Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 05, 2013
Nearly half of all child deaths caused by malnutrition
Malnutrition is responsible for nearly half (45 percent) of all deaths in children under five, according to new research published as part of The Lancet Series on maternal and child nutrition.

New report offers science-based strategies for management of western free-ranging horses and burros
The US Bureau of Land Management's current practice of removing free-ranging horses from public lands promotes a high population growth rate, and maintaining them in long-term holding facilities is both economically unsustainable and incongruent with public expectations, says a new report by the National Research Council.

Teacher collaboration, professional communities improve many elementary school students' math scores
Many elementary students' math performance improves when their teachers collaborate, work in professional learning communities or do both, yet most students don't spend all of their elementary school years in these settings, a new study shows.

TGen's Huentelman and Weiss named to 2013 Class of 40 Under 40
Dr. Matt Huentelman of the Translational Genomics Research Institute and Dr.

Feinstein Institute, Hofstra North Shore-LIJ School of Medicine at 36th Annual Conference on Shock
Twelve investigators from The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research and four researchers from the Hofstra North Shore-LIJ School of Medicine attended and participated in the 36th Annual Conference on Shock on June 1-4 in San Diego, CA.

Electronic stimulation therapy for obstructive sleep apnea found safe, effective
A clinical study found electronic stimulation therapy reduces obstructive sleep apnea and is safe and effective.

A set of 10 nutrition interventions can save nearly a million children's lives
Nearly 15 percent of all deaths in children under five can be prevented, and at least a fifth of all stunting averted, if 10 key nutrition interventions are scaled up to 90 percent coverage in the 34 countries most affected by malnutrition, according to the second paper in The Lancet Series on maternal and childhood malnutrition.

Scientists discover oldest primate skeleton
An international team of paleontologists is announcing the discovery of a nearly complete, articulated skeleton of a new tiny, tree-dwelling primate dating back 55 million years.

Crowd funding for medical research? U-M team wins national prize for innovative approach
Crowd funding is all the rage these days. But could the concept work for medical research?

Award-winning researcher developed a method to accurately compare concert hall sound
Researchers at Aalto University in Finland have developed a method that allows accurate comparisons of concert hall acoustics.

New phytase effective in improving phosphorus, calcium digestibility in pigs
Researchers at the University of Illinois have recently published results indicating that a new microbial phytase derived from the bacterium Aspergillus oryzae is highly effective at releasing phosphorus from the phytate molecule in weanling and growing pigs.

NASA satellite sees strong thunderstorms in developing gulf low
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over low pressure System 91L in the Gulf of Mexico and captured infrared imagery that revealed a lot of uplift and strong thunderstorms in the eastern part of the storm despite a poorly organized circulation.

Peer pressure tests grade schoolers -- not just adolescents: Research
Peer group influences affect children much earlier than researchers have suspected, as early as nine years old, finds a new University of Maryland-led study.

School-located vaccination programs could reduce flu cases and deaths among children
Offering flu vaccines at elementary schools could expand vaccination rates and reduce costs, according to a new study reported in the scientific journal Vaccine by researchers from UC Davis Health System; the Monroe County, NY, Department of Public Health; University of Rochester Medical Center; and US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Nontoxic cancer therapy proves effective against metastatic cancer
A combination of dietary and hyperbaric oxygen therapies effectively increased survival time in a mouse model of aggressive metastatic cancer, a University of South Florida research team found.

Higher state health spending positively correlates to higher obesity rates, MU study finds
A new University of Missouri study has found that as states spend more money on health care, obesity rates actually increase.

Targeting an aspect of Down syndrome
University of Michigan researchers have determined how a gene that is known to be defective in Down syndrome is regulated and how its dysregulation may lead to neurological defects, providing insights into potential therapeutic approaches to an aspect of the syndrome.

Short-term therapy given by para-professionals reduces symptoms among rape survivors in DRC
Survivors of sexual violence have long gone without treatment and suffered debilitating symptoms of depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder.

NIH scientists discover how HIV kills immune cells
Untreated HIV infection destroys a person's immune system by killing infection-fighting cells, but precisely when and how HIV wreaks this destruction has been a mystery until now.

New study rebuts increase in willingness to cooperate from intuitive thinking
A study that was presented in Nature last year attracted a great deal of attention when it asserted that intuition promotes cooperation.

University of Minnesota researchers control flying robot with only the mind
Researchers in the University of Minnesota's College of Science and Engineering have developed a new noninvasive system that allows people to control a flying robot using only their mind.

