lancet Oncology indicates.

Exposure to rocket attacks in Israel increases adolescent violence -- Ben-Gurion U. study
The study, published in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, followed 362 Israeli adolescents from the southwestern Negev from 2008 to 2011, and conducted annual assessments of exposure to rocket attacks, symptoms of depression and anxiety, as well as acts of violence.

New model finds common muscle control patterns governing the motion of swimming animals
What do swimmers like trout, eels and sandfish lizards have in common?

Establishing nutritional value in copra and palm products fed to pigs
Products derived from coconuts and oil palm trees are the primary protein sources in swine diets in parts of Africa, southeast Asia, South America, and Europe.

Detecting disease with a smartphone accessory
Engineers from Cornell University have created a new optical sensor that plugs in to a smartphone and, using disposable microfluidic chips, allows for inexpensive in-the-field diagnosis of Kaposi's sarcoma, a cancer linked to AIDS.

Serum iron levels may be causally associated with Parkinson's disease risk
Increased iron levels may be causally associated with a decreased risk of developing Parkinson's disease, says a new paper published this week in PLOS Medicine.

Never forget a face? Researchers find women have better memory recall than men
New research from McMaster University suggests women can remember faces better than men, in part because they spend more time studying features without even knowing it.

Quality improvement educational initiative proves to be a model program for surgical residents
Researchers at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, developed a 12-month curriculum, the Northwestern Surgical Resident Quality Improvement Educational Initiative, that teaches surgical residents the fundamentals of QI theory and then pairs them with process improvement and clinical mentors who can offer guidance as they design and lead their own hands-on QI projects.

The science of yellow snow
New research from wildlife ecologists at Michigan Technological University indicates that white-tailed deer may be making the soil in their preferred winter homes unfit to grow the very trees that protect them there.

CWRU researchers find half of those diagnosed with PTSD also suffer from depression
About one of every two people diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder also suffer symptoms of depression, according to new research by Case Western Reserve University's Department of Psychological Sciences.

'Lending circles' help low-income communities join the financial mainstream
An innovative financial lending program is helping low-income individuals, particularly immigrants, build credit and enter the financial mainstream, according to a pair of studies from San Francisco State University's Cesar E.

Stories help patients make health decisions, MU researcher says
Stories often appear in health communication in order to encourage individuals to change behaviors, such as smoking or not wearing sunscreen.

Anesthetic for depression? Mayo Clinic study finds low-dose ketamine effective
Low-dose intravenous infusions of ketamine, a general anesthetic used in minor surgeries, given over a long period are an effective treatment for depression, Mayo Clinic researchers found.

Dogs, humans affected by OCD have similar brain abnormalities
Another piece of the puzzle to better understand and treat obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) has fallen into place with the publication of new research that shows that the structural brain abnormalities of Doberman pinschers afflicted with canine compulsive disorder are similar to those of humans with OCD.

Scientists find potential new clues for identifying breast cancer risk
New research provides critical insights into how normal breast precursor cells may be genetically vulnerable to develop into cancer.

Little telescope discovers metal-poor cousin of famous planet
A scientific team led by University of Louisville doctoral student Karen Collins has discovered a hot Saturn-like planet in another solar system 700 light-years away.

Fund launched to support research for health in humanitarian crises
A program to support research that will save lives following a humanitarian crisis is being launched by Enhancing Learning and Research for Humanitarian Assistance, supported by the Wellcome Trust and the Department for International Development.

NIH, ONC, and EPA award $100,000 to winner of health and technology challenge
New technology that creates a personal, portable, and wearable air pollution sensor, developed under the My Air, My Health Challenge, was announced today at the Health Datapalooza in Washington, D.C.

Fires in eastern China
NASA's Aqua satellite captured multiple plumes of smoke from agricultural fires and industrial pollution in China.

Clemson, GHS create healthcare research powerhouse
Clemson University and Greenville Health System will establish a healthcare research powerhouse that will fuel growth in medical research and break­throughs, create opportunities for faculty, physicians and students and accelerate the flow of research funding into the Upstate, boosting the region's economy.

