Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 12, 2013
Rapid adaptation is purple sea urchins' weapon against ocean acidification
In the race against climate change and ocean acidification, some sea urchins may still have a few tricks up their spiny sleeves, suggesting that adaptation will likely play a large role for the sea creatures as the carbon content of the ocean increases.

CHERISH trial demonstrates efficacy of tocilizumab in juvenile idiopathic arthritis
A new study presented today at EULAR 2013, the Annual Congress of the European League Against Rheumatism shows that tocilizumab is efficacious and leads to a sustained clinically meaningful improvement in children with polyarticular Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis.

New quantum dot technique combines best of optical and electron microscopy
Researchers working at NIST have developed a new microscopy technique that uses a process similar to how an old tube television produces a picture to image nanoscale features.

New method successfully scores joint damage in rheumatoid arthritis
A new study presented at EULAR 2013, the Annual Congress of the European League Against Rheumatism, demonstrates the efficacy of the ARASHI method at evaluating radiographic joint damage in RA.

Differences in outcomes of cervical spine surgery at teaching versus non-teaching hospitals
For patients undergoing surgery on the cervical (upper) spine, overall rates of complications and death are higher at teaching hospitals than at non-teaching hospitals, reports a study in the June 1 issue of Spine.

Biomarkers may be key to discovery of successful initial treatment of depression
In a National Institutes of Health-funded clinical trial, researchers at Emory have discovered that specific patterns of brain activity may indicate whether a depressed patient will or will not respond to treatment with medication or psychotherapy.

Sleep mechanism identified that plays role in emotional memory
Sleep researchers from University of California campuses in Riverside and San Diego have identified the sleep mechanism that enables the brain to consolidate emotional memory and found that a popular prescription sleep aid heightens the recollection of and response to negative memories.

Alzheimer's brain change measured in humans
Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have measured a significant and potentially pivotal difference between the brains of patients with an inherited form of Alzheimer's disease and healthy family members who do not carry a mutation for the disease.

EULAR honors outstanding contributions to rheumatology
EULAR today announced the recipients of the 13th annual Meritorious Service Award at the opening of the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress.

New kind of variable star discovered
Astronomers using the Swiss 1.2-metre Euler telescope at ESO's La Silla Observatory in Chile have found a new type of variable star.

Infants express non-verbal sympathy for others in distress
Infants as young as ten months old express sympathy for others in distress in non-verbal ways, according to research published June 12 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Yasuhiro Kanakogi and colleagues from Kyoto University and Toyohashi University of Technology, Japan.

Patients use OTC NSAIDs even when they have a high risk of serious side effects
A new study presented today at EULAR 2013, the Annual Congress of the European League Against Rheumatism, shows that one in eight patients at risk of developing a serious adverse drug event is taking over-the-counter non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, often to treat a musculoskeletal complaint.

Endocrine Society expands book publishing program with new imprint
The Endocrine Society is launching Endocrine Press, a new publishing imprint that will issue print and electronic books as well as journals for a broad audience of health care professionals and patients.

Geographic Information Systems aid health research in developed and developing countries
The current special issue of Technology and Innovation - Proceedings of the National Academy of Inventors, is devoted to public health research using Geographic Information Systems to help provide beneficial data for public health researchers focusing on health risks and food access in rural Alaska; racial disparities in health care and resources in Fort Worth, Texas; and pathways for health care development in remote areas of Nepal.

Survey of physicians suggests tablets more useful than smartphones
AmericanEHR Partners release survey results for mobile phone and tablet usage among EHR and non-EHR users.

Nanotechnology helps track and improve drug action in pancreatic cancer
Scientists from Sydney's Garvan Institute of Medical Research, in collaboration with colleagues from the Beatson Institute for Cancer Research in Glasgow UK, have been able to show ways in which we can markedly improve drug targeting of solid tumors, using tiny 'biosensors' along with new advanced imaging techniques.

Preparing for the next megathrust
A new study published today in the Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences presents our first glimpse back in geologic time of the recurrence interval of large and megathrust earthquakes impacting the vulnerable BC outer coastline.