Increased NMR/MRI sensitivity through hyperpolarization of nuclei in diamond
Berkeley Lab researchers have demonstrated the first magnetically-controlled nearly complete hyperpolarization of the spins of carbon-13 nuclei located near synthetic defects in diamond crystals.

First dual-action compound kills cancer cells, stops them from spreading
Scientists are reporting development and successful lab tests on the first potential drug to pack a lethal one-two punch against melanoma skin cancer cells.

Metal-free catalyst outperforms platinum in fuel cell
Researchers from South Korea, Case Western Reserve University and University of North Texas have discovered an inexpensive and easily produced catalyst that performs better than platinum in oxygen-reduction reactions -- a step toward eliminating what industry regards as the largest obstacle to large-scale commercialization of fuel cell technology.

Sleep study finds important gender differences among heart patients
Many women get too little sleep, despite considerable evidence showing the importance of sleep to overall health.

New research on the valuation of over-the counter derivatives from the Rotman School of Management
In a new study, two finance professors at the University of Toronto's Rotman School of Management say that there is a difference between the way derivatives are valued for trading purposes and the way they are valued by accountants for reporting purposes.

Lack of awareness limits use of flexible career policies
To attract and maintain a diverse, qualified academic workforce, institutions of higher education should have -- and promote -- policies to help balance career and family life, according to an article published by UC Davis researchers in the June 2013 issue of Academic Medicine.

Feeling happy or sad changes oral perceptions of fat for mildly depressed individuals
Subjects with mild, subclinical depression rate the taste of high-fat and low-fat foods similarly when in a positive or negative mood, according to research published June 5 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Petra Platte and colleagues from the University of Wurzburg, Germany.

What's in a name?
Names can provide a clue to a person's background. And, with certain names come certain preconceptions.

Wild turkey damage to crops and wildlife mostly exaggerated
As populations of wild turkeys have increased, the number of complaints about crop damage has also increased.

First observation of spin Hall effect in a quantum gas is step toward 'atomtronics'
Researchers at NIST report the first observation of the spin Hall effect in a Bose-Einstein condensate.

Use caution with computerized concussion test, UT Arlington researcher says
Newly published research from an international team featuring UT Arlington assistant professor Jacob Resch has reaffirmed questions about portions of the popular computerized concussion assessment tool ImPACT.

New technique for deep brain stimulation surgery proves accurate and safe
The surgeon who more than two decades ago pioneered deep brain stimulation surgery in the United States to treat people with Parkinson's disease and other movement disorders has now developed a new way to perform the surgery -- which allows for more accurate placement of the brain electrodes and likely is safer for patients.

NASA Chandra, Spitzer study suggests black holes abundant among the earliest stars
By comparing infrared and X-ray background signals across the same stretch of sky, an international team of astronomers has discovered evidence of a significant number of black holes that accompanied the first stars in the universe.

National Hartford Centers of Gerontological Nursing Excellence awards new fellows, scholars
The National Hartford Centers of Gerontological Nursing Excellence today announced $1,332,000 in awards to the latest cohort of Claire M.

To catch a cyber-thief
Cyber crime investigation is about to change thanks to a new technique developed by researchers at Concordia University, who have slashed the data-crunching time.

Metastatic breast cancer study shows success in finding new treatment
Funded by volleyball tournaments, a new study released this week shows success in pinpointing individualized treatment for women with metastatic breast cancer, according to George Mason University researchers.

Researchers announce discovery of oldest-known fossil primate skeleton
An international team of researchers has announced the discovery of the world's oldest-known fossil primate skeleton representing a previously unknown genus and species named Archicebus achilles.

More fresh air in classrooms means fewer absences
If you suspect that opening windows to let in fresh air might be good for you, a new study by scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has confirmed your hunch.

Big multiple sclerosis breakthrough
A phase 1 clinical trial for the first treatment to reset the immune system of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients showed the therapy was safe and dramatically reduced patients' immune systems' reactivity to myelin by 50 to 75 percent.

Treating sexual violence in war-torn countries
In conflict-ridden countries around the world, rape and other forms of sexual violence are being used as weapons of war.

When angry, talk: Describing emotional situations alters heart rate, cardiac output
The act of describing a feeling such as anger may have a significant impact on the body's physiological response to the situation that elicits the emotion, according to research published June 5 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Karim Kassam from Carnegie Mellon University and Wendy Mendes from the University of California, San Francisco.