Alzheimer's disease drugs linked to reduced risk of heart attacks
Drugs that are used for treating Alzheimer's disease in its early stages are linked to a reduced risk of heart attacks and death, according to a large study of over 7,000 people with Alzheimer's disease in Sweden.

Gastric bypass surgery may help manage diabetes risk factors
Among mild to moderately obese patients with Type 2 diabetes, adding gastric bypass surgery to lifestyle and medical management was associated with a greater likelihood of improved levels of metabolic risk factors such as blood glucose, LDL-cholesterol and systolic blood pressure, according to a study in the June 5 issue of JAMA.

Improving voice outcomes after thyroid surgery
The American Academy of Otolaryngology -- Head and Neck Surgery Foundation on Tuesday published a new clinical practice guideline on

Neighborhood features could prevent obesity
A five-year study found that significantly fewer people became obese when living in neighborhoods with healthier food environments, compared to those who had fewer healthy food options within a mile of their homes.

Using laser-driven neutrons to stop nuclear smugglers
Los Alamos National Laboratory researchers have successfully demonstrated for the first time that laser-generated neutrons can be enlisted as a useful tool in the War on Terror.

Los Alamos catalyst could jump-start e-cars, green energy
Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists have designed a new type of nanostructured-carbon-based catalyst that could pave the way for reliable, economical next-generation batteries and alkaline fuel cells, providing for practical use of wind- and solar-powered electricity, as well as enhanced hybrid electric vehicles.

Adult male victims of sex assault seek out 5 or more medical services: Study
While only a small percentage of adult males who are victims of sex assault report the crime, a new study by Women's College Research Institute and the Ontario Network of Sexual Assault/Domestic Violence Treatment Centres shows of those who do, an overwhelming majority -- almost 90 percent -- use five or more services ranging from counselling to medical care and treatment.

Drug companies' patent-extending strategies substantially increase health care costs
Evergreening strategies--where pharmaceutical companies slightly change the formulation of their brand drug into

UEF's Joensuu Campus home of the world's first 3-D printing device for optical component R&D
The Institute of Photonics at the University of Eastern Finland is launching cooperation with the Dutch LUXeXceL company.

Altered neural circuitry may lead to anorexia and bulimia
A landmark study, with first author Tyson Oberndorfer, M.D., and led by Walter H.

Research teams find genetic variant that could improve warfarin dosing in African-Americans
In the first genome-wide association study to focus on warfarin dose requirement in African-Americans, a multi-institutional team of researchers has identified a common genetic variation that can help physicians estimate the correct dose of the widely used blood-thinning drug warfarin.

MET protein levels show promise as biomarker for aggressive colon cancer
MET protein levels correlate strongly with epithelial-mesenchymal transition phenotype, a treatment-resistant type of colorectal cancer and may be used as a surrogate biomarker, according to new research from the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

Anxious? Activate your anterior cingulate cortex with a little meditation
Scientists at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center have succeeded in identifying the brain functions involved in meditation.

NASA's IceBridge mission contributes to new map of Antarctica
A new dataset called Bedmap2 gives a clearer picture of Antarctica from the ice surface down to the bedrock below.

Organic chemistry -- leading light waves astray
The cloak that renders one invisible is a common element in mythology and fairy-tales, but new materials with surprising properties bring the idea closer to reality by providing novel ways of manipulating light.

USF researchers: Life-producing phosphorus carried to Earth by meteorites
USF Assistant Professor of Geology Matthew Pasek and researchers from the University of Washington and the Edinburg Centre for Carbon Innovation reveal new findings that explain how the reactive phosphorus that was an essential component for creating the earliest life forms came to Earth.

Not really 'bath salts' -- paper provides update on 'designer stimulants'
The last few years have seen the emergence of a new drug problem in so-called

Northrop Grumman and USC Energy Institute collaborate to improve oil and gas industry security
Northrop Grumman and the USC Viterbi School of Engineering's Energy Institute collaborate to improve security for critical oil and gas infrastructure.

Spintronics approach enables new quantum technologies
A team of researchers including members of the University of Chicago's Institute for Molecular Engineering highlight the power of emerging quantum technologies in two recent papers published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).