Researchers develop easy and effective therapy to restore sight
Gene therapy using adeno-associated virus has successfully restored sight to people with a rare inherited retinal degeneration, but current therapy requires injecting the virus directly into the retina.

More A&E visits where access to GPs is worse
Patients with more timely access to GP appointments make fewer visits to accident and emergency departments, suggests a study published today.

BPA linked to obesity risk in puberty-age girls
Girls between nine and 12 years of age with higher-than-average levels of bisphenol-A (BPA) in their urine had double the risk of being obese than girls with lower levels of BPA, according to a Kaiser Permanente study published today in the journal PLOS ONE.

A critically endangered beauty: The passion flower Passiflora kwangtungensis
The Chinese passion vine species Passiflora kwangtungensis strikes with the beauty of its clusters of white-greenish flowers and its small round fruit.

Vitamin C may be beneficial against exercise-induced bronchoconstriction
Vitamin C may substantially reduce bronchoconstriction caused by exercise according to a meta-analysis published in BMJ Open.

Nanoelectronics Center at UT Austin receives $7.8 million award
The Nanoelectronics Center at UT Austin received a $7.8 million award from the Semiconductor Research Corporations and the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

Carnegie Mellon method uses network of cameras to track people in complex indoor settings
Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have developed a method for tracking the locations of multiple individuals in complex, indoor settings using a network of video cameras, creating something similar to the fictional Marauder's Map used by Harry Potter to track comings and goings at the Hogwarts School.

Resilience in trying times -- a result of positive actions
Communities that stick together and do good for others cope better with crises and are happier for it, according to a new study published online in Springer's Journal of Happiness Studies.

Fraternal singing in zebra finches
The song of songbirds is usually transmitted from one generation to the next by imitation learning and is thought to be similar to the acquisition of human speech.

Study finds greater potential benefit in overall survival for eribulin compared with capecitabine
Subgroup analyses from a phase III clinical trial comparing a newer chemotherapy agent called eribulin mesylate, with capecitabine, a standard chemotherapy medication in women with previously treated metastatic breast cancer, showed increased benefit among women sharing certain traits.

New imaging technique holds promise for speeding MS research
Researchers at the University of British Columbia have developed a new magnetic resonance imaging technique that detects the telltale signs of multiple sclerosis in finer detail than ever before -- providing a more powerful tool for evaluating new treatments.

Moderate-intensity walking timed just right might help protect against Type 2 diabetes
A 15-minute walk after each meal appears to help older people regulate blood sugar levels and could reduce their risk of developing Type 2 diabetes, according to a new study by researchers at the George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services.

Every 10 tobacco ad sightings boost teens' risk of starting to smoke by almost 40 percent
Tobacco ads really do persuade teens to take up smoking, with every 10 sightings boosting the risk by almost 40 percent, reveals research published in the online only journal BMJ Open.

Deep biosphere harbors active, growing communities of microorganisms
The deep biosphere -- the realm of sediments far below the seafloor -- harbors a vast ecosystem of bacteria, archaea, and fungi that are actively metabolizing, proliferating, and moving, according a new study by scientists at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and the University of Delaware.

Commonly-prescribed drugs may influence the onset and progression of Alzheimer's disease
Multiple drug classes commonly prescribed for common medical conditions are capable of influencing the onset and progression of Alzheimer's disease.

University of Chicago and Marine Biological Laboratory agree to form affiliation
The University of Chicago and the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, Mass. have agreed to form an affiliation that will strengthen both institutions' missions of leadership and innovation in scientific research and education.

RA patients define ideal online tool for physical activity
Results of the first study involving RA patients in the development of an internet-based physical activity intervention were presented at EULAR 2013, the Annual Congress of the European League Against Rheumatism.

'Seeing' and communication: Electric fish style
Weakly electric fish are intriguing animals. They perceive their environment and communicate through a sense that we can barely imagine: They

Self-defense training for Kenyan girls reduces rape, Stanford/Packard study finds
Rape is shockingly common in the slums of Nairobi, Kenya, where as many as one in four adolescent girls are raped each year.

A visit to China gives significant impetus to partnerships in research
Representatives at the highest level of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft have spent a week in Beijing with the aim of maintaining the long-standing good relations between Germany and China and of initiating further collaboration.