Cat's Paw Nebula 'littered' with baby stars
Most skygazers recognize the Orion Nebula, one of the closest stellar nurseries to Earth.

First evidence that the genome can adapt to temperature changes
Researchers at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona are the first to have studied the effects of a heatwave on the genetic make-up of a species.

Doctors should screen for frailty to prevent deaths
Between five and 10 percent of those older than 70 are frail and at increased risk of death, debilitation and hospitalizations.

'Belief in science' increases in stressful situations
A faith in the explanatory and revealing power of science increases in the face of stress or anxiety, a study by Oxford University psychologists suggests.

Life on Earth shockingly comes from out of this world
Early Earth was not very hospitable when it came to jump starting life.

NJIT researcher shows data mining EMRs can detect bad drug reactions
NJIT assistant professor Mei Liu, Ph.D., a computer scientist, has recently shown in a new study that electronic medical records can validate previously reported adverse drug reactions and report new ones.

World Bank, WHO, LSHTM launch study of HIV epidemics and vulnerability in Europe and Central Asia
On 7 June in London the World Bank Group, World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, and the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine will release a new assessment of HIV epidemics and vulnerability in Europe and Central Asia, including a review of factors shaping HIV epidemics.

Formula-feeding linked to metabolic stress and increased risk of later disease
New evidence from research suggests that infants fed formula, rather than breast milk, experience metabolic stress that could play a part in the long-recognized link between formula-feeding and an increased risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes and other conditions in adult life.

Nearly one-third of children with autism also have ADHD
Researchers at the Kennedy Krieger Institute found that nearly one-third of children with ASD also have clinically significant ADHD symptoms.

Europe 2020 -- the digital agenda for Europe
Big corporations like Siemens, Alcatel, and Microsoft used to be the foundation of progress, growth and wealth.

Pollination merely 1 production factor
No food for the human race without bees? It is not quite as straightforward as that.

New microfluidic method expands toolbox for nanoparticle manipulation
Researchers at the University of Illinois have developed a new flow-based method for manipulating and confining single particles in free solution, a process that will help address current challenges faced by nanoscientists and engineers.

Noble way to low-cost fuel cells, halogenated graphene may replace expensive platinum
The research team of Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), Case Western Reserve University and University of North Texas have paved a new way for affordable commercialization of fuel cells with efficient metal-free electrocatalysts using edge-halogenated graphene nanoplatelets.

'Temporal cloaking' could bring more secure optical communications
Researchers have demonstrated a method for

Genetically modified cotton improves diet quality for small-scale farmers in India
Insect-resistant genetically modified cotton has significantly improved calorie consumption and dietary quality among small-scale farmers in India over a seven-year-period, according to research published June 5 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Matin Qaim and Shahzad Kouser from the University of Goettingen, Germany.

New program to help heart patients navigate care, reduce readmissions
The American College of Cardiology is developing a program with support from founding sponsor AstraZeneca to provide personalized services to heart disease patients and help avoid a quick return to the hospital.

Study expands concerns about anesthesia's impact on the brain
As pediatric specialists become increasingly aware that surgical anesthesia may have lasting effects on the developing brains of young children, new research suggests the threat may also apply to adult brains.

Resistivity switch is window to role of magnetism in iron-based superconductors
Physicists at the US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have discovered surprising changes in electrical resistivity in iron-based superconductors.

New research shows cheese may prevent cavities
Consuming dairy products is vital to maintaining good overall health, and it's especially important to bone health.

Laser-brightened cirrus clouds
Intense laser light pulses increase the brightness of high cirrus clouds.

Building commitment and capacity for nutrition: Time to act
Global and national momentum to address the challenge of malnutrition has never been higher, and the knowledge now exists to build commitment and to convert it into enduring impacts, according to the authors of the fourth paper in The Lancet Series on maternal and childhood malnutrition.

Fear learning studies point to a potential new treatment for PTSD
An opioid receptor agonist can reduce PTSD-like symptoms in an animal model.

Wi-fi signals enable gesture recognition throughout entire home
University of Washington researchers have shown it's possible to leverage wi-fi signals around us to detect specific movements without needing sensors on the human body or cameras.

NASA builds sophisticated Earth-observing microwave radiometer
A NASA team delivered in May a sophisticated microwave radiometer specifically designed to overcome the pitfalls that have plagued similar Earth-observing instruments in the past.

Autism discovery paves way for early blood test and therapeutic options
Greenwood Genetic Center reports cells from individuals with autism spectrum disorders showed significantly decreased metabolism of the amino acid L-tryptophan.