AAOS releases revised clinical practice guideline for osteoarthritis of the knee
The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons recently released its revised clinical practice guideline on the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee.

Elsevier author Dr. Paul Auerbach updates popular book: Field Guide to Wilderness Medicine
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, today announced that Paul S.

Rates of emergency bowel surgery vary wildly from state to state
Johns Hopkins researchers have documented huge and somewhat puzzling interstate variations in the percentage of emergency versus elective bowel surgeries.

Research finds retinal vessel leakage during high altitude exposure
At high altitude, marked bilateral leakage of peripheral retinal vessels was observed in 7 of 14 participants (50 percent).

Penn research shows way to improve stem cells' cartilage formation
Bioengineers are interested in finding innovative ways to grow new cartilage from a patient's own stem cells, and, thanks to a new study from the University of Pennsylvania, such a treatment is a step closer to reality.

Quantum model helps solve mysteries of water
A research team from the National Physical Laboratory, the University of Edinburgh and IBM's TJ Watson Research Center has revealed a major breakthrough in the modelling of water that could shed light on its mysterious properties.

UC awarded $1.4 million grant to explore the links between movement and social interaction
Martial arts moves, rocking chairs and avatar competitions will help research the mysteries into autism, schizophrenia, robotics and other fields.

Microbubbles point the way to a revolution in food processing
Researchers at the University of Sheffield have found a more efficient way to dry products for food manufacture by using tiny, hot bubbles.

EORTC intergroup trial opens for patients with resected head of pancreas adenocarcinoma
EORTC trial 40084-22084 has two primary objectives: To determine if adding erlotinib to gemcitabine adjuvant chemotherapy will improve survival as compared to gemcitabine alone following resection of head of pancreas adenocarcinoma, then, following adjuvant chemotherapy, to determine if concurrent fluoropyrimidine and radiotherapy improves survival for patients who have no evidence of progressive disease.

A new species of yellow slug moth from China
A new species of the slug moth genus Monema has been described from China.

Behold the 9-day fresh strawberry: New approach to slowing rot doubles berry shelf life
A research team from the USDA and SETi Inc. has developed a way to double the shelf life of strawberries.

Sexual selection in the sea
Biologists have uncovered new insights into how the male sexual behavior of the peculiar southern bottletail squid is primed to produce the greatest number of offspring.

New book debunks myth of knowledge economy
Ever wondered why there are so many

NASA MASTER infrared view of the Powerhouse Fire, California
NASA's MASTER instrument captured this infrared composite image of California's Powerhouse Fire.

Pebbles and sand on Mars best evidence that a river ran through it
Pebbles and sand scattered near an ancient Martian river net­work may present the most convincing evidence yet that the frigid deserts of the Red Planet were once a habitable environment traversed by flowing water.

Heart health matters to your brain
People suffering from Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease are at an increased risk of cognitive decline, according to a new study from Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center.

Research on household air pollution must be a global health priority
Addressing the burden of household air pollution from solid fuel combustion--the leading environmental cause of death and disability in the world--has led to the implementation of many important interventions to promote access to improved stoves and clean fuels, but there is little demonstrated evidence of health benefits from most of these programs or technologies.

EORTC BOS 2 trial opens for patients with resectable liver metastases from colorectal cancer
EORTC BOS 2 trial plans to accrue 360 patients with resectable liver metastases from colorectal cancer in 50 sites located in ten countries: France, Belgium, Germany, The Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Spain, Austria, Switzerland, Sweden, and Norway.

Obese patients trust diet advice from overweight physicians more than normal-weight physicians
New study indicates overweight and obese patients trust weight-related counseling from overweight physicians more than normal-weight physicians and patients seeing an obese primary care physician were more likely to perceive weight-related stigma.

Roman seawater concrete holds the secret to cutting carbon emissions
At Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's Advanced Light Source, scientists analyzed samples from a Roman breakwater submerged in the Bay of Naples for over two millennia, revealing the secrets of crystal chemistry that allow Roman seawater concrete to resist chemical attack and wave action for centuries.