Global influence for pharmaceutical policy journal: Southern Med Review moves to BioMed Central
The Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice, formerly known as Southern Med Review, has transferred to BioMed Central.

Significant improvements in psoriatic arthritis with ustekinumab
New PSUMMIT 2 data first presented at EULAR 2013, the Annual Congress of the European League Against Rheumatism, further demonstrate the efficacy of ustekinumab in Psoriatic Arthritis.

Men with restless legs syndrome may be at higher risk of early death
Men who experience restless legs syndrome may have a higher risk of dying earlier, according to research that appears in the June 12, 2013, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Researchers unravel reasons of global success in the calcified alga Emiliania huxleyi
In collaboration with an international team of researchers, scientists at the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, have sequenced the genome of the calcified alga Emiliania huxleyi and have found an explanation for the enormous adaptive potential and global distribution of this unicellular alga.

Age-related smelling loss significantly worse in African-Americans
The ability to distinguish between odors declines steadily with age, but a new study shows that African-Americans have a much greater decrease in their sense of smell than Caucasians.

Turtles watch for, snack on gelatinous prey while swimming
Loggerhead turtles use visual cues to find gelatinous prey to snack on as they swim in open waters, according to research published June 12 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Tomoko Narazaki and colleagues from the University of Tokyo, Japan.

Water is no lubricant
Water in olivin mineral reveals less important role.

Antiviral drug protects people who inject drugs from HIV infection
The first trial to assess whether preventative treatment with HIV drugs could affect rates of HIV infection in people who inject drugs has found that daily tablets of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (tenofovir), an anti-retroviral drug, reduced HIV incidence by nearly half (48.9 percent) compared to placebo, according to new results published Online First in The Lancet.

Filmmaking magic with polymers
Self-assembled copolymer block film is now being fabricated with intricately organized nanostructures, giving them multiple functions and flexibility on a macroscale level never before seen.

Swiss ball improves muscle strength and walking performance in ankylosing spondylitis
A new study presented at EULAR 2013, the Annual Congress of the European League Against Rheumatism, demonstrates that progressive muscle strengthening using a Swiss ball is effective in improving muscle strength and walking performance in patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis.

Down the wrong path: Book details psychiatry's lack of objective science
Psychiatry -- which uses well-intentioned coercion, unscientific diagnoses and psychoactive drugs that do as much harm as good -- is a science that is off course, according to a new book co-written by Tomi Gomory, an associate professor in the Florida State University College of Social Work.

Discovery of new material state counterintuitive to laws of physics
Dense materials made porous, doubling the number of nanotraps for use as water filters, chemical sensors, sequestration, hydrogen fuel cell storage, drug delivery, and catalysis.

First Arnold Berliner Award presented to Mark Young
The recipient of the first Arnold Berliner Award is Dr.

Brodalumab demonstrates significant clinical response in psoriatic arthritis
A new study presented today at EULAR 2013, the Annual Congress of the European League Against Rheumatism, shows that treatment with brodalumab demonstrates significant clinical response and an acceptable safety profile in subjects with psoriatic arthritis.

Cocoa may help fight obesity-related inflammation
A few cups of hot cocoa may not only fight off the chill of a winter's day, but they could also help obese people better control inflammation-related diseases, such as diabetes, according to Penn State researchers.

Scripps Research Institute team points to brain's 'dark side' as key to cocaine addiction
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have found evidence that an emotion-related brain region called the central amygdala -- whose activity promotes feelings of malaise and unhappiness -- plays a major role in sustaining cocaine addiction.

'Fast track' approach to giant cell arteritis significantly reduces risk of blindness
A new study presented at EULAR 2013, the Annual Congress of the European League Against Rheumatism, shows that rapid evaluation for Giant Cell Arteritis by Color Doppler Ultrasound followed by immediate initiation of treatment (if required) significantly reduces permanent vision loss.

Turning plant matter into fuel
A University of California, Riverside professor in the Chemical and Environmental Engineering Department edited a recently published book that provides in-depth information on aqueous processing of cellulosic biomass, which includes wood, grasses, and agricultural and forestry residues, for conversion into fuels.