Starting signal for new light source at X-ray laser XFEL
From June 3-5, 2013, some 150 experts from around the World are meeting up in Hamburg at accelerator center DESY.

Entrepreneurs pray more, see God as personal, Baylor researchers find
American entrepreneurs pray more frequently, are more likely to see God as personal and are more likely to attend services in congregations that encourage business and profit-making, according to a study by Baylor University scholars of business and sociology.

Global gains in nutrition will require improved nutrition-sensitivity of agriculture, child development, social safety nets and education
Increasing the coverage of nutrition-specific interventions will not be enough to accelerate reductions in the burden of malnutrition, and the underlying causes of malnutrition -- including poverty, food insecurity, poor education and gender inequity -- will need to be addressed if progress is to be made, according to the third paper in The Lancet Series on maternal and childhood malnutrition.

New report identifies research priorities for most pressing gun violence problems in US
A new report from the Institute of Medicine and National Research Council proposes priorities for a research agenda to improve understanding of the public health aspects of gun-related violence, including its causes, health burden, and possible interventions.

Bacillus thuringiensis Cry4B toxin kills Anopheles gambiae, a principal vector of malaria
Bacillus thuringiensis reported in this study contains the Cry4B mosquitocidal toxin which is toxic to Anopheles gambiae, the principal vector of malaria.

MBARI research shows where trash accumulates in the deep sea
Surprisingly large amounts of discarded trash end up in the ocean.

A new scorpion species adds to the remarkable biodiversity of the Ecuadorian Andes
A new large-tail scorpion species has been discovered in the Ecuadorian Andes.

A 20-minute bout of yoga stimulates brain function immediately after
Researchers report that a single, 20-minute session of Hatha yoga significantly improved participants' speed and accuracy on tests of working memory and inhibitory control, two measures of brain function associated with the ability to maintain focus and take in, retain and use new information.

CNIO researchers identify a new gene that is essential for nuclear reprogramming
A group from the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre, headed by researcher Ralph P.

Neuroimaging may offer new way to diagnose bipolar disorder
MRI may be an effective way to diagnose mental illnesses such as bipolar disorder, according to experts from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai.

Firefighting robot paints 3-D thermal imaging picture for rescuers
Engineers in the Coordinated Robotics Lab at the University of California, San Diego, have developed new image processing techniques for rapid exploration and characterization of structural fires by small Segway-like robotic vehicles.

Habilitative services under health reform faces uncertainty, new analysis says
Despite their inclusion as essential health benefits, habilitative services face an uncertain future under the Affordable Care Act, according to a new analysis done at the George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services.

Genetic mutation inherited from father's side linked to early puberty
Researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital, in a multi-institutional collaboration with Boston Children's Hospital, the Broad Institute, and the University of Sao Paulo, Brazil, have identified that a genetic mutation leads to a type of premature puberty, known as central precocious puberty.

IOP Publishing and The Japan Society of Applied Physics announce 5 year publishing agreement
IOP Publishing and The Japan Society of Applied Physics have today announced a five year agreement for the publication of Applied Physics Express and The Japanese Journal of Applied Physics.

Neurochemical traffic signals may open new avenues for the treatment of schizophrenia
Researchers at Boston University School of Medicine have uncovered important clues about a biochemical pathway in the brain that may one day expand treatment options for schizophrenia.

Giant planets offer help in faster research on material surfaces
A new, fast and accurate algorithm from the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw, based on the mathematical formalism used to model processes accompanying interaction of light with gas planet atmospheres, is a major step towards better understanding the physical and chemical properties of materials' surfaces studied under laboratory conditions.

Protein block stops vascular damage in diabetes
Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have discovered how to stop the destructive process that leads to cardiovascular disease in diabetic laboratory animals.

DFG Europa-Preis awarded to 3 young winners of national 'Jugend forscht' competition
Three young researchers had two reasons to celebrate at this year's awards ceremony for Germany's

Going wild could improve winged workforce
Every spring in the United States, bees pollinate crops valued at about $14 billion.

Billions of dollars at stake in Deepwater Horizon trial
How much will BP pay to compensate for damage from the Deepwater Horizon oil-rig disaster?

Strength in numbers when resisting forbidden fruit
A new study from the University of British Columbia helps explain how people become obsessed with forbidden pleasures.

Ancient trapped water explains Earth's first ice age
Tiny bubbles of water found in quartz grains in Australia may hold the key to understanding what caused the Earth's first ice age, say scientists.