To improve today's concrete, do as the Romans did
In a quest to make concrete more durable and sustainable, a UC Berkeley-led team of geologists and engineers has found inspiration in the ancient Romans, whose massive concrete structures have withstood the elements for more than 2,000 years.

Stopping the worm from turning
Almost one in six people worldwide are infected by parasitic worms, while parasitic infections of livestock cause economic losses of billions of Euro per year.

Akinwuntan selected as Fulbright Scholar
Dr. Abiodun Akinwuntan, an Associate Professor of Physical Therapy, Neurology, Ophthalmology, and Graduate Studies at Georgia Regents University, has been named a Fulbright Foreign Scholar to improve physiotherapy education and research and the rehabilitation of neurologically impaired patients in Nigeria.

An 'extinct' frog makes a comeback in Israel
The first amphibian to have been officially declared extinct by the International Union for Conservation of Nature has been rediscovered in the north of Israel after some 60 years and turns out to be a unique

Social networks could help prevent disease outbreaks in endangered chimpanzees
Many think of social networks in terms of Facebook friends and Twitter followers, but for recent University of Georgia doctoral graduate Julie Rushmore, social networks are tools in the fight against infectious diseases.

PROSPER prevention programs dramatically cut substance abuse among teens
Prevention is often the best medicine, not only for physical health, but also public health, according to researchers at Penn State and Iowa State University.

Neuronal regeneration and the 2-part design of nerves
Researchers at the University of Michigan have evidence that a single gene controls both halves of nerve cells, and their research demonstrates the need to consider that design in the development of new treatments for regeneration of nerve cells.

Why innovation thrives in cities
Double a city's population and its economic productivity goes up 130 percent.

Book by UC Santa Barbara music professor studies noise music in Japan
Noise music is a difficult phenomenon to describe. It falls outside conventional ideas about music.

Assay developed to rapidly detect disease that hurt oyster industry
Scientists have developed a new, inexpensive and precise way to detect the toxin secreted by Vibrio tubiashii, a bacterial disease that a few years ago caused millions of dollars in losses to the oyster aquaculture industry in the Pacific Northwest.

Secondhand smoke causes longer hospitalization in infants with respiratory infections
More evidence has surfaced that supports the war on smoking, especially if smokers have an infant in their household.

Helicopter takes to the skies with the power of thought
A remote controlled helicopter has been flown through a series of hoops around a college gymnasium in Minnesota.

Unraveling tumor growth one stem cell at a time
Researchers at the University of Cambridge have discovered that a single mutation in a leukemia-associated gene reduces the ability of blood stem cells to make more blood stem cells, but leaves their progeny daughter cells unaffected.

Tools for better understanding breast cancer stem cells
A joint project between the Griffith University and the UQ Centre for clinical Research has characterized an in vitro model that allows further studies on the breast cancer biology.

Study finds taking probiotics has benefits for patients in hospitals
Patients in hospital who are on antibiotics may benefit from taking probiotics, according to researchers at St.

Inventor awarded $500,000 Lemelson-MIT Prize
Dr. Angela Belcher, a materials chemist and one of the world's leading scientists in nanotechnology was announced today as the recipient of the 2013 $500,000 Lemelson-MIT Prize.

Seeing our errors keeps us on our toes
If people are unable to perceive their own errors as they complete a routine, simple task, their skill will decline over time, Johns Hopkins researchers have found -- but not for the reasons scientists assumed.

Inflection Biosciences licenses preclinical oncology programs from the CNIO
Inflection Biosciences Ltd today announced that it has entered into a license agreement with the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre for the exclusive, worldwide rights to develop and commercialize several novel kinase inhibitors for the treatment of cancer.

Older adult clumsiness linked to brain changes
For many older adults, the aging process seems to go hand-in-hand with an annoying increase in clumsiness.

Cheerful women are not associated with leadership qualities -- but proud ones are
Women are perceived as being more willing to lead if they show that they are proud of their personal performance.

Genetic editing shows promise in Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Using a novel genetic

Fear: A justified response or faulty wiring?
On June 3, 2013, a new article studying amygdala activity in human beings will be published as part of JoVE Behavior, a new section of the video journal that focuses on the behavioral sciences.
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