Luminous bacterial proteins detect chemicals in water
Scientists at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf have developed a simple color sensor principle which facilitates the detection of residual medications, trace metals from industrial process waters, and many other substances.

Genetic maps of ocean algae show bacteria-like flexibility
A seven-year effort by 75 researchers from 12 countries to map the genome of the coccolithophore, Emiliania huxleyi, has revealed a set of core genes that mix and match with a set of variable genes that likely allows E. huxleyi, or Ehux, to adapt to different environments.

The 'art' of money laundering: An expert's vantage point
Art is said to be subjective, and in the eye of the beholder.

Study assesses impact of rheumatoid arthritis on joint replacement surgery outcomes
Two new studies by researchers at Hospital for Special Surgery have shed light on joint replacement outcomes in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

Lab experiments question effectiveness of green coffee bean weight-loss supplements
A major ingredient in those green coffee bean dietary supplements -- often touted as

Geographic context may have shaped sounds of different languages
The sounds of different languages may have been shaped by the geography of the places where they are spoken, according to research published June 12 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Caleb Everett from the University of Miami.

Harbor porpoises can thank their worst enemy, the killer whale for their success
The harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) is a whale species that is doing quite well in coastal and busy waters.

Public health's role in health care reform -- Lessons from Massachusetts
How will full implementation of the Affordable Care Act affect the work and goals of state and local public health departments -- and how can public health personnel contribute to the success of health care reform?

Cultural products have evolutionary roots
Epic battles, whirlwind romances, family feuds, heroic attempts to save the lives of strangers: these are stories guaranteed to grace the silver screen.

Heroin availability increasing across Washington state
New data from the University of Washington's Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute indicates increases in heroin availability, abuse and deaths across the state, particularly among young adults ages 18-29.

Helmet crash tests: Don't hit the road without one
A new laboratory study shows bicycle helmets significantly reduce the causes of head, skull and brain injury -- linear and angular head accelerations, and the impact force of a crash.

Molecular 'sieves' harness ultraviolet irradiation for greener power generation
Latest research uses membrane technology for 'energy efficient' gas separation -- a crucial part of many major industrial processes and important focus for increased sustainability in global energy production.

Saliva proteins may protect older people from influenza
Spit. Drool. Dribble. Saliva is not normally a topic of polite conversation, but it may be the key to explaining the age and sex bias exhibited by influenza and other diseases, according to a new study.

New additive offers near-perfect results as nucleating agent for organic semiconductors
Researchers at UC Santa Barbara develop a new method of controlling crystallization of organic semiconductors and increasing the yield of devices to nearly 100 percent using a low-cost, sugar-based additive.

Does altitude affect the way language is spoken?
Until recently most linguists believed that the relationship between the structure of language and the natural world was mainly the influence of the environment on vocabulary.

The secrets of another Japanese success story
Japanese manufacturers have practically cornered the world market on components for lithium-ion batteries, films for LCDs and other advanced materials -- with almost no competition from abroad.

Wristband revolutionizes blood pressure measurement
The consequences of high blood pressure are one of the most common causes of death worldwide.

Hands-free talking and texting are unsafe
Using hands-free devices to talk, text or send e-mail while driving is distracting and risky, contrary to what many people believe, says a new University of Utah study issued today by the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety.

'Spiritual' young people more likely to commit crimes than 'religious' ones, Baylor study finds
Young adults who deem themselves

Doubling of deaths among sick mums-to-be amid poor evidence on drug safety in pregnancy
The lack of hard data on the safety and effectiveness of a wide range of drugs in pregnancy has hindered the treatment of pregnant women, contributing to a doubling of deaths amongst mums-to-be with an underlying health problem over the past 20 years, argues an editorial in the Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin.

Spanish researchers sequence the genome of global deep ocean
A team of Spanish researchers, coordinated by the Spanish National Research Council, has started to sequence the genome of the global deep ocean.

People anticipate others' genuine smiles, but not polite smiles
Smile and the world smiles with you -- but new research suggests that not all smiles are created equal.