Over-produced autism gene alters synapses, affects learning and behavior in mice
A gene linked to autism spectrum disorders that was manipulated in two lines of transgenic mice produced mature adults with irreversible deficits affecting either learning or social interaction.

Animals and humans -- a false divide?
We don't just share our lives with animals; we are animals -- a reality that we often choose to forget in modern Western culture.

Targeted cancer therapy pioneers tapped to receive the 2013 $100,000 Taubman Prize
Two physician-scientists whose research transformed chronic myeloid leukemia from a routinely fatal to a manageable condition will share the 2013 Taubman Prize for Excellence in Translational Medical Science.

Obese mums may pass health risks on to grandchildren
Health problems linked to obesity -- like heart disease and diabetes -- could skip an entire generation, a new study suggests.

Rapid, irregular heartbeat may be linked to problems with memory and thinking
People who develop a type of irregular heartbeat common in old age called atrial fibrillation may also be more likely to develop problems with memory and thinking, according to new research published in the June 5, 2013, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Discovery of oldest primate skeleton, ancestor of humans and apes
The discovery of the oldest fossil skeleton of a primate provides insight into the phase of evolution when the lineage of modern monkeys, apes and humans split away.

New all-solid sulfur-based battery outperforms lithium-ion technology
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have designed and tested an all-solid lithium-sulfur battery with approximately four times the energy density of conventional lithium-ion technologies that power today's electronics.

Nutrition during first 1,000 days of life crucial for childhood and economic development
A new Lancet series on maternal and childhood nutrition finds that over 3 million children die every year of malnutrition -- accounting for nearly half of all child deaths under 5.

A lucky catch: A tiny new fish, Haptoclinus dropi, from the southern Caribbean
A lucky catch, a new species of tiny blenniiform fish has been discovered as a part of the Smithsonian Institution's Deep Reef Observation Project.

Tres Lagunas and Thompson Ridge fires in New Mexico
Two fires in New Mexico which started within a day of each other continue to plague residents around Santa Fe, New Mexico.

Drug prevents post-traumatic stress-like symptoms in mice
When injected into mice immediately following a traumatic event, a new drug prevents the animals from developing memory problems and increased anxiety that are indicative of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Tiny bubbles in your metallic glass may not be a cause for celebration
Bubbles in a champagne glass may add a festive fizz, but microscopic bubbles that form in metallic glass can signal serious trouble.

Mobile phones and clothes are important status symbols for Chinese farmers
Rural Chinese households are characterized by significant gender differences; men are more influential than women, and the genders also differ in the way they make decisions.

Pollution controls increase beach attendance, study shows
Southern California beaches with storm drain diversion systems attract millions more people annually, a new study in the journal Marine Pollution Bulletin shows.

Discovering 1 reason why swarming evolved offers tantalizing clues on how intelligence developed
Many animals -- from locusts to fish -- live in groups and swarm, but scientists aren't sure why or how this behavior evolved.

Aflibercept in AMD: No proof of added benefit
It is not proven that patients with wet age-related macular degeneration benefit from the new drug aflibercept, as the drug manufacturer did not present any suitable data for a comparison with the current standard therapy in its dossier.

NJIT professor uses Petri nets to solve automation problems in manufacturing in IEEE journal
An expert in robotics and automation problems, especially those involving manufacturing systems, NJIT Distinguished Professor and IEEE Fellow Mengchu Zhou will have two articles published in the upcoming proceedings of the 2013 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation.

U of A research leads to enhanced CFL concussion guidelines
Research from the University of Alberta shows CFL players are more likely to value medical tests after concussions compared to university-level players.

New disease-to-drug genetic matching puts snowboarder back on slopes
A recent article in the New England Journal of Medicine describes genetic testing of a rare blood cancer called atypical chronic neutrophilic leukemia that revealed a new mutation present in most patients with the disease.

UCLA scientists isolate new population of pluripotent stem cells in fat removed during liposuction
Researchers from the UCLA Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology have isolated a new population of primitive, stress-resistant human pluripotent stem cells easily derived from fat tissue that are able to differentiate into virtually every cell type in the human body without genetic modification.

Study says fathers should ask kids: 'Am I the dad you need me to be?'
As Father's Day approaches, psychologist Jeff Cookston says dads should ask their children for a little more feedback than they might get with the yearly greeting card.