New study finds less than 25 percent of new doctors work in primary care
Despite a critical shortage of primary care in the United States less than 25 percent of newly minted doctors go into this field and only a tiny fraction, 4.8 percent, set up shop in rural areas, according to a study just released in the

World Oceans Month brings mixed news for oysters
In World Oceans Month, there's mixed news for the Pacific Northwest oyster industry.

Research shows male guppies reproduce even after death
Performing experiments in a river in Trinidad, evolutionary biologist David Reznick at the University of California, Riverside and colleagues have found that male guppies -- small freshwater fish -- continue to reproduce for at least ten months after they die, living on as stored sperm in females, who have much longer lifespans than males.

University of Toronto breakthrough allows fast, reliable pathogen identification
University of Toronto researchers may have developed a way to quickly and reliably diagnose life-threatening bacterial infections and pinpoint the right antibiotics to clear the infections.

New sickle cell anemia therapy advances to Phase II clinical trials
Seeking to improve the lives of sickle cell anemia sufferers around the world, researchers from the La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology, the Dana-Farber/Children's Hospital Cancer Center in Boston and the BloodCenter of Wisconsin in Milwaukee and others are preparing to launch Phase II of a clinical trial to investigate a potential new therapy for reducing the disorder's severest symptoms.

Obstructive sleep apnea raises risk of sudden cardiac death, Mayo Clinic finds
People who have obstructive sleep apnea -- when a person stops breathing for periods during sleep -- have a greater risk of sudden cardiac death, according to a study published online today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Data highways for quantum information
Researchers at the Vienna University of Technology quantum mechanically couple atoms to glass fiber cables.

Controlling magnetic clouds in graphene
Wonder material graphene can be made magnetic and its magnetism switched on and off at the press of a button, opening a new avenue towards electronics with very low energy consumption.

Dad's life stress exposure can affect offspring brain development, Penn Study finds
Stress felt by dad--whether as a preadolescent or adult--leaves a lasting impression on his sperm that gives sons and daughters a blunted reaction to stress, according to a new preclinical study in the Journal of Neuroscience by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania.

Asian Institute of Technology to partner in UNEP led Climate Technology Centre and Network
CTCN seeks to establish an information platform for improved sharing of knowledge related to climate technologies.

High diversity of flying reptiles in England 110 million years ago
Pterosaurs are an extinct group of flying reptiles that are only abundant in very few deposits.

Moving iron in Antarctica
Georgia Tech research published online in Nature Communications indicates that diatoms stuff more iron into their silica shells than they actually need.

Long-term apremilast demonstrates continued efficacy in patients with psoriatic arthritis
New data presented today at EULAR 2013, the Annual Congress of the European League Against Rheumatism show that apremilast administered to patients with psoriatic arthritis continues to demonstrate meaningful clinical responses beyond 24 weeks.

Chalking up a marine blooming alga: Genome fills a gap in the tree of life
Carbon dioxide is released when the calcium carbonate

Researcher awarded grant to study food insecurity in homes of child with special healthcare needs
Ruth Rose-Jacobs, ScD, associate professor of pediatrics at Boston University School of Medicine and a research scientist at Boston Medical Center, has received funding for a two-year study to examine the association between the presence of young children with special healthcare needs in households and food insecurity.

Nano-thermometer enables first atomic-scale heat transfer measurements
In findings that could help overcome a major technological hurdle in the road toward smaller and more powerful electronics, an international research team involving University of Michigan engineering researchers, has shown the unique ways in which heat dissipates at the tiniest scales.

4-fold rise in children treated for obesity-related conditions
The number of children admitted to hospital for problems related to obesity in England and Wales quadrupled between 2000 and 2009, a study has found.

Fossil kangaroo teeth reveal mosaic of Pliocene ecosystems in Queensland
The teeth of a kangaroo and other extinct marsupials reveal that southeastern Queensland 2.5-5-million-years ago was a mosaic of tropical forests, wetlands and grasslands and much less arid than previously thought.

Low birth weight could be a risk factor for age-related vision loss: UAlberta medical research
Medical researchers at the University of Alberta recently published their findings that rats with restricted growth in the womb, causing low birth weights when born, were most susceptible to developing age-related vision loss, compared to their normal weight counterparts.

Jammed molecular motors may play a role in the development of ALS
Delays in the transport of nutrients, proteins and neurotransmitters along the nerve axon could be a major factor in the development of the neurodegenerative disease ALS.

Drug development venture links translational research, business to launch new therapeutics
An innovative new public-private drug development enterprise Emory University aims to transition scientific discoveries more rapidly and efficiently from university laboratories into the marketplace.

TEDDY study yielding new approach to finding high-risk genes for type 1 diabetes
Massive samples emanating from a decade-old, international initiative to determine how genetics and environment cause type 1 diabetes are giving scientists a unique perspective on which molecular and environmental factors really contribute to the disease.

Study helps managers identify regions with multiple threat potential, including wildfires
A recent study in the Journal of Forestry now offers managers a tool to help identify regions exposed to multiple forest threats.

Livermore develops the world's deepest ert imaging system for CO2 sequestration
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers have broken the record for tracking the movement and concentration of carbon dioxide in a geologic formation using the world's deepest Electrical Resistance Tomography system.

Laws help limit junk foods in schools
District policies and state laws help reduce the availability of sugar- and fat-laden foods and beverages in elementary schools, according to a study published online in JAMA Pediatrics.

EULAR 2013 highlights
The launch of the European Rheumatology Research Foundation was today announced at EULAR 2013, the Annual Congress of the European League Against Rheumatism.

An ultrasensitive molybdenum-based image sensor
An EPFL team has built a prototype for an image sensor based on the semi-conducting properties of molybdenite.

Researchers identify a new mechanism of TB drug resistance
A recent study, led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, has identified a new mechanism for PZA-resistance, which provides new insight into the how this mysterious drug works.

Hot flashes before menopause? It can happen
More than half of middle-aged women who still have regular cycles have hot flashes.

Renewable energy: World invests $244 billion in 2012; shift to developing countries underway
For only the second time since 2006, global investments in renewable energy in 2012 failed to top the year before, falling 12 percent mainly due to dramatically lower solar prices and weakened US and EU markets.

Scan predicts whether therapy or meds will best lift depression
Pre-treatment scans of brain activity predicted whether depressed patients would best achieve remission with an antidepressant medication or psychotherapy, in a study that may help mental health treatment decision-making move beyond trial-and-error.

Papaya-clay combo could cut cost of water purification in developing countries
An inexpensive new material made of clay and papaya seeds removes harmful metals from water and could lower the cost of providing clean water to millions of people in the developing world, scientists are reporting.

Abatacept as effective as adalimumab in rheumatoid arthritis
Data from AMPLE presented at EULAR 2013, the Annual Congress of the European League Against Rheumatism, demonstrate comparable efficacy and similar safety profiles between subcutaneous abatacept and adalimumab.

NASA finds Tropical Depression Yagi's strongest side, now waning
Infrared imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite on June 11 showed that Tropical Depression Yagi's strongest quadrant was east of its center.

Questions rise about seeding for ocean C02 sequestration
A study suggests that iron fertilization, the process of putting iron into the ocean to encourage the growth of C02 capturing alga blooms, could backfire.

Neuroscience to benefit from hybrid supercomputer memory
To handle large amounts of data from detailed brain models, IBM, EPFL, and ETH Zürich are collaborating on a new hybrid memory strategy for supercomputers.

Life underground
Genetic research published June 12 in Nature by scientists from the University of Delaware and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute reveals active bacteria, fungi and other microbes living in 5 million-year-old ocean sediment.

Fingernails reveal clues to limb regeneration
Mammals possess the remarkable ability to regenerate a lost fingertip, including the nail, nerves and even bone.

NYC-style cap on soda size would target the overweight, not the poor
Legislation to restrict consumption of large sugar-sweetened beverages in food service establishments would affect 7.5 percent of Americans on a given day, and a greater percentage among those who are overweight, including 13.6 percent of overweight teenagers, according to researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health.

Free bus travel for teens curbs road traffic injuries and benefits environment
Free bus travel for teens helps curb road traffic injuries and benefits the environment, reveal the results of an analysis of the free bus scheme in London, published online in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to