Partnership aims to reduce pollution from 'microplastics'
A grant to a VIMS research team will help them develop and test a biodegradable replacement for one of the two main sources of marine microplastic pollution -- the

Rural living presents health challenges for cancer survivors
Cancer survivors who live in rural areas aren't as healthy as their urban counterparts, according to new research from Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center.

Countries will not break out of poverty unless malnutrition becomes a global priority
The Lancet publishes a new Series of papers on maternal and child undernutrition, providing startling new estimates of the numbers of children dying from malnutrition every year, and outlining how the persistent burden of malnutrition can be tackled, presenting the best evidence and latest developments in the field.

Scientists map the wiring of the biological clock
In the June 5 issue of Neuron, WUSTL biologist Erik Herzog and his colleagues report the discovery of a crucial part of the biological clock: the wiring that sets its accuracy to within a few minutes out of the 1440 minutes per day.

Young star suggests our sun was a feisty toddler
If you had a time machine that could take you anywhere in the past, what time would you choose?

Physiotherapy patient interaction a key ingredient to pain reduction: UAlberta study
How a physiotherapist interacts with a patient verbally, through eye contact, body language and listening skills is almost as important as the treatment itself, according to randomized clinical trial.

Researchers reveal malaria's deadly grip
Researchers at the University of Copenhagen, in collaboration with Seattle Biomedical Research Institute, the University of Oxford, NIMR Tanzania and Retrogenix Ltd., have identified how malaria parasites growing inside red blood cells stick to the sides of blood vessels in severe cases of malaria.

Georgia State University research finds Clean Air Act increased Atlanta rainfall
A Georgia State University researcher is the first to show that the Clean Air Act of 1970 caused a rebound in rainfall for a US city.

Chinese wasps are taking on the emerald ash borer
In an article appearing in the June issue of the Journal of Economic Entomology, the authors found that populations of parasitoid wasps used to control the destructive emerald ash borer have been increasing and expanding in Michigan, which suggests that the wasps will likely play a critical role in suppressing the EAB in that state.

Stable bedtime helps sleep apnea sufferers adhere to treatment
A consistent bedtime routine is likely key to helping people with obstructive sleep apnea adhere to their prescribed treatment, according to Penn State researchers.

Discovery of oldest primate skeleton helps chart early evolution of humans, apes
An international team of researchers has announced the discovery of the world's oldest known fossil primate skeleton, an animal that lived about 55 million years ago and was even smaller than today's smallest primate, the pygmy mouse lemur.

New screening technique paves the way for protein drugs from bacteria
A cheaper, more efficient technique for developing complex protein drugs from bacteria has been developed at the University of Sheffield.

Companies should take the lead in take tackling tax avoidance
Companies that claim a high level of social responsibility should lead the way in committing to greater transparency over their tax arrangements and abandoning the use of tax havens, according to new research led by the University of East Anglia.

10 years of health innovation in Africa
Days after two landmark resolutions were adopted at the World Health Assembly -- on NTDs and on R&D, financing and coordination for the health needs of developing countries -- over 400 scientists, representatives and ministers of health, ambassadors, national control program representatives, African regulators, health workers, public health experts, and activists from 21 African countries and from around the world gather in Nairobi to take stock of health innovation for neglected diseases in Africa over the past decade.

Detecting lead hotspots in urban gardens requires different sampling strategies
The local food movement is gaining traction in cities across America, with urban gardens contributing a healthy source of fresh produce for local citizens as well as providing a social outlet for gardeners and creating open spaces for residents to enjoy.

Irish chronicles reveal links between cold weather and volcanic eruptions
Medieval chronicles have given an international group of researchers a glimpse into the past to assess how historical volcanic eruptions affected the weather in Ireland up to 1,500 years ago.

Treatment helps sex stage a comeback after menopause
A satisfying sex life is an important contributor to older adults' quality of life, but the sexual pain that can come after menopause can rob women and their partners of that satisfaction.

Over 120,000-year-old bone tumor in Neandertal specimen found
The first case of a bone tumor of the ribs in a Neanderthal specimen reveals that at least one Neanderthal suffered a cancer that is common in modern-day humans, according to research published June 5 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by David Frayer from the University of Kansas and colleagues from other institutions.

University of Maryland School of Medicine finds gut bacteria play key role in vaccination
The bacteria that live in the human gut may play an important role in immune response to vaccines and infection by wild-type enteric organisms, according to two recent studies resulting from a collaborative effort between the University of Maryland School of Medicine Institute for Genome Sciences and the Center for Vaccine Development.
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